Thursday, January 26, 2012

Material Handling



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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PusvVnC_4Uc

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NIOSH Material Handling Guidelines

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2007-131/pdfs/2007-131.pdf

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Material Handling World, UK Magazine

http://www.mhwmagazine.co.uk/

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For more information on recent development in material handling visit
Material Handling Solutions and Equipment - Information Board

PGDIE, NITIE equivalent to Masters Degree - Notification by Central Government of India

 
 
 
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Thursday, January 12, 2012

Productivity and Efficiency in Banking - Industrial Engineering of Banking Operations


Productivity Excellence in Indian Banking - Seminar August 2011


Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI)  along with Indian Banks' Association (IBA) - is organizing Annual Summit on "Global Banking: Paradigm Shift" (FIBAC) from 23-25th August, 2011 at Hotel Trident, Nariman Point, Mumbai. The Boston Consulting Group (BCG), pre-eminent global strategy consulting firm, is the Knowledge Partner to the conference.

FICCI and IBA are jointly organizing FIBAC 2011 conference with the theme productivity excellence.

Issues for discussion

Productivity Excellence in Indian Banking
Managing people for Productivity Excellence
Cost efficient business models for low cost banking
Capital efficiency in emerging regulatory climate/ Impact of Basel III
Leveraging technology to enhance sales and cost efficiency
Operational excellence


http://www.ficci-banking.com/


Related Articles

Productivity of Bank employees doubled during 2004-05 to 2008-09
http://www.topnews.in/rbi-report-productivity-indian-banks-employees-has-doubled-five-years-2251639


Productivity in Banking 2001
http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2001/el2001-22.html

Banking Markets: Productivity, Risk and Customer Satisfaction
http://fic.wharton.upenn.edu/fic/papers/95/9514.pdf

Labor Productivity in Banking 1963-1980
http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1982/12/art3full.pdf

Lean Workstation

In a lean workstation operators pull parts and access assembly tools on an as needed JIT basis.
Lean workstations are designed for minimum wasted motions. With a lean wokstation everything must be choreographed like an orchestra.
Traditionally workstations are laid out for materuial handler's convenience and the value adding operators were not given the priority.

Million Robots Companies

 
 
The new popular news in many papers and websites is the item that Taiwan's Foxconn Technology group that assembles Apple's Iphones and Ipads in China is going install one million robots by 2014. Present it has 10,000. Next year it will install 300,000.
 
 
 
News about Robots
 
Nearly 9 million Robots in the world in 2008. Population of Robots is doubling in two years.

Increase Productivity using Online Tools

 
 
Reshared from
Digital Business . gov. au
Department of Broadband, Communication and Digital Economy, Australian  Government Website 
 
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Themes

I want to increase productivity using online tools

 

There is a wide range of online tools that can help you achieve efficiencies and productivity outcomes for your business or community group. With high speed broadband becoming more ubiquitous in Australia, particularly with the rollout of the National Broadband Network and with the proliferation of mobile devices, a range of practical solutions exist that allow you to conduct your business whenever and wherever you want, possibly for reduced costs. Learn about the benefits of digital productivity including the ability to:

 
 
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Lean and Clean Production Systems - Industrial Engineering Solution


Lean and clean companies boost productivity by eliminating inefficiency, streamlining production, improving the workplace environment, and increasing wages. Lean and clean companies become supremely competitive. The environmentally proactive companies had higher return on investment, higher sales growth, and higher operating income.
Many practices of energy efficiency and clean production are compatible. Both  have the same goal; systematically reducing waste. In the case of lean production  the waste is wasted time, and the measures of
inefficiency are high inventories, defects, and customer complaints. In clean production, the measure of inefficiency is pollution - air pollution, water pollution, and solid waste. If a
company has successfully  reduced waste and implmented lean,  lean and clean management is the next step in the ongoing process of increasing profits and productivity.

Henry Ford was obsessed with minimizing  wast of resource and time, His 1926 book Today and Tomorrow, reviews his many approaches to reducing waste.

Industrial Engineering - Texas A&M


What is Industrial Engineering?

Industrial engineers deal with systems. They can design, implement or improve integrated systems comprised of people, materials, information or energy. IE's can develop a better way of doing just about anything.

Industrial engineers find creative new ways to solve tough problems. From microelectronics, telecommunications, and retail to transportation, hospitals, and government, IE's make it happen more efficiently.

Industrial engineers get jobs as production engineers, supply chain managers, operations analysts, quality engineers and information system specialists. They work for any business, company, governmental agency, or service oriented enterprise that wants improved operations and reduced costs.

Many IE's start their own companies or go into consulting.

http://ise.tamu.edu/

Graduate Course Descriptions

http://ise.tamu.edu/academic/graduate/course_description.html

More Industrial Engineering Studies on Lean Manufacturing Systems

Yash Dave and Nagendra Sohani in the paper "The Journey of Lean Manufacturing: Literature Review" published in Udyog Pragati, April-June 2011, Pp.22-34, stated that lean manufacturing term was coined by MIT researchers to describe the collection of efficiency improvements that Toyota Motors adopted. Because of its origin at Toyota Motors the same collection of improvement has also been called teh "Toyoto Production System."
Industrial engineering provided a great boost to productivity of the production systems in the early two decade of the 20th century. Management thinkers like Peter Drucker acknowledge the contribution of Taylor in developing differential wage plans, means of identifying better methods at elements level, time study to estimate task times, scientific study manual as well as machine methods etc. Industrial engineering once again made a great contribution to the manufacturing systems by coming up with SMED and the resultant lean manufacturing system.
Industrial engineers are continuing the task by doing further studies on lean manufacturing systems.
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      • ____________________________ 
        APPLICATION OF LEAN MANUFACTURING TECHNIQUES FOR THE DESIGN OF
        THE AIRCRAFT ASSEMBLY LINE
        by
        Victoria Elena Gastelum
        Submitted to the Sloan School of Management and the Department of Mechanical Engineering in
        partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degrees of
        MASTER OF SCIENCE IN MANAGEMENT and MASTER OF SCIENCE IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
        at the MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, June 2002
        http://lean.mit.edu/downloads/download-document/137-application-of-lean-manufacturing-techniques-for-the-design-of-the-aircraft-assembly-line.html
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        Lean Systems - MIT Theses

        Mechanical Efficiency of Muscle Use


        This is a topic of interest to industrial engineers.

        http://sports.jrank.org/pages/9617/mechanical-efficiency.html

        The above article points out that up to 40% efficiency can be achieved.
        Elite sportsmen are 4 times more efficient compared to novices in net efficiency. Training has market effect on efficiency.
         
        Effects of different pedalling techniques on muscle fatigue and mechanical efficiency during prolonged cycling
        Abstract of the article 

        Wednesday, January 11, 2012

        Scientific Management is 100 Years Old - Centenary of Scientific Management



        "Scientific management: 100 years old; Poised for the next century" was published in SAM Advanced Management Journal / Spring Issue, 1996. Michael Freeman is the author.

        http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb6698/is_n2_v61/ai_n28673387/

        According to Taylor, scientific management's birthplace is his paper "A Piece-Rate System," read by him in 1895. It being a step toward partial solution of the labor problem, Taylor fixed age of scientific management as  17 years in 1912.

        But Taylor's definitive work, The Principles of Scientific Management was  first published in 1911. Hence in 2011, scientific management completes its 100 years and 1910-11 is the centenary year of scientific management.

        Google Full View Book
        http://books.google.com/books?id=4qM7yJKC_nkC

        http://books.google.com/books?id=HA69FhrjB4kC

        Light Weight and Low Cost Design

         
         
        Stifness limited component
        Lecture slides
         
        LIght weight solar PV systems design
         
        LIght weight structural materials

        Crank Shaft Design Optimization

        Development of Innovative Simulation and Testing Methodologies for Optimizing Crankshaft Design
        Author(s): Saharash Khare - TVS Motor Company Ltd. India
        Date Published: 2010-09-28 
        Paper presented at Small Engine Technology Conference & Exposition, September 2010, Linz, ASTRI, Session: Design and Simulation (Part 2 of 2)
        Related Knols

        Human Factors - Definition

         
         
         
        Mark S. Sanders and Ernest J. McCormick, in the book Human Factors in Engineering and Design, seventh edition (1993),  provide the following definition for human factors. This definition according them is slightly modified version of the definition provided by Chapanis (1985)
         
        'Human factors discovers and applies information about human behavior, abilities, limitations, and other characteristics to the design of tools, machines, systems, tasks, jobs, and environments for productive, safe, comfortable, and effective human use." (Page 5)
         
         
        Job Design Guidelines for Manual Material Handling (Ayoub and Mital, 1989)  (Sanders and McCormick, 1993, Pp. 267-68)
         
        1. Decrease the weight of objects handled (Order supplies in smaller-quantity containers)
        2. Use two or more people to move heavy or large objects.
        3. Change the way of doing the activity; for example, pull or, better yet, push rathe than carry.
        4. Minimize horizontal distance travelled with the load.
        5. Stack materials no higher than shoulder height.
        6. Keep heavy objects at knuckle height.
        7. Reduce frequency of lifting.
        8. Incorporate rest periods.
        9. Incorporate job rotation to less strenuous jobs.
        10. Design containers with handles that can be held close to the body.
         
        Safe-lift Principles
         
        Maintain a straight bakc, use leg muscles, keep the load as close to the body as possible, use smooth body motion, avoid jerking, and turn the feet rather than twisting the torso. (Foot note, Sanders and McCormick, 1993, p. 268).
         
         
        Related knols
         
         

        Industrial Engineering in Chemical Engineering

        Optimization of Components and Products
         
        Chemical Equipment
         
         
        Optimization of Systems
         
        Ethylene Process Design Optimization
         
         
         
        Engineering Economics
         
         
        Productivity of Human Factor
         
        Control System Operators - Cognitive loads
         
         
        Safety and Health of Employees
         
        Safety precaution in dealing with chemicals
        Precautions against inhaling, coming in touch with chemicals