Monday, April 30, 2012

2011 - Knol Day of Economics - 15th May - Birthday of Paul Samuelson

2011 - Knol Day of Economics - 15th May - Birthday of Paul Samuelson

2011 - Knol Day of Economics - 15th May - Birthday of Paul Samuelson

15th May 1915 is Birthday of Paul Samuelson. Tributes by Knol Authors Knol authors are requested to add knols in economics

Authors

Contributers

Knol Days of Knowledge


Knol Days of Knowledge

Paul Samuelson


Biography of Samuelson - http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1970/samuelson-bio.html
Contribution of Samuelson to Economics - http://www.economictheories.org/2008/08/paul-samuelson-biography-economics.html  You can see links various economists in the article

Browse Knols on Economics


Knol search link for Economics
Search return 1200 knols

Economics is used number of disciplines to make economical decision making. Politicians use economics. Business men use economics, Engineers use economics. Industrial engineers also use economics. The definition by Going specially highlights the role of economics in industrial engineering.

Industrial Engineering and Economics


Industrial engineering directs the efficient conduct of manufacturing, construction, transportation, or even commercial enterprises of any undertaking, indeed in which human labor is directed to accomplishing any kind of work . Industrial engineering has drawn upon mechanical engineering, upon economics, sociology, psychology, philosophy, accountancy, to fuse from these older sciences a distinct body of science of its own . It is the inclusion of the economic and the human elements especially that differentiates industrial engineering from the older established branches of the profession (Going, 1911)

Engineering and Economics


The role of economics in engineering is highlighted by this explanation of engineering by ABET.

The Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) states that engineering "is the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences gained by study, experience, and practice is applied with judgment to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind".
http://www.isr.umd.edu/~austin/ence202.d/economics.html




Comments

Short urls

http://knol.google.com/k/-/-/2utb2lsm2k7a/4444
Narayana Rao - 14 May 2011

Industrial Engineering - Video Knol Collection

Industrial Engineering - Video Knol Collection

Industrial Engineering - Video Knol Collection

Authors

 

Comments

Short urls

http://knol.google.com/k/-/-/2utb2lsm2k7a/4597

Narayana Rao - 13 Aug 2011

Industrial Engineering Tool Kit - Videos - Video Knol Collection

Industrial Engineering Tool Kit - Videos - Video Knol Collection

Industrial Engineering Tool Kit - Videos - Video Knol Collection

Authors

 
 
 
"Industrial Engineering is human effort engineering and system efficiency engineering."
This statement appeared in IIE magazine "Industrial Engineer" in March 2010 issue.
 
The following subjects or techniques form part of industrial engineering tool kit.
 

Human Effort Engineering

 
1. Principles of Motion Economy and Motion Study.
    Therbligs, SIMO chart, Chronocycle graph

2. Work Measurement
    Stop watch time study, worksampling, PMTS - MTM, MOST

3. Ergonomics

4. Safe Work Practice Design
    Personal protective devices

5. Wage Incentives and Job Evaluation
 

System Efficiency Engineering

 
1. Method Study and Methods Efficiency Design
    Process analysis, operation analysis, work station design

2. Value Engineering

3. Statistics Based Techniques: Statistical Quality Control (SQC), Statistical Process Control (SPC), and Six Sigma Projects etc.

4. Mathematical Optimization,
 
5. Operations Research and Quantitative Techniques
    Linear programming models, Integer programming, Non-linear programming

6. Plant Layout Studies for reduction of material movement, operator movement and movement of salesmen etc.

7. Engineering Economics
    Engineering Economic Appraisals of projects submitted by Engineering Departments
 
8. Specialised Functional IE Solutions: SMED. Lean Manufacturing, BPR
 

Comments

Short urls

http://knol.google.com/k/-/-/2utb2lsm2k7a/4604

Narayana Rao - 30 May 2011

Industrial Engineering in Different Engineering Disciplines

Industrial Engineering in Different Engineering Disciplines

Industrial Engineering in Different Engineering Disciplines

Authors

Comments

Short urls

http://knol.google.com/k/-/-/2utb2lsm2k7a/4662

http://goo.gl/AG4Dh
Narayana Rao - 04 Jun 2011

Safety Engineering and Management - Videos

Safety Engineering and Management - Videos

Safety Engineering and Management - Videos

Authors

 

Collected Knols

Sunday, April 29, 2012

Mathematics, Statistics and Operations Research Models for Industrial Engineering

Mathematics, Statistics and Operations Research Models for Industrial Engineering

Mathematics, Statistics and Operations Research Models for Industrial Engineering

Authors


Industrial Engineering is human effort engineering and system efficiency engineering. Industrial engineers are not functional engineers and functional managers. Systems are first designed by functional engineers and managers. Industrial engineers are specialized engineers and managers who evaluate the systems from efficiency point of view and optimize the systems. In this optimization, efficiency improvement or waste reduction effort, many techniques are employed by industrial engineers. Mathematical, Statistical and OR analyses are also employed by industrial engineers in the efficiency improvement effort. No doubt there are specialists in all these areas and industrial engineers use the services of experts as consultants where required. In some companies, where full time specialists in mathematics, statistics and OR can be employed, they are employed and they are made part of IE department.

Collected Online Articles


Articles to be collected

    Comprehensive Industrial Engineering - Manek - Book Information and Review

    Comprehensive Industrial Engineering - Manek - Book Information and Review

    Comprehensive Industrial Engineering - Manek - Book Information and Review

    Authors



    Comprehensive Industrial Engineering
    N.J. Manek
    http://books.google.co.in/books?id=MniKe-Idp1sC
    Laxmi Publications, Delhi

    Contents

    Industrial Engineering and Scientific Management

    Work Study and Human Factors

    Work Simplification


    Collected Knols

      Future Vision - Essays and Videos

      Future Vision - Essays and Videos

      Future Vision - Essays and Videos

      Authors



      _________________

      Productivity - Future vision 2011 video
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a6cNdhOKwi0
      Video uploaded on 25.10.2011
      1,920,644 views on 5.11.2011
      _________________

      Collected Knols

        Productivity - Future Vision - Essays and Videos

        Productivity - Future Vision - Essays and Videos

        Productivity - Future Vision - Essays and Videos

        Authors



        _________________

        Productivity - Future vision 2011 video
        http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a6cNdhOKwi0
        Video uploaded on 25.10.2011
        1,920,644 views on 5.11.2011
        _________________

        Collected Knols

          Safety - An Objective of Industrial Engineering - Knol Collection

          Safety - An Objective of Industrial Engineering - Knol Collection

          Safety - An Objective of Industrial Engineering - Knol Collection

          Safety analysis and engineering seeks to reduce risk by anticipating points of failure, and proposing changes that eliminate or mitigate the consequences of such failures.

          Authors

           
           

          Introduction

           
          Safety analysis and engineering seeks to reduce risk by anticipating points of failure, and proposing changes that eliminate or mitigate the consequences of such failures. Safety analysts identify and evaluate safety risk areas; and develop options to mitigate or reduce the consequences of those risks.  Safety engineers also analyze system designs to find what faults can occur, and then propose changes to make the system more redundant, resulting in a safe architecture. Together, safety analysts and engineers establish safety requirements, set safety criteria, mitigate non-safe areas, design safety architectures, and adopt safety processes to ensure that a system will be developed according to the safety architecture. [Source: http://www.isicns.com/safety.html  ]
           
           
           
          ________________________________________________________________________________________
           

          Social Networking Community for Safety Professionals

           
           
           

          Thursday, April 26, 2012

          Piston - Design, Manufacture and Inspection - Knol Collection

          Piston - Design, Manufacture and Inspection - Knol Collection

          Piston - Design, Manufacture and Inspection - Knol Collection

          Authors



          Design Issues Related to Piston

          Piston for Automobile Engines - Design Considerations

          Modern Piston Design
          http://confident-instruments.com/Piston_Study.htm

          Piston Design for Forced Induction Engines
          http://www.superchargerperformance.com/supercharger-power-parts/introduction-to-piston-design-for-forced-induction-engines


          How Pistons are made?
          http://www.jp.com.au/Made.html


          Optimization of Piston Design

          Piston Design Using Multi-Objective Reliability-Based Design Optimization
           by  1. Prashant Patel and    2. Zissimos P. Mourelatos
          http://saematman.saejournals.org/content/3/1/493.abstract

          Robust Piston Design and Optimization using Piston Secondary Motion Analysis
          Ford Motors Executives wrote the paper in 2003
          http://web.mst.edu/~ccli/me360/SAE2003-01-0148.pdf

          ___________________________________________________________________________________________

          Related knols
          Introduction to Industrial Engineering - Course at NITIE

          Industrial Engineer Magazine Article Summaries by 2011 IE Students NITIE, Mumbai, India

          Crank Shaft Design, Manufacture, and Inspection - Students Projects - IE course

          Collected Knols

          Comments

          Short urls

          http://knol.google.com/k/-/-/2utb2lsm2k7a/4429

          Narayana Rao - 09 Jul 2011

          Thank you. I gave my initial comments in another knol.

          Narayana Rao - 09 Jul 2011

          http://knol.google.com/k/mechanical/design-of-piston/f8tn0fmplfam/3#

          Dear sir ,

          PGDIE 41 Section B

          This is the link of our piston design assignment . Please give your feedback.

          Team members: Vishal mahajan, Rakesh , Saloni , Sathya, Swati and Ravi

          vishal mahajan - 09 Jul 2011

          IE Research Paper Assignments by 2011 PGDIE Batch NITIE

          Anjali Sinha, Roll No-120, Section-B,Article Summary on “Value Chain Vs Supply Chain”-http://knol.google.com/k/anjali-sinha/value-chain-vs-supply-chain/370wk99bh16bu/1#

          112 Summary of "Reliability Growth Planning, Analysis and Management"  http://knol.google.com/k/sneha-singh/reliability-growth-planning-analysis/2mufctjlvcg3c/1#-By Sneha Singh (Roll No.-112)Section B PGDIE-41



          A Process Reference Model for Reuse in Industrial Engineering: Enhancing the ISO/IEC 15504 Framework to Cope with Organizational Reuse Maturity By RAVIKANT SATWAJI RODGESection Bhttp://knol.google.com/k/arpit-bansal/industrial-engineering-priorities-for/3uj1u209bhhs1/1


          Roll NO.                        Article Title                                                                              Name 
          23         Summary of ‘An enhanced approach for implementing total productive maintenance in the manufacturing environment’                                                                                     Faridul Haque                                                                                 
          15  A Preliminary Investigation into Geometry, Represented by Parameters, and its Effect on Function and  Manufacturing                                                                                                                                 Arunesh Kumar
          43 Summary on Productivity Measurement and Management Accounting               Nayan Bhadane
          39 Summary of OEE Metrics ( Industrial Engineering Scientific Study)                    Naga Prabhu N
          46   Summary on Business Process Reengineering                                                        Nivrutti Bachhav
          32    Summary On Group Technology and its Manfacturing Utilizations                             Krishna Nemani
          55        Building a Dynamic RFID Data Drive Supply Chain Mangement system     by   Puneet Gaur 
          27     Supply chain management in Construction Industry          BY                    हिमांशु
          12 Summary of "AWARENESS OF QUALITY BY USING TQM METHODOLOGY"   By Aniket Rathod
          11     Enhancing quality of vocational training outcome by using
          107 "summary on application of value engineeering in cost optimization"         Quality Function Deployment method (QFD)                       By                    Amrish Kumar Kaushik
          37   Capacity, Leadership, and Organizational Performance                 By                          Milind Magre
          30  SUMMARY OF "PRODUCTIVITY THROUGH DATA ORGANIZATION"  BY              Jitendra Bisen
          05               Routing using Vehicular Adhoc  Network                  By                      Ajinkya Narnaware
          13                        The costs of poor data quality                         By                        Anurag व्यास
          19   http://knol.google.com/k/anonymous/design-application-and-testing-of-the/104wc7rmmuus1/2
                                                                                                         By Deepak Kumar Sahu
          07  Competencies and skills for future Industrial Engineers defined in Spanish degrees Alekh Tibrewala

          1                 The importance of IT in integrated SCM                   By                      Abhimanyu Arya

          45       Assessment of academic departments efficiency 

                                      using data envelopment analysis                              By                               Nitin Chidar

                              with Organizational Reuse Maturity                                   By                Narendra Kumar Meena

           
           
          15                          industrial-engineering-and-TQM                                               by                   Amit Kumar (9)
          04      Summary of paper "Measuring the impact of HRM on organisational"   By Abhishek Leonard Hembrom



           03 Summary of Just In Time Car Assembly in Ford       By Abhishek  Dhruwanshi

          Bhavika Chaurasia (17 )

          06  Summary of : Process rescheduling: enabling performance by applying multiple metrics and efficient adaptations                          By -            Akanksha Agarwal (06 )

           048 Summary of A two-stage heuristic for single machine capacitated lot-sizing and scheduling with sequence-dependent setup Casting                       By -           Prachi Shukla (48 )
          59 Summary on a Process Reference Model for Reuse in Industrial Engineering: Enhancing the ISO/IEC 15504 Framework to Cope with Organizational Reuse Maturity                BY  RAHUL KUMAR  (59 )

          08  Summary of “The Practice of Sustainable Construction Standards : A Comparative study of China(PRC) and India”     By  Amit Chauhan

          02 Summary of: The activity-based aggregate production planning with capacity expansion in manufacturing systems            By -  Abhinav Singh (02 )

          58 Summary of : ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT: CHALLENGES IN THE NEW MILLENIUM                         By - Raghu Manthangode   (58)

          26 Summary of Using an objective method for managing the implementation of quality certification in the industry By - Harsh  Kulhara (26)

          21 Summary of The activity-based aggregate production planning with capacity expansion in manufacturing systems  By - Devesh Sharma (21) 


          33   Technology's Impact on the Future of Industrial Engineering By Madhusudhan Kandula ( R No-33)

           31Summary of "Modelling healthcare internal service supply chains for the analysis of medication delivery errors and amplification effects"

          By Komal Maloo (Roll No- 31)

          97 Product development Decision Support System  by Yaswanth Verma (Roll No: 97)



          97 Product development Decision Support System  by Yaswanth Verma (Roll No: 97)

               by Manjeeth (Roll No:34)

          Section B


          Roll NO.                        Article Title                                                                              नामे
          61     Summary Of Article:Industrial engineering priorities              By                 Rajan कुमार
                      for improved demand chain performance 
          68 Summary of paper titled-Business process re-engineering in healthcare management: a case study
          by RAVINDRA A. SIDAM
          101 

          FUZZY AHP FOR EVALUATION OF CUSTOMER ORIENTED SUCCESS FACTORS IN MOBILE COMMERCE--------by Zaid Imam


            summry of 

          Industrial Engineering and TQM

          by vaibhv k pachauri

          by vaibhav  kumbhare


          71  Summary of "The consideration of production aspects during product design stages"  By Sagar Gawali
          77 Summary of "An Analysis Of Six Sigma in Small and Large Manufacturing Companies" By Shailesh Khatwar                                         
          98 Summary of "A Comparison of MTM and RTM" By Surya Prakash Jhawar 
          78 Summary of "Optimal Routing in a transportation Network" By Sheetal Yadav                                            
           72     Summary-of-barriers-to-implement-green supply chain in automible  By        Sahil महाजन

             73.   Study on Effect of Functional Competency on Performance      BY                Saikat Saha                               of Indian Manufacturing सेक्टर
             74 IE and TQM   By Saloni Dave   
             75.               Reverse Logistics- RFID the key to optimality      By  Santosh Kumar

             76. Summary on Applying ergonomics to systems: Some documented ‘‘lessons learned’ By Sathya G

                                                                                     
            90                            Who Belongs to Ergonomics?                          By           Tukaram  Dahiphale  
            85            Study of the implementation of TQM based on soft factor    By           Swapnil Jariwala
            86           Industral engineering and TQM                                           By              Swarnim Suryavanshi
            84         Discretion in Human-Computer Interaction                            By            Sumit Kumar Chhipa 
            94                               The journey of Lean Manufacturing              By                     Vishal Mahajan
            95           Summary of article on "Strategic and administrative roles and       By            Vishnu Chevli
                              quality of service provided by HR function in IT  इन्दुस्ट्री
          81     A feasibility study of the implementation of total quality management based on soft factor   By Sonakshi                                                                                                                                                                  नागदेव
          119  Industrial engineering the Toyota Production System        by Yogesh मोकाशी

           

          108 Article: Re-engineering of the design process for concurrent engineering

           http://knol.google.com/k/vipin-rajput/-/2hv9p0kbq7wsi/2 By Vipin कुमार


          103 Summary on 'Establishing man machine ratio' By Rajul Agrawal

          62 Industrial Engineering Computations By Rajesh Putta (R.No 62)

          79 Article Title : Demand and Supply Chain Performance : Priorities of Industrial Engineering

           http://knol.google.com/k/shiva-kumar-d/industrial-engineering-priorities-for/3q8fen6xtek7f/2#edit 

          By Shivakumar D



          122 Article   

          Industrial engineering priorities for improved demand chain performance

           by- NIRMAL KUMAR संन्यासी

          60  http://knol.google.com/k/raj-kumar-patidar/-/3uu4vql3edlr4/1#view by  RAJ KUMAR PATIDAR

          115 http://knol.google.com/k/akhilesh-chaudhary/evaluation-of-industrial-engineering/sv9veav58rju/4  by AKHILESH चौधरी

          124

          http://knol.google.com/k/anonymous/relationships-between-implementation-of/ofu4scy3dw9u/1 by Tushar महाजन

          110 knol.google.com/k/anonymous/summery-of-research-paper-method-for/2sh8ewb76cbyk/11 by Gyana Ranjan सामल

          102 http://knol.google.com/k/phanivishwanath-cherukupalli/scheduling-of-a-computer-integrated/3pn5w0zoqj7jg/2 by ch. phani विश्वनाथ


          105 Summary of EXTENDSIM ADVANCED TECHOLOGY: DISCRETE RATE SIMULATION  by Rasaal Tiwari

          69 Summary of "Smart RFID Based Design for Inventory Management in Health Care"  by Rinku Vatnani 

          87 Summary of"Six Sigma" BySwati भरद्वाज

          80
          Summary on Heijunka- By Shruti Aryani, Roll ८०

          117 Summary Of Paper - Business Process Reengineering by Aastha गोहद

          120  Anjali Sinha,  Article Summary on “Value Chain Vs Supply Chain”-http://knol.google.com/k/anjali-sinha/value-chain-vs-supply-chain/370wk99bh16bu/1#120  Anjali Sinha,  Article Summary on “Value Chain Vs Supply Chain”-http://knol.google.com/k/anjali-sinha/value-chain-vs-supply-chain/370wk99bh16bu/1#120  Anjali Sinha,  Article Summary on “Value Chain Vs Supply Chain”-http://knol.google.com/k/anjali-sinha/value-chain-vs-supply-chain/370wk99bh16bu/1#120  Anjali Sinha,  Article Summary on “Value Chain Vs Supply Chain”-http://knol.google.com/k/anjali-sinha/value-chain-vs-supply-chain/370wk99bh16bu/1#


          Related Knols


          Introduction to Industrial Engineering - Course at NITIE  Course contents, course lecture notes and course lecture slides

          PGDIE 2011 Batch Assignments

           


          Original knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/ie-research-paper-assignments-by-2011/2utb2lsm2k7a/5472

          Monday, April 23, 2012

          Review of THE CONCEPT AND IMPORTANCE OF PRODUCTIVITY

          Review of "THE CONCEPT AND IMPORTANCE OF PRODUCTIVITY"

          The chapter by Kenneth E. Smith, H. B. Maynard and Company, Inc. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
          in Maynard's Handbook of Industrial Engineering 5th Edition
          _______________________________________________________________________________________
           

          Productivity is generally considered to be the ratio of output to input.The concept is simple, yet there were difficulties in measurement. Historically, it has been the variety of input that has given measurement difficulties. Today, even the output side is giving measurment difficulty. The production has to meet customer needs, quality expecations and time of delivery.

          PRODUCTIVITY DEFINED

          Total Productivity expresses the relationship between the quantity of goods and services produced (output) and the quantity of labor, capital, land, energy, and other resources to produce it (input). But more popularly, productivity is measured between output and a single measure of input, such as labor or capital.
           
          There is  a growing realization that simply producing large quantities of a standard product does not necessarily mean one is productive. Organizations must produce what the marketplace needs, when it needs it, and at a competitive price.The ideal of meeting customer needs and expectations without error or waste has now entered the vocabulary. This suggests that anything produced that the market does not want cannot be considered an output when calculating productivity. So now the output side of the calculation is more complex now.
           
          Labor Productivity

          Industrial engineers have their primary focus on the labor productivity. When considering labor productivity, the input is simply the quantity of labor expended. In a more sophisticated analysis, the industrial engineer will also consider things such as how effective the labor is by measuring performance, utilization, and method levels.

          The industrial engineer typically only considers the value of the parts produced or the total standard hours produced as the output. Smith criticizes the role of IE by writing "The parts produced might sit in inventory, be sold at a discount, or may never be sold. Unless more attention is given to the output, making sure what is produced is meeting a customer demand, the industrial engineer will only be helping to improve the production of waste." Is Smith right in making this statement. Smith is confusing between industrial engineer's work of improving the potential of an operator to produce more on a given task and the production plan which is the responsibility of production manager. Improvement in technique does not mean that waste will be produced.
           
           

          THE INDUSTRIAL ENGINEER’S PERSPECTIVE ON PRODUCTIVITY
           
          In the past, the mission of industrial engineers has generally been to increase the output of all of the available resources, machines, materials, men etc.   The assumption was that increased output meant increased productivity.

          The shift from mass production concepts to lean production refocuses the industrial engineer’s role. Many of the tools remain the same, but the context in which they are applied has changed. Rather than simply improving operations to produce more effectively, industrial engineers have to consider the customer’s demands also develop their productivity improvement programs. The industrial engineer must assess the entire value stream, from order taking to shipment to collection of receipts, and then help to facilitate
          improvements that will enhance the flow of value to the customer and the organization.
           
          Smith wrote 'The industrial engineer’s perspective on productivity has been somewhat narrow, often
          focused on increasing output by improving labor productivity on the shop floor... Now the industrial engineer must serve as productivity engineer. It is imperative that the industrial engineer understand the definition of productivity as it applies to the organization being served and diligently use the skills and talents he or she possesses to make improvements. Furthermore, the industrial engineer must become the champion of productivity improvement, helping others to understand the definition, the importance of making improvements, and how those improvements can be made."  The need to differentiate between industrial engineering department and individual industrial engineer is important. Industrial engineering department needs to have individual industrial engineers who focus on human resource and improve its potential productivity on various tasks undertaken by the company. Similarly, the department also needs IEs who can improve the productivity other resources. In addition it needs attention to plan for total productivity on definition chosen by the organization. I personal now advocate at least three section in IE departments to focus on human effort, system efficiency and system design and improvement management activities.
           

          Productivity analysis is the regular review of the organization’s definition of productivity and an assessment of progress. If a reporting mechanism is in place, then it should be reviewed regularly. If there is not a reporting system, then industrial engineering should be given the task of  conducting meaningful assessments on a regular basis.As a result of productivity analysis, productivity improvement opportunities have to be outlined. The level of management attention to productivity will be dictated by the organization circumstances. But top management has to ensure that productivity is part of the annual as well as long range plans.
           
           
          Original knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/review-of-the-concept-and-importance-of/2utb2lsm2k7a/2297