Tuesday, July 24, 2012

Journal of Optimization in Industrial Engineering - Article List Collection



Journal Official Home Page
http://www.qjie.ir/




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Volume 1 Issue 1


1A Review and Evaluation of Statistical Process Control Methods in Monitoring Process Mean and Variance Simultaneously
Page 1-8 (8)
Ahmad Ostadsharifmemar; Seyed Taghi Akhavan Niaki

2Scheduling in Container Terminals using Network Simplex Algorithm
Page 9-16 (8)
Hassan Rashidi

3Fuzzy Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm for a Supplier Clustering Problem
Page 17-24 (8)
esmaeil Mehdizadeh; reza Tavakkoli Moghaddam

4Application of Rough Set Theory in Data Mining for Decision Support Systems (DSSs)
Page 25-34 (10)
Mohammad Hossein Fazel Zarandi; Abolfazl Kazemi

5The preemptive resource-constrained project scheduling problem subject to due dates and preemption penalties: An integer programming approach
Page 35-39 (5)
Behrouz Afshar nadjafi; Shahram Shadrokh

6Practical common weights scalarizing function approach for efficiency analysis
Page 41-47 (7)
Alireza Alinezhad; Reza Kiani Mavi; Majid Zohrehbandian; Ahmad Makui

7Estimation of the cost function of a two-echelon inventory system with lost sales using regression
Page 55-64 (10)
Mehdi Seif Barghy; Maghsoud Amiri; mostafa Heidari




    8Using neural network to estimate weibull parameters
    Page 48-54 (7)
    Babak Abbasi; behrouz Afshar nadjafi


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    Saturday, July 21, 2012

    Physiology of Race Walking





    Physiological Variables Related to 20 km Race Walk Performance, Race Walking Text Book, Matej Bel University, Slovakia
    Andrew Drake, Robert James, Val Cox, Richard Godfrey, , Steve Brooks

    Case Study - 50 Km Walk 2009
    Dr. Trent Stellingwerff


    http://www.ausport.gov.au/ais/nutrition/factsheets/sports/race_walking

    Race Walking Female athletes - Physiological determinants - 2012
    http://bjsportmed.com/content/23/4/250.full.pdf



    The Phyiological Factors Limiting Endurance Exercise Capacity
    By Len Kravitz, Ph.D and Lance C. Dalleck, M.S.
    http://www.unm.edu/~lkravitz/Article%20folder/limitations.html


    Kinematics of Elite Race Walking
    Brian Hanley
    http://www.racewalking.org/EAA_Conference_Brian_Hanley_kinematics

    Case study of training of medal winner - 2010
    http://www.racewalking.org/EAA_RW_Conference_LA_TORRE


    Sunday, July 15, 2012

    Paper on Therbligs by Gilbreth



    The article by F.B. Gibreth and L.M. Gilbreth is available in a Google Book partially

    Visit this link
    It is in this Google Book

    http://books.google.co.in/books?id=xtRZX-9D3kAC

    Current Readings in Management by McGraw- Hill

    Page 184 

    Wednesday, July 11, 2012

    Ergonomics - Knol Book

     
    Ergonomics - Introduction

    Human Physiology - Some Points

    Human Anatomy - Some Points for IE Students

    Introduction to Psychology - Knol Book

    Ergonomist - Is He an Industrial Engineer





    ERGONOMICS AT VISUAL DISPLAY TERMINALS (Rauf Iqbal's article - not on knol now)


    Ergonomics

    Ergonomic Computer Chairs

    Car Seat Ergonomics

    The Future Of Ergonomic Office Seating

    Ergonomics Methods to Understand Human Factor Issues

    PLIBEL - A Method for Identification of Ergonomic Hazards

    Introduction to Human Factors and Ergonomics for Engineers‎ - Book Information and Review

    Ergonomics - Bibliography

    Industrial Engineering and Ergonomics - Collection Of Articles - Book Information

    Work Design: Occupational Ergonomics by Stephan Konz and Steve Johnson - Book Information

    Engineering Physiology - K. H. E. Kroemer, H. J. Kroemer, K. E. Kroemer-Elbert - Book Information and Review








    Original Knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/ergonomics-knol-book/2utb2lsm2k7a/3747

    Tuesday, July 10, 2012

    Work Systems Design


    ILO Occupational Safety Handbook discussed four elements of Work Systems Design
    http://www.ilo.org/safework_bookshelf/english?content&nd=857170341

    Workstations

    Tools

    Controls, Indicators and Panels

    Information Processing and Design


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    Physical Work - Human Capabilities and Limitations - Chapter Contents

    Ergonomics in Manual Material Handling Tasks - Chapter Contents

    Monday, July 9, 2012

    Replacement Problem - Engineering Economy Analysis

    Replacement Problem - Engineering Economy Analysis

    Replacement Problem - Engineering Economy Analysis

    Authors

    An existing compressor will supply only 60% of the predicted future compressed air requirements of the plant. Its net realizable value is $2,000 with operating disbursementsof $5,000 a year at that load. A new compressor that will just furnish the required 40% additional air can be purchased for $9,000. Its operating disbursements are $3,100 a year.
     
    A full sized machine can be purchased for $15,000 with operating disbursements of $7,600.
     
    The economic life of all three machines is estimated to be 10 years with salvage values equal to 10% of the present values.
     
    Compare the machines and determine the best option for the company.
     
    Assume any data you need.
     
     
    Reference
     
    Taylor, George A., Managerial and Engineering Economy, Van Nostrand, 1964.

    Saturday, July 7, 2012

    Frank B. Gilbreth: Some of His Industrial Engineering Achievements

    Frank Gilbreth developed motion study in detail and thus made  contribution to making human effort engineering a rigorous  science based engineering subject.
    ______________________________________________________________________
    7th July is birthday of Frank Gilbreth.

    We celebrate the day as Knowledge Day of Industrial Engineering
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    Frank B. Gilbreth, the engineer who conceived the "Motion Study" Principles (techniques for manual productivity improvement) once visited  a  British-Japanese Exposition. There  a demonstration of polishing shoes was being held to help the sales of Japanese shoe polish.

     Casually walking and talking with his friend, Gilbreth stopped to view the shoe polish wrapping demonstration.  Gilbreth watched for a few moments, then simply said, "They are really skilled, but they could produce more." He timed the fastest girl and without hesitation, ascended the platform. He found she was being paid on a piecework basis and said, "I’m going to tell you how to earn more money, but you must follow my instructions." He changed the location of her supplies and showed her how to wrap and set aside more efficiently. He timed her again after several cycles. When he rejoined his friend he said, "When she gets the hang of it she’ll be making twice her former earnings."

    That is an example of the applied results of using Gilbreth’s Motion Study Principles. Industrial Engineers used these guiding rules throughout the United States. Gilbreth said if his Motion Study Principles had not been previously applied to any manual work, by their application the productivity would be doubled or more.
    In 1885, Gilbreth started out as an apprentice bricklayer. On his second day of work, with a Master Journeyman to train him, he noticed different methods of bricklaying. Undoubtedly in jest, he was informed there were three techniques: one, for just a regular day, the second was to hurry up to finish a wall, and the third, just to stretch out the job to fill the day. His question led him to think there should be one efficient and approved method, "The One Best Way."

    Motion Study was first developed when it was applied to the world’s oldest trade --- bricklaying. The traditional method, even after 6,000 years, involved unnecessary stooping, walking and reaching. The time-consuming, tiring part of the job had been stooping 125 times per hour for brick and 125 times for mortar. By using Gilbreth’s method, a man could lay more bricks, standing normally, and return home after a full day’s work not nearly as tired.

    Application of the Gilbreth system of motion analysis reduced the motions per brick from 18 to 5 and increased the number of bricks laid per hour from 125 to 350.

    Following Gilbreth’s outstanding success in bricklaying and construction, he then pursued broad research into diversified manufacturing operations. He created an entirely new technique on how to improve industrial efficiency, while at the same time significantly improving working conditions for the worker.

    His work took a firm hold in engineering and economic societies as well as with our country’s industrial companies.

    His Motion Study Principles affected all management. It created a different type of engineer: The Industrial Engineer, concerned with improving manual work, Gilbreth was a pioneer of American history.

    From 1910 to 1924, he promoted his system as a consultant and a teacher. He died in 1924. His wife, Mrs. Lillian M. Gilbreth, educated in psychology and with an insight into the fundamentals of labor management, had been his partner.
    Mrs. Gilbreth, who had been of great assistance with the running of the Gilbreth Consulting Firm, took over and carried the full load, all by herself. She taught Motion Study at Purdue University, consulted and ran the company, along with being a wonderful mother to 12 children, all college educated.

    In the late 1940’s, James S. Perkins, an Industrial Engineer, on a research assignment for the Western Electric Company, was at the University of Iowa, where he met Mrs. Gilbreth, who was a speaker at the Industrial Engineering Conference there. She visited with him and reviewed his research. Gilbreth’s film studies, research and conclusions, preserved by James Perkins extend into many diverse areas:
    • Motion and Fatigue Study
    • Skill Study
    • Plant Layout and Material Handling
    • Inventory Control
    • Production Control
    • Business Procedures
    • Safety Methods
    • Developing Occupations for the Handicapped
    • Athletic Training and Skills
    • Military Training
    • Surgical Operations
    Gilbreth developed the route model technique to improve the flow of materials in manufacturing operations. When he first developed it, Gilbreth said that several of his engineering friends, at an engineering meeting, laughed themselves to death, but that it was quickly accepted by Plant Managers. He found that by its use, the layout distance was often cut by 75% and product processing time was reduced substantially. Further, plant productivity was usually increased by 15 to 25%.

    In 1968, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers decided to honor the achievements of Frank B. Gilbreth, (on his 100th anniversary) at their Annual Meeting at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel.  The sound films prepared by Perkins were shown for the first time at the Annual Meeting of the ASME honoring Frank B. Gilbreth.

    Gilbreth’s cyclegraph technique, to learn about skill, was one of his significant contributions. He demonstrates this technique in the film and also shows the three-dimensional model he made from the pictures of a drilling operation. He said, "The expert uses the motion model for learning the existing motion path and the possible lines for improvement. An efficient and skillful motion has smoothness, grace, strong marks of habit, decision, lack of hesitation and is not fatiguing."

    The film includes motion pictures of a baseball game between the Giants and the Phillies, taken at the Polo Grounds on May 31, 1913. One of the observations Gilbreth made after analyzing these pictures was that after the ball left the pitcher’s hand, it took about 1-1/2 seconds before it could be relayed to second base by the catcher. The dash to steal second base, with an eight foot lead, required a speed faster than the world’s record for the 100-yard dash.

    In Gilbreth’s film studies of surgical operations, he observed that the doctors took more time searching for instruments than in performing the operation itself. He worked with doctors and came up with a technique which is still being used today. When the doctor was ready for a new instrument, he simply extended his hand, palm up, to the nurse and called for the instrument he wanted. By this means, he was able to keep his eyes focused upon the open incision, thereby significantly reducing operating time, so critical to both patient and doctor. The film shows doctors, nurses and technicians prepare a patient and the removal of a large tumor.

    Sources: 

    THE QUEST, Newsletter of the Gilbreth Network
    Vol. 1, No. 2 Summer 1997E QUEST
    http://gilbrethnetwork.tripod.com/qv1n2.html

    Books Authored by Gilbreth

    Motion study : a method for increasing the efficiency of the workman (1911)
    Download from
    http://www.archive.org/details/motionstudymetho00gilbrich
    Fatigue Study, the Elimination of Humanity's Greatest Unnecessary Waste: (1916)
    Download from
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    Frank Gilbreth - Motion Study - Videos on YouTube



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    Bricklaying film only larger one.

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    Bricklaying System Book by Gilbreth
    http://books.google.co.in/books?id=DL_DjA0Px04C

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    Stamping on the forms

    One hand pattern, Two hand Pattern, Two hands and Foot pattern
    _________

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    Series of films Part 1
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    Series of films Part 2
    _________ _________

    Monday, July 2, 2012

    Industrial Engineering - Some Historical Incidents

    Industrial Engineering - Some Historical Incidents

    Industrial Engineering - Some Historical Incidents

    Authors

    Industrial Engineering and ASME

    Management with engineering got associated  in the United States in ASME  when Taylor spoke of shop management. The concern for management issues  occupied the attention of the earlier ASME presidents. In fact, R.H. Thurston  the first ASME president, in his inaugural address, included social economy among the "Objects of the Society."[1]  H.R. Towne, in his" The Engineer as Economist, [2] included "shop management" as a field of interest, but, in an ASME session, substituting for President Coleman Sellars, [3] he suggested "industrial or economic questions" because ASME had, among its membership, "more than the Civil Engineers or the Mining Engineers men who are managers of labor, who are either owners or representatives of owners, and who, therefore, control capital." In 1920, the ASME council approved and adopted the First Report of the Committee of Aims and Organizations with L.C. Marburg as Chairman, which included the statement: …that Industrial Engineering is a major subject for consideration by the Society and shall be placed on par with all major subjects[3]. In his Cost and Production Handbook, L.P. Alford [4],  included under the  term Industrial Engineering, the "laws" of Taylor and  Fayol, as well as that  of himself. ASME in 1955, as an outgrowth of its Management Division's Work Standardization Committee (1948), sponsored an IE Terminology [5].  ASME never established an IE division.  IE partisans were active  in its Management Division.  
    Some ASME members joined with some non-ASME members to form a group-at first informal, but later formally known as the Society to Promote the Science of Management, which, after Taylor's death in 1915, became known as the Taylor Society. This society, in 1936, merged with the Society of Industrial Engineers, a group which, in 1917  was formed from the Western Efficiency Society (1910) to establish the Society for (the) Advancement of Management (SAM). SAM attracted a wide spectrum of members, some with ASME's Management Division, some with the National Association of Cost Accountants, some with the National Personnel Association, some unattached, to form an overall umbrella for most of the management practitioners. 
    In 1948, the American Institute of Industrial Engineers (AIIE) was established: its objectives were many, but the most important was the professional recognition of IE. AIIE published a terminology in 1965 to document terms in common usage [6]. This organization is now known as the Institute of Industrial Engineers (IIE) [7].

    Hugo Diemer


    Hugo Diemer (1870-1939) was an American engineer, academic and author who in the opening years of the 20th century first used the term Industrial Engineering (IE) to describe a fusion of engineering and business disciplines. In 1909 he set up the first university IE department[8].
    In 1901 the term "industrial engineering" was first used in The Engineering Magazine. Diemer wrote article in the Engineering Magazine.

    Industrial Engineering  and S.P.E.E. and A.S.E.E.

    A.S.E.E. is the American Society for Engineering Education. Society for Promotion of Engineering Education (S.P.E.E.) is the forerunner of A.S.E.E.
    A paper with the title “Education for Factory Management” was presented by Hugo Diemer at S.P.E.E.in 1903. Frank B. Gilbreth joined S.P.E.E. in 1911 and he held a Symposium on Scientific Management in 1912. The first official mention of Industrial Engineering in S.P.E.E.  was in 1912 when an Industrial and Efficiency Engineering Committee was established. There were  3 teachers and 8 practitioners, including Frank B. Gilbreth, listed for this group. In 1913 there were 12 teachers and 13 practitioners comprising this Committee.
    The Industrial Engineering (I.E.) Committee reappeared in 1917 (after some gap)  with 4 members, Hugo Diemer, J. O. Keller, D. S. Kimball and C. C. Myers7. It continued to be re-approved until it became
    the Industrial Engineering Division at the Annual Meeting, June, 24-28, 1940, on the University of California-Berkeley campus16. Thus the earliest use of the term Industrial and Efficiency Engineering occurred in 1912 but the continuous use of the Industrial Engineering title for a Committee began during 1917[9].
    References
    1. R. H. Thurston. President's inaugural address. Transactions ASME, 1, 1880, pp. 14-29.
    2. H. R. Towne. The engineer as economist. Transactions ASME, VII, 1886, pp. 428-432.
    3. W. J. Jaffe, L. P. Alford. The Evolution of Modern Industrial Management. New York University Press, 1957, pp. 29- 34.
    4. L. P. Alford (editor). Cost and Production Handbook. New York: Ronald, 1934.
    5. Industrial Engineering Terminology, ASME Standard 106, 1955.
    6. R. L. Williams, et al. Industrial engineering terminology manual, Journal of Industrial Engineering, AIIE, XVI, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1965.
    9. GERALD J. THUESEN, AC 2007-308: HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENGINEERING
    ECONOMIC REPRESENTATION WITHIN ASEE, link,
    10. 

    Sunday, July 1, 2012

    Industrial Engineering Day - 7 July - Birth Day of Frank Gilbreth

    Knowledge  Day  of Industrial  Engineering


    Knowledge  Day  of Industrial  Engineering is expected to bring students, faculty and professionals of industrial engineering together to discuss the knowledge of the profession in offline and online platforms.  platform.

    Birth Day of Frank Gilbreth 7th July is being celebrated as the Knowledge Day of Industrial Engineering.  Birthday of F.W. Taylor (DOB: 20th March 1865) is also  Knowledge Day of Industrial Engineering   .

    Frank Gilbreth's birth day was 7th July 1868 ( http://answers.encyclopedia.com/question/frank-b-gilbreth-born-163426.html    )

    2012
    A video collection posted today.

    Frank Gilbreth - Motion Study - Videos on YouTube

    New Google book identified  Bricklaying System by Gilbreth - It is a full view book.


    2010

    Students of NITIE are posting number of articles which are summaries of various articles published in Industrial Engineer magazine

    Index of articles written by IE students of NITIE, Mumbai, India on the occasion of Knol Day of Industrial Engineering


    Industrial Engineer Magazine Article Summaries by 2010 IE Students NITIE, Mumbai, India

    All visitors are requested to write comments on various issues related to industrial engineering in comments blocks.
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    About Frank Gilbreth



     
     
    Source for the photos: http://www.lib.purdue.edu/spcol/manuscripts/fblg/

    Books by  Gilbreth
    Motion study : a method for increasing the efficiency of the workman (1911)
    Applied motion study; a collection of papers on the efficient method to industrial preparedness (1917)
    Fatigue study; the elimination of humanity's greatest unnecessary waste, a first step in motion study (1919)
    Watch Original Movies Made by Gilbreth
    http://www.archive.org/details/OriginalFilm
    http://vodpod.com/watch/3068150-u-b-u-w-e-b-film-video-frank-b-gilbreth-motion-studies-1910-1924

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    Industrial Engineering - Introduction


    Industrial engineering is explained as human effort engineering and system efficiency engineering by Narayana Rao.

    The activities carried out in system efficiency engineering can be categorized as:

    Methods efficiency engineering
    Product design efficiency engineering
    Inspection methods efficiency engineering
    Materials handling efficiency engineering
    Warehouse efficiency engineering

    The emphasis on the term "efficiency" is very important. This term separates managers from industrial engineers and also functional engineers from industrial engineers. But industrial engineers improve efficiency of all systems, systems in factories, offices as well as management systems. Resource use efficiency in any system is the focus of industrial engineering discipline.

    There are many knols (articles are called knols) on industrial engineering. Two of the collections are

    1. Introduction to Industrial Engineering - Course at NITIE
    2. Industrial Engineering - Knols of Narayana Rao K V S S



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    Some More Knols on Industrial Engineering

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    Web Pages on Industrial Engineering

     
    Work Study: Method Study and Work Measurement
    Work study which includes method study and work measurement is the core of Industrial Engineering. A succinct, yet complete presentation of work study can be seen at:
    Inserted by Shyam Bhatawdekar.
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    New Knols in Industrial Engineering - June 2010 onwards

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    Blog Posts on Gilbreth's Birthday

    Happy Birthday Frank Gilbreth; Reducing Waste in Hospitals… Green is Lean

    http://www.leanblog.org/2010/07/happy-birthday-frank-gilbreth-reducing-waste-in-hospitals-green-is-lean/#comment-11389
    Today, July 7 is the birthday of Frank Gilbreth, born this day in 1868. While some of his methods arguably ranked low on the “respect for people” scale (calling doctors “boobs” for doing things wastefully), he was an innovator in terms of identifying waste and driving process improvement in healthcare.



    Blog posts on Gilbreth

    http://susanrusso.fin.djes.us/2010/06/24/ergonomics-how-it-all-began/
    http://www.hoteducationtips.com/2010/06/18/homework-education-career-tips-our-longterm-relationship-wtih-ergonomics/
    http://5scorner.blogspot.com/2010/05/lessons-on-productivity-from-humble.html  Mentions a card that is tapped on the card reader for bus travel.



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    Curriculum Proposals and Suggestions for Modifications

    The Engineering Science of Industrial Engineering: A Viewpoint of the Industrial Engineering Curriculum 
    Author: William E. Bilesa
    Affiliation:    a Department of Industrial Engineering Edward R. Clark Professor of Computer-Aided Engineering, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky
    IIE Transactions, Volume 23, Issue 3 September 1991 , pages 208 - 214
    Abstract
    This paper outlines the scientific underpinnings of Industrial Engineering and proposes an approach to educating the Industrial Engineer based on this engineering science. The proposed definition of the “Industrial Engineering science” rests on the premise that IE is made up of three main functional areas: (1) production engineering, (2) operational science, and (3) ergonomics/human factors engineering. This paper outlines the various IE activities that fall into these three functional categories, and attempts to show the relationships of those areas to six underlying science bases; namely, (1) Industrial Engineering sciences, (2) general engineering sciences, (3) life sciences, (4) physical sciences, (5) behavioral and social sciences, and (6) mathematics.
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    Books
    Evaluation of Human Work
    3rd Edition, 2005
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