Monday, July 15, 2019

Product Industrial Engineering




Productivity Engineering - Principle of Industrial Engineering


Industrial engineering is concerned with redesign of engineering systems with a view to improve their productivity. Industrial engineers analyze productivity of each  resource used in engineering systems and redesign as necessary to improve productivity.

It has to be ensured that the increase in productivity due to the use of low-cost materials, processes and increasing speed of machines and men, should not lead to any decrease in quality of the output.

Similarly, operators should not feel any discomfort, not have any health problems or safety issues in the redesigned more productive processes.

Products and Process are two important outputs of engineering activity.


Product Industrial Engineering


This article with the title "Product Design Industrial Engineering  was first published on 29  September 2012.

I now term this activity as Product Industrial Engineering. I included it in the focus areas of industrial engineering. In the early days of industrial engineering only some peripheral features of the product that facilitated material handling and tolerances were evaluated by industrial engineering for redesign. But Value Engineering, developed by L.D. Miles brought out the scope for radical redesign of the products and components to do cost reduction without affecting the quality, functions or features and customer requirements. It brought out the waste being present in the design done with effectiveness or performance as the focus at the start of a new product introduction by companies. So it called for cyclical approach of effectiveness design followed by efficiency design and also a periodic efficiency design to incorporate recent knowledge regarding efficiency improvement or cost reduction and developments in engineering and technology. Product industrial engineering became an important focus area of industrial engineering and many others techniques facilitating product industrial engineering were developed industrial engineers and other engineers and managers.

The major techniques that constitute product industrial engineering are:

1. Value Analysis and Engineering
2. Design for Manufacturing
3. Design for Assembly
4. Design for Additive Manufacturing
5. Design to Cost
6. Design to Value
7. Design to Target Cost
8. Engineering Optimization
9. Six Sigma for Design Improvement - Robust Design
10. Life Cycle Cost Analysis based redesign
11. Design analysis done during Process Industrial Engineering
12. Lean Product Design Concept

Value Engineering



Value Engineering - Introduction


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Value Engineering In Product Design To Improve World Competitive Position
L.D. Miles, 1963
http://minds.wisconsin.edu/handle/1793/4482


MANAGING VALUE ENGINEERING IN NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
Don J. Gerhardt, CVS, PhD, PE, Ingersoll Rand
2006
http://value-eng.org/knowledge_bank/attachments/200611.pdf




7 Wastes in Engineering Design

http://ketiv.com/files/articles/pdfs/Simms_The%20Seven%20Wastes_2007.10.pdf


1. Defects
Improper information on a drawing, missing views and incomplete information are all defects that can be avoided through
document standardization and proper training of engineering staff.

2. Overproduction
For the
engineering department, it would be the unnecessary documentation (modeling or drawing) of a part
before it is needed.

3. Inventory
If we draw something before it is actually needed,
we are adding to that inventory, thereby incurring waste.

4. Transportation
Movement of drawings and drawing change orders is often called “transportation” because carrying, mailing, or even e-mailing documents stop the design process and
add time to the overall design cycle.

5. Waiting
Waiting refers to the time spent by the workers or engineers literally waiting for their work to arrive.

6. Motion
Even the extra step of printing to a PDF and e-mailing it as an attachment is a wasteful operation.

7. Overprocessing
it’s common to see manufacturers using software that has function (and cost) beyond what is needed which is a waste.


Improving Design


www.ceet.niu.edu/cecourse/Regina_problem_domain.ppt


Tolerance Analysis


Tolerance analysis - Wikipedia
Tolerance analysis - Sigmetrix


Design Issues in Mechanical Tolerance Analysis
K. W. Chase
Mechanical Engineering Department
Brigham Young University
Provo, UT 84602

W. H. Greenwood
Sandia National Laboratories
Albuquerque, NM 87185
http://adcats.et.byu.edu/Publication/87-5/WAM2.html

Design to Cost Analysis




ACHIEVING  TARGET  COST  /DESIGN-TO-COST  OBJECTIVES
Kenneth Crow, DRM Associates
http://www.npd-solutions.com/dtc.html

Design to Standards Analysis


Design to standards - Wikipedia article
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Design_to_standards

Design for Manufacturability


Design for Manufacturability: How to Use Concurrent Engineering to Rapidly Develop Low-Cost, High-Quality Products for Lean Production - David M. Anderson - 2014 Book Information

Engineering Economics Analysis


Engg. Economics - Chemical Engineering
http://faculty.kfupm.edu.sa/CHE/alamer/ChE_425/CHE_425_First_introductory_Lecture.pdf


Statistical Tools for Design



Statistical Tools for the Rapid Development & Evaluation of
High-Reliability Products
http://www.stat.iastate.edu/preprint/articles/1995-07.pdf


Optimization and OR in Product Design



Quantitative methods to produce optimal designs.

Design of Experiments
Response Surface Methods
Multi-Response Optimization
Robust Design
Reliability/Weibull Analysis
Hypothesis Testing
Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA)
Data Analysis
Statistical Modeling

A Systematic Optimization Design Method for Complex Mechatronic Products Design and Development
Jie Jiang, Guofu Ding, Jian Zhang, Yisheng Zou, and Shengfeng Qin
Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2018, Article ID 3159637, 14 pages
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2018/3159637/

A framework for optimal design of complex products
Authors: Deyi Xue, David Imaniyan
Procedia CIRP
Volume 70, 2018, Pages 416-421
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S221282711830369X

OPTIMIZATION OF PRODUCT DESIGN THROUGH QUALITY FUNCTION DEPLOYMENT AND ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS:  CASE STUDY OF A CERAMIC WASHBASIN
2011
http://jfa.arch.metu.edu.tr/archive/0258-5316/2011/cilt28/sayi_1/1-22.pdf

Design Optimization Practice in Product Development
Panos Y. Papalambros, 2002
https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/8141/1a46103a3ed9674c3241e5afab68418f9290.pdf

Optimization - Finishing touch in product design
http://www.ricardo.com/Documents/Downloads/pdf/wave_finishing_touch.pdf

An Optimization Framework for Product Design
Leyuan Shi
Qun Chen
(Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin )

Sigurdur Ólafsson
(Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa )
http://mansci.journal.informs.org/content/47/12/1681.abstract
https://ideas.repec.org/a/inm/ormnsc/v47y2001i12p1681-1692.html






Degree in Industrial Engineering and Product Design




Updated  16 July 2019, 22 June 2019,  31 May 2019,  15 May 2019, 26 July 2018
First published on 29 September 2012






3 comments:

  1. Design for Assembly/Manufacturability
    DF'x'

    http://ievarunmitra.blogspot.in/2013/03/designfor-manufacturability.html

    ReplyDelete
  2. Product Industrial Engineering
    https://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2012/09/product-design-industrial-engineering.html

    ReplyDelete
  3. It is part of June IE revision plan on 5 June.

    ReplyDelete