Sunday, August 27, 2017

TRIZ - Creative Thinking for Inventing and Innovating



New Books and Articles on TRIZ
2016 to

Systematic Innovation Toolkit
March 25, 2016
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/systematic-innovation-toolkit-prashant-joglekar






-----------------------

40 Inventive principles of TRIZ


Described in Part 2-3 of the Book  The Innovation Algorithm

Also See

40 Principles: TRIZ Keys to Innovation

Genrich Altshuller, Lev Shulyak, Steven Rodman
Technical Innovation Center, Inc., 2002 - 135 pages
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=mqlGEZgn5cwC

The book has one page for each principle with pictures illustrating the explanation of the principle.


Principle 1: Segmentation:

Principle 2: Taking out or Extraction:

Principle 3: Local quality: development; local anaesthesia.

Principle 4: Asymmetry:

Principle 5: Merging, Consolidation or combining:

Principle 6: Universality:

Principle 7: Nested doll:

Principle 8: Anti-weight:

Principle 9: Preliminary anti-action:


Principle 10: Preliminary action:

Principle 11: Beforehand cushioning:


Principle 12: Equipotentiality:


Principle 13: The other way round:


Principle 14: Spheroidality – Curvature:


Principle 15: Dynamics:


Principle 16 : Partial or Excessive actions:


Principle 17: Another dimension:


Principle 18: Mechanical vibration:


Principle 19: Periodic action:


Principle 20: Continuity of useful action:


Principle 21: Skipping or Rushing Through:


Principle 22 : Blessing in disguise - Harm into benefit:

Principle 23: Feedback:


Principle 24: Intermediary/Mediator:

Principle 25: Self-Service:


Principle 26: Copying:


Principle 27: Cheap short-living objects:


Principle 28: Mechanics substitution:


Principle 29: Pneumatics and hydraulics:


Principle 30: Flexible shells and thin films:


Principle 31: Porous materials:


Principle 32: Color changes:


Principle 33: Homogeneity:


Principle 34: Rejecting, Discarding – Recovering, Regeneration:


Principle 35: Parameter Changes:


Principle 36 : Phase transitions:


Principle 37: Thermal expansion:


Principle 38 : Accelerated oxidation:

Principle 39 : Inert atmosphere:

Principle 40: Composite materials:


40 Principles - Pdf List
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9780470282199.app2/pdf

Examples of 40 principles - from automotive sector
https://triz-journal.com/40-principles-automotive/

https://www.triz.co.uk/files/U48432_40_inventive_principles_with_examples.pdf

http://www.triz40.com/aff_Principles_TRIZ.php


TRIZ: Systematic Innovation in Manufacturing

Yeoh Teong San, Yeoh Tay Jin, Song Chi Li
Firstfruits Publishing, 2009 - Engineering - 180 pages
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=04Fn-KZCqNQC

The Ideal Result: What It Is and How to Achieve It

Jack Hipple
Springer Science & Business Media, 26-Jun-2012 -  208 pages


The Ideal Final Result introduces the TRIZ Inventive Problem Solving Process in a way that allows readers to make immediate use of its most basic concepts. The Ideal Final Result reviews the basics of this left brained, but at the same time, very creative process for problem solving that uses a basic algorithm developed through the study of millions of patents. As opposed to psychologically based tools relying on the generation of hundreds of ideas to be sorted through to find the few of value, TRIZ rigorously defines the problem and assists the problem owner in identifying the existing inventive principles that are already known to solve that class of problems. This book reviews the most basic of the TRIZ algorithm tools and provides templates for readers to use in analyzing their difficult problems and provides a mental framework for their solution. It also describes TRIZ techniques for basic strategic planning in a business sense.
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=Kq8OL2RMgTIC

TRIZ for Engineers: Enabling Inventive Problem Solving

Karen Gadd
John Wiley & Sons, 11-Feb-2011 - 504 pages


TRIZ is a brilliant toolkit for nurturing engineering creativity and innovation. This accessible, colourful and practical guide has been developed from problem-solving workshops run by Oxford Creativity, one of the world's top TRIZ training organizations started by Gadd in 1998. Gadd has successfully introduced TRIZ to many major organisations such as Airbus, Sellafield Sites, Saint-Gobain, DCA, Doosan Babcock, Kraft, Qinetiq, Trelleborg, Rolls Royce and BAE Systems, working on diverse major projects including next generation submarines, chocolate packaging, nuclear clean-up, sustainability and cost reduction.

Engineering companies are increasingly recognising and acting upon the need to encourage successful, practical and systematic innovation at every stage of the engineering process including product development and design. TRIZ enables greater clarity of thought and taps into the creativity innate in all of us, transforming random, ineffective brainstorming into targeted, audited, creative sessions focussed on the problem at hand and unlocking the engineers' knowledge and genius to identify all the relevant solutions.

For good design engineers and technical directors across all industries, as well as students of engineering, entrepreneurship and innovation, TRIZ for Engineers will help unlock and realise the potential of TRIZ. The individual tools are straightforward, the problem-solving process is systematic and repeatable, and the results will speak for themselves.
This highly innovative book:

Satisfies the need for concise, clearly presented information together with practical advice on TRIZ and problem solving algorithms
Employs explanatory techniques, processes and examples that have been used to train thousands of engineers to use TRIZ successfully
Contains real, relevant and recent case studies from major blue chip companies
Is illustrated throughout with specially commissioned full-colour cartoons that illustrate the various concepts and techniques and bring the theory to life
Turns good engineers into great engineers.
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=C1YVvYIeBDIC


TRIZ - Systematic Innovation in Business & Management


Yeoh Teong San
First Fruits Sdn. Bhd., 01-Oct-2014 - Business & Economics - 238 pages


TRIZ (Theory of Inventive Problem Solving) is a powerful methodology which is able to improve a company's top-line and bottom-line. The top-line refers to a company's gross sales or revenues, whereas the bottom-line is a company's net earnings or net profits. The uniqueness of TRIZ is its ability to provide a structured and systematic approach, coupled with a suite of tools to enhance both top-line and bottom-line results. TRIZ can be used for creating new products to generate sales or making processes more efficient and effective to reduce operating costs and expenses.

TRIZ also enhances management capabilities by transforming a good manager to a great manager by acquiring tools to recognize contradictions when they arise and solve them without compromise.

In summary, TRIZ is a philosophy, process, and suite of tools. A total of 11 TRIZ tools (Function Analysis, Cause & Effect Chain Analysis, Perception Mapping, Ideality, S-curve, Trends of Engineering System Evolution, Trimming, Feature Transfer, Function Oriented Search, 9-Windows, and Engineering Contradiction) are discussed in detail.

Numerous examples and case studies are used to illustrate TRIZ applications in accelerating the ability to predict product, process, and service trends; identify unique value propositions for new products or services; circumvent patents of competitors; and solve age-old or chronic problems in both business and management fields.
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=EwaEBwAAQBAJ


Innovation Management System - Presentation - Simon Tong
Hong Kong Society for Quality
http://www.hksq.org/Innovation-talk-20150124-Simon.pdf




Updated on  28 August 2017,  17 February 2017,  22 October 2016


Saturday, August 26, 2017

Productivity Science - Some Hypothesis like Statements





"When large companies get Agile right, the results can be stunning. Productivity can improve by a factor of three. Employee engagement, measured in quantitative surveys, increases dramatically too. New product features can be released within weeks or months rather than quarters or years. Rates of innovation rise, while the number of defects and do-overs declines. In the first year after going Agile, one bank’s development team increased the value delivered per dollar spent by 50%, simultaneously cutting development time in half and improving employee engagement by one-third."


Five Secrets to Scaling Up Agile
FEBRUARY 19, 2016 by Kaj Burchardi, Peter Hildebrandt, Erik Lenhard, Jérôme Moreau, and Benjamin Rehberg
https://www.bcgperspectives.com/content/articles/technology-digital-people-organization-five-secrets-scaling-up-agile/

Tuesday, August 22, 2017

Behavioral Approach to Productivity - Behavioral Variables and Productivity




"Behavioral strategies to improve productivity"
Gary P.Latham, Larry L.Cummings, and Terence R.Mitchell,
Organizational Dynamics
Volume 9, Issue 3, Winter 1981, Pages 5-23


Hum Resour Manage. 1983 Jan-Feb;13(1):1-5.
"Behavioral science approaches to improving productivity."

Shortell SM.

Abstract
We have suggested that improving the productivity of an individual or of one group of workers is not the same thing as improving the productivity of the organization overall. Further, because work units in hospitals are interdependent, attempts to improve productivity ultimately involve a reexamination of the organization's values and culture. Until this fundamental realization occurs, little can be done to improve the organization's productivity. As such, productivity is not simply a day-to-day managerial issue as a long-term leadership issue. Thus, we ought to begin mapping out productivity strategies for the long run. Some of the elements of such a strategy have been highlighted.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10258195


Aubrey C. Daniels "Performance management: The behavioral approach to productivity improvement"
Global Business and Organizational Excellence
Volume 4, Issue 3, Summer 1985, Pages 225–236


ROLE OF MOTIVATION IN HIGHER PRODUCTIVITY
S.K. Srivastava & Kailash Chandra Barmola
SMS Varanasi,  Vol. VII, No. 1; June, 2011

Evidence-Based Productivity Improvement: A Practical Guide to the Productivity Measurement and Enhancement System (ProMES)
Robert D. Pritchard, Sallie J. Weaver, Elissa Ashwood
Routledge, 04-May-2012 - Psychology - 316 pages
This new book explains the Productivity Measurement and Enhancement system (ProMES) and how it meets the criteria for an optimal measurement and feedback system. It summarizes all the research that has been done on productivity, mentioning other measurement systems, and gives detailed information on how to implement this one in organizations. This book will be of interest to behavioral science researchers and professionals who wish to learn more about the practical methods of measuring and improving organizational productivity.

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=hzaia0WL_oQC


2014
Enhancing Strategies to Improve Workplace Performance
Thesis by Francine Williams Richardson
Walden University
http://scholarworks.waldenu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1105&context=dissertations


2017
Nudge management: applying behavioural science to increase knowledge worker productivity
Philip Ebert and Wolfgang Freibichler
Journal of Organization Design2017  6:4
Published: 21 March 2017
https://jorgdesign.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s41469-017-0014-1



Culture


Culture and Productivity - Bibliography

Seven Wastes Model



Seven Wastes - Taiichi Ohno - page 19 - Toyota Production System


   Waste                          -                   Method

Waste of overproduction - One cannot produce without a production Kanban

Waste of time on hand (waiting)  - Multiple machines to an operator, all producing as per tact time.

Waste in transportation - Machines in line or flow placed close together

Waste of processing itself - Standardized Methods

Waste of stock on hand (inventories) - JIT system - low inventory

Waste of movement (of workers) - Machine layout changes so that an operator handling multiple machines does not waste movement. Can there be control unit for all the machines at one place only?

Waste of making defective products - Problem solving approach to produce zero defects. 5 Why approach to find where the problem or defect occurred in the earliest stage. Educating and training operators by other team members and management.



Seven Waste Model is also expressed as TIMWOOD

T – Transport – Movement of material, people
I – Inventory – Stock of materials, parts, and finished items
M – Motion – movement of hands and other body parts in operating machines of hand tools
W – Waiting – Men and machines waiting for parts or instructions
O – Over production – Making more than is IMMEDIATELY required
O – Over processing – Tighter tolerances or higher grade materials than are necessary
D – Defects – Items scrapped and rework


Compare the seven waste model with flow process chart

Flow process chart recommends recording and examining 5 items.

Process -   will examine  1.Waste of processing itself,  2. Waste of overproduction

Inspection -  3. Waste of making defective products  - The inspection is only shown as a stage in flow process chart, It needs to be augmented with a record of defects or defectives found during inspection.

Transport - 4. Waste in transportation, 5. Waste of movement (of workers)

Temporary delay - 6. Waste of time on hand (waiting)

Permanent storage - 7. Waste of stock on hand (inventories)

Thus we can see, flow process charts has provided the foundation for analyzing the seven wastes proposed by Taiichi Ohno.

But subsequent persons have indicated Eighth Waste.

Wastage of physical and mental skills of people.

Alan Mogensen identfied this gap in industrial engineering theory and introduced work simplication workshops to involve operators and supervisors in productivity improvement. Subsequently, suggestions scheme became popular. Japanese managers brought more improvements and made operators given large number of suggestions and provided forums for participation.

Narayana Rao proposed Ninth waste.

9th Waste - Wastage of Machine Potential, Capability and Power - Wasting Machine's Potential Productivity

Industrial engineering has ignored wastage of potential of machines and equipment even though Taylor has advocated right from his piece rate system paper that for productivity improvement both machine and man are to be analyzed and improved.

9th Waste - Wasting Machine's Potential Productivity -- Elimination - Essential Industrial Engineering Activity


Bibliography

Seven Wastes
http://accountability.wa.gov/leadership/lean/documents/2012_Lean_Conference/Thinking_Tools_Techniques/24/The%207%20Wastes.pdf

Seven Wastes Tool
http://www.gcu.ac.uk/media/gcalwebv2/theuniversity/supportservices/pace/documents/Seven%20Wastes.pdf

Lean for Government: Eliminating the seven wastes
http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20120016881

Lean in Government
http://www.epa.gov/lean/government/

Seven Wastes in Preventive Maintenanee Programs
http://www.techcorr.com/news/Articles/Article.cfm?ID=2450


Updated 23 August 2017, 15 November 2013


Friday, August 18, 2017

UK Productivity


2017

The UK currently lags behind its G7 competitors’ average productivity levels by an average of 18% - and 35% behind Germany. Poor management is estimated to cost the UK £84bn in lost productivity a year.

http://www.managers.org.uk/insights/news/2017/june/a-management-manifesto-for-the-uk-fixing-the-84bn-productivity-gap

Chartered Management Institute (CMI) proposed a management manifesto to improve management in UK and reclaim the 84 billion pounds lost in productivity due to poor management.

You can download the manifesto document from:

http://www.managers.org.uk/~/media/Files/PDF/CMI-Management-Manifesto.pdf

Sunday, August 13, 2017

Process Analysis - Questions/Check List




Book: Productivity Through Process Analysis by Jinichi Ishiwata
Four basic principles for process improvements
1. Eliminate processes whenever possible.
2. Simplify them. (Operations analysis)
3. Combine them
4. Change the sequence
Questions
1. Eliminate  - Can this be eliminated? What will happen if we eliminate it?
2. Simplify - Can this made simpler?  - the task of operations analysis
3. Combine - Can two or more processes be consolidated into one?
4. Change sequence - Can this operation be switched with another one?
Big three problems in process: waste, irrationality, and inconsistency
5W1 Analysis for Product Process Analysis
Operation - Why - Who is doing it - Which machine - where - when - How
Can the layout be changed to reduce the transportation?
Can number of inspections be reduced?
Are any inspections unnecessary?
Can necessary inspections be done while the product is being processed?
Can number of delays be reduced?
Book: Motion and Time Study - Improving Productivity by Marvin E. Mundel
Checklist for Process Chart - Product Analysis
basic principles
1. Reduce number of steps.
2. Arrange steps in best order.
3. Make steps as economical as possible (operation analysis).
4. Reduce handling.
5. Combine steps if economical.
6. Shorten moves.
7. Provide most economical means for moving (operation analysis)
8. Cut in-process inventory to workable minimum
9. Use minimum number of control points at most advantageous places
Questions
1. Can any step be eliminated?

a. as unnecessary. (Ask: Why is it done?)
b. By new equipment (Ask: Why is present equipment used?)
c. By changing the place where it is done or kept. (Ask: Why is it done there?)
d. By changing the order of work. (Ask: Why is it done in its present order?)
e. By changing the product design. (Ask: Why is it made as it is?)
f. By changing the specifications of the incoming supply. (Ask:  Why is it ordered in its present form or used at all)
2. Can any step be combined with another?

a. By changing the specifications of supplies, or of any raw material?
b. By changing the design of the product, even if only the tolerances?
c. By changing the order of the steps of production, or doing inspection at any operation station so as to avoid an inventory of faulty product?
d. By changing the equipment used (e.g., using a multifunction machine, or creating a multimachine work cell served by a single person or by a robot)/
e. By redesigning one or more work places?
3. Can steps be rearranged so as to make any shorter or easier?
4. Can any step be made easier?
Book: Motion and Time Study: Design and Measurement of Work by Ralph M. Barnes
Following approaches should be considered in developing preferred work method
A. Eliminate all unnecessary work.
B. Combine operations or elements.
C. Change the sequence of operations
D. Simplify the necessary operations



Process Analysis, Process Improvement, and Cost Reduction
____________________

____________________
rtdknowledge


Updated  15 August 2017, 10 February 2012

Saturday, August 5, 2017

Cloud Computing - Productivity Science



Ozdemir A, Asil H (2017)
The Optimization of Query Processing in Sea Base Cloud Databases Based on CCEVP Model.
Ind Eng Manage 6:208. doi:10.4172/2169-0316.1000208

The increase in data volume in many applications and the need for their calculations are the database challenges. Cloud computing and the use of Sea Base databases are a solution to integrate a variety of DBMSs and integrated access to tables in databases. The study tried to optimize query processing in the Sea Base cloud database and reduce query processing time. The method used adaptability for optimization. The purpose of this method is to make adaptive the execution plans of high-traffic queries sent to the Sea Base. For adaptability, the method uses three parts: separator, similarity detector and replacement policy.  The results show that the system optimizes query processing in the database and reduces response time by one percent. The response time can be further decreased by changing the replacement policy.

https://www.omicsgroup.org/journals/the-optimization-of-query-processing-in-sea-base-cloud-databases-basedon-ccevp-model-2169-0316-1000208.php?aid=86516

Productivity - Journals




Journal of Productivity Analysis
https://link.springer.com/journal/11123

International Journal of Productivity and Quality Management
http://www.inderscience.com/jhome.php?jcode=ijpqm

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management
ISSN: 1741-0401
Previously published as: Work Study
http://www.emeraldinsight.com/toc/ijppm/66/6

Journal of Productivity Analysis
https://ideas.repec.org/s/kap/jproda.html

International Journal of Productivity Management and Assessment Technologies (IJPMAT)
https://www.igi-global.com/journal/international-journal-productivity-management-assessment/45937

Friday, August 4, 2017

Industrial Engineering Journals


Ranking of Journals in Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
http://www.scimagojr.com/journalrank.php?category=2209


Journal of Industrial Engineering International

Journal of Industrial Engineering International  is a peer-reviewed open access journal published under the brand SpringerOpen, covering all aspects of industrial engineering. It is fully supported by the Islamic Azad University, who provide funds to cover all costs of publication, including the Article Processing Charges (APC’s) for all authors. Therefore the journal is both free to read and free to publish in.
http://www.springer.com/engineering/production+engineering/journal/40092


Journal of Industrial and Production Engineering

Official Journal of the Chinese Institute of Industrial Engineers
http://www.scimagojr.com/journalsearch.php?q=21100241791&tip=sid&clean=0
Volume 32, Issue 2, 2015
http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tjci21/current#.VScvHtyUd1Y


International Journal of Applied Industrial Engineering (IJAIE)

Editor-in-Chief: Lanndon Ocampo (University of the Philippines Cebu, Philippines)
Indexed In: INSPEC and 10 more indices
Published: Semi-Annually |Established: 2012

Topics Covered
Business and strategy
Case studies in industry and services
Decision analysis
Engineering economy and cost estimation
Enterprise resource planning and ERPII
Facility location, layout, design, and materials handling
Forecasting, production planning, and control
Human factors, ergonomics, and safety
Industrial engineering education
Information and communication technology and systems
Innovation, knowledge management, and organizational learning
Inventory, logistics, and transportation
Knowledge and technology transfers in a globalized network
Manufacturing, control, and automation
Operations management
Performance analysis
Product and process design and management
Project Management
Purchasing and procurement
Reliability and maintenance engineering
Scheduling in industry and service
Service systems and service management
Supply chain management
Systems and service modeling and simulation
Technology transfer and management
Third party/fourth party logistics
Total quality management and quality engineering

https://www.igi-global.com/journal/international-journal-applied-industrial-engineering/41034


European Journal of Industrial Engineering
http://www.scimagojr.com/journalsearch.php?q=11200153401&tip=sid&clean=0


International Journal of Industrial Engineering Computations
http://www.scimagojr.com/journalsearch.php?q=21100223326&tip=sid&clean=0

International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering
http://www.scimagojr.com/journalsearch.php?q=5800179616&tip=sid&clean=0

Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management
http://www.scimagojr.com/journalsearch.php?q=19700188349&tip=sid&clean=0

International Journal of Industrial Engineering : Theory Applications and Practice
http://www.scimagojr.com/journalsearch.php?q=19151&tip=sid&clean=0

South African Journal of Industrial Engineering
http://www.scimagojr.com/journalsearch.php?q=19700173182&tip=sid&clean=0

Jordan Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
http://www.scimagojr.com/journalsearch.php?q=20000195025&tip=sid&clean=0

International Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management
http://www.scimagojr.com/journalsearch.php?q=21100211751&tip=sid&clean=0

Journal of Japan Industrial Management Association
http://www.scimagojr.com/journalsearch.php?q=144786&tip=sid&clean=0

Engineering Optimization
http://www.scimagojr.com/journalsearch.php?q=29114&tip=sid&clean=0


Updated  5 August 2017, 18 June 2017, 9 April 2015

General - System Level Productivity Science


2017

FEBRUARY 16, 2017 by Jaap Backx, Christoph Hilberath, Reinhard Messenböck, Yves Morieux, and Henning Streubel
BCG Perspectives

Businesses compete in a world that is growing ever more complex. Disruptive technologies emerge with increasing frequency. Customers’ needs and demands change at breakneck speed. New competitors are always entering the fray.

In their attempts to reduce uncertainty and reestablish control amid this new complexity, companies tend to introduce new reports, new rules, and new processes. Such reactions, however, simply translate external complexity into internal “complicatedness”—the counterproductive proliferation of cumbersome structures, processes, and systems. Complicatedness hinders productivity by creating a work environment that leaves employees disengaged and unmotivated.

https://www.bcgperspectives.com/content/articles/people-organization-operations-mastering-complexity-through-simplification/

Knowledge Worker Productivity - Productivity Science


2017


Margaret Moussa, Mathew Bright, Maria Estela Varua, (2017) "Investigating knowledge workers’ productivity using work design theory", International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, Vol. 66 Issue: 6, pp.822-834.

The paper concludes by offering suggestions for a model suitable for examining the drivers of knowledge work productivity.

Survey instruments based on the recommended model potentially provide a valuable means for understanding and enhancing productivity in a variety of knowledge intensive service industries. The pronounced benefit of this model is that it is applicable in cross-industry and cross-occupational contexts, unlike many existing knowledge worker productivity models.
https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPPM-08-2016-0161


2013

Peter F. Drucker gave a call for knowledge worker productivity.

Can IEs do some things in that area?

http://www.iiewest.org/2013/02/clarion-call-to-ies-lets-improve-knowledge-worker-productivity/


Raise the productivity of interaction workers—high-skill knowledge workers, including managers and professionals—by 20 to 25 percent by using social technologies internally and externally.


Updated 5 August 2017, 6 August 2013

Manufacturing System Digital Transformation and Reengineering





Information technology was applied with significant effect in business processes and during that phase of progress Business Process Reengineering (BPR) emerged as an important method. In manufacturing CNC, CAD-CAM, and CIM appeared. But the current development Internet of Things (IoT) seems to having a major impact on the manufacturing systems. It is getting the description of Industrial Revolution 4.0.

In Industrial engineering also, we can see IE 1.0 - Science of Man - Machine Systems (From Taylor to Taiichi Ohno), IE 2.0 - Low Inventory Manufacturing (Taiichi Ohno, Shigeo Shingo to Womack et al.) and IE 3.0 - Imaginative Use of New Technology by Understanding the Power of the Technology First (Michael Hammer, Thomas Davenport to current days).

Will IE 4.0 be driven by innovations by Industrial Engineers in the age of Digital Transformation of Manufacturing Processes?

Presently number of papers are being published by leading consultants to make digital transformation a big movement.  Their references are being collection in this post








2017
March 2017

By 2018, 60 percent of the large manufacturers will bring in new revenue from information based products and services.

By 2020, manufacturers will claim 20% more after market revenue by offering more services through information (IoT) based support.
https://www.i-scoop.eu/digital-transformation/digital-transformation-manufacturing/



2016

October 2016
IDC - Dassault Research Paper on Status of Industry 4.0 in Germany
https://www.3ds.com/megatrends/manufacturing/from-vision-to-reality-industry-4-0/

April 2016

The Digital Transformation Playbook: Rethink Your Business for the Digital Age

By David Rogers
2016
Columbia University
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=LsF1CwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false


February 2016
Industry 4.0.
DIRECTORATE GENERAL FOR INTERNAL POLICIES
POLICY DEPARTMENT A: ECONOMIC AND SCIENTIFIC
POLICY
European Parliament

This study, prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the ITRE
committee, analyses the Industry 4.0 Initiative which encompasses the
digitalisation of production processes based on devices autonomously
communicating with each other along the value chain. It considers the potential of
the initiative and business paradigm changes and impacts of this transformation.
The study assesses the rationale for public intervention and outlines measures
that could be adopted to increase the gains and limit the threats from Industry
4.0.
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2016/570007/IPOL_STU(2016)570007_EN.pdf

January 2016

EXAMPLES DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION 

Good number of examples (21) with source indicated for more information
http://www.boardofinnovation.com/digital-transformation-examples/



Digital Futures, Digital Transformation - From Lean Production to Acceluction


Authors: Bounfour, Ahmed
Copyright - 2016, Publisher: Springer International Publishing
This book provides an integrated overview of key trends in digital transformation, taking into consideration five interrelated dimensions: strategy and business models, society, organization, technology and regulation. As such, it provides a framework for the analysis of digital business transformation and its emerging factors, analyzing twenty-five key trends in terms of their future impact. On that basis, the book then delineates a new approach centered on the mutually accelerating links between multiple value creation spaces. It proposes a new mode of production – accelerated production of links (acceluction) – and analyzes it with respect to the still-dominant concept of lean production. Based on the results of the international CIGREF research program ISD, the book presents a valuable perspective of the expected impact of the abundance of networks and data as critical resources for enterprises beyond 2020.
http://www.springer.com/us/book/9783319232782

Digital Transformation of the Firm: New Strategies, New Structures

Jan 2016
http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/digital-transformation-firm-new-strategies-new-structures/


2015


Boosting Visibility, Agility and Profits with Digital Manufacturing

Digital Transformation: What It Means to Manufacturers

Cisco white Paper

http://www.cisco.com/c/dam/en/us/solutions/collateral/industry-solutions/C11-735848.pdf


UNLOCK CAPITAL AND TRANSFORM BUSINESS MODELS

DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION FOR MANUFACTURING

CSC - Computer Sciences Corporation

http://assets1.csc.com/manufacturing/downloads/Digital_Transformation_Solution.pdf


Industry 4.0

Challenges and Solutions for the Digital Transformation and the Use of Exponential Technologies

Deloitte

Survey of more than 50 companies in Switzerland
http://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/ch/Documents/manufacturing/ch-en-manufacturing-industry-4-0-24102014.pdf


How to Become a Digital Leader

Arthur D Little

67 Pages Report
http://www.adlittle.de/uploads/tx_extthoughtleadership/ADL_HowtoBecomeDigitalLeader_01.pdf

September 2015

Mercedes-Benz as pioneer of the digital transformation: From Car Manufacturer to Networked Mobility Service Provider

Daimler AG Media Release

Detailed the initiatives at various stages in the manufacturing system and product
https://media.daimler.com/dcmedia/0-921-1845911-1-1847484-1-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-1-0-0-0-0-0.html



How Five Companies Launched Digital Transformations

SEPTEMBER 01, 2015 by Lars Fæste, Thomas Gumsheimer, and Matthias Scherer

BCG

https://www.bcgperspectives.com/content/articles/transformation-large-scale-change-technology-business-transformation-five-companies-launched-digital-transformations/


Man and Machine in Industry 4.0

How Will Technology Transform the Industrial Workforce Through 2025?

BCG

SEPTEMBER 28, 2015
https://www.bcgperspectives.com/content/articles/technology-business-transformation-engineered-products-infrastructure-man-machine-industry-4/


June 2015

Manufacturing’s next act

By Cornelius Baur and Dominik Wee
Industry 4.0 is more than just a flashy catchphrase. A confluence of trends and technologies promises to reshape the way things are made.

McKinsey


We define Industry 4.0 as the next phase in the digitization of the manufacturing sector, driven by four disruptions:
- the astonishing rise in data volumes, computational power, and connectivity, especially new low-power wide-area networks;
- the emergence of analytics and business-intelligence capabilities;
- new forms of human-machine interaction such as touch interfaces and augmented-reality systems;  and
- improvements in transferring digital instructions to the physical world, such as advanced robotics and 3-D printing.
http://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/operations/our-insights/manufacturings-next-act


May 2015

Industry 4.0: It's all about information technology this time
The so-called Industry 4.0 concept now being embraced in Europe predicts the Internet of Things will change manufacturing as we know it.
http://www.zdnet.com/article/industry-4-0-its-all-about-information-technology/


Industry 4.0: The Future of Productivity and Growth in Manufacturing Industries

BCG

The Nine Pillars of Technological Advancement

Big Data and Analytics
Autonomous Robots
Simulation
Horizontal and Vertical System Integration
The Industrial Internet of Things
Cybersecurity
The Cloud
Additive Manufacturing
Augmented Reality
https://www.bcgperspectives.com/content/articles/engineered_products_project_business_industry_40_future_productivity_growth_manufacturing_industries/?chapter=2#chapter2

February


Revamping Your Business Through Digital Transformation
MIT Sloan Management Review, Magazine: Spring 2015, Research Highlight February 18, 2015  Reading Time: 11 min
George Westerman and Didier Bonnet
http://sloanreview.mit.edu/article/revamping-your-business-through-digital-transformation/


First iOS Apps from Apple-IBM venture
January 5th, 2015
https://blogs.perficient.com/digitaltransformation/2015/01/05/first-ios-apps-from-apple-ibm-venture/


Updated 5 August 2017,  12 March 2017, 18 April 2016.

Thursday, August 3, 2017

Robots and Cost Reduction


2017

ABB Frosinone - Collaborative Robotics: more products, more work
2017-07-20 - A textbook example of how Industry 4.0 at an ABB plant in Italy has brought greater employment and production.
http://www.abb.com/cawp/seitp202/BF4B589876268CA6C125814F004DEEDC.aspx

What Is the Real Cost of an Industrial Robot Arm?
Ken Thayer
27 April 2017
Labor cost savings due to Robot use is given for many countries in the year 2025.
http://insights.globalspec.com/article/4788/what-is-the-real-cost-of-an-industrial-robot-arm


The Robotmakers – Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
by Tanya M. Anandan, Contributing Editor
Robotic Industries Association
POSTED 04/28/2017
https://www.robotics.org/content-detail.cfm/Industrial-Robotics-Industry-Insights/The-Robotmakers-Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow/content_id/6513

2016

Reduction of Robot Price

The cost to purchase and implement a robotic spot welder has plummeted from $183,000 in 2005 to $132,000 in 2014, with the price forecasted to drop another 22% by 2025, according to Technavio’s lead industrial automation analysts.

In computer electronics manufacturing, it costs $4 per hour to use a robot for a routine assembly task compared to $24 for an average worker. In the US, industrial robots in auto manufacturing are already operating at a cost of $7.25 hourly wage after the cost of the robot is recovered. For example: the Baxter collaborative robot from Rethink Robotics, which works alongside the human workforce on the factory floor, only costs $22,000.
https://www.technavio.com/blog/industrial-robots-united-states-cut-labor-costs-21-2020


At Ford's factory in Cologne, Germany,  collaborative robots, or co-bots are working side by side with 4,000 Ford factory workers.

Automakers are leading the way in the adoption of co-bots, which they say are more cost-effective than industrial robots. The average selling price of a co-bot is close to $30,000, a number expected to drop to $18,500 by 2020. Automakers prefer the flexibility that comes with co-bots, which can work without safety cages and therefore can be rolled around to different parts of the factory.
https://www.cnbc.com/2016/10/31/ford-uses-co-bots-and-factory-workers-at-its-cologne-fiesta-plant.html


2015
Robotics systems are becoming an economically viable alternative to human labor in more and more industries. A human welder today earns around $25 per hour (including benefits), while the equivalent operating cost per hour for a robot is around $8 when installation, maintenance, and the operating costs of all hardware, software, and peripherals are amortized over a five-year depreciation period. In 15 years (by 2030), that gap will widen even more dramatically. The operating cost per hour for a robot doing similar welding tasks could plunge to as little as $2 when improvements in its performance are factored in.
https://www.bcgperspectives.com/content/articles/lean-manufacturing-innovation-robots-redefine-competitiveness/




Justifying the Cost of a Robotic Welding System
http://www.lincolnelectric.com/assets/US/EN/literature/mc04179.pdf
Robots in packaging: It’s all about cost savings

2008

Robotics and Energy Cost Reduction
by Bennett Brumson , Contributing Editor
Robotic Industries Association
Posted 08/02/2006
http://www.robotics.org/content-detail.cfm/Industrial-Robotics-Featured-Articles/Robotics-and-Energy-Cost-Reduction/content_id/1047

Robotic systems employed in decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) applications offer potential benefits in terms of decreased personnel radiation exposure and decreased personnel costs. Robotic systems seem particularly suited to the repetitive nature of the gaseous diffusion plant (GDP) process building designs.
Google Search Link for Robots Cost Reduction


Updated 5 August 2017, 30 Jan 2014

Wednesday, August 2, 2017

Industrial Engineering - Articles and Books (Free Download)

Books

Books by Pioneers

 ___________________________________________________________________

Books Authored by F.W. Taylor 

Principles of Scientific Management
Shop Management

Books Authored by Frank Gilbreth

Motion study : a method for increasing the efficiency of the workman (1911)
Download from
http://www.archive.org/details/motionstudymetho00gilbrich
Fatigue Study, the Elimination of Humanity's Greatest Unnecessary Waste: (1916)
Download from
http://www.archive.org/details/fatiguestudyeli00gilbgoog

Books Authored by Harrington Emerson

The Twelve Principles of Efficiency (1912)
Efficiency as a Basis for Operation and Wages



Principles of industrial engineering (1911)
Going, Charles Buxton,
First book with industrial engineering in the title
http://www.archive.org/details/principlesofindu00goinrich
______________________________________________________________________

Other Books

Operation Analysis by Maynard, 1939
Presgrave, R., The Dynamics of Time Study, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1945
http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015064385779
Human and Industrial Effiency

An introduction to the psychological problems of industry ([1921])
Watts, Frank
Has good discussion of Gilbreth's methodology ad Taylor's methodology
http://www.archive.org/details/introductiontops00wattiala

The new industrial engineering : information technology and business process redesign

More Books 

Online Books On Industrial Engineering and Related Subjects

Articles and Research Papers


Knols


Introduction to Industrial Engineering


The Component Areas of Industrial Engineering

   

Human Effort Engineering - Methods, Techniques and Related Issues 


Systems Efficiency Engineering - Methods, Techniques and Related Issues 


Systems Design, Installation and Improvement Management

Methods, Techniques and Related Issues 

Pioneers and Expert Practitioners of Industrial Engineering


Organizing Industrial Engineering Department


Industrial Engineering and Other Departments and Disciplines


Industrial Engineering Programs


Articles, Books, Bulletin Boards, Course Pages



Industrial Engineering Optimization

Extremal Methods and Systems Analysis: An International Symposium on the Occasion of Professor Abraham Charnes’ Sixtieth Birthday Austin, Texas, September 13 – 15, 1977
A. V. Fiacco, K. O. Kortanek
Springer Science & Business Media,  550 pages
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=P9HzCAAAQBAJ

Articles

Introduction
Human Effort Engineering
Work Measurement in Skilled Labor Environments, Tom Best
History - IE
Scientific Management and Industrial Engineering at Dupont
Future of Industrial Engineering
Future of Industrial Engineering is in our Hands
Louis Martin-Vega, Industrial Engineering, December 2008
http://www.entrepreneur.com/tradejournals/article/190946367.html


IIT Roorkee, NPTEL Course Material

Part 1
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Lecture 1
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Lecture 2
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Lecture 3
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Lecture 4
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Lecture 5
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Lecture 6
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Lecture 7
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Lecture 8
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Lecture 9
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Lecture 10
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Lecture 11
Part 2
Quality and Related Concepts
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Lecture 1
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Lecture 2
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Lecture 3
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Lecture 4&5
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Lecture 6
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Lecture 7&8
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Lecture 9
Facility Design
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Lecture 1
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Lecture 2
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Lecture 3
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Lecture 4
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Lecture 5
Material Handling
>
Lecture 1
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Lecture 2
Reliability
>
Lecture 1
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Lecture 2
 > Lecture 3
Part 3
CPM/PERT
>
Lecture 1
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Lecture 2
Forcasting
>
Lecture 1
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Lecture 2
PPC
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Lecture 1
MRP
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Lecture 1
Inventry
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Lecture 1
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Lecture 2
PDD
>
Lecture 1
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Lecture 2


Blog Posts

Industrial Engineering, a continuing productivity influence
Ford links good ergonomic job design to improved quality

Working Papers

Systems Design Issues

Models for Strategic Analysis of Forest Management and the Forest Products Supply Chain, 2007