Saturday, June 17, 2017

Applied Industrial Engineering - Research 2017

Applied Industrial Engineering

Application of industrial engineering methods and techniques in new technologies is applied industrial engineering. We can generalise and say application of IE methods and tools in various technologies, industrial and business functions, and economic sectors  is applied industrial engineering

IISE 2017 Sessions

All the conference papers are available in pre-publication format in the site

The papers are available under the time slots indicated and the topic indicated. Download papers of your interest.

In IISE 2017 Conference, the following four technologies are highlighted as applied industrial engineering. The traditional application areas like manufacturing, maintenance, construction and health care are covered separately.

All topics are available in the reclassified full schedule
Current Research in Industrial Engineering (IE)

Additive manufacturing processes

...(21 May 11 - 12.20 pm;  21 May  2 - 3.20 pm; 22 May 11.00  - 12.20 am; 22 May  2 - 3.20 pm;)
... quality (21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;


...(21 May 2 - 3.20 pm; 21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;)


...(21 May 2 - 3.20 pm;
... advanced models power distribution (21 May 2 - 3.20 pm; driven  (22 May  2 - 3.20 pm; 22 May 5 to 6 pm;
...modeling for energy efficiency in buildings (22 May 11.00  - 12.20 am;
...modeling and simulation (23 May 12.30 to 1.50;
... Renewable energy systems (21 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;
...modeling microgrids (22 May 8 - 9.20 am;
...optimization models in power systems (22 May 12.30  - 1.50 pm;
...relaibility and quality (23 May 11 - 12.20 pm;
... and sustainability (22 May  2 - 3.20 pm; 22 May 3.30 to 4.50 pm;

Internet of Things

...Sensors  Human-systems  (21 May  2 - 3.20 pm;

Additive Manufacturing Processes 1

Day:Sunday, May 21, 2017
Time: 11:00 AM - 12:20 PM

Chair: Harry Pierson, University of Arkansas

High-rate R2R manufacturing of thermoelectric devices
Zimeng Zhang, Texas A&M University; Shiren Wang, TAMU

Concurrent Fused Filament Fabrication with Multiple Extruders
Yu Jin, University of Arkansas; Harry Pierson, University of Arkansas; Haitao Liao, The University of Arkansas

Additive Manufacturing of Multiphase Materials for Electronics
Jasmine McKenzie, North Carolina A&T State University; Santosh Kumar Parupelli, North Carolina A&T State University; Demetrius Martin, North Carolina A&T State University; Salil Desai, North Carolina A&T State University

Abstract:  The research lays the foundation for the fabrication of 3D electronic components using a hybrid additive manufacturing technology.

Additive manufacturing of conductive traces can eliminate several post-processing operations in traditional manufacturing methods such as photolithography, tape casting, and screen printing. In this research,  the conductive traces were fabricated using carbon slurry and nickel ink using microextrusion and pico-jet units, respectively. The deposited traces were cured using two sintering mechanisms which include furnace heating and laser irradiation. The effect of curing mechanism on the conductance of deposited traces was evaluated.

The Effect Of Process Parameters On Bond Strength Between Additively Manufactured Components And Polymer Substrates 

Bharat Bhushan Chivukula, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville; Harry Pierson, University of Arkansas

Abstract: Recent advances in Fused Filament Fabrication, including 5-axis printing and additive patching/remanufacturing, involve additive manufacturing atop a previously manufactured polymer substrate.  The success of these technologies depends upon the bond strength between the substrate and the newly added geometry.  This research investigated the effect of three factors on bond strength:  surface roughness of the substrate, layer thickness of the added geometry, and the relative raster angle between the two.    The results indicate that bond strength can be increased by up to 27% with the proper choice of parameters.

This research indicates that manufacturers have to intelligently select process parameters for the production of both the substrate and the added geometry.

Additive Manufacturing Processes 2

Day:Sunday, May 21, 2017
Time: 2:00 PM - 3:20 PM

Chair: Ye Li, Bradley University

Experimental Study of Air Nozzle Parameters for Air Suspension-based Additive Manufacturing
Ye Li, Bradley University; Bharath Nagolu , Bradley University

Abstract: Additive manufacturing alleviates the accessibility constraints in manufacturability, but its limited building direction, undesirable surface finish and constrained production environment significantly hinder the capability of making cost-effectively functional parts. The paper presents a new concept of using air levitation in Additive Manufacturing with the intention of overcoming the process-imposed deposition and building directions. The paper focuses on the initial development of air suspension based additive manufacturing and seeks to minimize oscillation in the levitation. The research employs a Design-of-Experiment approach and intends to identify the optimal operation parameters of air nozzles such that the fluctuation of the levitated spherical particle is minimized.

Micro 3D Printing Using Reactive Metal Inks  

Chaitanya Mahajan, Rochester Institute of Technology; Khushbu Zope, Rochester Institute of Technology; Scott Williams, Rochester Institute of Technology; Denis Cormier, Rochester Institute of Technology

Nanoparticle are now used in 3D printing polymers. The formulation of high quality nanoparticle inks for micro 3D printing is complicated by factors including rapid oxidation and particle agglomeration. Reactive metal inks are particle-free solutions which can be printed and subsequently converted to their metallic state by a thermally induced chemical reaction. These inks show promise in overcoming many of the problems associated with nanoparticle inks.

In this research, copper, nickel, and silver reactive inks have been formulated with the appropriate rheological properties for inkjet printing. The inks can be sintered at very high speed via pulsed photonic curing. Designed experiments involving ink composition, printing parameters, and sintering parameters were conducted to produce the ideal material properties for each application.

Additive Manufacturing Process Planning for Carbon Composite Axial Lattice Structures

Pritam Poddar, Rochester Institute of Technology; Denis Cormier, Rochester Institute of Technology

Engineered lattice structures have attracted a great deal of interest due to their potential to reduce weight in vehicles. The additive manufacturing of polymer-carbon fiber composite lattice structures is ideal from a strength-to-weight perspective,

This paper describes an Axial Lattice Extrusion (ALE) technique in which the extrusion toolpath includes simultaneous motion in all three principle axes (i.e. extrusion head motion is not limited to the X-Y plane and can be moved “uphill” to produce continuous vertical struts without any layering). This technique allows carbon fibers to be oriented parallel to the strut axes for maximum bending stiffness. The paper describes process planning considerations to avoid collision of the deposition head with previously deposited material, and it includes consideration of process parameters needed to avoid unwanted sagging of unsupported material. Specifically, material selection, extrusion temperature, print velocity, and the use of chilled cooling gas are all discussed.

Additive Manufacturing Processes 3

Day:Monday, May 22, 2017
Time: 11:00 AM - 12:20 PM

Chair: Denis Cormier, Rochester Institute of Technology

A Process Planning Tool for the Determination of Starting Stock in Hybrid Laser Metal Deposition 

Alexander Kibbe, RIT; Ron Aman, Rochester Institute of Technology


Hybrid: Combining additive manufacturing and subtractive manufacturing to reduce cost

In hybrid manufacturing,  Additive Manufacturing (AM) or 3D Printing is combinded with a subtractive process of CNC milling, typically in the same envelope.  It provides improvements in surface finish and accuracy over AM processes alone, and also reduces overall production costs by producing the beginning portion of a part through a subtractive process.  The  bulk material is typically less expensive compared to power and production rates can be higher for subtractive processes like CNC milling and turning.  In the research, the problem of determining the appropriate starting stock is explored and a process planning tool is developed to support decision making.  Bulk material costs, cutting processes parameters, powder stock costs, AM process parameters, geometry and tooling access, among other parameters, are considered in the model.  Several case studies are presented.

Automatic Vector Toolpath Generation for Heterogeneous Material Parts for Directed Energy Deposition Additive Manufacturing Process
Xinyi Xiao, Penn State; Sanjay Joshi, Penn State

A heterogeneous object (HO) is referred to as a solid component consisting of two or more material primitives distributed either continuously or discontinuously within an object. HOs are commonly divided into two categories: the first type has distinct material domains separating the different materials and the second one called functionally graded materials (FGMs), has the continuously variation of material composition that produces gradient in material properties. Modeling and manufacturing of HO has come to attention recently due the advent of additive manufacturing technology that makes it possible to build such parts.

These processes require vector based tool paths to allow for the proper positioning of the deposition head.  This paper presents a concept for automatically generating the toolpath for any type of HO considering the material composition changes that are required on each layer. The tool path generation takes into account the physical limitations of the machine associated with powder delivery and ability to continually grade the materials.

Cold Spray Nozzle Design for Additive Manufacturing  

Jawad Qasaymeh, Binghamton University ; Christopher M Greene, Binghamton University

Cold spray uses pressurized gas as a carrying media of metal particles in additive manufacturing. The mixture of gas and particles pass through a converging-diverging (de-Laval) nozzle where the gas expands and accelerates to supersonic speeds. The nozzle design is considered as one of the most critical issues in the system and it is considerably affect the quality of the finished parts. In this paper, an optimized nozzle design is proposed, computational fluid dynamics simulation of the gas flow is analyzed and manufacturing processes of the assembly is discussed.

Feature analysis for additive based hybrid manufacturing (HM) to reuse and/ or repair prismatic work parts  

Dusan Sormaz, Ohio University; Sanjeewa Gamaralalage, Ohio University; Jesus Pagan, Ohio University

This paper first discusses literature of part repairing using additive based HM process. Then, a new feature analyzing methodology is discussed illustrating the interaction of additive and subtractive manufacturing features of both existing and final parts to analyze feature interaction for HM. All the possible combinations of feature interaction are considered under this analysis. Further, additive nozzle cannot  reach vertical walls in the process of filling an existing manufacturing feature due to nozzle angle and under this paper, an analysis of additive nozzle accessibility is also discussed to avoid voids in material adding process. Finally, advantaged and limitations of the analysis are discussed with directions for future.

Additive Manufacturing Processes 4

Day:Monday, May 22, 2017
Time: 2:00 PM - 3:20 PM

Chair: Sara Behdad, University at Buffalo, SUNY

Layer By Layer vs. Free Form Fabrication Additive Manufacturing

Jawad Qasaymeh, Binghamton University ; Christopher M Greene, Binghamton University

Free form fabrication in additive manufacturing provides more agility and speed. In this paper a comparison between layer wise creation and free form fabrication is discussed. The limitation and advantages of each method is summarized and finally a hybrid conceptual technology that utilizes the two methods is proposed.

Understanding Residual Coolant Contamination in Hybrid Directed Energy Deposition Processing

Andrew Greeley, Rochester Institute of Technology; Ron Aman, Rochester Institute of Technology

Coolant is used in the  Hybrid Directed Energy Deposition (HDED) process. In instances where coolant is used during CNC cutting followed by material addition, there is the potential for contamination if residual coolant is present on the new deposition surface. In this work, evaluation of the effects of residual coolant on mechanical strength and the impact of two procedures commonly used to remove this residual coolant is done.  Samples are prepared using processes aiming to mitigate the effects of coolant including the use of compressed air as well as diffuse laser energy for oxidizing organic residue. Results of Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS) and recommendations for processing are presented, along with comparisons of adding a post process step of hot isostatic pressing (HIP).

Sensor-based Modeling and Monitoring of Aerosol Jet Printing (AJP) Additive Manufacturing Process
Roozbeh (Ross) Salary, State University of New York at Binghamton; Jack Lombardi, Binghamton University (SUNY); Prahalad Rao, Binghamton University (SUNY); Mark Poliks, Binghamton University

Aerosol jet printing (AJP) is a droplet-based, direct write (DW) additive manufacturing (AM) technique, extensively used in industry for manufacture of a wide variety of products, such as flexible electronics, photovoltaics, biosensors etc. Real-time process monitoring and control of quality are inevitable to ensure robust and reliable operation in AJP.

The goal of this research work is in situ monitoring and optimization of aerosol jet printing process. In pursuit of this goal, the objectives of the work are to (1) forward a combined image-based and graph-theoretic monitoring scheme, and (2) establish a quadratic response surface model quantifying the complex interactions existing among process parameters.

Assembly Design Framework for Additive Manufacturing Based on Axiomatic Design Concept
Yosep Oh, University at Buffalo; Sara Behdad, University at Buffalo, SUNY


AM productivity

According to the design for assembly (DFA) concept, design features should be integrated into a few physical parts to reduce design complexity.  However, building up a single product can have some negative effects on the AM productivity by increasing buildup time and cost. In this paper, a design framework using the assembly concept is proposed with the aim of letting the AM productivity reach an allowable level. The design framework is developed based on an Axiomatic Design (AD) approach, where AM productivity elements including buildup time, assembly time and the amount of support are considered as non-functional requirements (nFRs). The AM productivity is assessed by the Information Axiom to choose the best design. The proposed design framework can help engineers design and evaluate AM products.

Additive Manufacturing Quality

Day:Sunday, May 21, 2017
Time: 3:30 PM - 4:50 PM

Chair: Alaa Elwany, Texas A&M University
Aziz Ezzat, Texas A&M University

Characterization and Quality Assurance for Fabrication of Shape Memory Polymer Using Design of Experiments and Neural Networks
Tzu-Liang Tseng, University of Texas at El Paso; Carlos Garcia, University of Taxes at El Paso; Chun-Che Huang, National Chi Nan University; Yirong Lin, University of Texas at El Paso

Processing windows for Selective Laser Melting through data-driven statistical modeling

Gustavo Tapia, Texas A&M University; Wayne King, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Manyalibo Matthews, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Saad Khairallah, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Alexander Rubenchik, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Alaa Elwany, Texas A&M University

Multifractal Analysis of Additive Manufacturing Images for Process-Machine Modeling and Defect Characterization

Aniket Sunil Sakpal, Penn State University; Yao Bing, Penn State University; E.W. Reutzel, Penn State University; Hui Yang, Pennsylvania State University


Biomanufacturing is a type of manufacturing or biotechnology that utilizes biological systems to produce commercially important biomaterials and biomolecules for use in medicines, food and beverage processing, and industrial applications. Biomanufacturing products are recovered from natural sources, such as blood, or from cultures of microbes, animal cells, or plant cells grown in specialized equipment. The cells used during the production may have been naturally occurring or derived using genetic engineering techniques.

Productivity in Biomanufacturing

Researchers are examining the possibility of taking  advantage of the natural differences in productivity among cells that are used in biomanufacturing. They foster mutations to create genetic variability and then use microchips to analyze the behavior of individual cells, choosing the most prolific for larger-scale production.

Biomanufacturing 1

Day:Sunday, May 21, 2017
Time: 2:00 PM - 3:20 PM
Location: Room 308

Chair: Youngjae Chun, University of Pittsburgh

Design and Manufacturing a Nitinol Artificial Tongue to Treat Dysphagia

Youngjae Chun, University of Pittsburgh; Neil Gildener-Leapman, Albany Medical Center; Mahdis Shayan, University of Pittsburgh

Decision Making for 3D Printing-Based Meniscus Transplantation

Zimeng Zhang, Texas A&M University; Shiren Wang, TAMU

Recent Advances in Electrospinning for Tissue Engineering

Yingge Zhou, Texas Tech University; Yue Zhang, Texas A&M University-Kingsville; George Tan, Texas Tech University

Solventless Preparation of Polylactic/Chitosan/Tricalcium Phosphate Powder Composite for Guided Bone Regeneration

Srikanthan Ramesh, Iowa State University; Lisa Lungaro, University of Edinburgh; Iris Rivero, Iowa State University; Alistair Elfick, University of Edinburgh; Dimitrios Tsikritsis, University of Edinburgh

Biomanufacturing 2

Day:Sunday, May 21, 2017
Time: 3:30 PM - 4:50 PM
Location: Room 308

Chair: Rohan Shirwaiker, North Carolina State University

The bactericidal effect of silicon nanostructures

Md Imrul Kayes, University of Pittsburgh

Optimizing the Macro-Scale Geometry of 3D Biofabricated Osteochondral Scaffolds to Match the Implantation Characteristics of Native Tissue Autografts

Pedro Huebner, North Carolina State University; Jeffrey Spang, University of North Carolina; Elizabeth Loboa, North Carolina State University; Rohan Shirwaiker, North Carolina State University

Non-destructive Quality Assessment of 3D-Biofabricated Constructs using Dielectric Impedance Spectroscopy

Lokesh Karthik Narayanan, North Carolina State University; Binil Starly, North carolina State University; Rohan Shirwaiker, North Carolina State University

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