Saturday, September 29, 2018

Productivity Science Bulletin Board



Productivity Science - Principle of Industrial Engineering


Develop a science for each element of a man - machine system's work related to efficiency and productivity.
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/06/productivity-science-principle-of.html


Attitudes Toward Work and Productivity
by Anthony C. Hubert, president of EuroJobs, an organization he established to promote efforts to raise the quality of working life and productivity in Europe. He was formerly Secretary-General of the European Association of National Productivity Centres. He writes regularly for this column.
http://www.apo-tokyo.org/productivity/054_prod.htm

Is Science Universalistics
Interesting ideas regarding science development and productivity of scientists
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=AusBqjmZM9AC&pg=PA157#v=onepage&q&f=false

Making Science: Between Nature and Society

Stephen Cole
Harvard University Press, 1992 - Science - 290 pages


The sociology of science is dominated today by relativists who boldly argue that the content of science is not influenced by evidence from the empirical world but is instead socially constructed in the laboratory. Making Science is the first serious critique by a sociologist of the social constructivist position.

Stephen Cole begins by making a distinction between two kinds of knowledge: the core, which consists of those contributions that have passed the test of evaluation and are universally accepted as true and important, and the research frontier, which is composed of all work in progress that is still under evaluation. Of the thousands of scientific contributions made each year, only a handful end up in the core. What distinguishes those that are successful?

Agreeing with the constructivists, Cole argues that there exists no set of rules that enables scientists to certify the validity of frontier knowledge. This knowledge is "underdetermined" by the evidence, and therefore social factors--such as professional characteristics and intellectual authority--can and do play a crucial role in its evaluation. But Cole parts company with the constructivists when he asserts that it is impossible to understand which frontier knowledge wins a place in the core without first considering the cognitive characteristics of the contributions. He concludes that although the focus of scientific research, the rate of advance, and indeed the everyday making of science are influenced by social variables and processes, the content of the core of science is constrained by nature. In Making Science, Cole shows how social variables and cognitive variables interact in the evaluation of frontier knowledge.

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=AusBqjmZM9AC

Productivity science and sustainability – a value-driven synthesis
David Lloyd John Stainer, Alan Stainer
https://doi.org/10.1504/IJMDM.2011.040699
International Journal of Management and Decision Making,   Volume 11, Issue 3-4
https://www.inderscienceonline.com/doi/10.1504/IJMDM.2011.040699

World Confederation of Productivity Science (WCPS)
Peace and Prosperity through Productivity

WCPS works primarily through its two Divisions – the World Network of Productivity Organizations(WNPO)  and the World Academy of Productivity Science(WAPS).  WCPS identifies and supports WNPO organizations that include both national and regional productivity promotion organizations.  WAPS identifies and inducts Fellows who are eminent professionals that devote much of their life enhancing productivity science development and implementation.
http://www.wcps.info/


Novem ber 2001
Productivity in a Connected World
As part of their planning and preparation for the next world Productivity congress (Hong Kong/China, November 2001) the World Confederation of Productivity Science recently held a 'think tank' session in Boston, USA.

Poductivity professionals must:

recognise and accept new forms of working, exploiting connectivity
understand the productivity implications of these new forms of working
develop new metrics to measure and analyse such productivity,

https://www.ims-productivity.com/page.cfm/content/Productivity-in-a-Connected-World/


ENVIRONMENTAL AND PRODUCTIVITYMANAGEMENT - THE BUSINESS
SUSTAINABILITY SYNDROME

Alan Stainer & Lorice Stainer
http://uhra.herts.ac.uk/bitstream/handle/2299/3612/903105.pdf?sequence=1

Saturday, September 8, 2018

Human Effort Engineering for Increasing Productivity - Principle of Industrial Engineering



Industrial Engineering is System Efficiency Engineering and Human Effort Engineering.




Industrial engineering focuses on efficiency, productivity and cost reduction of systems. It has application to every component or subsystem and to every resource used as system input and to every output produced by the system.

So we can think of areas like

Machine industrial engineering
Energy industrial engineering
Human effort industrial engineering
Supply chain industrial engineering
Power plant industrial engineering
Material handling industrial engineering
Information systems industrial engineering




TAYLOR - NARAYANA RAO PRINCIPLES OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING


Human Effort Industrial  Engineering for Increasing Productivity - Principle of Industrial Engineering




Human Effort Engineering


Human resources employed in engineering systems have their own needs. Industrial engineers are unique in engineering disciplines in taking up the engineering of human effort. They have to synthesize the theories of human sciences, some of which are developed by industrial engineering also, to design human work for an optimal combination of productivity, income, comfort, health, safety and satisfaction of the employed.

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Principles of Industrial Engineering - Presentation 


by Dr. K.V.S.S. Narayana Rao in the 2017Annual Conference of IISE (Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineering) at Pittsburgh, USA on 23 May 2017

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Elton Mayo - Narayana Rao  Synthesis - Utilization of Human Sciences in Industry


In 1923, Elton Mayo, in the paper "The Irrational Factor in Human  Behavior" indicated that industry has failed to utilize human sciences.

In 2017, Narayana Rao, proposed as a principle utilization of human sciences in human effort industrial engineering.

Human resources employed in engineering systems have their own needs. Industrial engineers are unique in engineering disciplines in taking up the engineering of human effort. They have to synthesize the theories of human sciences, some of which are developed by industrial engineering also, to design human work for an optimal combination of productivity, income, comfort, health, safety and satisfaction of the employed.

References

Mayo, Elton (1923), "The Irrational Factor in Human  Behavior", The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 110, November 1923, pp. 117-130.

Rao, Venkata Satya Surya Narayana Kambhampati. (2017), "Principles of Industrial Engineering," Proceedings of the 2017 Industrial and Systems Engineering Conference, K. Coperich, E. Cudney, H. Nembhard, eds.,Norcross, pp.890-895.


Further Principles of Industrial Engineering related to Human Effort IE


Updated 2018 - 9 September 2018,  17 June 2018

First published 6 July 2017

Wednesday, September 5, 2018

Kirksite Alloys for Tooling



Kirksite die was mentioned by L.D. Miles in his 1961 book on value analysis and value engineering.

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Even in 2018 it is a useful material.

References regarding Kirksite

https://www.eazall.com/mold-base-kirksite

http://www.armstrongrm.com/pages/rapidarticle.html

http://www.armstrongrm.com/pages/kirksitearticle.html


Combining the cast kirksite tooling process with RP and CAD improves prototype, bridge-to-production and short-run parts injection molding.

Modern developments in RP techniques facilitate process streamlining-making cast kirksite tooling a superb tool for reducing time-to-market with minimal capital expenditure.
http://www.armstrongrm.com/pages/kirksitearticle.html


Process Digital Twin



2018

Process Digital also can be developed.

Rajaravisankar Shanmugam (Raja Shan), is the Global Head - Business Development for the Internet of Things (IoT) Business at TCS. He is responsible for developing the IoT Business, thus leading the global IoT Sales, Marketing & Analyst Relations, and developing strategic Alliances & partnerships. He is a leading voice in Internet of things space, delivering the keynote address at prominent industry events and has published various works of thought leadership including an article on realizing business value from Internet of things.

Raja is an experienced leader with a well demonstrated record for tremendous success in Product Engineering, Project management, Strategy & Business development, Marketing and Analyst relations in the areas of Internet of things, Engineering Services & PLM for TCS. He has developed long standing relationships with customers from leading enterprises across industries such as Manufacturing, Hi-Tech & Energy.

Products or physical assets are presently twinned in the digital world. With the possibilities of aggregation, various internal processes can also be virtually established and evaluated. This opens the doors for  industries to arrive at vital decisions by simultaneously working in the virtual and physical world. Microsoft foresees that by leveraging the power of mixed reality and insights from a process digital twin, such industries can achieve cost effective process designs and virtually commission them with a 20% productivity improvement in the upcoming decade.

http://sites.tcs.com/bts/digital-twin-doubling-benefits-for-factories-of-the-future-blog/

https://www.electronicdesign.com/embedded-revolution/what-s-difference-between-simulation-and-digital-twin

https://www.jabil.com/insights/blog-main/how-digital-twins-lead-to-manufacturing-profitability.html

https://blog.schneider-electric.com/industrial-software/2017/02/06/first-born-digital-twins-simsci-process-engineering/

https://blog.schneider-electric.com/industrial-software/2017/02/06/first-born-digital-twins-simsci-process-engineering/

https://www.ansys.com/en-in/about-ansys/advantage-magazine/volume-xi-issue-1-2017/creating-a-digital-twin-for-a-pump