Wednesday, January 31, 2018

January - Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan



BEST WISHES FOR HAPPY, PRODUCTIVE AND PROSPEROUS 2018


Professor K.V.S.S. Narayana Rao





                              Father of Industrial Engineering




                                        Frederick Taylor

                                                        Picture Source:
                                                        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_Winslow_Taylor

Taylor - Narayana Rao Principles of Engineering were presented in the 2017 Annual Conference of IISE


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Industrial Engineering is a Management Discipline


Industrial Engineering is a Management Discipline with the foundation subject being Engineering. Its prime focus is engineering activity. Management two prime dimensions of performance are Effectiveness and Efficiency. Industrial Engineering is concerned with Efficiency, also referred to as Productivity,  Cost Reduction, Cost Optimization, Cost Effectiveness, and Resource Efficiency.

IE knowledge revision plan was started in 2014.  In the revision essential subjects and chapters from management will also be included along with industrial engineering techniques. Knowledge of management techniques should help industrial engineering professionals to know the importance of industrial engineering in management practice as a basic discipline and functional areas of management, to manage implementation of IE projects and IE departments and to take up line management careers at some point in their career on the way to become CEOs of the organizations.

The basic plan of the revision is that 40 articles at the rate of 2 articles per working day are to be read. That gives the flexibility to read them during the week end also it on any working day reading is skipped. The article may take around 10 minutes. Therefore on article in the morning session and one article in the evening session can be read. The basic purpose is to refresh the already known knowledge. New knowledge is provided as subject updates in different articles one for each subject included in the revision.

In the month of January 2018, the revision is planned to start from 15 January  providing for a good year end break.

Management theory clearly states that effectiveness and efficiency are two important or prime dimensions of management performance. Industrial engineering has its prime focus on efficiency and thus it provides managers with efficiency related services and makes sure that efficiency or productivity is high in organizations. In the course of pursing industrial engineering practice, some IEs may shift to full management roles if they make efforts in the meanwhile to learn additional knowledge and skills. Becoming a full manager can be a natural career progression for industrial engineers apart from becoming senior industrial engineers and growing up in the industrial engineering department up to chief industrial engineering officer of the company (CIEO).


January 3rd Week  15th to 19th, 2018




Development of Management Subject. Theory of Management developed over a long a period of time with periodic quantum jumps in thinking.
Scientific Management/Shop Management - F.W. Taylor Introduction

Industrial Management and General Management - Henri Fayol
Importance of Human Relations in Management - Elton Mayo and Rothelisberger (Insights from Psychology)

Organization as a Social Group (Insights of Sociologists)
Mathematical Models and Their Optimization

Control of Variation in Inputs and Outputs (Insights from Statistics)
Systems Approach in Management

Business Conceptualization (Insights from Economics, Engineering Economics, Managerial Economics, Industrial Economics)
Peter Drucker - Business Organization - Economic Function - Social Responsibility


January 4th Week   22 to 25,  2018

Global and Comparative Management
Management: Definition and Process


Process of Management
Planning: A Management Process


The Nature and Purpose of Planning - Review Notes
Objectives and Goals - Review Notes


Strategies, Policies, and Planning Premises - Review Notes
Business Firm and Society - The External Environment, Social Responsibility and Ethics - Review Notes


Decision Making - Review Notes
Summary - Principles of Planning



February - Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan



One Year Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan

January - February - March - April - May - June

July - August - September - October - November - December




Updated on  6 January 2018,  18 January 2017,  18 Jan 2016, Jan 2015

Friday, January 19, 2018

Industrial Engineering Blogs



 By Narayana Rao K.V.S.S.

https://nraoiekc.blogspot.com



Purdue Undergrad News and Notes
http://purdueieugo.blogspot.com/

Alp Ustundag blospot blog

An interesting blog on Industrial Engineering by a Class


G Class IEBU 2011
The Best Class in Industrial Engineering Brawijaya University 2011
https://gclass2011.blogspot.com/



Updated 20 January 2018,  9 July 2016

Thursday, January 18, 2018

Human Effort Engineering - Bulletin Board

Industrial Engineering is Human Effort Engineering and System Efficiency Engineering


________________________________________________________________


2018

January 2018

Turning Men into Machines? Scientific Management, Industrial Psychology, and the “Human Factor”
Maarten Derksen
15.5University of Groningen

The conventional view that the increasing influence of psychologists and other social scientists "humanized" management theory and practice needs to be amended. Taylor's scientific management was not less human than later approaches such as Human Relations, but it articulated the human factor differently, and aligned it to its own instruments and practices.



Turning Men into Machines? Scientific Management, Industrial Psychology, and the “Human Factor” (PDF Download Available). Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259370895_Turning_Men_into_Machines_Scientific_Management_Industrial_Psychology_and_the_Human_Factor [accessed Jan 20 2018].


October 2014
Ikea creates a push button sit - stand work facilitating desk
Bekant ergonomic products from IKEA
http://www.fastcodesign.com/3037577/ikeas-new-desk-stands-up-with-the-push-of-a-button


24.2.2014

Time and Motion Study of Visian ICL
by Erik Mertens, MD, FEBOphth A time and motion study of the Visian ICL, conducted by Erik L. Mertens, MD, FEBOphth, showed that the Visian ICL Preloaded saves 12 surgical steps; whereas implantation of the nonpreloaded Visian ICLs required 23 steps, the preloaded model required only 11.
http://eyetube.net/video/time-and-motion-study-of-visian-icl/

Time and Motion Study Guidelines by Philippines Government - 2013
http://www.nwpc.dole.gov.ph/pages/download/TMS%20guidelines%20&%20forms.pdf

28-7-2013
The Textbook "Motion and Time Study" by R.L. Barnes can be a good foundation book for Human Effort Engineering

24.2.2013
ILO in collaboration with International Ergonomics Association has brought a full book on Ergonomic Check Points
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_protect/---protrav/---safework/documents/instructionalmaterial/wcms_178593.pdf


20.5.2012
Blacksmith Practice - War Education Manual
http://www.evenfallstudios.com/woodworks_library/blacksmith_practice.pdf

Proposed design of workstation for rural blacksmith
http://www.bvmengineering.ac.in/docs/published%20papers/mechprod/mechprod/601016.pdf
Paper published 2011

Application of Time and Motion Study in PhotoFrame Production
http://www.pfmproduction.com/pdfs/PFMP_Winter07/PFMP_Winter07_Time.pdf
2007 case study

Analysing assembly processes using virtual reality
http://www.intechopen.com/books/advances-in-haptics/haptic-virtual-reality-assembly-moving-towards-real-engineering-applications

A manual of Time and Motion Study - a practical guide to the measurement of human endeavour in industry and to the development of productive efficiency
by W. Hendry
Download full book from
http://www.library.wisc.edu/selectedtocs/ca1714.pdf

Has a chapter on waste elimination in various departments of factory

http://www.dli.ernet.in/cgi-bin/metainfo.cgi?&title1=A%20manual%20of%20time%20and%20motion%20study&author1=w%20henry&subject1=Literture&year=1947%20&language1=english&pages=224&barcode=5990010114541&author2=&identifier1=&publisher1=sir%20isaac%20pitman%20and%20sons&contributor1=&vendor1=NONE&scanningcentre1=iiit,%20allahabad&scannerno1=&digitalrepublisher1=&digitalpublicationdate1=&numberedpages1=&unnumberedpages1=&rights1=OUT_OF_COPYRIGHT&copyrightowner1=&copyrightexpirydate1=&format1=TIFF%20&url=/rawdataupload/upload/0114/543

Above entry is from India digital library

Time and Motion Studies to aid Rural employment scheme in India
http://www.crd.kerala.gov.in/2011/feb/time_motion11.pdf

9.4.2012
Taxonomy of Human Performance
First year report of a five year project

There are number of articles on human performance requirements in Google search.
I prepared one today. Human Performance Requirements and Human Effort Engineering Design Requirements

3.3.2011
Software for Motion Economy

Generating Economic Motion Plans for Manual Operations - Masters Thesis (Computer Engineering)
http://etd.lib.metu.edu.tr/upload/12606524/index.pdf


31.1.2010

Mr. Jisnu Basu, Workshop, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Mr. Bijan Sarkar, Production Engineering Dept., and Mr. Ardhendu Bhattacharyya, Mechanical Engineering Dept. of Jadavpur University, authored a paper "Change in Occupational Dynamics due to Technology Upgradation: A Study in a Cigarette Factory in Eastern India" in Udyog Pragati, October-December 2009. The paper discusses psychological workstation dimenions. Engineers are discussing behavioral aspects related to workstations.
Original Knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/human-effort-engineering-bulletin-board/ 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 2225


Updated  20 January 2018, 12 June 2016,,  26 Oct 2014

Industrial Engineering 4.0 - Making Connected Engineering Systems More Productive


Industrial Engineering 4.0  was proposed as a parallel development in Industrial Engineering to take care of productivity of  engineering (production) systems in the era of Industry 4.0 Technology Set by Prof. K.V.S.S. Narayana Rao (Professor, National Institute of Industrial Engineering). Subsequent to the development of the idea, the Google search revealed that the term was already coined and used in Germany in 2016. But the digital content available on the topic has not provided enough explanation of Industrial Engineering 4.0. A project was initiated by Prof. Rao to elaborate the subject content of Industrial Engineering 4.0. The prime objective of Industrial Engineering 4.0 is to make connected engineering systems more productive.

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Prime Objective of Industrial Engineering 4.0

Making Connected Engineering Systems More Productive



__________________________

You can see reference to Industrial Engineering 4.0 in the following announcement about a seminar on 28 November 2017 in Germany.

Lecture event of the Friends of Industry 4.0


On Tuesday, 28. November 2017, at 19:30 clock we would like to cordially invite you to a lecture by Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jürgen Köbler, Professor of Industrial Production Technology, Digital Factory, Production Organization and Production Planning at the Faculty of Business Administration and Industrial Engineering of the University of Applied Sciences Offenburg invite to the Aula of the Gewerbliche Schule Lahr.

Companies have to constantly increase their productivity due to high competitive pressure. One area that is constantly increasing is industrial engineering. Especially in the course of digitization and networking of corporate processes, the lecture sheds light on how Industry 4.0 affects industrial engineering. The approach is to design an Industrial Engineering 4.0 that combines the advances of Industry 4.0 and the digital factory. In detail, the visions and basic requirements of Industrie 4.0, the change to product-oriented production planning and the gradual networking in the company are presented. Furthermore, Prof. Köbler talks about model platforms of Industry 4.0, new ways of information-driven production and the transformation from a conventional to a digital production company.

We would be pleased to welcome you at the event as guests at the Gewerbliche Schule Lahr. Admission is free. A donation in favor of the school partnership with Alajuela / Costa Rica is requested. I would be very grateful if you would forward the invitation to other interested people.

Sincerely, Bernd Wiedmann
Principal of the GS Lahr and managing director of the association

http://www.gewerbliche-schule-lahr.de/index.php/termine-reader/vortragsveranstaltung-des-foerdervereins-zu-industrie-4-0.html

Wednesday, January 17, 2018

Industry 4.0 - IIoT Technology - Industrial Engineering - Productivity Science



What dimensions, characteristics, parameters or variables of Industry 4.0 (IIoT) increase productivity. Industrial engineers have to identify these antecedents of productivity in their research studies. Then, in the productivity engineering activity, they can use the knowledge to create components, products, systems, machining, fabrication, forming, assembly, and maintenance processes to make them more productive.

An attempt is being in this note to collect propositions and hypotheses so far presented in various papers and articles. Please add to the collection by commenting on the article.

Industry 4. 0 IoT has to the potential to improve productivity


Industrial internet - connection between machines

Consumer internet - connection between people.

IoT approaches allow firms to fundamentally integrate, sensing, analytics and data control into engineering (manufacturing) and business processes.


Papers indicating that IoT has the potential to improve productivity



In the ongoing decade, productivity will be driven by internet of things.

IoT technology reduces cost of customization. Hence custom made products can be manufactured at lower cost.

Productivity Leap with IoT - Special Focus on Global Asset Management and Smart Lighting

2013 VTT Technical Research Centre Finland


Whether you interests are  motivated by cost savings or improved revenue, the IoT is uniquely positioned to help with both.

What you need to know about IoT:  The right information can change the world.

AT&T 2016 report

80 billion euros spent on IoT solutions will create a benefit of one trillion for the EU28 economy.

The value will come from three sources:

Increased productivity of business organizations (430 billion euros)
Savings in power etc. by consumers (300 billion euros)
Increase in health of people will provide more working time (210 billion euros)

Every euro spent can produce up to 12 euros benefit.

The Internet of Things: A New Path to European Prosperity

1Trillion opportunity
A.T.Kearney,2016


The first two (IT) waves gave rise to huge productivity gains and growth across the economy. While the value chain was transformed, however, products themselves were largely unaffected. Now, in the third wave, IT is becoming an integral part of the product itself. Another leap in productivity in the economy will be unleashed by these new and better products.

The third wave of IT-driven transformation thus has the potential to be the biggest yet, triggering even more innovation, productivity gains, and economic growth than the previous two.

Smart, connected products have three core elements: physical components, “smart” components, and connectivity components.

How Smart, Connected Products Are Transforming Competition
Michael E. PorterJames E. Heppelmann
Harvard Business Review, NOVEMBER 2014 ISSUE

Accenture estimates the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) could add $14.2 trillion to the global economy by 2030.

Arguably the biggest driver of productivity and growth in the next decade, the Industrial Internet of Things will accelerate the reinvention of sectors that account for almost two-thirds of world output.
https://www.accenture.com/us-en/insight-industrial-internet-of-things


Dimensions, Characteristics, Parameters or Variables of Industry 4.0 (IIoT) that  Increase Productivity.


*Low cost monitoring of products, equipment and persons

*Low cost control through software embedded in the product or the cloud

*Low cost optimization.

Smart, connected products can apply algorithms and analytics to in-use or historical data to dramatically improve output, utilization, and efficiency. In wind turbines, for instance, a local microcontroller can adjust each blade on every revolution to capture maximum wind energy.

How Smart, Connected Products Are Transforming Competition
Michael E. PorterJames E. Heppelmann
FROM THE NOVEMBER 2014 ISSUE

*Enabling  measurements in demanding conditions with low maintenance cost and without hindering production.

VTT has developed a solution for measuring temperature, inclination, humidity, strain and other characteristics from machines and inside structures (e.g. walls) at distances up to 10 m, without batteries in the sensor. The principle is based on powering the sensor with radio frequency energy waves and using the return transmission to read out the resulting data (see Link ‘Zero Power Sensor’). The IPR protected technology allows for several individually identifiable sensors to be operated in the same space.
https://ercim-news.ercim.eu/en101/special/pro-iot-improving-the-productivity-of-companies-by-using-the-iot

*Energy-efficient communications

A platform has been developed for energy-efficient communications between mobile devices that identifies the most appropriate combination of technologies for different exchanges

https://ercim-news.ercim.eu/en101/special/pro-iot-improving-the-productivity-of-companies-by-using-the-iot


*Maintenance when needed

The Internet of Things will help individual companies to limit the waste.  Products which are connected to the web can communicate how they're being used or their current status. This data will be used to schedule maintenance when it's really needed, instead of the current  set of relatively inefficient rules.
 https://www.infoq.com/articles/iot-impact-productivity


*Predictive analytics based on data collected on products will be used to reduce failures and improve product design. This will boost the efficiency of products and contribute to productivity in user organizations.
https://www.infoq.com/articles/iot-impact-productivity

*The IoT will change how manufacturers and service companies interact with customers. Reliance on massive call centers and customer service departments will be greately reduced and  IoT enabled products will be directly connected to a service assessing their condition and taking relevant action.
https://www.infoq.com/articles/iot-impact-productivity

*Smart lighting

*Smart heating

*Smart cities

* Machine level information system
Each machine can be aggregated into a single information system that accelerates learning across the machine portfolio.

Source: Industrial Internet: Pusing the boundaries of Minds and Machines, Peter C Evans and Marco Annunziata, GE, 2012



Drivers That  Facilitate Transition to Industry 4.0 Production Systems at National Level

WEF - The Readiness for the Future of Production Assessment (Industry 4.0) - 2018


The driver is the construct used for the assessment. Six drivers are used in the assessment,

Driver 1 -Technology & Innovation

Concepts of the Construct


Technology Platform
• Availability of ICT
• Use of ICT
• Digital Security & Data

Ability to Innovate
• Industry Activity
• Research Intensity
• Available Financing

Driver 2 - Human Capital


Concepts of the Construct

Current Labour Force
• Labour Force Capabilities
Future Labour Force
• Migration
• Education Outcomes
• Agility & Adaptability

Driver 3 - Global Trade & Investment


Concepts of the Construct

Trade
• Trade Openness
• Trade Facilitation and Market Access
Investment
• Investment and Financing
Infrastructure
• Transportation and Electricity

Driver 4 - Institutional Framework


Concepts of the Construct

Government
• Efficiency & Effectiveness
• Rule of Law

Driver 5 - Sustainable Resources


Concepts of the Construct

Sustainability
• Energy and Emissions
• Water

Driver 6 - Demand Environment


Concepts of the Construct

Demand
• Market Size

Consumer Base
• Consumer Sophistication


The Readiness for the Future of Production Assessment (Industry 4.0)

Key Hypotheses

The Readiness for the Future of Production Assessment (Industry 4.0) developed by WEF is
intended to stimulate discussion and advance further research.

There are two key hypotheses and working assumptions that are fundamental to the assessment’s framework that needs to be tested and researched over time.

1. The most important drivers of future readiness are Technology & Innovation, Human Capital, Institutional Framework and Global Trade & Investment.

2. Scale is not a prerequisite for future readiness.

Download the report - WEF - The Readiness for the Future of Production Assessment (Industry 4.0) - 2018



http://www3.weforum.org/docs/FOP_Readiness_Report_2018.pdf


Examples of Productivity, Cost saving, Waste Elimination and Lower Cost of Products


Verizon is saving more than 55 million kWh annually across its 26 data centers by deploying sensors and control points throughout the data center by connecting wirelessly.

IoT Primer - Making Sense of the next Mega Trend - Goldman Sachs
Sep 3, 2014


Smart street lights equipped with sensors are saving cities energy and money by detecting pedestrians, cyclists and vehicles so that lights brighten and dim when they sense movement

IoT to identify and keep track of repairs on city roads.

State of the Market: Internet of Things 2016
Verizon, 2016


In heavy machinery, Schindler’s PORT Technology reduces elevator wait times by as much as 50% by predicting elevator demand patterns, calculating the fastest time to destination, and assigning the appropriate elevator to move passengers quickly.

 In the energy sector, ABB’s smart grid technology enables utilities to analyze huge amounts of real-time data across a wide range of generating, transforming, and distribution equipment (manufactured by ABB as well as others), such as changes in the temperature of transformers and secondary substations. This alerts utility control centers to possible overload conditions, allowing adjustments that can prevent blackouts before they occur.

 In consumer goods, Big Ass ceiling fans sense and engage automatically when a person enters a room, regulate speed on the basis of temperature and humidity, and recognize individual user preferences and adjust accordingly.

How Smart, Connected Products Are Transforming Competition
Michael E. PorterJames E. Heppelmann
Harvard Business Review, NOVEMBER 2014 ISSUE

Automation of HR Processes - Productivity in HR department and also time saving of employees

https://www.peoplematters.in/article/hr-analytics/iot-abled-workplaces-enhance-employee-productivity-13962


Industry 4.0 - IIoT Technology - Industrial Engineering - Productivity Science - Research Opportunities



The development of green IoT technologies (e.g., energy-efficient techniques or approaches that can reduce the consumed power by sensors).
Internet of Things: A Review of Surveys Based on Context Aware Intelligent Services
David Gil, Antonio Ferrández, Higinio Mora-Mora, and Jesús Peral
Sensors (Basel). 2016 Jul; 16(7): 1069.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4970116/



Interesting Related Research and Issues


The Shaping of Ambient Intelligence and the Internet of Things: Historico-epistemic, Socio-cultural, Politico-institutional and Eco-environmental Dimensions



Simon Elias Bibri
Springer, 05-Nov-2015 - Computers - 301 pages


Recent advances in ICT have given rise to new socially disruptive technologies: AmI and the IoT, marking a major technological change which may lead to a drastic transformation of the technological ecosystem in all its complexity, as well as to a major alteration in technology use and thus daily living. Yet no work has systematically explored AmI and the IoT as advances in science and technology (S&T) and sociotechnical visions in light of their nature, underpinning, and practices along with their implications for individual and social wellbeing and for environmental health. AmI and the IoT raise new sets of questions: In what way can we conceptualize such technologies? How can we evaluate their benefits and risks? How should science–based technology and society’s politics relate? Are science-based technology and society converging in new ways? It is with such questions that this book is concerned. Positioned within the research field of Science and Technology Studies (STS), which encourages analyses whose approaches are drawn from a variety of disciplinary perspectives, this book amalgamates an investigation of AmI and the IoT technologies based on a unique approach to cross–disciplinary integration; their ethical, social, cultural, political, and environmental effects; and a philosophical analysis and evaluation of the implications of such effects.

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=YdjjCgAAQBAJ



Interesting Reports


The Internet of Things: Seizing the Benefits and Addressing the Challenges -OECD Report, 24 May 2016  (Management issues included in the report)

The Digitalization Productivity Bonus - Siemens Financial Services Report - 2017


Updated on 2018  18 January,

12 December 2017




Tuesday, January 16, 2018

Productivity Improvement - “Industry 4.0, Leapfrog Opportunity for India” - Productivity Week Theme - India 2018


12 to 18, February 2018 is the Productivity Week in India


“Industry 4.0, Leapfrog Opportunity for India” - Productivity Week Theme - India 2018

National Productivity Council - India - Theme Paper

http://www.npcindia.gov.in/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/Theme-Paper-2017-18.pdf

What is Industry 4.0?


The Fourth Industrial Revolution is using data captured by sensors in products and manufacturing equipment, analyzing to get information and using that information to automatically start and stop machines that include robots to d manufacturing and maintenance operations. This will improve productivity, quality and maintainablity. It is a revolution in manufacturing technologies brought about by international networking between things that facilitate communication and action. So the productivity of man can further go up due more efficient and effective connected machine net work and standard of living of the people is expected to go up substantially. Some countries are in the forefront in this revolution already with number of patents and factories that implemented these technologies.

NPC is driving Industry 4.0 in India through the productivity week celebration of 2018

The Fourth Industrial Revolution will result in the “Smart Factory”, which is characterized by versatility (flexibility and mass customization), resource efficiency, high incomes and  human friendly work environment (less discomfort to human operators) and digital integration with business partners.


Smart manufacturing - Benefits:
• Additional Revenue (Top line improvement)
• Lower Cost (Bottom line improvement)  through:

• Enabling Industrial Companies to redesign and optimize customer relationship.
• Enabling Industrial Companies to redesign and optimize the production process
• Visibility of  the status of all aspects of production system in real time
• By improving logistics processes and making them also  leaner
• Reduced inventories
• Maintenance processes standardization and optimization
• 100% traceability

Different  technologies of Industry  4.0 are available to choose and implement  based on the relevance, cost-effectiveness, and impact on productivity enhancement based on the current systems of organizations

• Additive Manufacturing – 3D Printing
• Sensors
• Robots (auto + co-bots)
• Simulation
• Augmented reality
• Cloud Computing
Big Data and Analytics
• Industrial Internet
• Horizontal and vertical integration

Cyber security is being strengthened to protect the information of the industrial companies that is stored and transmitted in the digital data stores (warehouses) and communication networks.

Productivity Science - Productivity Engineering - Productivity Management Framework in Productivity Improvement Through Industry 4.0



Productivity Science

Technology Change and Productivity

Changes in technology are the only source of permanent increases in productivity, but a number of transient factors can affect both true and "measured" productivity. For example, workers may work harder during periods of high demand and firms may use their capital assets more intensively by running factories for extra shifts; both factors can lead measured productivity to be too high relative to actual technological progress. Similarly, during periods of high demand, productivity can also rise due to increasing returns to scale. But,  the effect of transient factors is not permanent.
http://www.nber.org/digest/oct01/w8359.html

So permanent productivity improvement is brought about by engineering changes, procedure changes in service processes as well as management processes.

Industry 4.0 is offering number of new technologies and there technologies are to be incorporated into manufacturing and other engineering and business processes to increase effetiveness and efficiency. Management of incorporating the new technology and operating the redesigned facilities are also important to realize the benefits of Industry 4.0. Hence productivity engineering and productivity management also are involved.

Important Papers on IoT and Productivity

THE COMING PRODUCTIVITY BOOM: 

Transforming the Physical Economy with Information
http://www.techceocouncil.org/clientuploads/reports/TCC%20Productivity%20Boom%20FINAL.pdf



Embracing Industry 4.0 - Surviving and Growing in the New Manufacturing Environment

Industry 4.0: The Future of Productivity and Growth in Manufacturing Industries - Embracing Industry 4.0—and Rediscovering Growth

BCG View

Nine Technologies Transforming Industrial Production 


BIG DATA AND ANALYTICS

AUTONOMOUS ROBOTS

SIMULATION

HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL SYSTEM INTEGRATION

THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS

CYBERSECURITY

THE CLOUD

ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

AUGMENTED REALITY

https://www.bcg.com/en-in/capabilities/operations/embracing-industry-4.0-rediscovering-growth.aspx


More Details on Technologies

BIG DATA AND ANALYTICS

AUTONOMOUS ROBOTS

SIMULATION

HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL SYSTEM INTEGRATION

THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS

CYBERSECURITY

THE CLOUD

ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

AUGMENTED REALITY

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Top 100 Business Use Cases of Artificial Intelligence
https://medium.com/@utpal_bob/top-100-business-use-cases-of-artificial-intelligence-by-utpal-chakraborty-721a495ebed4

Important Themes of Industry 4.0


The Factory of the Future
Time to Accelerate in the Race Toward Industry 4.0
Man and Machine in Industry 4.0
Industry 4.0: The Future of Productivity and Growth in Manufacturing Industries

https://www.bcg.com/en-in/capabilities/operations/embracing-industry-4.0-rediscovering-growth.aspx


https://www.manufacturingtomorrow.com/tag/industry-40

Data Analytics Period in Productivity Improvement - Productivity Engineering and Management

http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/06/data-analytics-period-in-productivity.html



Digital Transformation at Daimler Benz - 2015

http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2016/04/digital-transformation-at-daimler-benz.html


Industry 4.0 in India - Status, Implementations, Consultants and Product Manufacturers and Sellers

2017

Industry 4.0: Towards Smart Manufacturing

May 2017
http://businessworld.in/article/Industry-4-0-Towards-Smart-Manufacturing/26-05-2017-118968/


 “The fourth industrial revolution, agricultural and rural innovation, and implications for public policy and investments: A case of India”  Agricultural Economics, November 2017 issue.
http://ideasforindia.in/article.aspx?article=How-new-technologies-can-raise-farm-productivity


Prepare for a worldwide digital transformation

Geoff Maslen01 December 2017
University World News Issue No:485

Mobility, cloud computing, the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence and big data analytics are among the most important technologies in the digital economy today, says the OECD’s latest report on international science, technology and industry.
http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20171201150237763


Onset of Industry 4.0 and print industry’s next frontier


By Puneet Datta,
18 August 2017
http://www.printweek.in/features/onset-industry-print-industry-frontier-25829


New Technology to Enhance Productivity for Manufacturing

By Ruth Morris - June 11, 2017
IoT productivity improvement training to small businesses in Massachusetts, USA
http://www.masstlc.org/new-technology-to-enhance-productivity-for-manufacturing/


Journey of Andhra Pradesh Towards Industry 4.0

January 11, 2017
http://www.electronicsb2b.com/headlines/tale-state-journey-towards-industry-4-0/

India's Readiness for Industry 4.0
A Report by Grant Thorton and CII


How to Leapfrog Effectively


https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/01/how-businesses-can-win-at-leapfrog

IoT Show India - 2018


7th to 9th February, 2018
KTPO TRADE CENTER, WHITEFIELD INDUSTRIAL AREA BANGALORE

You can visit exhibitor from the following  categories and learn more about IoT and Industry 4.0

• Chipset manufacturers
• Network technologies and Wireless solutions
• Robotics and drones
• IoT Security
• IoT OEMs
• Semiconductors/ hardware
• Sensors
• Service Platform/ solution provider
• Software development provider
• Carrier service provider
• Standards/ Protocols/ Certification and testing providers

https://www.iotshow.in/iotshow/

Companies to Contact for Helping you in having IoT Initiatives in India

3Q Wire & Cable Co., Ltd
A G Enterprises
AADI International
Aimtron Electronics Pvt Ltd

Akrivia Automation Private Limited
Established in 2015, Akrivia is an IT, Automation and customized IoT solution provider. We work with verticals such as electrical equipment, smart factories, intelligent buildings, smart cities and Industrial Automation.
http://www.akrivia.in/


Anand Enterprises
Anritsu India Pvt Ltd
ANSYS Software Pvt Ltd
Applied RealTech Systems Pvt. Ltd.
AqTronics Technologies Pvt. Ltd
Array Networks
Ascent Circuits Pvt. Ltd.
Ashlyn Chemunnoor Instruments Pvt.Ltd.
AxesTrack Software Solutions Pvt. Ltd.
Axiom Energy Conversion P Ltd.
Bharat Head Hunters Pvt. Ltd.
Carl Zeiss India (Bangalore) Pvt. Ltd.
Changzhou Shunye Electronic Co. Ltd.
Circuit Systems India Ltd
Circuitects Electronics Solution Pvt. ltd.
Cirkit Electro Components P Ltd (D)
Clean Energy LOGAN INNOVATIONS Pvt Ltd
CloudThat Technologies Pvt. Ltd.
Component Masters
Crevavi Technologies Pvt Ltd
CSA India PVT LTD
CTC Technologies
cyrrup enterprises
CYTECH GLOBAL PTE LTD
DDS International
Delta India Electronics Pvt. Ltd.
Digi-Key Electronics
Dongguan Tongke Electronic Co., Ltd.
Drive Technologies (D)
E Control Devices
Elcina Electronic Industries Association of India
Electroconnect Systems
Electronic Relays India Pvt Ltd
Element14 India Pvt Ltd.
EmbDes Technologies Pvt. Ltd
EMST Marketing Pvt Ltd
Energy Saving India
ESSCI (Electronics Sector Skills Council of India)
FLIR Systems India Pvt. Ltd.
Forward Electronics Technologies
Fraunhofer
Fusion Power Systems (D)
G&g Universal Private Limited
G.T. Enterprises (D)
Gala Electronics (D)
Galore Systems
Geosensors
Good Will Instrument Co. Ltd
Greenconn Technology (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd
GT Magnetics Pvt. Ltd.
GuangDong Kexin Electronic Co.,Ltd
Guangdong Shunde Xu Hai Electronic Co., Ltd.
Hangzhou Chuanlian Electronics Co.,Ltd.
HARIHI OHM ELECTRONICS
HK Wentworth (India) Pvt Ltd
HyperThink Systems Pvt. Ltd.
Ignitarium Technology Solutions Pvt Ltd
INCHANGE SEMICONDUCTOR COMPANY LIMITED
Indus Technologies
Infiction Labs
infiswift
Innovative Resource LTD
Intel technology India pvt Ltd
IntuIT Things
Invendis Technologies India Pvt Ltd
iTECS Communication Pvt ltd.
iValue InfoSolutions Pvt Ltd.
Jharkhand Government
Jigsaw Academy
JSK Innovative Technology Pvt Ltd
Kadel Labs
Karandikar Laboratories
Karsan Technologies
KCG College of Technology
Keysight Technologies India Pvt. Ltd.
KIDOBOTIKZ
Kwality Photonics P Ltd
Liveon Technolabs
M.P State Electronics Corporation Ltd
Mahaveer Sales
Martin Electronic Devices & Instruments
MARVEL GEOSPATIAL SOLUTIONS Pvt. Ltd.
MAXIM INTEGRATED
Mectronics Marketing Services
Melux Control Gears Pvt Ltd
Messung Global Connect
Metro Electronics Products
MG Automation Technologies
MICRON
Microsoft Corporation (I) Pvt. Ltd.
Mobiloitte Technologies (I) Pvt. Ltd.
Mobiveil Technologies India Pvt Ltd
Module 143
Mouser Electronics (India) Private Limited
Moxa India Industrial Networking Pvt. Ltd.
National Small Industries Corporation Ltd. (NSIC)
NEE VEE Communication Technologies Pvt Ltd
NetSim (Tetcos)
Ningbo EHOME Electronic Co.,Ltd
NSIC Ambala
NSIC Noida
O/E/N India Limited
Peach Technovations Pvt Ltd
Phytec Embedded Pvt Ltd
PIE ELECTRONICS
Precision Tech Enterprises
Pulsar Enterprises Pvt Ltd
Qingdao Ainuo Intelligent Instrument Co Ltd.
Qualcomm India Pvt Ltd
Quasar Enterprises
Quectel Wireless Solutions Co Ltd
Rajguru Electronics
Redpine
Robotron solutions
ROHM Semiconductor India Pvt. Ltd.,
Royal Appliances
Royal Elegance Technologies Pvt Ltd
RS Components & Controls (I) Ltd
Schenker India Pvt. Ltd.
Scientech Technologies Pvt Ltd
SECO SRL
Sensegiz Technologies Private Limited
Sensinova
Sensor Embedded & Android RoBo (P) Ltd

Sensors India
http://sensors-india.com/about-us/

We are Automation components distributor and Systems Integrator all over India.



Our organization is aware of top automation applications with an experience of over 25 years in the field of Automation and System Integration.. We have successfully created a base of Automation technicians providing automation solutions all over India like Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, Manesar, Haryana, Chakan, Ranjangaon, Talegaon, Pune, Aurangabad, Nashik Maharashtra, Hospet, Karnataka, Sriperumbudur, Tirupur, Tamil Nadu.

www.Sensors-India.com is Stockist, Wholesaler, Importer, Trader, Distributor, Imported Products, Integrated Systems, Made in India Products representative and Systems Integrator for a wide range of sensing and control products plus Annual Maintenance Contract (AMC).

Handling automation projects like Systems Integration, Parking Guidance Systems, Security Alarm GSM Alert Systems, AMC projects, Installation and Commissioning, Manufacturing/Processing operations, CCTV and Access Control System, Cabling, Piping installations, PUMP control systems, Water level Management includes Leakage sensing and Centralised monitoring, Lighting automation and energy monitoring and audit SCADA systems



SETU INFOCOM
SFO Technologies P Ltd
SGS India Pvt Ltd
Shanghai Yongming Electronic Co.,Ltd.
Sharang Corporation
Shenzhen Baikal Electronic Materials Co. Ltd.
SHenzhen Jin Hao Yuan Technology.
SIGMA DESIGNS
SINCOM
Smarter Biz Technologies Pvt Ltd
Smile Electronics
Srashta Scientific Systems Pvt Ltd
Static Systems Pvt Ltd
Superior flux & Marketing
System Level Solutions (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Technosphere Labs Pvt. Ltd.
Telangana Government
Testo India Pvt. Ltd.
TEXIN (HONGKONG) ELECTRONICS CO.,LTD
TnC India
Toradex Systems (India) Private Limited
Toshniwal Sensing Devices Private Limited
TUV Rheinland (India) Private Limited
U H Led India Inc
Uchi Embedded Solutions
UM ELECTRONICS CO.,LTD.
UniQtronics Solutions Private Limited
Unisem electronics Pvt Ltd
V5 Semiconductors
Vanmat Technologies Pvt. Ltd
Vision Mechatronics Pvt Ltd
VMware Software India Pvt Limited
Wenzhou M & C Foreign Trade Co., Ltd.
Winday electronic (Dongguan)CO.,LTD
Wisys Technologies
Xiamen Prt Technology Co., Ltd.
XIANGTAI ELECTRONICS(SHENZHEN) CO.,LTD
YMD Electromac Pvt. Ltd.
Yontro Mechatronic Systech
Zeal Manufacturing Co.
Zoho Corporation Pvt Ltd

https://www.iotshow.in/list-of-exhibitors/  (date 16 December 2017)

Kerala State Productivity Council
http://www.kspconline.com/

Updated   17 January 2018

2017 -  16, 12, 11 December 2017, 7 December 2017

Thursday, January 11, 2018

Simulation and Forecasting - A Note for Industrial Engineers for Industrial Engineering 4.0 (IE 4.0)



Simulation in Industry 4.0

In the Industry 4.0 environment, real-world data can be fed and accurate  simulations of your entire plant’s operations can be built. This increases the potential of simulation as the right data will help in making better predictions of future outcomes.

The simulation of the entire factory can be made in the cloud and further simulation can be done to include new machines and answers to the question whether additions will make a difference to productivity and profitability can be given.

Simulations on the impact to production if workers are absent can be made. How productivity is affected by extra resource can also be answered by simulation.

Fully interactive three-dimensional simulation of a factory is possible now and this simulation provides opportunities for training existing employees as well as new starters.

In the Industry 4.0, new investments can be made only after extensive virtual examination of technical and economic feasibility. Simulation will provide the opportunity to test and refine proposed changes to  production processes, without real-world costs or risks.


Korea Survey on Modeling and Simulation

Among a total of 500 manufacturing firms participated in the survey, 42.0% had the
experience of M&S

In terms of the effects of M&S, ‘development of new products (31.6%)’ was the
highest, followed by ‘reduction of manufacturing time’. Among the firms which
experienced M&S, 91.9% responded that they were willing to maintain or expand
M&S.


Bibliography

https://www.themanufacturer.com/articles/could-simulation-be-the-key-to-de-risking-industry-4-0/

http://www.gebocermex.com/about-us/news-press-events/news-and-press/2016/industry-40-driven-by-simulation

https://www.iotone.com/guide/industry-4.0-and-the-internet-of-simulations/g604


Discrete Event Simulation - Optimizing the Smart Factory
https://www.simio.com/blog/2017/09/11/optimizing-smart-factory/