Saturday, March 30, 2019

Seven Engineering Wonders of 21st Century

Gore-Tex, the breathable waterproof fabric common in hiking gear and outerwear;

Hawk-Eye, a computer system capable of tracking the motion of a ball, frequently relied on for close calls in sports including football, cricket and tennis;

iPhone, the pioneering smartphone;

YouTube, the ubiquitous video hosting platform;

Dolby Atmos, a powerful sound system;

3D printing of bone implants, a revolutionary healthcare technology; and

Clean water, facilitated by a range of engineering innovations.

Tuesday, March 26, 2019

Industrial Engineering Conferences

2019 The 2nd International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Intelligent Manufacturing

(CIEIM 2019)

August 14-16, 2019 | Shanghai, China

25th IJCIEOM - International Joint Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management
Novi Sad, Serbia, July 15-17, 2019

Industrial Engineering (IE) Jobs 2019

27 March 2019

Industrial Engineering Manager - Systems with Volvo Group
Company Name  Volvo Group Company Location Dublin, VA, US
Posted Date  Posted 5 days ago


Apply Apply to Industrial Engineering Manager - Systems with Volvo Group on company website
The position listed below is not with Rapid Interviews but with Volvo Group Our goal is to connect you with supportive resources in order to attain your dream career. We work directly with hundreds of publishers to connect you with the right resources to fit your needs. You may also want to visit our News & Advice page to stay up to date with other resources that can help you find what you are looking for
The purpose of this job is to direct and manage the activities of an Industrial/Manufacturing Engineering team that will develop and industrialize the product/assembly electrical information systems that are necessary to support all aspects of the truck assembly process. Other important aspects of this job include but are not limited to promoting the Volvo policies, procedures, philosophy and culture (through leadership by example), promoting the core values of the corporation (safety, quality, and environment) and succession planning by developing people for advancement and future leadership opportunities.

Core Responsibilities
Manage the implementation of efficient and reliable Engineering processes for existing and new product offerings that guarantees consistent quality output
Efficient assignment of Industrial / Manufacturing Engineering resources to support all aspects of plant operations (production, logistics, and quality) on a daily basis as well as during specific project activities.
Secure new product/product change introduction via management of project change and manufacturing engineers resources within the assigned area of responsibility
Evaluate embedded software and electrical hardware based on assembly processes and design engineering specification. Specify electrical system performance, calibration, and testing requirements.
Define the Truck Embedded Software strategy as part of the Volvo Global Manufacturing Network.
Identify capital improvement projects and coordinate with other disciplines (finance, maintenance, production) to justify funding to implement improvements
Develop a professional team of engineers through providing/assisting/coordinating the necessary training for new employees
Champion Lean Manufacturing / VPS (Volvo Production System) initiatives including (but not limited to) Work Place Organization (WPO), Continuous Improvement, Kaizen leadership, Advanced Manufacturing initiatives for the area of responsibility
Provide succession planning by preparing individuals for future advancement opportunities through the use of mentoring activities, providing career-enhancing training activities and opportunities to act in a leadership capacity
Continuously pursue self-improvement through seeking knowledge of new concepts, techniques, and technologies related to Industrial Engineering, benchmarking other areas/departments/organizations for potential improvement ideas
Minimum Education Required:
Bachelor s Degree Required in Engineering (Industrial / Systems or Electrical preferred)
Minimum Years of Experience Required:
Five (5) years of Industrial Engineering experience with educational requirements
Ten (10) years of experience without Industrial Engineering experience without educational requirements
Additional Skills Required:
Knowledge of Electrical Architecture and Systems (Embedded Software/Hardware)
Knowledge of Volvo product/manufacturing
Lean Manufacturing knowledge and Techniques
Capacity to work with technical drawings and conceptualize manufacturing solutions
Knowledge of productivity improvement tools, methods, and line balancing techniques

Associated topics: business, cost efficient, industrial engineer, manufacturing engineer, methods engineer, project, sap, supply, supply chain

Saturday, March 23, 2019

American Manufacturing Summit 2019

MARCH 26–27, 2019

Responding to rising costs through manufacturing innovation
Benefits of an optimized workforce
Product lifecycle, manufacturing cost and the supply chain
Driving down headcount, waste and inefficiencies

Understanding subcontractor selection
Ranking system to guide subcontractor selection
Selecting subcontractors to support business goals
Obtaining continuous improvement from the supply base through supplier evaluation

How can manufacturing divisions become better innovators?
Enhancing innovation through disruptive technologies
Nurturing new talent to push traditional boundaries
Examining how innovative manufacturers are already getting ahead

Reducing the cost of manufacturing error and backlog
Developing a flexible and adaptable lean system
Advanced technologies and trends driving efficient productivity
Taking a data-centric approach to planning, design, supply, manufacturing and customer support

Manufacturing Links
Related Links

Twitter Hashtag  #mfgus19

interview, manufacturing, Q&A, March 22, 2019

March - Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan with Links


Henry Fayol

The Engineering Manager who provided the modern description of Industrial Management.
Planning - Organizing - Commanding - Coordinating - Control

Picture Source:


March 1st week  (1 March  to 5 March)

Analyzing Competitors
Strategy of Market Leader

Marketing Strategies for Challenger Firms
Competitive Strategies for Followers and Nichers

Managing Product Lines and Brands
Marketing Strategy for New Industry Products

Marketing Management for Service Firms
Pricing Strategy and Tactics

Marketing Channel Management – Important Issues
Managing Wholesaling and Retailing Network

March 2nd week ( 8 to 12)

Marketing Communication: Channels and Promotion Tools

Sales Promotion
Marketing Public Relations

Sales Process and Sales Training
Direct Marketing

Online Marketing
Marketing and New Product Development

International and Global Marketing
Sales Force Management

March 3 week  (15 to 19)

Developing Enterprisewide or Company Wide Marketing Orientation
Management of Marketing Department and Function

Operations Management  Revision Starts (16 March)

Introduction to the Field of Operations Management
Operations Strategy and Competitiveness - Review Notes

Optimizing the Use of Resources with Linear Programming
Learning Curves - Review Notes

Operations Project Management
Product Design - Review Notes

Process Analysis - Operations Management
Manufacturing Process Selection and Design

20th March - Birthday of Man of Productivity - Low Prices and High Incomes

Frederick Winslow Taylor - A Pioneer Industrial Engineer
Date of Birth: 20th March, 1856
Contribution of Taylor to Industrial Engineering
Shop Management
Scientific Management

March 4 Week  (22 to 26 )

Facility Layout - Review Notes
Product Design and Process Selection—Services

Total Quality Management: and Six Sigma
Process Capability and Statistical Quality Control
Operations Consulting and Reengineering

24 March - Birthday - Martin Shubik - Economics Professor - Yale University

Supply-Chain Strategy - Review Notes
Strategic Capacity Management

Just-in-Time and Lean Systems - Review Notes
Forecasting - Operations Management Review Notes

Aggregate Sales and Operations Planning - Review Notes
Inventory Control - Review Notes for Chase et al.

29 March
Subject Update: Principles of Management

30 March
Subject Update: Marketing Management

To April - Management Knowledge Revision

Industrial Engineers support Engineers and Managers in Efficiency Improvement of Products, Processes and Systems

One Year MBA Knowledge Revision Plan

January  - February  - March  - April  - May   -   June

July  - August     - September  - October  - November  - December

March - Birthdays - Management Scholars

3 - Lyndall Urwick (1891)
5 - Edgar Schein (1928),  Stuart Anspach Umpleby (1944)
6 - Raymond Gilmartin (1941
8 - Warren Bennis (1925), Nirmalya Kumar (1960)
10 - Kenneth R. French (1954)
14 - T.V. Rao (1946)
15 - Rosabeth Moss Kanter (1943)
16 - Ferdinando Pennarola (1963)
18 - Water A. Shewart (1891)
20 -  Frederick Taylor (1856), Kim B. Clark (1949),  Marshall Goldsmith (1949)
24 - Martin Shubik (1926)
25 - David Meerman Scott (1961)
26 - Larry Page (1973)
29 - Sam Walton (1918)
30 - Arthur White (1924),   Dr. Arno Antlitz (1970)


Updated  23 March 2019, 16 March 2019,  3 March 2017,  25 March 2016

Friday, March 22, 2019

Fuzzy Productivity Measurement in Manufacturing Systems

Fuzzy Productivity Measurement in Manufacturing Systems

Cengiz Kahraman, editor of the book is a coauthor. He published number of articles on multiobjective optimization in various topics. He is an industrial engineering professor in Turkey. His mail id is in the book. I have to write a mail to him.

About him

His Cv

Chapter 17 in

Production Engineering and Management under Fuzziness

Cengiz Kahraman, Mesut Yavuz
Springer Science & Business Media, 19-May-2010 - Business & Economics - 605 pages

Production engineering and management involve a series of planning and control activities in a production system. A production system can be as small as a shop with only one machine or as big as a global operation including many manufacturing plants, distribution centers, and retail locations in multiple continents. The product of a production system can also vary in complexity based on the material used, technology employed, etc. Every product, whether a pencil or an airplane, is produced in a system which depends on good management to be successful. Production management has been at the center of industrial engineering and management science disciplines since the industrial revolution. The tools and techniques of production management have been so successful that they have been adopted to various service industries, as well. The book is intended to be a valuable resource to undergraduate and graduate students interested in the applications of production management under fuzziness. The chapters represent all areas of production management and are organized to reflect the natural order of production management tasks. In all chapters, special attention is given to applicability and wherever possible, numerical examples are presented. While the reader is expected to have a fairly good understanding of the fuzzy logic, the book provides the necessary notation and preliminary knowledge needed in each chapter.

KUBERNETES - Developer Productivity Enhancer

Industrial Engineering effort that effort to increase programmer productivity and developer productivity is going for many years. Various tools are being developed to increase prograamer and developer productivity. Kubernetes is one such innovation.

Kubernetes (K8s) is an open-source system for automating deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications.

Reliable, efficient, and secured way to run Kubernetes clusters

Sloan is back to chat with Alan and Blake about developer productivity, tools, and a whole lot more Kubernetes.

Istio & Kubernetes: Developer Productivity and freedom to deliver your OKRs
February 14, 2019

What is DevOps?
Today, Software delivery cycle is getting shorter and shorter, while on the other hand application size has been getting bigger and bigger.

DevOps tools automate tasks and manage configurations at a different stage of configuration delivery.

About Container
Containers make it easier to host and manage life-cycle of web applications inside the portable environment. It packages up application code other dependencies into building blocks to deliver consistency, efficiency, and productivity.

What is Kubernetes?
Kubernetes is an open source container orchestration platform, enabling multiple numbers of containers to work together in harmony, reducing operational burden.

Why Developers Should Embrace Productivity Engineering
It’s come time to face the facts: we’re living in a post-DevOps engineer world.
By Andrew Holway - Otter Networks Founder - 2nd November 2018

Kubernetes in DevOps Space: Everything You Need To Know
Oct 12, 2018

Container Orchestration bring IT operations and developers closer together, making it hassle-free for the team to collaborate effectively and efficiently with each other.

Opting for the Kubernetes workflow can simplify the build/test/deploy pipelines in DevOps.

In Part 1, Kubernetes is the new application operating environment, discussed Kubernetes and its place in application development. In this part, we explore application servers and their role in relation to Kubernetes.

Are App Servers Dead in the Age of Kubernetes? (Part 2)
By Ken Finnigan October 2, 2018

Change your workflow
Increased developer productivity with cloud-native
July 4, 2018  Ross Kukulinski

OPE - Overall Process Effectiveness - Overall Process Efficiency

How to (Really) Improve Process Efficiency
Posted By: Lucidchart Content Team
January 08, 2019

Calculating basic performance indicators for the smart factory: Overall Production Effectiveness (OPE)
Alessandro Bonara December 2016


What is OPE?

Updated on 23 March 2019, 3 April 2016

Thursday, March 21, 2019

Industrial Engineering Research Papers - Classified Collection


Engineering to improve productivity based on productivity science. Communicated and implemented through people using productivity management.

A broad definition of Industrial Engineering is engineering based on industry based data collected during the operations. This data is primarily related to costs and customer feedback.

Engineering includes execution and industrial engineers have to execute or help managers in executing. Therefore, industrial engineers have managerial responsibilities most of the time as staff assistance and sometimes as direct managers when they are leaders of process change implementation teams.

Principles of Industrial Engineering - Taylor - Narayana Rao



Functions of Industrial Engineering



Focus Areas of Industrial Engineering

1. Productivity Science - Science related to Industrial Engineering
2. Product Industrial Engineering
3. Process Industrial Engineering
4. Industrial Engineering Economic Analysis
5. Industrial Engineering Optimization
6. Industrial Engineering Statistics 
7. Human Effort Industrial Engineering
8. Industrial Engineering Measurements
9. Productivity Management - Managing IE Projects and IE Department
10. Applied Industrial Engineering

Applied Industrial Engineering Research

3D Printing - Industrial Engineering Research - Additive Manufacturing Industrial Engineering - Productivity Science and Engineering

PGDIE NITIE 2012 Research Paper Summaries

Role of Industrial Engineering

R.No. 34
Managing the IE (Industrial Engineering) Mindset: An investigation of Toyota’s practical thinking shared among employees

R. No. 37

An Analysis of The Function of Industrial Engineering in Equipment
Manufacturing Industry

Applications and Development of Industrial Engineering in China

R.No. 76
Summary of “Technology's impact on the future of industrial engineering”

R.NO. 80

Roll No -82
Relation between operation management and industrial engineering

R.No. 87
Technology Impact On Future Of Industrial   Engineering


Roll No. 99
An Analysis of The Function of Industrial Engineering in Equipment Manufacturing Industry

Roll No: 102
The Industrial Engineer as Organizational Leader:
An Assessment of Contemporary Industrial Engineering Skills

Roll. No. 109
Technology's Impact on Future of IE

R. No. 117
Paper Title: Technology's Impact on the Future of Industrial Engineering

IE Pioneers


Source:   paper  comes from  Carl  Graves, "Scientific  Management and the  Santa Fe  Shopmen of  Topeka,  Kansas, 1900-1915,"  Ph.D diss.,  Harvard  University,  1980

Human Effort Engineering


R.No. 6
Applying Ergonomics to Systems: Some documented ‘‘lessons learned’’
http://   ie-research-paper.html  The link is not working

R.No. 12
Ergonomics Design Measures in Manual Assembly Work

R.No. 17
Applied Ergonomics

R.No. 19
New methodological framework to improve productivity and ergonomics in assembly system design

Roll no 21

Effect of Boot Weight and Sole Flexibility on Ergonomics of a Fire Fighter

R.No. 22
Posture in industry

Roll No: 30
Asbestos exposure from gaskets during disassembly of a medium duty diesel engine

R.No. 35

The promotion of ergonomics in industrially developing countries

R.No,. 38
Environmental ergonomics: a review of principles, methods and models

R.No. 39

R.No. 40
Ergonomic decision-making: A conceptual framework for experienced practitioners from backgrounds in industrial engineering and physical therapy

Ergonomics and the Observer XT
Observer XT is a software for data recording


Roll No. : 48
"Combined effects of acoustic and visual distraction on cognitive performance and well-being"
Link not given properly.

R. No. 52
Ergonomics: Implications on Computer End-users


R.No. 63
Title: A case study evaluating the ergonomic and productivity impacts of partial automation strategies in the electronics industry

R.No. 67
The Future of Ergonomic Office Seating

The Importance of Ergonomic Input Devices in the Workplace

R.No. 69
Inventory of Tools for Ergonomic Evaluation

Roll no-74
Topic: - Influence of psychosocial stress and personality type on the biomechanical loading of neck and shoulder muscles

Roll No 75

R.No. 77
Ergonomic interventions for the furniture manufacturing industry

Integration of Ergonomics into Engineering

R.No. 81
Title: Ergonomic solutions for an aging workforce

Roll No. 84
Investigating Ergonomics Awareness Among
University Students

Roll No.- 86
Understanding the link between psychosocial work stressors and work-related musculoskeletal complaints

R.No. 88
Effects of Design on Ergonomics

R.No. 91
Industrial Workstation design

Roll No. 96
Ergonomics:Tips for Computer Vision Syndrome Relief and Prevention

R.No. 97
Ergonomic Design of Forklift

R.No. 110
Ergonomics for the experienced

R.No. 114
Major Health Risk Factors prevailing in Garment Manufacturing Units of Jaipur.

R.No. 118
The IEA contribution to the transition of Ergonomics from research to practice

Roll No-124


Ergonomic decision-making: A conceptual framework for experienced practitioners

Work Measurement

A Survey of Work Measurement Techniques

R.No. 20
RTM - Robot Time and Motion
A comparison of MTM and RTM


Using the time and motion method to study clinical work processes and workflow:methodological inconsistencies and a call for standardized research

Job Evaluation and Wage Incentives

R. No. 49

A Method for Developing A Truly Effective Construction Wage Rate

System Efficiency Engineering

Engineering Economics and  Accounting

R. No. 46
Cost Measurement and Analysis-A Necessary Part of Industrial Engineering Education & Training

JIT Systems/ Lean Systems

R.No. 1
Impact of just-in-time (JIT) inventory system on efficiency,quality and flexibility among manufacturing sector, small and medium enterprise (SMEs) in South Africa

R.No. 11
Method of assessing JIT Implementation

R.No. 16
A lean route to manufacturing survival

Roll No: 27
Managing lean manufacturing in material handling operations

R.No. 58
“Lean Manufacturing Optimisation of Automotive Motor Compartment System”

Operations Research

R.No. 5
Efficient Utilization of Employees in the Garment Industry using Operations Research

R.No. 13


Optimization of cutting in primary wood transformation in industries

Roll No 64
A Mathematical Programming Model for Flow Shop Scheduling Problems for Considering Just in Time Production

R.No. 79
A Multi-Period Inventory Model to Incorporate with  Inventory Age, Accounting Principle, and Product Structure: A Case Study in a Make-to-Stock  Semiconductor Integrated Device Manufacturer

Roll No-115
Optimization of cutting in primary wood transformation industries

Methods Efficiency Engineering

R.No. 83

R.No. 85


Roll no: 112

R.No. 116


R.No. 100
Universal design of workplaces through the use of Poka-Yokes: Case study and implications


R. No. 60

Reduction in Setup Time by SMED A Literature Review

R.No. 61

Reduction in Setup Time By SMED

Facilities/Layout Efficiency Improvement

Roll No 123
Improving factory layout under a mixed floor and overhead material handling condition

JIT/Lean Manufacturing

Quality Measurement in Lean Manufacturing

ROLL NO - 108
Lean manufacturing : context, practice bundles, and performance

Roll no. 111
Lean Production & Industrial Engineering Applied in China

R.No. 113
The Limits of Lean Management Thinking:
Multiple retailers and food and farming supply chains

R.No. 120
Relationships between implementation of TQM, JIT, and TPM and manufacturing performance

R.No. 121
Title : Looking beyond the obvious: Unraveling the Toyota production system


R. No. 50
Leveraging Six Sigma with industrial engineering tools in crateless retort production

R.No. 57
Innovation in management system by Six Sigma An empirical study of world-class companies

R.NO. 62
Impact of Six Sigma in a developing economy: analysis on benefits drawn by Indian industries

Review of Six Sigma Approach: Methodology,
Implementation and Future Research

Roll No: 126
An Integrated approach to process control

Value Engineering

Use of Value Analysis Technique for Cost Reduction in Production Industry – A Case Study

R.No. 25
Value Engineering - A Mathematical Programming Approach

R.No. 54
How to Cut Costs with Value Analysis

Roll no 9O

Quality Control and Management
R.No. 47
Quality Control in the process of rings of train wheel manufacturing

Safety Engineering and Management
R.No. 3
Improvement of the Reliability of Automatic Manufacture Systems by Using FTA Technique



Roll No 26
Examining green production and its role within the competitive strategy of manufacturers

R.No. 51
Examining green production and its role within the competitive strategy of manufacturers.

R.No. (98)
The Emerging Roles of Industrial Engineers in Preventing Pollution and Creating a Sustainable Environment

R.No. 103

Material Efficiency

R.No. 24
Design for Inventory Management in Health Care using smart RFID

R. No. 33


Equipment Efficiency

Energy Efficiency

Information Efficiency

Other Resources Efficiency

IE and Other Disciplines

Manufacturing Systems

R.No. 65
Excellent Techniques of Manufacturing Systems: RMS and FMS

R. No. 66
Seven Wastes of  Manufacturing

R.No. 73

“A robust multi-objective production planning”

Make to Order Manufacturing in Indian Context: A Case Based Study

Information Systems

Roll No: 70
The cost of poor quality data

Roll No: 105
Topic: The Adaptation of Test-Driven Software Processes to Industrial Automation Engineering

Supply chain

R.No. 107
Total Quality Management in Supply Chain

Roll no. 119
Research on the Lean Six Sigma Supplier Recovery Management

R.No. 8

R. No, 18

An Overview of Operations Management and its Relations with
Industrial Engineering

R.No. 23

Research on the Organizational Model and Human Resource Management  
 Based on Advanced Manufacturing Technology

R. No. 36


R.No. 59

An approach to identify issues affecting ERP implementation in Indian SMEs


Taylor - Narayana Rao Principles of Industrial Engineering

Productivity Drivers - Productivity Analysis - Productivity Science

Productivity Science - Research Project - Causal Explanation for Productivity

3D Printing - Industrial Engineering Research - Additive Manufacturing Industrial Engineering - Productivity Science and Engineering

Current Research in Industrial Engineering (IE)

Knowledge Worker Productivity - Productivity Science

Industrial Engineering - Research Themes and Research Papers

Value Engineering - Research - Dissertations and Papers

India - Productivity Management Thesis

Research and Development Papers on Toyota Production System

Cost Reduction Research - An Important Research Category

Historical Analysis of Cost Reduction - An IE Research Avenue

2016 - Productivity Research - Information and Important Points - Part 1

Research Papers - Industrial Engineering - 2012 Collection

2000 - 2009 Productivity Science - Research & Development to Increase Productivity - Research Papers and Related News - Since 2000

21st Century Productivity Research and Development Agenda - Productivity Science, Engineering and Management

1990 - 1999 Productivity Science - Research & Development to Increase Productivity - Research Papers and Related News

Total Efficiency Framework - Industrial Engineering Research and Development Project in Sustainability Movement

Industrial Engineering Research Paper Summaries - Project of Section A - PGDIE 2012

Industrial Engineering Research Paper Summary Project - Section B - 2012

Wednesday, March 20, 2019

Solar Energy Industrial Engineering

Productivity Science

Process Parameters

Electrical and  thermal parameters

Electrical parameters

Maximum power rating Pmax (Wp)
Rated current IMPP (A)
Rated voltage VMPP (V)
Short-circuit current Isc (A)
Open-circuit voltage Voc (V)

Thermal parameters

Normal operating cell temperature NOCT (°C)
Temperature coefficient: short-circuit current (A/°C)
Temperature coefficient: open-circuit voltage V (°C)
Standard test conditions (STC)
Air mass AM = 1.5
Irradiance G = 1000 W/m2
Cell temperature

Effect of various model parameters on solar photovoltaic cell simulation:a SPICE analysis
Md. Nazmul Islam Sarkar*
Sarkar Renewables (2016) 3:13
DOI 10.1186/s40807-016-0035-3

22 Feb 2014
Solar Power at 11 cents per kWh

Target  6 cents per kWh
Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz announced that the SunShot Initiative program is already 60 percent of the way toward its goal of bringing the average price for a utility-scale solar power plant down to the target price of six cents per kilowatt-hour.
It means it is now available at 11 cents by the end of 2013. That’s now less than the average price of electricity in the U.S., which is about 12 cents per kWh, according to the Energy Information Administration.

Grand Challenge Announced by National Academy of Engineering

Make Solar Energy Economical

But exploiting the sun’s power is not without challenges. Overcoming the barriers to widespread solar power generation will require engineering innovations in several arenas — for capturing the sun’s energy, converting it to useful forms, and storing it for use when the sun itself is obscured.

Many of the technologies to address these issues are already in hand. Dishes can concentrate the sun’s rays to heat fluids that drive engines and produce power, a possible approach to solar electricity generation. Another popular avenue is direct production of electric current from captured sunlight, which has long been possible with solar photovoltaic cells.

How efficient is solar energy technology?
But today’s commercial solar cells, most often made from silicon, typically convert sunlight into electricity with an efficiency of only 10 percent to 20 percent, although some test cells do a little better. Given their manufacturing costs, modules of today’s cells incorporated in the power grid would produce electricity at a cost roughly 3 to 6 times higher than current prices, or 18-30 cents per kilowatt hour [Solar Energy Technologies Program]. To make solar economically competitive, engineers must find ways to improve the efficiency of the cells and to lower their manufacturing costs.

Prospects for improving solar efficiency are promising. Current standard cells have a theoretical maximum efficiency of 31 percent because of the electronic properties of the silicon material. But new materials, arranged in novel ways, can evade that limit, with some multilayer cells reaching 34 percent efficiency. Experimental cells have exceeded 40 percent efficiency.

Another idea for enhancing efficiency involves developments in nanotechnology, the engineering of structures on sizes comparable to those of atoms and molecules, measured in nanometers (one nanometer is a billionth of a meter).

Recent experiments have reported intriguing advances in the use of nanocrystals made from the elements lead and selenium. [Schaller et al.] In standard cells, the impact of a particle of light (a photon) releases an electron to carry electric charge, but it also produces some useless excess heat. Lead-selenium nanocrystals enhance the chance of releasing a second electron rather than the heat, boosting the electric current output. Other experiments suggest this phenomenon can occur in silicon as well. [Beard et al.]
Theoretically the nanocrystal approach could reach efficiencies of 60 percent or higher, though it may be smaller in practice. Engineering advances will be required to find ways of integrating such nanocrystal cells into a system that can transmit the energy into a circuit.

How do you make solar energy more economical?

Other new materials for solar cells may help reduce fabrication costs. “This area is where breakthroughs in the science and technology of solar cell materials can give the greatest impact on the cost and widespread implementation of solar electricity,” Caltech chemist Nathan Lewis writes in Science. [Lewis 799]
A key issue is material purity. Current solar cell designs require high-purity, and therefore expensive, materials, because impurities block the flow of electric charge. That problem would be diminished if charges had to travel only a short distance, through a thin layer of material. But thin layers would not absorb as much sunlight to begin with.

One way around that dilemma would be to use materials thick in one dimension, for absorbing sunlight, and thin in another direction, through which charges could travel. One such strategy envisions cells made with tiny cylinders, or nanorods. Light could be absorbed down the length of the rods, while charges could travel across the rods’ narrow width. Another approach involves a combination of dye molecules to absorb sunlight with titanium dioxide molecules to collect electric charges. But large improvements in efficiency will be needed to make such systems competitive.

How do you store solar energy?
However advanced solar cells become at generating electricity cheaply and efficiently, a major barrier to widespread use of the sun’s energy remains: the need for storage. Cloudy weather and nighttime darkness interrupt solar energy’s availability. At times and locations where sunlight is plentiful, its energy must be captured and stored for use at other times and places.
Many technologies offer mass-storage opportunities. Pumping water (for recovery as hydroelectric power) or large banks of batteries are proven methods of energy storage, but they face serious problems when scaled up to power-grid proportions. New materials could greatly enhance the effectiveness of capacitors, superconducting magnets, or flyweels, all of which could provide convenient power storage in many applications. [Ranjan et al., 2007]

Another possible solution to the storage problem would mimic the biological capture of sunshine by photosynthesis in plants, which stores the sun’s energy in the chemical bonds of molecules that can be used as food. The plant’s way of using sunlight to produce food could be duplicated by people to produce fuel.
For example, sunlight could power the electrolysis of water, generating hydrogen as a fuel. Hydrogen could then power fuel cells, electricity-generating devices that produce virtually no polluting byproducts, as the hydrogen combines with oxygen to produce water again. But splitting water efficiently will require advances in chemical reaction efficiencies, perhaps through engineering new catalysts. Nature’s catalysts, enzymes, can produce hydrogen from water with a much higher efficiency than current industrial catalysts. Developing catalysts that can match those found in living cells would dramatically enhance the attractiveness of a solar production-fuel cell storage system for a solar energy economy.

Fuel cells have other advantages. They could be distributed widely, avoiding the vulnerabilities of centralized power generation.

If the engineering challenges can be met for improving solar cells, reducing their costs, and providing efficient ways to use their electricity to create storable fuel, solar power will assert its superiority to fossil fuels as a sustainable motive force for civilization’s continued prosperity.

Industrial Engineering Professor Promoting Solar Energy

Dr. Earnest Fant, associate professor of industrial engineering,  has designed solar panel platforms that can be tilted to optimize the amount of solar energy they absorb, and solar arrays based on his design can be installed using materials found at local hardware stores. He takes classes and helps people to set up solar arrays in their backyards and connect it to grid.

Optimum design of solar water heating systems
Layek Abdel-Malek†
Department of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, Rutgers University, PO Box 909, Piscataway, NJ 08854, U.S.A.
Computers & Operations Research
Volume 12, Issue 2, 1985, Pages 219–225
This paper presents an approach to the design of solar water heating systems for optimum performance in different locations. The results of a previously developed queueing model for solar water heating systems evaluation are used to determine the optimum size of the system design parameter. The approach concerns itself in selecting the optimum volume of the system water tank, and its collector area in different locations.

Updated on 21 March 2019, 22 February 2014

Tuesday, March 19, 2019

Process Engineering

Process Engineering Problem Solving: Avoiding "The Problem Went Away, but it Came Back" Syndrome
Joseph M. Bonem
John Wiley & Sons, 26-Sep-2008 - Technology & Engineering - 296 pages

Avoid wasting time and money on recurring plant process problems by applying the practical, five-step solution in Process Engineering Problem Solving: Avoiding "The Problem Went Away, but it Came Back" Syndrome. Combine cause and effect problem solving with the formulation of theoretically correct working hypotheses and find a structural and pragmatic way to solve real-world issues that tend to be chronic or that require an engineering analysis. Utilize the fundamentals of chemical engineering to develop technically correct working hypotheses that are key to successful problem solving.


Saturday, March 16, 2019

Developments in Mechanical Engineering of Immediate Relevance to Industrial Engineering

Advances in Mechanical Engineering
0.848 Impact Factor
Table of Contents
Volume 11 Issue 3, March 2019

Multi-objective optimization design of spur gear based on NSGA-II and decision making
Qizhi YaoFirst Published March 13, 2019 Research Article 
Advances in Mechanical Engineering
Volume 11 Issue 3, March 2019

Open access article:
Due to most of power transmission systems requiring light weight, efficient, and low-cost elements, Tamboli et al. (11) optimized a heavy-duty gear reducer with helical gear pair based on the minimum volume. Rao (12) used teaching learning based optimization (TLBO) and elitist teaching learning based optimization (ETLBO) algorithms to optimize a spur gear train for weight reduction under the contains of bending strength, surface durability, torsional strength, and center distance.

11. Tamboli, K, Patel, S, George, PM. Optimal design of a heavy duty helical gear pair using particle swarm optimization technique. Proc Tech 2014; 14: 513–519.

12. Rao, RV . Design optimization of a spur gear train using TLBO and ETLBO algorithms. In: Rao, RV (ed.) Teaching learning based optimization algorithm: and its engineering applications. Cham: Springer, 2016, pp.91–101.

Wei and Lin14 performed a multi-objective optimization design for a helical gear using finite element method and Taguchi method.

14. Wei, F, Lin, H. Multi-objective optimization of process parameters for the helical gear precision forging by using Taguchi method. J Mech Sci Technol 2011; 25: 1519–1526.

Huang et al.18 worked on the optimization of three-stage spur gear reduction units in order to minimize volume and maximize surface fatigue life.

Huang, HZ, Tian, ZG, Zuo, MJ. Multiobjective optimization of three-stage spur gear reduction units using interactive physical programming. J Mech Sci Technol 2005; 19: 1080–1086.

The effects of robot welding and manual welding on the low- and high-cycle fatigue lives of SM50A carbon steel weld zones
Changwan Han, Changhwan Yang, Hanjong Kim, ...
First Published March 13, 2019 Research Article
Advances in Mechanical Engineering
Volume 11 Issue 3, March 2019

Open access

The major advantage of RW is the productivity enhancement of uniform quality products, because robots can always guarantee the same operating conditions for welding.

The  robot welding (RW)  and manual welding (MW) effects on the fatigue of SM50A carbon steel weld zones were analyzed in this study. The RW weld zone showed better fatigue life at 800 MPa, but slightly poorer fatigue life than the MW at 227 MPa. However, no significant difference in the overall S-N curves between the MW and RW except these two stress levels may suggest that the RW method is more desirable due to its advantage in maintaining consistency of welding process parameters than the MW. Further systematic studies to derive the correlations between welding parameters (welding currents, voltages, and speeds) and weld zone microstructures, as well as their effects on the fatigue strength of weld zones, can contribute to the design of the optimized welding process parameters in the RW method.

Friday, March 15, 2019

Industrial Engineering - One More Explanation - Narayana Rao

16 March 2019

Industrial Engineering - One more explanation - Narayana Rao

Engineering for Time, Cost, Productivity, Materials utilization, Equipment Utilization, Zero defects, Manpower comfort, Energy Utilization, Information Utlization (Resource Utilization in Engineering Processes and Products). #industrialengineering #productivity

Taylor - Narayana Rao Principles of Industrial Engineering
Proceedings of the 2017 Industrial and Systems Engineering Conference
IISE, Pittsburgh, USA

Presentation Video

The activity in basic engineering is driven by developments in underlying engineering sciences like mechanics etc. The activity in industrial engineering is driven by responses to industry relevant data like cost of production, defects, resource use etc. Industrial engineers visualize and create engineering changes to make products less costly and to make processes more faster and comfortable to employees.

The first industrial engineering article.

F.W. Taylor - Productivity Engineering of Belting - 1893 - Notes on Belting

Google Engineering Productivity Department - Activities and Accomplishments

Google Engineering Productivity

Engineering Productivity : Delivering frictionless engineering and excellent products

What is Engineering Productivity?
We are a data-driven engineering discipline focused on optimizing the engineering process so that Google can deliver amazing experiences to our users, faster.

Qualities that humanize Engineering Productivity

System Analysis

With a system-level view and a user-centric view, we work hard to identify gaps and inefficiencies in our engineering process so that we can build solutions to improve engineering excellence and velocity.


We believe that you can’t improve what you can’t measure. Google is a data-driven company and we are a data-driven discipline. We obsess over metrics and work hard to move them in the right direction.

Tools and Infrastructure

Much like a bustling metropolis needs great infrastructure to enable happy and productive residents, Google engineers working on complex systems need the right tools and infrastructure to be productive.

Focus on the user
We embed in product engineering teams where we champion polished products for Google’s users and fast, scalable engineering for our users, Google’s engineers.

Interested in joining Engineering Productivity?
We are looking for world class engineers that bring a quantitative mindset, execution velocity, leadership skills, and a passion to change the way engineering is done at Google and beyond.

Google strives to cultivate an inclusive workplace. We believe diversity of perspectives and ideas leads to better discussions, decisions, and outcomes for everyone.

Reasoning about the correctness of Engineering and Engineering Change 

Reasoning about the correctness of your change is now much more difficult.

Some questions come up, including: How do you make sure your change works? How do you make sure your change didn’t break an obscure use case for a user in a different geography? How do you prepare your change such that the next 100 engineers that modify the system don’t break the feature you just added?

These are complex problems that require tooling and infrastructure to help engineers reason about the correctness of their change. EngProd’s purpose is to make engineering easier and better, so we spend a lot of time on the hardest part of the process: building tools and infrastructure to make testing and debugging simpler.


Software Engineer, Tools and Infrastructure (SETI)
SETI at Google is a Software Engineering role that focuses on building software, infrastructure, harnesses, tooling to help improve engineering velocity and product excellence.

You might love this role if:

You love developing tools that make the engineering process better - be it command line tools, web services, debugging tools, test data factories, etc.
You are passionate about high-quality software and unhappy about shortcuts and hacks in the code.
You have worked to automate and remove repetitive and manual tasks because inefficiency drives you crazy.
You believe that unless you can quantify or measure something, you probably can’t improve it.

Test Engineer (TE)
TE at Google is a technical role that focuses on advancing product excellence and engineering productivity.

You might love this role if:

You have an unwavering passion for, and focus on, polished products, engineering excellence, and productivity.
You love thinking through complex product and system interactions to find gaps, failure modes, and edge cases.
You have worked to automate and remove repetitive and manual tasks because inefficiency drives you crazy.
You love to design, implement, and improve tools, frameworks, metrics, and processes.
You love to work, collaborate, and lead cross-functionally.

March - Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan

March 1st week
1st  to 5 March 2016

Marketing Management Continued

Analyzing Competitors
Strategy of Market Leader

Marketing Strategies for Challenger Firms 
Competitive Strategies for Followers and Nichers

Managing Product Lines and Brands
Marketing Strategy for New Industry Products

Marketing Management for Service Firms
Pricing Strategy and Tactics 

Marketing Channel Management – Important Issues
Managing Wholesaling and Retailing Network

March 2nd week

8th to 12th March

Marketing Communication: Channels and Promotion Tools

Sales Promotion 
Marketing Public Relations

Sales Process and Sales Training
Direct Marketing

Online Marketing
Marketing and New Product Development

International and Global Marketing
Sales Force Management

March 3 week

15  March

Developing Enterprisewide or Company Wide Marketing Orientation
Management of Marketing Department and Function

Operations Management

16 March to 19 March

Introduction to the Field of Operations Management
Operations Strategy and Competitiveness - Review Notes

Optimizing the Use of Resources with Linear Programming

20th March - Birthday of Man of Productivity - Low Prices and High Incomes

Frederick Winslow Taylor - A Pioneer Industrial Engineer
Date of Birth: 20th March, 1856
Contribution of Taylor to Industrial Engineering
Shop Management
Scientific Management

March 4 Week (22 to 26)

Inventory Control - Review Notes for Chase et al.

28 March

29 March

One Year Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan

January - February - March - April - May - June

July - August - September - October - November - December

Updated 16 March 2019, 29 February 2016