Wednesday, May 23, 2018

Productivity Science - Determinants of Productivity


Productivity Science is a principle of Industrial Engineering

Develop a science for each element of a man - machine system's work related to efficiency and productivity.

The productivity science developed is the foundation for industrial engineering in productivity engineering and productivity management phases.


Productivity Science - Principle of Industrial Engineering
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/06/productivity-science-principle-of.html

Capital Stock


Mustafa Nedium SUALP and Cemil Faruk DURMAZ, "The Relationship between Knowledge Capital, Spillover Effects and Labor Productivity",

Empowerment and Productivity

http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/11/empowerment-and-productivity.html


Fluid Intelligence  


Fluid Intelligence - Productivity
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2018/03/fluid-intelligence-productivity.html

A Theory of Intelligence and Total Factor Productivity: Value Added Reflects the Fruits of Fluid Intelligence
Taiji Harashima
Kanazawa Seiryo University
7 December 2012

Online at https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/43151/


Groups


Groups influence the productivity of employees.

Donnely, Jr., James H., Gibson, James L., and Ivancevich, John M. Fundamentals of Management: Functions, Behavior, Models, Business Publications, Dallas, Third Ed., 1978,  p. 243.

The reference is quoted in the book, Organizational Behvaior by Fred Luthans.

Group Cohesiveness


Group cohesiveness influences productivity.

The point is indicated in the book, Organizational Behavior by Fred Luthans.

"An Experimental Study of Cohesiveness and Productivity"

Stanley Schacter, Norris Ellertson, Dorothy McBride and Doris Gregory
Human Relations 4(3):229-238 · August 1951
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/232555886_An_Experimental_Study_of_Cohesiveness_and_Productivity

"Group Productivity, Drive and Cohesiveness"

Ralph M. Stodgill,
Organizational Behavior and Human Performance
Volume 8, Issue 1, August 1972, Pages 26-43


"Group Cohesiveness and Productivity: A Closer Look"

Peter E. Mudrack,
Human Relations
Volume: 42 issue: 9, September 1, 1989 page(s): 771-785
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/001872678904200902

"Team Cohesion and Individual Productivity: The Influence of the Norm for Productivity and the Identifiability of Individual Effort"

Kimberley L. Gammage, Albert V. Carron, Paul A. Estabrooks
Small Group Research, Volume: 32 issue: 1, February 2001,  page(s): 3-18
http://journals.sagepub.com/toc/sgrd/32/1







Knowledge Capital


Mustafa Nedium SUALP and Cemil Faruk DURMAZ, "The Relationship between Knowledge Capital, Spillover Effects and Labor Productivity",  Marmara Universitesi iktisadi ve idari

Learning


Learning by doing - Possible only if demand is there to support growth in output.  Veedorn - Labour Productivity related relation

D.P. Priyadarshi Joshi and Susanta Kumar Sethy "Manufacturing Productivity Growth in India: Revisiting Veedorn's Law", Productivity, Vol. 58, No. 1, Aprl - June 2017, pp. 39 - 52.

R&D Expenditure


Mustafa Nedium SUALP and Cemil Faruk DURMAZ, "The Relationship between Knowledge Capital, Spillover Effects and Labor Productivity",

Scale


Increasing returns to scale

D.P. Priyadarshi Joshi and Susanta Kumar Sethy "Manufacturing Productivity Growth in India: Revisiting Veedorn's Law", Productivity, Vol. 58, No. 1, Aprl - June 2017, pp. 39 - 52.

Sourcing Strategies


Sourcing strategies and productivity: Evidence for Spanish manufacturing firms
José CarlosFariñasa, AlbertoLópeza, AnaMartín-Marcos
BRQ Business Research Quarterly
Volume 19, Issue 2, April–June 2016, Pages 90-106
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2340943615000833

Spillovers


Mustafa Nedium SUALP and Cemil Faruk DURMAZ, "The Relationship between Knowledge Capital, Spillover Effects and Labor Productivity",

Technology Transfer


Mustafa Nedium SUALP and Cemil Faruk DURMAZ, "The Relationship between Knowledge Capital, Spillover Effects and Labor Productivity",

Type of Organization


Corporate Sector, Cooperative sector, Partnership, Proprietory

D.P. Priyadarshi Joshi and Susanta Kumar Sethy "Manufacturing Productivity Growth in India: Revisiting Veedorn's Law", Productivity, Vol. 58, No. 1, Aprl - June 2017, pp. 39 - 52.


Urbanization


"When urbanization rates in districts or in states cross the threshold of about 35 percent, we start seeing productivity benefits kick in. You see higher GDP per capita because the dense cities and urban centers will have better connections with the rest of the world and with  markets. Citizens have better access to education, health, and so on and this will also help in improving productivity."
As you get to that 35 percent, the actual per capita GDP in that particular district more than doubles.

http://guide-india.blogspot.com/2016/10/indias-growth-mckinseys-predictions-and.html

Quotation from
India’s economy: Why the time for growth is now
McKinsey Global Institute September 2016
http://www.mckinsey.com/global-themes/india/indias-economy-why-the-time-for-growth-is-now


30 Factors that Affect Productivity - Prof Mali


Given by Prof Paul Mali in the year 1978 in the book,  Improving Total Productivity, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Fourth Level Factors (Affect most directly): 
Effectiveness (Focus on customer requirements), 
Efficiency (Focus on planned resource consumption)

Third Level Factors:  
Skills, Motivation, Methods, Cost (measurement, may include time and productivity measurements also).

Second Level Factors: 
Leadership, Experience, Climate, Incentives, Schedules, Organizational structure, Technology and Materials.

First Level Factors (Affect least directly): 
Abilities, Style, Training, Knowledge, Physical conditions, Unions, Social awareness, Aspiration levels, Processes, Job design, Goals, Policies, R & D, Plant and Equipment, Standards, and Quality.


Updated 2018, 24 May 2018,    22 March 2018,
12 November 2017, 26 October 2017


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