Friday, November 15, 2019

November - Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan



Industrial Engineering Measurements and Productivity Management


Industrial Engineering (IE)

IE is better described as engineering in response to industry data to do continuous improvement of product and process designs. Industrial engineering is engineering response to measurements. Cost, resource productivity, time taken by machines and men and measurements related to human factor  are important data which find a significant role in industrial engineering. Work measurement, productivity measurement and even cost measurement were developed within industrial engineering as useful measurements in industrial engineering design.

Productivity:  Maximum output of best quality product.

Productivity Management: Planning and  Maximizing  output of best quality product.

Taylor's Productivity Improvement System in Production Shops


Frederick Taylor's  Productivity Improvement System - Part 1

https://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2018/07/frederick-taylors-piece-rate-system.html


The system convinces each man that it is for his permanent advantage to turn out each day the best quality and maximum quantity of work. The advantages of this system of management are : Productivity - Lower Unit Cost and Higher Wages and Incomes

The manufactures are produced cheaper under it (Productivity or Cost Reduction), while at the same time the workmen earn higher wages than are usually paid.




Thanks for 300+ Likes in Linked in Groups for This Blog Post in 2017


Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers (IISE)  (189 Likes)
https://www.linkedin.com/groups/75670/75670-6331463303814049793

Industrial Engineering Network (122 Likes)
https://www.linkedin.com/groups/49280/49280-6331463879205453825

Industrial Engineering Focus Areas







_______________________

First Week  1 to 5

Productivity Measurement


Productivity Measurement

Measuring Productivity - OECD
http://www.esri.go.jp/jp/workshop/050325/050325paper06.pdf

{Productivity Measurement within a new architecture for the U.S. National Accounts: Lessons for Asia  http://www.apo-tokyo.org/files/mp_apo-keo_jorgenson_lec.pdf not available now.]

APO 2019 Productivity Data Book
https://www.apo-tokyo.org/publications/wp-content/uploads/sites/5/APO-Productivity-Databook-2019_light.pdf


How to Measure Company Productivity using Value-added: A Focus on Pohang Steel (POSCO)
http://www.anderson.ucla.edu/faculty/marvin.lieberman/docs/Lieberman_POSCO.pdf

The productivity slump—fact or fiction: The measurement debate
August 2016
https://www.brookings.edu/research/the-productivity-slump-fact-or-fiction-the-measurement-debate/

Estimates of Industry Multifactor Productivity, 2017-18
https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/5260.0.55.002Main+Features12017-18?OpenDocument


Measuring developer productivity in 2019 for data-driven decision makers
https://www.gitclear.com/measuring_developer_productivity_a_comprehensive_guide_for_the_data_driven
Bill author
By Bill Harding
Last updated July 19, 2019.


Second Week - 8 to 12

Time Study - Work Measurement

F.W. Taylor - Explanation of Time Study - 1912
Time Study - Explanation by F.W. Taylor in Shop Management Paper/Book

Time Study and Work Measurement - ILO Work Study Book Explanation
Work Measurement - Nadler's Description

Predetermined Motion Time Systems (PMTS)

Work Sampling



Optimization of Labour Productivity Using MOST Technique
https://www.pomsmeetings.org/confpapers/059/059-0058.pdf


Third Week - 15 to 19

Cost Measurement

Within the production process, productivity could not in the long run be sufficiently measured in the unit of  time. Explaining it in terms of money seemed more adequate. Standard cost calculation is therefore a technique which has been incorporated with considerable success by industrial engineers.

The Challenge of a Changing Society to Industrial Engineering, F.G. Willemze, IJPR 1982


Role of Costing and Cost Accounting in the Organization

Cost Accounting - Introduction

Job Costing - Review Notes

Process Costing - Review Notes

Cost Center Reports and Analysis

Cost Behavior Analysis and Relevant Costs Concept


Fourth Week 22 to 26

Productivity Management 

Productivity Improvement Management - Management of IE Projects, Studies, and Department


Productivity Management in Engineering Organizations - Online Book

(C) Narayana Rao K.V.S.S. 2019
12 October 2019


Table of Contents



1. Why Productivity Management?

2. Productivity - Basic Concepts

3. The Evolution of Productivity Management

4. Total Productivity Management

5. Functions of Productivity Management

6. Promoting Productivity Management

7. Industrial Engineering - Its Role in Productivity Improvement

8. Success Stories - Industrial Engineering, Productivity Improvement and Productivity Management


Additional Articles on Productivity Management

Total Productivity Management  - Suito Kiyoshi
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2013/08/total-productivity-management-different.html

Strategic  Total Productivity Optimization

Total Cost Industrial Engineering

Determinants of Productivity - Syverson - 2011

Don't be in a hurry - Productivity Improvement Requires Time - F.W. Taylor

Empowerment and Productivity
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/11/empowerment-and-productivity.html

Productivity Management - Books and Articles






One Year Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan


January - February - March - April - May - June

July - August - September - October - November - December


Industrial Engineering -Popular FaceBook Page

Reaching 2500 Likes
https://www.facebook.com/Industrial-Engineering-144339218927635/



Updated  28 Octber 2019  4 November 2018,   16 December 2017 (300 likes in linked communities), 28 November 2017,  12 November 2017, 1 November 2017,   11 September 2016,  4 January 2015









Wednesday, November 13, 2019

Best Papers in Industrial Engineering



Productivity Science -  Productivity Engineering  - Productivity Management



2019

The internet of things for smart manufacturing: A review
Hui YangORCID Icon,Soundar Kumara,Satish T.S. Bukkapatnam, Fugee Tsung
IISE Transactions, Volume 51, 2019 - Issue 11
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/24725854.2018.1555383


2018

Professor Omid Nohadani's paper "Robust Optimization with Time-Dependent Uncertainty in Radiation Therapy"  1st place best paper for the IISE Transactions on Healthcare Systems Engineering.


2017
“Nondestructive Quality Assessment of 3D-Biofabricated Constructs using Dielectric Impedance Spectroscopy”
Lokesh Karthik Narayana, Rohan Shirwaiker and Binil Starly.

2016

Jabil Singapore was presented the first place prize for their project, “Lean Culture Transformation – Next Level” which involved re-deploying a site-wide Lean culture which led to cost savings and customer satisfaction.

Jabil Penang’s team received first runner up for their project, “Solder Dross Recycling Process Optimization,” which promoted a new method and control process in recycling solder dross. They created a safer work environment while reducing costs and improving quality.
https://www.jabil.com/insights/blog-main/iise-names-jabils-walt-garvin-as-fellow-two-jabil-teams-win-the-iise-lean-awards.html

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Consulting Effort Mission - Good of the Society for the Next 30 Years and Beyond




“Functional Approach Laboratory Co., Ltd.” does not think that it should be better now. We provide services for the future in 30 years.


Because we want our future to be a good society, a society where there are good companies, good products and services, and a good life,  we make an effort now.

Appreciate Hisaya Yokota

https://www.linkedin.com/in/hisaya-yokota/

http://www.fa-ken.jp/  - Read Mission

Milling - Estimation of Machining Time




N =  [1000×V]/[π ×D]
N = RPM
V = Cutting Speed
D = Dia of the cutter

Time for one cut Tm = [Total table travel]/[Table feed/min]
Where, Total table travel = Length of job + Added table travel
Table feed/min =   Feed/tooth × Number of teeth × rpm
The approach is the distance the cutter must be engaged before the full depth of cut is reached.

(a) When cutter diameter is less than the width of the work.
Approach = 0.5 d


Example
Find the time required to face a job 25 cm long and 10 cm wide with the help of milling cutter of 10 cm dia, having 8 teeth and revolving at 80 rpm. The feed per tooth should not exceed 0.125 mm. The width of cutter is sufficient to mill to whole of job at a time.

Solution
Length = Length + Approach + Over travel
= l + A + (1/2)*[D - SQRT(D square - b square)]
=  250 + 20 + (1/2)*[100 - SQRT(100 square - 100 square)]
 = 320
Tm = L/[f×N×T] 
= 320/[0.125× 8× 80] 
 =  3.56 min.




Mitsibishi - Formulas for Face Milling

http://www.mitsubishicarbide.com/en/technical_information/tec_rotating_tools/face_mills/tec_milling_formula/tec_milling_formula

Sandvik Coromant - Milling formulas
https://www.sandvik.coromant.com/en-gb/knowledge/machining-formulas-definitions/pages/milling.aspx



Estimating Machining Time for Turning
https://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2014/04/estimating-machining-time-for-turning.html

Monday, November 11, 2019

Society for Promotion of Engineering Education - Now ASEE - Important Articles and Papers

Professors and Faculty of Industrial Engineering - History




1916 Year Book
BULLETIN OF THE Society for the
Promotion of Engineering Education
Vol. VI Lancaster, Pa., March, 1916 No. 7

Benedict, H. G., Industrial Engineer, Detroit, Mich 1913
Diemer, Hugo, Professor of Industrial Engineering, Pennsylvania
State College, State College, Pa 1902

GiLBRETH, F. B., President, F. B. Gilbreth, Inc., 77 Brown St.,
Providence, E. 1 1911

Tabob, Wii. H., Instructor in Industrial Engineering, Pennsylvania
Thomson, E. D., Efficiency Engineer, General Electric Company,
TowLE, W. M., Professor of Industrial Engineering, Clarkson


Indian Members
Iter, E. P., Supervisor, Public Works Department, Teruverambur
P. O., Trechwofoltz District, Deccan, India 1910
Naidu, a. S., Assistant Engineer, Vizianagram City, Vizagapatam
District, Madras, India 1913
SWAMY, B. N., Overseer, Public Works Vizianagram City Bldga.,
Madras, South India 1913 - Indian

List of Members pp.417 to 507

https://archive.org/stream/yearbookofsociet1916soci/yearbookofsociet1916soci_djvu.txt

Estimating Machining Time for Turning



In the case of turning the formula for machine time is

T = [L+A]/[frN]

Where T = machining time in minutes
L = length of the workpiece
A = an allowance for tool approach and exit, normally 2 to 5 mm
fr   = feed rate (mm per revolution of the workpiece)
N = revolutions of the workpiece in rev per minute



Milling - Estimation of Machining Time
https://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2019/11/milling-estimation-of-machining-time.html



Updated on 12 November 2019, 4 April 2014