Saturday, December 31, 2016

Industrial Engineering - Productivity Science, Engineering and Management in Engineering Organizations




Industrial engineer is Productivity Scientist, Productivity Engineer and Productivity Manager combined into one.


Productivity Science


Exemplar - Science of handling heavy loads - F.W. Taylor


Productivity Engineering


Exemplar -  The art of metal cutting to increase output from machine tools with economical cost.

Human Effort Engineering for Productivity - Time study to understand best practice for various elements of task and synthesizing the most productivity method.

SMED

Poka Yoke


Productivity Management


Incentive system to motivate the operator to put in first class effort based on first class skill.

Suggestion schemes and sharing of saving.

Work simplification.

Instruction card - A directing mechanism to ensure productivity.

Kanban - Another directing mechanism to initiate component manufacture.

Wednesday, December 14, 2016

Robot Motion Economy Principles



1. Minimize the number of grippers needs and consider adding a simple feature for easier more secure gripping

2. Simpler Robots - Minimize the complexity of robots.  Reduce number of arms and joints.

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=2DvSBwAAQBAJ&pg=PA91#v=onepage&q&f=false

Thursday, December 1, 2016

Methods improvement - The Current Role of the Foreman - Supervisor



Methods improvement and the foreman, by J. W. Roberts and Clem Zinck.

Main Author: Roberts, John William, 1901-
Published: New London, Conn., National Foremen's Institute [1951]
Subjects: Supervisors, Industrial.
Physical Description: 174 p. illus. 21 cm.

Good and detailed content on work simplification is there in this book

https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/005735775

The Training Within Industry Report, 1940-1945: A Record of the Development of Management Techniques for Improvement of Supervision, Their Use and the Results
War Manpower Commission, Bureau of Training, Training within Industry Service, 1945 - Employees - 330 pages
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=E_s-DCnFvLYC


Training Within Industry Individual Manuals

Scans of the original manuals. Each manual has color covers, front and back. All manuals setup for duplex printing. Single sided printouts will have some blank pages. See Printing Notes for details.

Bulletin Series --- Original Text, 5.9MB
JI: Job Instruction Manual --- Original Text, 2.6MB
JM: Job Methods Manual --- Original Text, 4.0MB
JR: Job Relations Manual --- Original Text, 3.7MB
UJR: Union Job Relations Manual --- Original Text, 4.1MB
PD: Program Development Manual --- Original Text, 4.0MB
JS: Job Safety Manual --- Original Text (from Canadian Department of Labor, Found at National Archives), 2.1MB
Individual Manual Printing Notes
http://chapters.sme.org/204/TWI_Materials/TWI_Manuals/TWIManuals.htm

Work Simplification - Alan Mogensen




ELEVEN BASIC PRINCIPLES OF WORK SIMPLIFICATION

Alan Mogensen

3. To creat a sense of "belonging," and of "participating." and of "accomplishing"  in each and every employee is a vital responsibility of managemet. Work simplification stresses this human factor. Here, of course, the foreman plays a vital part.


5. Work simplification rests of the principle that any work that does not add value to the product, does not give or receive essential information, does not plan or calculate is essentially WASTE.

7. The major specific wastes in a process are TRANSPORTION, DELAY or STORAGE, and INSPECTION. The major waste in a man-machine combination is IDLE TIME by both the operator and the machine.   The major  wastes in the activity of a worker in  a process, a man-machine combination or in hand operation  are TRANSPORTION, DELAY , and FAILURE TO REDUCE THE ELAPSED TIME of activity by the use of KNOWN FASTER DEVICES.

11. Ingenuity has great possibilities. Often the results of a new twist are startling. Work-simplification techniques give full scope to ingenuity and see to its proper application.

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=ycOSBwAAQBAJ&pg=PA536#v=onepage&q&f=false