Friday, December 28, 2018

Productivity Management Courses



2018

Productivity Management (Production Management II)
Contents
 Productivity - Introduction and Fundamentals (Introduction to productivity management, fundamentals of productivity analysis)

 Machine Productivity (Analysis of the machine productivity, setup optimisation, maintenance, interlinked production lines)

 Labour Productivity (Analysis of the labour productivity, ergonomics, MTM-analysis, human-machine relation and layouts)

faculty
Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Hermann Lödding
https://www.tuhh.de/ipmt/das-ipmt/mitarbeiter/hl.html

https://www.tuhh.de/alt/ipmt/education/lectures/productivity-management.html




BMGT 211
Productivity Management
Info
15 credits, 0.125 EFTS
Semester: Two
Timetable block: 5
Description
An introduction to designing, managing an dcontrolling the core transformation process in organisations in a lean-focused, managerial decision-making context.
http://www.lincoln.ac.nz/Study/Courses/?CourseCode=BMGT%20211

http://www.lincoln.ac.nz/About-Lincoln/Staff-Profiles/?Find=Mohini.Vidwans@

Monday, December 24, 2018

Productivity Focus of Industrial Engineering - Leading IE and ISE Programs of USA



What is Industrial Engineering?


Industrial Engineering is System Efficiency Engineering and Human Effort Engineering. -Narayana Rao K.V.S.S.

Industrial Engineering can also be explained as Machine Effort Engineering and Human Effort Engineering.

Industrial Engineering makes machines and men more productive taking care of  their abilities and weaknesses and ensures sustainable operations for years.

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Functions of Industrial Engineering - Video Presentation

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Information compiled from the web pages of the university and ISE/IE departments during December 2018.

University of Michigan


Industrial & Operations Engineering -   BSE Programs

Manufacturing Engineering Specialization

Manufacturing engineering is concerned with determining how to manufacture engineered products with minimal capital investments and operating costs in facilities safe to both workers and the environment. Students study methods for evaluating production and inventory systems, facility layout, and material handling systems and are prepared to aid in the daily operation of a manufacturing facility while evaluating operations for the future.

Industrial & Operations Engineering -  MS/MSE Programs

Production, Distribution & Logistics (PDL) Option

Courses in this group focus on methods and techniques for optimal PDL, including simulation, inventory analysis, scheduling and manufacturing systems.


Lehigh University 

Industrial and Systems Engineering (ISE)

ISE is distinctive because its tools can be applied to any business in any setting, from production to services, in either the private or public sector. Industrial and systems engineers design, improve, and optimize processes, systems, or the products and services themselves. In today’s competitive marketplace where continuous improvement and cost containment are paramount to survival, this is an extremely critical role. That is why our graduates are so sought-after.

ISE graduates take a “systems” perspective – assessing all of the inputs and outputs, the people, money, machines, information, resources, and time – in order to do things better. Using mathematical models and methods, the industrial and systems engineer makes an impact through critical decision-making.

University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California


The Master of Science in Industrial and Systems Engineering is awarded in strict conformity with the general requirements of the Viterbi School of Engineering. This program enhances the technical capabilities of the industrial engineer.

According to the Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers, they devise how to do things better by engineering processes and systems that improve quality and productivity.

Purdue University - Main Campus West Lafayette, Indiana


Industrial engineers design, analyze, and manage complex human-integrated systems such as manufacturing systems, supply chain networks, and service systems. These systems typically consist of a combination of people, information, material, and equipment. In such systems industrial engineers determine how to optimize the system for maximum efficiency, effectiveness, throughput, safety, or some other objective of interest to the stakeholders of the system.

The complexity of these organizations and the emphasis on increased effectiveness, efficiency, and productivity have led to a growing need for industrial engineering analysis and design, resulting in an increased demand for industrial engineering graduates.

https://engineering.purdue.edu/IE/academics/undergraduate

Northeastern University Boston, Massachusetts


"Industrial Engineering (IE) applies mathematics to different aspects of business processes to improve efficiency and productivity. IE uses technology to manage all kinds of resources, including human beings, effectively. IE has global impact by designing and analyzing complex systems that integrate technical, economic, and social factors for all types of organizations."

http://www.mie.neu.edu/degrees/industrial-engineering-bs

Clemson University Clemson, South Carolina


Industrial Engineering (IE) considers an array of issues all dealing with efficiency and quality of systems.

IEs serve as engineering specialists who evaluate how to make systems more cost-effective.

An important question they would ask is, “What is the most efficient way to arrange the distribution facility?”

Texas A&M University - College Station College Station, Texas


What do Industrial Engineers do?
Industrial engineering is often described as being where “engineering meets people”.  Like other engineers, industrial engineers solve difficult problems using science and mathematics. However, they are uniquely educated in dealing with the human factor, the people issues that arise when human beings work in complicated technical systems. This “engineering for human factors” is an essential part of creating smooth, competitive operations that keep people safe while enabling productivity and promoting well-being.

https://engineering.tamu.edu/industrial/academics/degrees/index.html

Pennsylvania State University - Main Campus University Park, Pennsylvania


WHAT IS INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING?

Industrial Engineering is rooted in the sciences of engineering, the study of systems, and the management of people. Industrial engineers are big-picture problem solvers who optimize complex engineering systems and processes. They bring together people, machinery, materials, information, energy, and financial resources to improve efficiency, performance, quality, and safety while reducing cost and waste. According to the Institute of Industrial & Systems Engineers, Industrial Engineers "work to eliminate waste of time, money, materials, energy, and other commodities."

https://bulletins.psu.edu/undergraduate/colleges/engineering/industrial-engineering-bs/



Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Troy, New York


ISE is interdisciplinary: it encompasses engineering, management, human factor.

ISE involves the application of mathematical, computational, statistical, and information science methods to model, analyze, and solve complex decision problems in engineering, business,  and social systems. ISE employs methods of mathematical programming, queuing theory, computational optimization, decision analysis, applied statistics, database systems, soft computing, and discrete event simulation for solving problems related to the design, planning, and operation of complex systems where intelligent coordination is necessary to achieve optimal performance. It is distinctive from management and economics in the use of an engineering approach to design and analyze enterprise processes to optimize performance. It is distinct from computer science in its focus on the design of data and knowledge systems as the organizational nerve center where operations and enterprise systems are integrated.

http://eng.rpi.edu/academics/departments/ise


Binghamton University Vestal, New York


SYSTEMS SCIENCE AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING
We're all about people, equipment and materials — and how they work in industry and life.

We study complex systems in industry and manufacturing settings, healthcare environments and society.

We make systems, things and people work smarter and better.

https://www.binghamton.edu/ssie/index.html


North Carolina State University at Raleigh Raleigh, North Carolina


"Industrial and systems engineers improve quality and productivity while at the same time cutting waste like time, materials, money, and energy."

University of Wisconsin - Madison, Wisconsin


Becoming an industrial engineer (IE) places one in an exciting field of engineering that focuses on productivity improvement worldwide.

An IE deals with people as well as things.

An IE looks at the "big picture" of what makes society perform best—the right combination of human resources, natural resources, and human-made structures and equipment. An IE bridges the gap between management and operations, dealing with and motivating people as well as determining what tools should be used and how they should be used. Industrial engineering is concerned with performance measures and standards, research of new products and product applications, ways to improve use of scarce resources, and many other problem-solving adventures.

http://guide.wisc.edu/undergraduate/engineering/industrial-systems-engineering/

University of Washington - Seattle Campus Seattle, Washington


Faster, easier, more efficient; that’s what being an IE is all about.

They improve processes by making them more efficient, better, and safer. IEs are the only engineering professionals trained specifically to be productivity and quality improvement specialists.

https://ise.washington.edu/about/about-ise

Kettering University Flint, Michigan


Industrial Engineering
Virtually every organization: banks, the military, theme parks, airlines, restaurants, retail companies, manufacturers, software companies, even hospitals, need industrial engineers to find new ways to improve quality, save money, and increase productivity.

With their background, IEs can even design healthcare services efficiently to deliver high quality treatments in patient- and provider-friendly environments. All of this while keeping costs under control.

https://www.kettering.edu/programs-and-degrees/industrial-engineering

University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign


“Industrial” does not mean just manufacturing—it encompasses telecommunications, computing, service industries, and human relations as well.

Industrial engineers have the technical training and understanding of people to make improvements in efficiency and quality in any setting.

Industrial Engineers eliminate waste of time, money, materials, energy, and other commodities; strain on workers and the environment; and save companies money.
https://ise.illinois.edu/undergraduate/industrial-engineering-degree/


Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering
School of Engineering

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering was formed in 1947, at a time when the nation was expanding its manufacturing output and businesses found that increasing efficiency reduced industrial costs.

In both teaching and research, the ISE coursework addresses such issues as:


  • Designing and implementing new technology to reduce manufacturing costs and increase productivity.
  • Predictive modeling and optimization of machining operations.


https://ise.rutgers.edu/master-engineering-degree-industrial-engineering

University at Buffalo 

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering

What is Industrial and Systems Engineering?

Industrial engineers determine the most effective ways to use the basic factors of production—people, machines, materials, information, and energy—to make a product or provide a service.

"...They are concerned primarily with increasing productivity through the management of people, methods of business organization, and technology. To maximize efficiency, industrial engineers study product requirements carefully and then design manufacturing and information systems to meet those requirements with the help of mathematical methods and models. They develop management control systems to aid in financial planning and cost analysis, and they design production planning and control systems to coordinate activities and ensure product quality.

https://engineering.buffalo.edu/industrial-systems/academics/undergraduate/why-ise.html


Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester


Linking People, Technology, and Business
Industrial engineers have an important role in every organization, serving as a bridge between engineering and management to analyze and adapt processes or create new ones
Whether it’s a manufacturing procedure, a staffing model, or a redesign of physical space, industrial engineers identify the people, materials, technology, information, and energy required for a process to be efficient—and determine how these resources should interact to be effective.

https://www.wpi.edu/academics/departments/industrial-engineering

University of Pittsburgh -  Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania


Industrial engineering is the only engineering discipline with close links to management.

IEs are primarily concerned with two closely related issues: productivity and quality. They address these two issues by looking at integrated systems of machines, human beings, information, computers, and other resources. A variety of skills and techniques are used to design and operate such systems in the most productive way possible, while continuously improving them and maintaining the highest levels of quality. IEs make significant contributions to their employers by making money for them while, at the same time, making the workplace better for fellow workers.

https://www.engineering.pitt.edu/Departments/Industrial/_Content/About/What-is-Industrial-Engineering-/

University of Miami Coral Gables, Florida


Objective
Industrial engineers optimally design, build and maintain production/operating systems to maximize effectiveness, efficiency, productivity and competitiveness.

Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama


Industrial and systems engineers design and improve processes to make work safer, faster, easier and more rewarding. Whether shortening a rollercoaster line, streamlining an operating room, distributing products worldwide or manufacturing superior automobiles, industrial and systems engineers face the challenge and common goal of saving money and increasing efficiency.

By using the right combinations of human and natural resources, fabricated structures, information technologies and manufactured equipment, industrial and systems engineers look at the big picture of
what makes organizations work best.

http://eng.auburn.edu/insy/files/insyfactsheet.pdf

Iowa State University,   Ames, Iowa


Industrial engineers use principles of engineering and management to integrate systems that include people, materials, information, equipment and energy.

Industrial engineers help people get more out of life by improving their work environments, providing better service, and reducing their cost of living. We are working to improve the environment by conserving energy, reducing industrial waste, and recycling materials.

https://www.imse.iastate.edu/the-department/about-imse/

California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo,  San Luis Obispo, California


"According to the Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers, "Industrial engineers figure out how to do things better. They engineer processes and systems that improve quality and productivity. They work to eliminate waste of time, money, materials, energy and other commodities....Key objectives of industrial engineering are to improve the quality and productivity of creating and delivering goods and services and to act as the interface between technology and humans. Engineering ( theoretical knowledge,) methods and practical knowledge are used in formulating decision models for the optimum application of engineering and management principles."

http://catalog.calpoly.edu/collegesandprograms/collegeofengineering/industrialmanufacturingengineering/#undergraduatetext


University of Oklahoma Norman Campus,  Norman, Oklahoma


Industrial engineers, to improve, integrate, inform, and innovate.

Improve
Industrial engineers are improvement engineers. ISEs help organizations add value by eliminating waste, maximizing quality and productivity, and using resources effectively.

Integrate
Industrial engineers are integration engineers. ISEs bring people, processes, and technologies together to solve complex problems in all types of organizations.

Inform
Industrial engineers are information engineers. ISEs use computer-based tools to collect data, organize and analyze information, and present solutions for decision-making.

Innovate
Industrial engineers are innovation engineers. ISEs use a holistic approach, combining engineering expertise with a business perspective, to solve modern, often large-scale, problems.

http://www.ou.edu/coe/ise/academics


New Jersey Institute of Technology,  Newark, New Jersey


If  you're always finding a better, more efficient, more sensible way to do things, you're already on the right track to become an industrial engineer.  The saying goes, "Engineers make things, industrial engineers make them better."

You'll look at all the factors--people, machines, materials, information and energy--that go into any kind of process, from surgery to a space walk to passengers going through airport security.  And you'll find better, more efficient ways to use those factors.  Because every business and every industry is always looking to improve and be more productive, you'll have a broad range of career options.

https://mie.njit.edu/whystudy/why-study-ims.php

The University of Tennessee,  Knoxville, Tennessee


Who are Industrial and Systems Engineers?
While other types of engineers design things, industrial engineers (IEs) design the systems that enable those things to work effectively. IEs design, install, improve, and control large, complex systems that include the integration of people, materials, machines, and facilities with wide-ranging applications including:

manufacturing
healthcare
service
transportation
energy
finance
entertainment

https://ise.utk.edu/about/who-are-industrial-engineers/

Rochester Institute of Technology,  Rochester, New York


What can we do to simultaneously increase efficiency and quality?

As companies adopt management philosophies of continuous productivity and quality improvement to survive in the increasingly competitive world market, the need for industrial engineers is growing. Why? Industrial engineers are the only engineering professionals trained as productivity and quality improvement specialists.

Industrial engineers figure out how to do things better. They engineer processes and systems that improve quality and productivity. They work to eliminate waste of time, money, materials, energy, and other commodities. Most important of all, IEs save companies money.

http://www.rit.edu/kgcoe/ise/about/overview

University of Massachusetts,  Amherst, Massachusetts


IEs strive to make systems:

Efficient - whether in terms of cost or use of resources;

In the UMass IE program, you can complement your IE degree with management skills.

https://mie.umass.edu/undergraduate-students/ieor-program

University of Illinois at Chicago,   Chicago, Illinois


What is Industrial Engineering?


Industrial Engineering is where engineering meets business. It is the perfect career for people who like to solve practical problems in a variety of working environments and develop systems to improve quality and productivity.

Industrial engineers focus on how to get the work done most efficiently, balancing many factors — such as time, number of workers needed, available technology, actions workers need to take, achieving the end product with no errors, workers' safety, environmental concerns, and cost.

To find ways to reduce waste and improve performance, industrial engineers first study product requirements carefully. Then they use mathematical methods and models to design manufacturing and information systems to meet those requirements most efficiently.

http://mie.uic.edu/what-is-industrial-engineering/


Arizona State University,  Tempe, Arizona


Industrial engineering combines knowledge from the physical, mathematical and social sciences to design efficient manufacturing and service systems that integrate people, equipment and information.

https://cidse.engineering.asu.edu/forstudent/graduate/industrial-engineering/


Milwaukee School of Engineering,  Milwaukee, Wisconsin


By focusing on critical processes and systems, industrial engineers are making these businesses more efficient, effective and productive. Industrial engineers are often seen as facilitators of change. Industrial engineering is primarily concerned with the design and continuous improvement of systems by effectively integrating people, processes and technology. Quality and productivity improvement are critical issues.

University of Houston,  Houston, Texas



Nature of the Work

Industrial engineers determine the most effective ways for an organization to use the basic factors of production - people, machines, materials, information, and energy - to make or process a product or produce a service. They are the bridge between management goals and operational performance. They are more concerned with increasing productivity through the management of people, methods of business organization, and technology than are engineers in other specialties, who generally work more with products or processes.

http://www.ie.uh.edu/undergraduate/overview

Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon



MIME Program Educational Objective (PEO)

PEO 1.)  Created value to organizations through the analysis, evaluation, and improvement of engineered systems and processes using appropriate industrial engineering methods and tools.

PEO 3.)  Innovated systems and processes, in response to organizational challenges, though the application of structured and unstructured industrial engineering methodologies, including engineering design and problem-solving.



University of Houston,  Houston, Texas


Industrial engineers determine the most effective ways for an organization to use the basic factors of production - people, machines, materials, information, and energy - to make or process a product or produce a service They are the bridge between management goals and operational performance. They are more concerned with increasing productivity through the management of people, methods of business organization, and technology than are engineers in other specialties, who generally work more with products or processes.

http://www.ie.uh.edu/undergraduate/overview


Bradley University, Peoria


Industrial and manufacturing engineers transfer conceptual design models into physical systems and products with superior quality, time efficiency and cost effectiveness.

The industrial engineering major gives you the skills needed to design, operate, manage and improve complex systems that involve people, materials, information, equipment and money. You gain the ability to analyze and optimize these systems to improve quality, productivity and safety of complex systems.

Your training gives you tools to improve performance of organizations by reducing their operational costs without losing the quality of products and services.

https://www.bradley.edu/academic/departments/imet/

https://www.bradley.edu/academic/departments/imet/gradprogram/msie/

University of San Diego, San Diego, California


Industrial and systems engineers (ISyEs) figure out how to do things better. They engineer processes and systems that improve quality and productivity while eliminating waste of time, money, materials and costs.


USD's ISyE program courses are designed to help you to become a highly sought after engineer who is tremendously valuable to the bottom line for organizations.

http://www.sandiego.edu/engineering/programs/industrial-and-systems-engineering/


University of Iowa,Iowa City


Industrial engineers improve the quality of our lives by making systems and processes better, faster, cheaper, and safer.

Industrial and systems engineers hold positions as advisers to management or may participate directly in management decisions.

https://admissions.uiowa.edu/academics/industrial-and-systems-engineering

Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas


They need to be able to choose the best methods to produce the highest quality goods and services at the lowest possible cost.

Production systems and the analysis and improvement of productivity are the heart and soul of industrial engineering.

https://www.imse.ksu.edu/undergraduate/

Texas Tech University, Lubbock



We have research and projects focused on traditional industrial engineering ideas of improving process flow and performance - although in addition to industrial and manufacturing settings we are applying these concepts and techniques in many service settings including healthcare.


Oklahoma State University, Main Campus, Stillwater


As IEs, we focus on both the quality of what is made and how it is made, as well as the productivity of the processes used. By quality, we mean the degree of customer satisfaction obtained from our products. By productivity, we mean the efficiency of our processes and production system. Quality and productivity results, together, determine the health and vitality of our production system in a world economy.

https://iem.okstate.edu/node/27

University of Central Florida, Orlando


Industrial Engineers work to continuously improve the design of systems, processes, or products. They design systems that translate a specific product design into a physical reality in the most productive manner and with the highest possible quality. In doing so, the indus- trial engineer deals with decisions regarding the utilization of people, materials, machines, and automation (including robotics). Industrial engineers are also skilled in Engineering Economic Analysis and Information Management since they are generally considered to be the natural interface between the technical specialist and management.

http://www.iems.ucf.edu/undergraduate/programs


University of Missouri – Columbia


What IE’s Do
They engineer processes and systems that reduce cost, improve quality, and increase productivity. IEs improve the world around you.

IEs are big-picture thinkers who can analyze systems of all different sizes. They focus on systems and how to make them more productive.

https://engineering.missouri.edu/departments/industrial-manufacturing-systems/master-science-industrial-engineering/

San Jose State University, San Jose


Industrial engineers are the only engineering professionals trained specifically to be productivity and quality improvement specialists.

Industrial engineers figure out how to do things better. They engineer processes and systems that improve quality and productivity. They work to eliminate waste of time, money, materials, energy, and other commodities.

The benefits of industrial engineering are widespread:

More efficient and more profitable business practices
Improved efficiency
Increased ability to do more with less
Making work safer, faster, easier, and more rewarding
Helping companies produce more products quickly
Reducing costs associated with new technologies

http://www.sjsu.edu/ise/about/careers/

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA


Industrial Engineering (IE) and Engineering Management (EM) are the perfect fields of study for students interested in both the technical aspects of engineering and the management of resources for making improvements in processes and products.

IEs use these models to make engineering decisions for improving system performance, quality, and cost.

The work of IEs involves design, manufacturing, quality, reliability, performance, human factors, environmental impact, cost, and management leading to optimal use of human, material, and information resources.


Louisiana state university


To survive and prosper in today's global markets, companies must constantly improve the quality of their products and services, the productivity of their organizations (how well they use their resources), and how quickly they can respond to changing customer needs/wants.  This is what Industrial Engineers do.


In designing systems, an Industrial Engineer integrates equipment, materials, energy, information, and people together to meet business objectives, while insuring product/service quality and reliability, the safety and satisfaction of customers  and employees, and the effective and productive use of resources.

Technically-savvy students interested in engineering but also working closely with business and people are often drawn to Industrial Engineering.  IE's are a natural bridge between the technical and business worlds of many organizations, and move readily into technical management roles later in their careers.

https://www.lsu.edu/eng/mie/studentlife/prospectivestudents/ie.php


University of Rhode Island


Our students improve systems across all industries, including defense, aviation, manufacturing and health care. We ensure these systems operate at top efficiency and safety. We combine broad engineering skills with behavioral science to graduate students ready to tackle even the most complex system challenges.

https://web.uri.edu/mcise/undergrad/


West Virginia University



Nature of Program
Industrial engineering is the discipline of engineering concerned with the design, improvement, and installation of integrated systems of people, material, information, equipment, and energy to assure performance, reliability, maintainability, schedule adherence, and cost control.

Industrial engineers look at the “big picture” of an operation or system and bridge the gap between management and operations.

http://catalog.wvu.edu/undergraduate/collegeofengineeringandmineralresources/departmentofindustrialandmanagement/

University of Arkansas



Industrial engineers are often called “big picture” engineers, because they look at systems as a whole and come up with ways to improve them. They help people accomplish tasks safely, quickly and cost effectively.

As an industrial engineer, you could design warehouses that store goods more efficiently, or you might use ergonomics to make workplaces safer for employees.

https://industrial-engineering.uark.edu/

University of Arizona


Academics Geared to Maximizing Efficiency

Industrial engineering focuses on the design and implementation of integrated systems of people, materials, machines, energy and information.  After specifying systems objectives, industrial engineers combine technical knowledge and skill from the physical, engineering and social sciences to design evaluate and monitor system performance.  The industrial engineer is charged with the responsibility of ensuring high quality while simultaneously meeting cost and output goals.

This is accomplished through the optimal allocation of resources throughout the system.  Industrial engineers practice in both administrative and production segments of manufacturing and service organizations.  Industrial engineers are commonly employed in heavy industry (such as steel), medium industry (such as plastics and computers), light industry (such as electronic assembly), health care delivery, electronics, telecommunication, transportation, service, government.

https://grad.arizona.edu/catalog/programinfo/INEMS


University of Louisville


Industrial Engineers design large-scale integrated systems of people, equipment, energy, material, and information.  IEs can improve the productivity in a factory, shorten waiting times in hospital emergency rooms, arrange for "just in time" delivery of products, direct barge traffic on inland waterways;  and even help to make planes run on time.

http://louisville.edu/speed/industrial/about


The University of Texas at Arlington


Industrial engineers design systems that merge people, processes, technology, and information to provide services and/or manufacturing products efficiently, productively, and safely.

We are an enthusiastic community of students, faculty, staff, alumni, and industry partners dedicated to making industry and society more productive.

https://www.uta.edu/engineering/industrial/


Saint Ambrose University



WHAT WILL I LEARN?

Industrial Engineering is concerned with designing, evaluating, and improving systems. At St. Ambrose, our emphasis is on how humans fit into those systems to ensure safe and productive work.

Mississippi State University

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering

ISE looks at the “big picture” of what makes organizations work best. Students in the Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering learn and research how to design, improve, and control systems of people, materials, information, equipment, energy, and capital to increase quality, safety, and profitability.


University of Alabama at Huntsville - The Industrial and Systems Engineering and Engineering Management Department



Graduates will be prepared to devise efficient integrated organizational or production systems through in-depth instruction incorporating analytical, computational, and experimental practices.

https://www.uah.edu/eng/departments/iseem

Ohio University


Do you want to create for good by improving productivity, product quality, and user experiences? Explore the undergraduate and graduate industrial and systems engineering programs we offer in the Russ College

https://www.ohio.edu/engineering/ise/index2.cfm

Western Michigan University

Department of Industrial and Entrepreneurial Engineering and Engineering Management

Industrial and entrepreneurial engineers are engineers who are educated for the new economy, an economy where entrepreneurs with technical skills have tremendous opportunities and career options. They design, improve and implement systems that bring together people, materials and equipment to make businesses function in the most efficient way possible.

If you are interested in learning what it takes to turn creative new ideas into profit-making opportunities using a combination of engineering, economics and communication skills, and if you enjoy solving problems and improving the way people do things, Western Michigan University's industrial and entrepreneurial engineering program might be for you.

https://wmich.edu/academics/undergraduate/industrial-engineering


Wichita State University

Industrial, Systems, and Manufacturing Engineering Department


The Bachelor of Science in INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (BSIE) degree program curriculum has been developed to provide its graduates with a set of comprehensive engineering skills to solve problems in manufacturing and service industries, businesses, and institutions, with the objective of productivity improvement through better use of human resources, financial resources, natural resources and man-made structures and equipment.

https://www.wichita.edu/academics/engineering/ime/documents/BSIE_Program_Information.doc


Northern Illinois University

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering


Our curriculum aims to give you the tools to improve productivity, save money and effectively use resources in jobs across a variety of industries that include manufacturing, healthcare, entertainment, transportation and shipping services.

https://www.niu.edu/ceet/departments/industrial-and-systems-engineering/index.shtml

Industrial and systems engineers are constantly looking for better solutions to improve the process and production of goods and services. It requires both vision and action. You’ll sharpen your eye for efficiency and discover new innovative ways to improve productivity.

https://www.niu.edu/ceet/about/faculty-and-instructors/index.shtml#isye

California State Polytechnic University – Pomona


Industrial Engineering
Is the profession concerned with designing and improving business
operations. They apply math, science,and technology to improve efficiency and quality in organizations, with special consideration for the human element.

https://ime.calpoly.edu/static/media/uploads/ie_career_flyer_front_15-17_10-11-16.pdf

B.S. IE Curriculum
The curriculum emphasis is based upon the application of basic knowledge of math, physical, and social sciences. The curriculum objectives are to improve the quality and productivity of creating and delivering goods and services and to act as the interface between technology and humans.

https://ime.calpoly.edu/current-students/

New Mexico State University - Main Campus

Department of Industrial Engineering

Industrial engineers learn to improve workplace productivity. Analyze Problems of Process Reengineering and Set-up Reduction

http://ie.nmsu.edu/what-is-industrial-engineering/

North Dakota State University

Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Industrial Engineering concentrates on  designing, installing, and improving procedures and systems for effective and efficient operation of enterprises in healthcare, financial, transportation, distribution and other types of service industries; governmental units and agencies.

https://www.ndsu.edu/ime/

University of Wisconsin – Platteville

Department of Industrial Engineering

Why Choose Industrial Engineering?
Industrial engineers help improve the productivity of all types of companies by designing tasks, systems, and products that improve efficiencies by being safer, offer a higher return on investment, and make better use of resources. You’ll envision the ‘big picture’ while gaining the skills needed to integrate components and successfully bring all the pieces together.

https://www.uwplatt.edu/ems/industrial-engineering

Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville

Department of Industrial Engineering

What do Industrial Engineers (IEs) do?
Engineering + Management: IEs design, produce, and deliver quality products (parts or services) to customers timely at affordable prices. This involves not only designing and producing valued-added products but also planning processes, systems, equipment and managing people and other resources efficiently and cost-effectively.

http://www.siue.edu/ENGINEER/IE/IE_Key_Facts/IE_Key_Facts_English.pdf

North Carolina A & T State University

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering

Industrial and systems engineering emerged as a profession to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of operations.

https://www.ncat.edu/coe/departments/inen/ise-documents/ISE%20Undergrad%20Handbook%202018-19.pdf


Louisiana Tech University

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering


The Institute of Industrial & Systems Engineers defines industrial engineering as a branch of engineering that deals with the optimization of complex processes, systems or organizations.

While some engineers design “things,” industrial engineers are often responsible for designing processes, or for analyzing and improving existing processes. Industrial engineers make things better in any industry—from automobile manufacturing and aerospace, to healthcare, forestry, finance, leisure, and education. An industrial engineer works to identify and eliminate waste and unnecessary costs, as well as to improve the safety of the worker.

https://coes.latech.edu/undergraduate-programs/industrial-engineering/

Oakland University 

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering

The profession of Industrial and Systems Engineering is about choices.
Whether it’s distributing products worldwide, manufacturing superior automobiles, or streamlining the procedures in an operating room, all of these situations share the common goal of increasing efficiencies and saving companies money.

http://catalog.oakland.edu/preview_program.php?catoid=25&poid=3946


Updated on 25 December 2018
First published 16 December 2018




Saturday, December 22, 2018

Industrial Engineering in All Branches of Engineering - Principle of Industrial Engineering


TAYLOR - NARAYANA RAO PRINCIPLES OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING

3-Industrial Engineering is applicable in all Branches of Engineering
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Industrial engineering defined as system efficiency engineering has application in all branches of engineering. Productivity improvement is needed in engineering systems of all branches and therefore industrial engineering needs to be used in all branches of engineering. It needs to be taught in all engineering branches.

Principles of Industrial Engineering - Presentation 


by Dr. K.V.S.S. Narayana Rao in the 2017Annual Conference of IISE (Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineering) at Pittsburgh, USA on 23 May 2017
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Industrial Engineering in Various Branches of Engineering


Industrial Engineering in Civil Engineering

Industrial Engineering in Electrical Engineering


An interesting way of promoting industrial engineering all engineering branches

Engineering Discipline Minors for IE Students -   Louisiana State University


Minors of Interest to Industrial Engineers

Biological Engineering 
Construction Management 
Electrical and Computer Engineering    
Environmental Engineering 
Materials Science Engineering 
Mechanical Engineering 
Structural Engineering 
Sugar Engineering 
Surveying
Transportation Engineering
https://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2018/12/engineering-discipline-minors-for-ie.html

Applied Industrial Engineering - Process Steps

Industrial engineering can be applied to various technologies of an engineering branch using the following process steps.
Monitor - Explore - Analyze - Develop - Analyze - Participate and Prepare - Implement and Install - Manage
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2018/05/applied-industrial-engineering-process.html


Updated on 23 May 2018,  28 May 2018
First posted on 29 June 2017

Engineering Discipline Minors for IE Students - Louisiana State University



An interesting way of promoting industrial engineering all engineering branches

Engineering Discipline Minors for IE Students -   Louisiana State University


Technical Minors for Industrial Engineering Program


Many Industrial Engineering students pursue minors in addition to their IE degree. If you have a clear idea as to the type of industry you want to focus in upon graduation, a minor can help you gain additional understanding of the field and strengthen your competitiveness in that industries job market.   You may enroll in multiple minors.


Minors of Interest to Industrial Engineers

Biological Engineering
Construction Management
Electrical and Computer Engineering   
Environmental Engineering
Materials Science Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Structural Engineering
Sugar Engineering
Surveying
Transportation Engineering


https://www.lsu.edu/eng/mie/undergraduate/industrialengineering/index.php



See

Industrial Engineering in All Branches of Engineering - Principle of Industrial Engineering

Industrial engineering defined as system efficiency engineering has application in all branches of engineering. Productivity improvement is needed in engineering systems of all branches and therefore industrial engineering needs to be used in all branches of engineering. It needs to be taught in all engineering branches.

TAYLOR - NARAYANA RAO PRINCIPLES OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING


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Friday, December 14, 2018

Human Oriented Productivity Enhancement - Improvement Program


Prof Masayoshi Takahashi,

HOPE- Human Oriented Productivity Enhancement

HOPP - Human Oriented Productivity Program





Methodology:





*Sharing Japanese system of management of successful companies

*20 Keys of work improvement as advocated by Prof Masayoshi Takahashi, Y.S Fakuda of Japan








Japanese 20 Productivity keys




1.Good house keeping

2.Rationalizing systems in the organization

3.Reducing work in process and Inventory

4.Quick change over technology

5.Value analysis & work improvement

6.Zero monitoring manufacturing

7.Couple manufacturing

8.Maintenance of machines

9. Punctual work attitude

10.Waste elimination

11.Quality assurance system

12.Developing suppliers to meet your requirement

13.Empowering workers to make improvements

14.Small group work culture in the organization

15.Skill versatility and cross training

16.Production scheduling

17.Effciency control & Management

18.Conserving energy and materials

19.Application of existing technology

20 Computer technology and company wide net working ERP








*Factories  can be measured on the scale of 1-5 and assessed by trainers and show the current level and set targets for improvements.





 Sridhar Reddy

PROFILE:

A.Sridhar Reddy BE, MIE, FIV
Senior Vice President
M/S Integritti HRes Solutions Pvt.Ltd, Banglaore

Management advisor (International)
Former General Manager –HMT Corporate -Personnel Directorate (HRD + HRM) and
Japanese productivity Improvement , ISO 9000& TQM Grievance, counseling
+ 29 years of experience- Trained by Swiss on Quality &
Japanese on Productivity Improvement



CONSULTANCY ASSIGNMENT ACHIEVMENTS- International Assignments

1. Rs 20 Cr. Savings to Jordan industries due to HAPPI program - 10 Industries covering 5000 employees- countrywide-presented to prime minister and Ambassador Japanese

2. Worked as Japanese management Advisor to Jordan Government on Industrial policy- 10 enterprises-6000 workers

3. Worked as consultant in Sri Lanka- 25enterprises 3000 workers

4. Assignments at England, Singapore , Malaysia, Dubai,



Brief description:

Jordan (Annual Total savings Rs 25,0 Lakhs of 10 companies
Soaps , Toiletry, LG-TV , Refrigerators, . Aqaba Vegetable Oil, Phones .Biscuits, Carpets , Paints, Cosmetics, .Arab Carpets, Air conditioners, Arab drip irrigation, Foundry, .Fertilizer, Presses, Vegetable oils

Sri Lanka
Coach building , Blue Diamond,.Jewelry, .Ceylinco securities, Stock brokers , Seylon merchant bank, Treasury, Insurance Co,.Air lines ticketing & travels Ceylon bank , Legal cell, World trading, Cey homes, .Transport,. Marketing consumers, Corporate , Legal cells

Information and technology IT sector
Associate consultant on ERP – HRD module and
Customer complaint analysis of capital goods , Watches,
-Unisoft Bangaloore
-Nsoft Bangalore
-Brio software division
-e-net group on HR Manual- Bangalore

2. Indian Consultancy- Private Industreies

Wind mill Energy sector M/s Enercon India ltd .>150 employees in south
( Service & Erection)
Rs 1.6 Cr savings for Enercon India Ltd.,- Wind Mill projects
Companywide , covering Administration, finance, purchase , manufacturing
security, sub contractors

3 sites at Chitradurga, Kanyakumari and Coimbatore

1. Improvement projects 77 completed and going for South zone
competition & moving towards new Team approach work culture
2. Total savings of Rs 160,00.000=00

Milk Diary NANDANI

Karnataka milk federation KMF unions
Conducted HRD and productivity work shop to more than 1000 participants in different areas like Corporate Directors ,office staff , Marketing, Processing area workers, supervisors, management staff, Village farmers, men & women who supply milk to union.

Cattle feed plant Gubbi- 85 employees
Employees achieved savings equal to One month salary of all employees due to projects taken by teams; voluntary & enthusiastic implementation with least cash out on improvement projects and utilizing in house talent and material. . High morale of employees instate owned enterprise . The appreciation by corporate management and directors to Gubbi plant and expanding to other units.
- Rs 8 0 L to KMF Cattle feed Gubbi plant, equal to 4 months total
employees salary + reduction of of cost of production by 250 Rs/ ton
Mother Diary Yelahanka , trained all employees+ Market,
dispatch of Milk satchets to dealers, Pre sales and sales
improvement by 10 %- Rs 50 L savings

Tumkur Milk union – Improvement of total productivity and
promotion kaizens including Chilling centers – Rs 12L savings
Cattle feed plant at Hasan improvement of productivity and
reducing cost of production
Cattle feed plant at Rajanukunte Bangalore
Companywide work conducted and lot of saving seen
Milk Diary Mysore
Companywide work conducted and lot of saving seen
Milk Diary unit at Bellary
Companywide work conducted and lot of saving seen

Suveswara Bangalore
- Life long employed- resently 1.0 crore turnover with 100 employees an new premises of industry shed built newly. TS certified
• more than 500 kaizens in first 2 years improvements adding directly to current year profits- Involvement of all employees in shop , customer satisfaction, Inventory reduction, .

Unit Alfa , Bommasandra turn over increased from
22L to Rs 50 L- Life long employed new
premises of industry shed built newly

Shakambari Kanakapura increased turn over from 50L
to Rs 80L - life long employed new- ISO certified Co
premises of industry shed built newly
CNC machines- Machining Titanium material and ZERO deviation
High value . Shop floor re organizing for better work environment,
Eco friendly, reduction in scrap and reworking.
Total savings of 3 months savings for the current year
* The proprietor wants us to be the third eye for total operations,
including shop floor improvements and enhancing customer base
Added VMC, CNC Milling machine

SN Automats, Bangalore: Total Management advisor to new premises and making it defect rate 0.2 % achievement- turn over of
10 L labor job- premises of industry shed built newly- 15 CNC MC

Sunik Industries , Bangalore
100 employees – turnover 60 L / month- Total consutancy- lLife long employed- Iso certified Co. with ERP

Capronics Bangalore
Prited circuit manufacturer- process improvement and team work
Publications of Practical HRD hand Books for seminars ”your car”

Yantech company
ISO certifying agency- certified 4 companies process

Karnataka Government offices:
KSRTC Regional work shop kengeri- Trained 250 employees and improved productivity in select areas.
Commissioner of Police-Bangalore, - Lokayuktha officers
Women & child, -Co-operative Banks etc.,
- covered more than 800 staff.
*Conducted work shop on Office productivity and customer focus
Police Academy
– trained more than 500 Sub inspectors & Inspectors
Human resource Development covering Listening, Communication, team work, Time management, Office maintenance and Japanese management concepts and Out door management exercises and camps
“Retrieval of Any document or item in 60 seconds” How to handle customers in human approach and tough handling of Law breakers

Bangalore Police Commissioners office 25 Inspectors & Office staff
Human resource Development covering Listening, Communication, team work, Time management, Office maintenance and Japanese management concepts and Out door management exercises and camps
“Retrieval of Any document or item in 60 seconds”
Women and child welfare- office staff -125 office staff
“Retrieval of Any document or item in 60 seconds”
Human resource Development covering Listening, Communication, team work, Time management, Office maintenance and Japanese management concepts for day to day life

General achievements

- Management development Institute & knowledge
-Management for Multi unit manufacturing companies
-“Employees take 12 months salary & Voluntarily return
1 month’s salary to organization” by practicing “HOPE”

Guest faculty :

* IIT’s ,IIMs, MBA ,MCA and Engineering colleges
* Worked as Faculty in T.John MBA college, Bangalore
* As gest faculty to AMC, Reddy vemana college,
Co-operative colllege

Consultant on :

• Waste elimination, Productivity, Office productivity,
• Customer Satisfaction-Ecstasy,
MBA , BBM college students
• ISO Certified auditor- Organized 18 units certification
• Human Resource Development & Human Resource Management
• Counseling- employ grievance + family + individual + stress
Programs conducted: Individual development, Team work, How to
work in organizations/ Industries, stress management, Memory,
Social organizations like Rotarians, Jacyees
Evening lecture on Self development, Stress management,

3. Publications on Human Resource Development:

• HRD Book “Your Car” 5000 copies

• Waste Elimination
• TQM- executive Hand book
• Technical papers presented on Quality
Recognition from UK , Japan & Poland







PRODUCTIVITY CODE:


HIGH WAGES WITH HIGH PRODUCTIVITY IS PROGRESS


http://productivitytraining.blogspot.com/

Tuesday, December 11, 2018

Output, Cost and Productivity of Information Systems - Industrial Engineering Challenge Area



Information systems are attracting huge capital investments and operating expenditures. But the productivity impact of these investments is not visible. We have a productivity paradox. It means the output of information systems is not getting captured as a valuable addition to the measured quantity of goods and services. Industrial engineering profession has identified information as an important element in production systems or engineering systems to be studied by industrial engineers. But still in this area, IE seems to be in germination stage only.

https://www.gartner.com/smarterwithgartner/gartner-top-10-strategic-technology-trends-for-2019/

Monday, December 10, 2018

Development Strategy for Industrial Engineering



Applied Industrial Engineering - Industrial Engineering 4.0 is a growth opportunity for Industrial Engineering Profession in the World


Summary of

"Thinking about the Application and Development Strategy of Industrial Engineering"

Quan-qing LI, Ming LI
(C)2011, IEEE


Characteristics of Industrial Engineering


Analysis of the origin of industrial engineering, reveals that the original industrial engineering has the following characteristics:

1. It is developed to solve management problems of production side of manufacturing industry. (F.W. Taylor mentioned that management or entrepreneur or financial capitalists/investors focused on marketing and finance and production was left to superintendents and foremen. The systems content of production management activity was very low and reliance was on the persons and their knowledge based on their experience and thinking.)

2. Efficiency was the objective and Industrial Engineering was called "Efficiency Engineering" also.

3. The subject reflected the characteristic of "Thing Big, Act Small." The big aspect refers to the objective, the efficiency and cost of of the production activity of the enterprise. The small aspect refers to the action point. The IE activity can start from little things such as an individual worker's action, working tool, workflow (a step of the process) and so on.

Application Range of Industrial Engineering


The authors say it is sufficient to say that IE analyses and improves objects and people.  Materials and equipment are objects.  Operation of objects requires energy. Also operation is based on information. Hence the term objects covers material, machine, energy and information.

Two Kinds of Technology - Specialized Engineering and Industrial Engineering


Basic Engineering - Industrial Engineering (Effort Engineering - Productivity Engineering)


Processes or systems convert input into output through a conversion process.

Input ------------- Conversion -------------> Output

In the conversion task, two kinds of technology play a big roles. One is the technology to realize physical and chemical change which transforms the input into desired shape having the desired properties and functions. This technology is created by various specialized engineering branches in various products.  The second type of technology modifies the first technology or redesigns the first core technology into combination (integration) and collocation, and makes the system more efficient and less costly (maintaining the quality). The second technology is called the industrial engineering technology. The first technology pays main attention to production process. The second technology pays attention to production management issues of productivity and cost reduction.

For any system, improving efficiency and reducing cost are its inspiring objectives.

Reasons for Neglecting Industrial Engineering Technology

Specialized engineering technology is the necessary condition of the system existence and running. Without it the system is unable to run, so it cannot be neglected. With industrial engineering the system can be run better for more profits and less waste.  But many entrepreneurs are satisfied with the normal running of the system and do not aspire after the good that is possible with additional effort.

Second, the specialized engineering technology is produced first. Industrial engineering technology is produced after a time lag (hysteresis).

Third the benefit of specialized engineering technology is immediate, appearance of the production system. The benefits waste elimination methods take more time to show significant results.

Development Stages of Industrial Engineering in Various Technologies


In each technology we can see:
1. Germination period.
2. Cornerstone-laying period
3. Growth period
4. Slow growth or maturity period.


In each technology, the four periods will appear. As specialized engineering disciplines create new technologies, there will be germination period during which industrial engineers have to explore and understand the new technology and identify the productivity levers and barriers. They have to develop productivity science of the new technology. Based on the science they have to develop productivity engineering solutions. As productivity solutions are demonstrated, more and more organizations adopt them and the growth phase will start. The growth period is extended by new scientific and engineering solutions. Productivity management innovations related to the new technology may also come into existence. As technology matures, IE related to the technology also stagnates.

The authors feel in manufacturing sector, IE is in slow growth period. In service industry, it is still in cornerstone-laying period.


Difficulties Faced by IE in Extending Its Applications


1. Industrial engineering applications have to customized to the organizations. Hence its extension is made difficult.

2. Similarly industrial engineering is technology specific. Industrial engineering is nearly the technology of "one-to-one" to solve the problem.

3. The hysteresis involved in developing IE solutions and the possibility of running the systems based on specialized engineering solutions for a long period means, the application of IE can be delayed in the new technologies.

4. The idea, "Think Big, and Act Small" may not be working right. IE does not have methods that aid thing big. IEs are not happy with micro level initiatives and improvements. Hence IE as an activity is negatively impacted from both sides.


Suggestions to Speed up the Application and Extension of Industrial Engineering


1. Popularize the basic purpose of industrial engineering. It is seeking more efficiency. Do not be satisfied with the present level of efficiency. Search for ideas in productivity science, productivity engineering and productivity management. Develop applications in house. Contact consultants, researchers and academicians.

2. The industrial engineering has to speed up research and development. It needs innovations in research (science), technology (engineering) and methods. Only innovations in technology and methods can be used by the organizations and therefore can provide growth to industrial engineering profession.

Innovations in Industrial Engineering - Changing Landscape of Industrial Engineering

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You can view the full article in

https://wenku.baidu.com/view/c139c207bed5b9f3f90f1c2f.html


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Applied Industrial Engineering Implementation Steps - Industrial Engineering 4.0 Context

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Related Article

Applied Industrial Engineering  Bulletin
IE in New Technologies - IE with New Technologies
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/12/applied-industrial-engineering-2017.html



Thursday, December 6, 2018

Frederick Taylor's Piece Rate System - Part 1


The advantages of this system of management (Taylor's Piece Rate System) are :

The manufactures are produced cheaper under it.
The system is rapid  in attaining the maximum productivity of each machine and man




TAYLOR, F. W., "A Piece-Rate System, Being a Step Toward Partial Solution of the Labor Problem,"
Transactions of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers 16, 856-903, 1895

A PIECE-RATE SYSTEM: BEING A STEP TOWARD PARTIAL SOLUTION OF THE LABOR PROBLEM.

BY FRED W. TAYLOR.

The ordinary piece-work system involves a permanent antagonism between employers and men, and a certainty of punishment for each workman who reaches a high rate of efficiency. The demoralizing effect of this system is most serious. Under it, even the best workmen are forced continually to act the part of hypocrites, to hold their own in the struggle against the encroachments of their employers.

The system introduced by the writer, however, is directly the opposite, both in theory and in its results. It makes each workman’s interests the same as that of his employer, pays a premium for high efficiency, and soon convinces each man that it is for his permanent advantage to turn out each day the best quality and maximum quantity of work.

The writer has endeavored in the following pages to describe the system of management introduced by him in the works of the Midvale Steel Company, of Philadelphia, which has been employed by them during the past ten years with the most satisfactory results.

The system consists of three principal elements :

( i ) An elementary rate-fixing department.

( 2 ) The differential rate system of piece-work.

( 3 ) What he believes to be the best method of managing men who work by the day.




Elementary rate-fixing differs from other methods of making piece-work prices in that a careful study is made of the time required to do each of the many elementary operations into which the manufacturing of an establishment may be analyzed or divided. These elementary operations are then classified, recorded, and indexed, and when a piece-work price is wanted for work the job is first divided into its elementary operations, the time required to do each elementary operation is found from the records, and the total time for the job is summed up from these data. While this method seems complicated at the first glance, it is, in fact, far simpler and more effective than the old method of recording the time required to do whole jobs of work, and then, after looking over the records of similar jobs, guessing at the time required for any new piece of work.

The differential rate system of piece-work consists, briefly, in offering two different rates for the same job, a high price per piece in case the work is finished in the shortest possible time and in perfect condition, and a low price if it takes a longer time to do the job, or if there are any imperfections in the work. (The high rate should be such that the workman can earn more per day than is usually paid in similar establishments. ) This is directly the opposite of the ordinary plan of piece-work in which the wages of the workmen are reduced when they increase their productivity.

The system by which the writer proposes managing the men who are on day-work consists in paying men and not positions. Each man’s wages, as far as possible, are fixed according to the skill and energy with which he performs his work, and not according to the position which he fills. Every endeavor is made to stimulate each man’s personal ambition. This involves keeping systematic and careful records of the performance of each man, as to his punctuality, attendance, integrity, rapidity, skill, and accuracy, and a readjustment from time to time of the wages paid him, in accordance with this record.

The advantages of this system of management are :

First. That the manufactures are produced cheaper under it, while at the same time the workmen earn
higher wages than are usually paid.

Second . Since the rate-fixing is done from accurate knowledge instead of more or less by guess-work, the motive for holding back on work, or “ soldiering ”, and endeavoring to deceive the employers as to the time required to do work, is entirely removed, and with it the greatest cause for hard feelings and war between the management and the men.

Third \ Since the basis from which piece-work as well as day rates are fixed is that of exact observation, instead of being founded upon accident or deception, as is too frequently the case under ordinary systems, the men are treated with greater uniformity and justice, and respond by doing more and better work.

Fourth, It is for the common interest of both the management and the men to cooperate in every way, so as to turn out each day the maximum quantity and best quality of work.

Fifth. The system is rapid, while other systems are slow, in attaining the maximum productivity of each machine and man ; and when this maximum is once reached, it is automatically maintained by the differential rate.

Sixth. It automatically selects and attracts the best men for each class of work, and it develops many first-class men who would otherwise remain slow or inaccurate, while at the same time it discourages and sifts out men who are incurably lazy or inferior.

Finally. One of the chief advantages derived from the above effects of the system is, that it promotes a most friendly feeling between the men and their employers, and so renders labor unions and strikes unnecessary.

There has never been a strike under the differential rate system of piece-work, although it has been in operation for the past ten years in the steel business, which has been during this period more subject to strikes and labor troubles than almost any other industry. In describing the above system of management the writer has been obliged to refer to other piece-work methods, and to indicate briefly what he believes to be their shortcomings.



1. Capital demands fully twice the return for money placed in manufacturing enterprises that it does for real estate or transportation ventures. And this probably represents the difference in the risk between these classes of investments.

2. Among the risks of a manufacturing business, by far the greatest is that of bad management ; and of the three managing departments, the commercial, the financiering, and the productive, the latter, in most cases, receives the least attention from those that have invested their money in the business, and contains the greatest elements of risk. This risk arises not so much from the evident mismanagement, which plainly discloses itself through occasional strikes and similar troubles, as from the daily more insidious and fatal failure on the part of the superintendents to secure anything even approaching the maximum work from their men and machines.

3. It is not unusual for the manager of a manufacturing business to go most minutely into every detail of the buying and selling and financiering, and arrange every element of these branches in the most systematic manner and according to principles that have been carefully planned to insure the business against almost any contingency which may' arise, while the manufacturing is turned over to a superintendent or foreman, with little or no restrictions as to the principles and methods which
he is to pursue, either in the management of his men or the care of the company’s plant.

4. Such managers belong distinctly to the old school of manufacturers ; and among them are to be found, in spite of their lack of system, many of the best and most successful men of the country. They believe in men, not in methods, in the management of their shops ; and what they would call system in the office and sales departments, would be called red tape by them in the factory. Through their keen insight and knowledge of character they are able to select and train good superintendents, who in turn secure good workmen ; and frequently the business prospers under this system (or rather, lack of system) for a term of years.

5. The modem manufacturer, however, seeks not only to secure the best superintendents and workmen, but to surround each department of his manufacture with the most carefully woven network of system and method, which should render the business, for a considerable period at least, independent of the loss of any one man, and frequently of any combination of men.

6. It is the lack of this system and method which, in the judgment of the writer, constitutes the greatest risk in manufacturing; placing, as it frequently does, the success of the business at the hazard of the health or whims of a few employees.

7. Even after fully realizing the importance of adopting the best possible system and methods of management for securing a proper return from employees and as an insurance against strikes and the carelessness and laziness of men, there are difficulties in the problem of selecting methods of management which shall be adequate to the purpose, and yet be free from red tape, and
inexpensive.

8. The literature on the subject is meagre, especially that which comes from men of practical experience and observation. And the problem is usually solved, after but little investigation, by the adoption of the system with which the managers are most familiar, or by taking a system which has worked well in similar lines of manufacture.

9. Now, among the methods of management in common use there is certainly a great choice ; and before describing the “ differential rate” system it is desirable to briefly consider the more important of the other methods.

10. The simplest of all systems is the “day-work” plan, in which the employees are divided into certain classes, and a standard rate of wages is paid to each class of men ; the laborers all receiving one rate of pay, the machinists all another rate, and the engineers all another, etc. The men are paid according to the position which they fill, and not according to their individual character, energy, skill, and reliability.


11. The effect of this system is distinctly demoralizing and levelling; even the ambitious men soon conclude that since there is no profit to them in working hard, the best thing for them to do is to work just as little as they can and still keep their position. And under these conditions the invariable tendency is to drag them all down even below the level of the medium.

12. The proper and legitimate answer to this herding of men together into classes, regardless of personal character and performance, is the formation of the labor union, and the strike, either to increase the rate of pay and improve conditions of employment, or to resist the lowering of wages and other encroachments by the part of employers.

13. The necessity for the labor union, however, disappears when men are paid, and not positions ; that is, when the employers take pains to study the character and performance of each of their employees and pay them accordingly, when accurate records are kept of each man’s attendance, punctuality, the amount and quality of work done by him, and his attitude towards his employers and fellow-workmen.

As soon as the men recognize that they have free scope for the exercise of their proper ambition, that as they work harder and better their wages are from time to time increased, and that they are given a better class of work to do— when they recognize this, the best of them have no use for the labor union.

14. Every manufacturer must from necessity employ a certain amount of day-labor which cannot come under the piece-work system ; and yet how few employers are willing to go to the trouble and expense of the slight organization necessary to handle their men in this way ? How few of them realize that, by the employment of an extra clerk and foreman, and a simple system of labor returns, to record the performance and readjust the wages of their men so as to stimulate their personal ambition, the output of a gang of twenty or thirty men can be readily doubled in many cases, and at a comparatively slight increase of wages per capita!

15. The clerk in the factory is the particular horror of the old-style manufacturer. He realizes the expense each time that he looks at him, and fails to see any adequate return ; yet by the plan here described the clerk becomes one of the most valuable agents of the company.


Go to   Part 2   -  Part 3 -  Part 4 - Part 5 - Part 6


Updated  7 December 2018, 8 November 2018, 21 July 2018

Productivity Management - Bulletin Board


2018

Management Approach for Resource-Productive Operations: Design of a Time-Based and Analytics-Supported Methodology Grounded in Six Sigma
Markus Hammer
Springer, 10-Jul-2018 - Business & Economics - 258 pages


Markus Hammer investigates a time-based and analytics-supported operations management approach. He explores five perspectives: 1) the needs of industry, in particular manufacturing in process industries, 2) the impact of digitization, with focus on Big Data and analytics, 3) the management of operations through time-based performance metrics, 4) how operations improvement methods and advanced process control help achieve resource-productive operations and 5) learning from practice based on two empirical case studies. The author conceives, explains, and tests an implementation methodology. The final case study proves that the developed implementation methodology works in practice.
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=kq5jDwAAQBAJ


2017

Productivity management system for a machine
Patent US9605413B2
Inventor Xinyu GEQiang Chen
Current Assignee Caterpillar Inc 
Priority date 2015-05-29
2017-03-28  US9605413B2 Grant


A multi-tool machine for utilizing a plurality of work tools includes an engine and a controller operatively coupled to the engine. The engine is configured to operate at a first engine operating configuration when a first work tool is coupled to the machine and configured to operate at a second engine operating configuration when a second work tool is coupled to the machine. The controller is configured to transition the engine from the first configuration to the second configuration when the machine transitions from the first work tool to the second work tool.
https://patents.google.com/patent/US9605413B2/

Cost Attack Teams
4/15/2002
BorgWarner Inc.'s Diversified Transmission Products plant in Muncie, Indiana.
"An important part of cost reduction strategy is getting  employees involved in reducig cost of  manufacturing operations.  Cost Attack Teams (CATs) are used for it.

A CAT is born when an employee on the plant floor gets an idea about how something could be done better. Any employee at BorgWarner's Muncie plant is empowered to implement his or her idea. A CAT team made up of other operators, engineers, quality control people, and anyone else whose area of specialty might be needed to make the idea work.

Each week, the members of the CATs that successfully implemented improvements the preceding week participate in a drawing for a $100 gift certificate. Every month, there is an additional drawing, with the winner receiving $500 worth of BorgWarner stock.

https://www.mmsonline.com/articles/taking-cost-saving-seriously


Updated on 7 December 2018
earlier 27 October 2018

Tuesday, December 4, 2018

Aims and Objectives of Industrial Engineering - Prof F. F. Groseclose 1949

1949
November 22, 1949
F. F. Groseclose, Director
School of Industrial Engineering
Georgia Institute of Technology
Atlanta, Georgia

The successfully Industrial Engineer must possess special interests and abilities in the analysis of the human, technical, and cost problems of modern manufacturing.

The Aims and Objectives of the Curriculum in Industrial Engineering

The aims and objectives of the curriculum in Industrial Engineering are to furnish young men  prepared for the field and/or job as outlined below:

The increasing magnitude and complexity of modern industrial plants has demanded the development of a branch of engineering widely recognized as Industrial Engineering.

The field of the Industrial Engineer is that of the process and production expert engaged in planning, organizing, improving, managing, and operating various processes for production manufactured products of all kinds and varieties.

New problems have arisen and new techniques have been developed during recent years which are peculiar to and characteristic of Industrial Engineering. These include the analysis of a proposed product with regard to the possible steps and sequences of operations involved in its manufacture, a selection of the most efficient machines to perform these operations, the layout of the plant and shops to provide for the flow of the product from one machine to another, organization of the material supply, avoidance or elimination of bottlenecks, together with the related problems of quality and cost control, testing, inspection, and personnel relations.

Industrial Engineering coordinates men, materials, machines, and methods so as to solve problems met in the conversion, transformation, and fabrication of raw materials into the products of industry. The successfully Industrial Engineer must possess special interests and abilities in the analysis of the human, technical, and cost problems of modern manufacturing. In addition, he must possess the personality and attributes of character which will enable him to work with and direct others in the planning and operation of manufacturing enterprises.

The Job of the Industrial Engineer

What Do Industrial Engineers Do? The Industrial (also called management of administrative) Engineer makes surveys of how industrial plants or businesses are organized and operated, and on the basis of such studies, he prepares recommendations to executives for changes in the way things are made or in the set-up of money in the conduct of business.

To carry out this work, he makes use of his knowledge of the principles of business organization and administration, engineering, economics, industrial psychology, statistics, accounting, and marketing. He may examine and observe new equipment and how men work, make time and motion studies, study production records and products, or talk with management and production personnel. He tries to obtain a comprehensive view of any plant or business activity such as: planning and scheduling of production; production methods, standards equipment, cost records, and control; how materials and goods are received, packed, and shipped; the hiring, training, and management of personnel; wage payment system, relation of unions to management; the system for purchasing materials and supplies; the advertising and distribution of products; and the manner in which the business is to be established. Many Industrial Engineers, especially consultants with long training and experience, are qualified to survey and advise on all phases of a business or industrial organization. Most of them work in a particular industry, such as an electric utility or a chemical process industry, and deal with a particular broad phase of industrial engineering work, for example, plant design and construction, plant production, sales and marketing, purchasing, personnel and labor relations, wage systems, finances, or traffic management.

Who Should or Should Not Take Up Industrial Engineering? The Industrial Engineer combines the aptitudes of a mechanical engineer, accountant, and business executive. He should have an aptitude for studying such college subjects as engineering, calculus, statistics, economics, and business administration. He should have an interest in all kinds of jobs and in the machines and men who manufacture goods; he should have the ability to spot a problem in getting something made, gather all the related facts about processes and costs, stick to the facts in working out a solution, and present his conclusions or ideas in clear, concise English to business executives. He should be able to visualize in three dimensions in order to develop plans for the layout of equipment or for the successive steps in getting work done.

F. F. Groseclose, Director
School of Industrial Engineering
Georgia Institute of Technology
Atlanta, Georgia
November 22, 1949