Monday, May 25, 2020

Product Industrial Engineering

New:  Industrial Engineering ONLINE Course

Productivity Engineering - Principle of Industrial Engineering

Industrial engineering is concerned with redesign of engineering systems with a view to improve their productivity. Industrial engineers analyze productivity of each  resource used in engineering systems and redesign as necessary to improve productivity.

An early article by Taylor describes and illustrates the productivity engineering of belting system based on the cost data accumulated over a period of 9 years (Industrial Engineering of Belting - 1893). I saw an article on industrial engineering with the title "continuous reengineering." I agree with the term and promote the term. Industrial engineering is continuous redesign of products and processes periodically as well as based on events at any time an opportunity arises. Taylor's articles makes the steps required to do industrial engineering. Thinking based on engineering and productivity orientation and then the experiments or prototyping to validate the idea.

It has to be ensured that the increase in productivity due to the use of low-cost materials, processes and increasing speed of machines and men, should not lead to any decrease in quality of the output and or any desirable performance or aesthetic feature of the product or process. Both Taylor who promoted process industrial engineering and L.D. Miles, who promoted product industrial engineering - value engineering insisted on the condition.

Similarly, operators should not feel any discomfort, not have any health problems or safety issues in the redesigned more productive processes. Gilbreths had done considerable work on this aspect.

Products and Process are two important outputs of engineering activity.

Product Industrial Engineering

This article with the title "Product Design Industrial Engineering  was first published on 29  September 2012.

I now term this activity as Product Industrial Engineering. I included it in the focus areas of industrial engineering. In the early days of industrial engineering only some peripheral features of the product that facilitated material handling and tolerances were evaluated by industrial engineering for redesign. But Value Engineering, developed by L.D. Miles brought out the scope for radical redesign of the products and components to do cost reduction without affecting the quality, functions or features and customer requirements. It brought out the waste being present in the design done with effectiveness or performance as the focus at the start of a new product introduction by companies. So it called for cyclical approach of effectiveness design followed by efficiency design and also a periodic efficiency design to incorporate recent knowledge regarding efficiency improvement or cost reduction and developments in engineering and technology. Product industrial engineering became an important focus area of industrial engineering and many others techniques facilitating product industrial engineering were developed industrial engineers and other engineers and managers.

The major techniques that constitute product industrial engineering are:

1. Value Analysis and Engineering
2. Design for Manufacturing
3. Design for Assembly
4. Design for Additive Manufacturing
5. Design to Cost
6. Design to Value
7. Design to Target Cost
8. Engineering Optimization
9. Six Sigma for Design Improvement - Robust Design
10. Life Cycle Cost Analysis based redesign
11. Design analysis done during Process Industrial Engineering
12. Lean Product Design Concept

Engineering in Industrial Engineering:

Product Industrial Engineering


Presented on 13 December 2019

Value Engineering

Value Engineering - Introduction



Value Engineering In Product Design To Improve World Competitive Position
L.D. Miles, 1963

Don J. Gerhardt, CVS, PhD, PE, Ingersoll Rand

7 Wastes in Engineering Design

1. Defects
Improper information on a drawing, missing views and incomplete information are all defects that can be avoided through
document standardization and proper training of engineering staff.

2. Overproduction
For the
engineering department, it would be the unnecessary documentation (modeling or drawing) of a part
before it is needed.

3. Inventory
If we draw something before it is actually needed,
we are adding to that inventory, thereby incurring waste.

4. Transportation
Movement of drawings and drawing change orders is often called “transportation” because carrying, mailing, or even e-mailing documents stop the design process and
add time to the overall design cycle.

5. Waiting
Waiting refers to the time spent by the workers or engineers literally waiting for their work to arrive.

6. Motion
Even the extra step of printing to a PDF and e-mailing it as an attachment is a wasteful operation.

7. Overprocessing
it’s common to see manufacturers using software that has function (and cost) beyond what is needed which is a waste.

Improving Design

Tolerance Analysis

Tolerance analysis - Wikipedia
Tolerance analysis - Sigmetrix

Design Issues in Mechanical Tolerance Analysis
K. W. Chase
Mechanical Engineering Department
Brigham Young University
Provo, UT 84602

W. H. Greenwood
Sandia National Laboratories
Albuquerque, NM 87185

Design to Cost Analysis

Kenneth Crow, DRM Associates

Design to Standards Analysis

Design to standards - Wikipedia article

Design for Manufacturability

Design for Manufacturability: How to Use Concurrent Engineering to Rapidly Develop Low-Cost, High-Quality Products for Lean Production - David M. Anderson - 2014 Book Information

Engineering Economics Analysis

Engg. Economics - Chemical Engineering

Statistical Tools for Design

Statistical Tools for the Rapid Development & Evaluation of
High-Reliability Products

Optimization and OR in Product Design

Quantitative methods to produce optimal designs.

Design of Experiments
Response Surface Methods
Multi-Response Optimization
Robust Design
Reliability/Weibull Analysis
Hypothesis Testing
Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA)
Data Analysis
Statistical Modeling

A Systematic Optimization Design Method for Complex Mechatronic Products Design and Development
Jie Jiang, Guofu Ding, Jian Zhang, Yisheng Zou, and Shengfeng Qin
Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2018, Article ID 3159637, 14 pages

A framework for optimal design of complex products
Authors: Deyi Xue, David Imaniyan
Procedia CIRP
Volume 70, 2018, Pages 416-421


Design Optimization Practice in Product Development
Panos Y. Papalambros, 2002

Optimization - Finishing touch in product design

An Optimization Framework for Product Design
Leyuan Shi
Qun Chen
(Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin )

Sigurdur Ólafsson
(Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa )

Degree in Industrial Engineering and Product Design

Updated 25 May 2020,  15 December 2019,   16 July 2019, 22 June 2019,  31 May 2019,  15 May 2019, 26 July 2018
First published on 29 September 2012


  1. Design for Assembly/Manufacturability

  2. Product Industrial Engineering

  3. It is part of June IE revision plan on 5 June.