Tuesday, July 25, 2017

Functions of Industrial Engineering








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The functions of management are currently given as Planning, Organizing, Resourcing, Executing and Control.

What are functions of Industrial Engineering (IE)?


Industrial engineering has the following functions:

Research in Industrial Engineering
Productivity Science
Productivity Engineering
Productivity Management
Communication, Training and Implementation
Productivity Measurement
Review



Research in Industrial Engineering


Industrial engineering has emerged out of shop management and scientific management developed and promoted by F.W. Taylor. Development of science related to production systems or work systems consisting of machines and men is the foundation for this subject. Hence research is an important function of industrial engineering. Industrial engineers are to be taught scientific research method and process so that they can understand the research papers published by IE researchers and also undertake research related to local applications.


Productivity Science


Research propositions and the tests of research propositions are to be consolidated into scientific theories related to various issues of interest in the field of industrial engineering.

Productivity Engineering


Redesign of engineering processes to make them more productive is productivity engineering. The two important outputs of engineering processes are products or services and processes to produce those goods and services. Redesign of human actions also is part of productivity engineering. Productivity engineering is driven forward by productivity science. Improvement iterations take place within productivity engineering itself due to inventions taking place.

Productivity Management


Productivity management consists of activities of industrial engineers in the field of management. These activities have two objectives. One objective is to assess various management policies, programs and processes for the impact on productivity of engineering processes. Where they do not have desirable effects, industrial engineers have to propose redesign of them.

The second objective is the management of productivity in organizations. Industrial engineers are responsibility for managing the productivity. They have to plan for productivity improvement, organize for it, acquire resources for it, executive productivity improvement projects and activities and control them to achieve the planned goals.

Productivity science gives impetus for developing management methods that increase productivity. Thus productivity science is an input to productivity engineering and productivity management.


Communication, Training and Implementation


Industrial engineering is carried out as staff activity. The redesigns of the IE projects are to be communicated to various persons in the organization to establish its feasibility and also get them approved by competent authorities for funding. Then, industrial engineers have to train various persons in the new methods. Even though, they are a staff function, they have to be part of implementation teams and their work is not over till implementation is done.

Productivity Measurement


Measurement of productivity is an important function. After productivity improvement projects are implemented, measurements have to validate the improvement. Also past measurements or new measurements become the basis for planning productivity improvement programs.

Review


Based on the productivity measurements, a review of situation is to be made to take decisions regarding future efforts in the area of productivity. The results of review become the sources for further research, productivity engineering and productivity management activities.


The principles of industrial engineering proposed by Dr. K.V.S.S. Narayana Rao - Presented at the 2017 Annual Conference of Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers (IISE) - at Pittsburgh, USA are the basis for deriving the functions of industrial engineering


Principles of Industrial Engineering - Taylor - Narayana Rao 

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Compare and find the agreement of many scholars, departments of industrial engineering with the above explanation


University of Pretoria
http://www.up.ac.za/en/industrial-and-systems-engineering/article/45515/the-industrial-engineering-profession

2 comments:

  1. Very informative and lucid presentation on Industrial Engineering. The 21 principles outlined in the presentation are an evolution of the principles of IE relevant to the current era of 21st century. Defining IE as Human Effort Engineering and System efficiency engineering provides a new perspective to look at IE. The point of view on effectiveness and efficiency improvements, productivity improvements at system level, commentary on the current misconceptions about IE and the correct perspectives are very insightful.

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  2. 769 page views on the first day. Very good response.

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