Saturday, June 30, 2018

Technology Efficiency Engineering


The focus of industrial engineering on technology level cost reduction can be termed as technology efficiency engineering and be made an important activity of industrial engineering departments. - Narayana Rao

Technology Efficiency Engineering - Tools and Techniques

1. Outside Technology Monitoring
2. Technical and Engineering Economic Analysis
3. Technology Absorption and Assimilatino
4. Application of Operations Research
5. Application of Six Sigma Methodology
6. Statistical Process Control
7. Human Effort Engineering Techniques

Paper presented in an international conference.




DEVELOPMENT OF ABSORPTION CAPABILITY ATTRIBUTES FOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PERFORMANCE: A PILOT STUDY IN NATIONAL  AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY
http://umpir.ump.edu.my/1700/1/development_of_absorption_capability_attributes.pdf


Technology Absorption in South Africa
2011 presenation
http://is.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pages/ISG/innovation/documents/7SMITAFosteringtechnology_PPT_V4CoorMB.pdf

Fostering Technology Absorption in Southern African Enterprises
The World Bank
World Bank Publications, 16-Sep-2011 - Technology & Engineering - 224 pages
While economic theory considers technological progress to be a key factor for sustained long-term economic growth and job creation, technology absorption is particularly an important driver for 'catch-up growth.' This study seeks to identify channels of technology transfer and absorption for Southern African enterprises, constraints to greater technology absorption, and discuss policy options open to governments and the private sector in light of relevant international experience. It has been done based on sector and enterprise case studies carried in four countries: South Africa, Mauritius, Lesotho and Namibia. This study uses a combination of econometric and in depth case study analyses to investigate the presence of specific channels of absorption and the various constraints that the firms face to effectively absorb this technology. There is evidence of learning by exporting, and spillovers from FDI underscoring the importance of trade and FDI as important channels of absorption. The study finds that four countries while open to trade and FDI face a number of constraints that inhibit them from maximizing the economic benefits from technology absorption. These constraints include a major skills mismatch, insufficient research and development and ineffective industry-research linkages. While outlining broad policy directions in four areas namely increasing skills supply, fostering learning through trade, increasing domestic spillovers from FDI and incentivizing greater firm level research and development, it lays out some priority areas for each of the four countries. We hope that the issues discussed and the dialogue initiated during the course of this study would lend itself to policy design to foster technology absorption with a view to higher growth and job creation in this highly globalized world.
http://books.google.co.in/books?id=UK6KKyOdbGcC

Industrial Development and Technology: Absorption in Indian Steel Industry
2005
http://books.google.co.in/books?id=AG-7S7QIIX8C


Related Article

Applied Industrial Engineering - Process Steps

http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2018/05/applied-industrial-engineering-process.html


Updated on 30 June 2018
First Published on 9 August 2013



Wednesday, June 27, 2018

Taylor - Narayana Rao Principles of Industrial Engineering


Taylor - Narayana Rao Principles of Industrial Engineering were developed Prof. Narayana Rao K.V.S.S. in two stages. In the first Stage, Taylor's principles of scientific management were converted into basic principles of industrial engineering.

Principles of Scientific Management - Taylor


The managers following scientific management thought do the following things.

First. They develop a science for each element of a man's work, which replaces the old rule-of.-thumb method.

Second. They scientifically select and then train, teach, and develop the workman, whereas in the past he chose his own work and trained himself as best he could.

Third. They heartily cooperate with the men so as to insure all of the work being done in accordance with the principles of the science which has been developed.

Fourth. There is an almost equal division of the work and the responsibility between the management and the workmen. The management take over all work for which they are better fitted than the workmen, while in the past almost all of the work and the greater part of the responsibility were thrown upon the men.

The principles explain the question what is industrial engineering (IE)?

Basic Principles of Industrial Engineering - Narayana Rao


1. Develop science for each element of a man - machine system's work related to efficiency and productivity.
2. Engineer methods, processes and operations to use the laws related to the work of machines, man, materials and other resources.
3. Select or assign workmen based on predefined aptitudes for various types of man - machine work.
4. Train workmen, supervisors, and engineers in the new methods, install various modifications related to the machines that include productivity improvement devices and ensure that the expected productivity is realized.
5. Incorporate suggestions of operators, supervisors and engineers in the methods redesign on a continuous basis.
6. Plan and manage productivity at system level.
(The principles were developed on 4 June 2016 (During Birthday break of 2016 - 30 June 2016 to 7 July 2016).

The principles were developed by Narayana Rao based on principles of scientific management by F.W. Taylor)


Principles of Industrial Engineering - Narayana Rao - Detailed List

Clicking on the link will take you to more detailed content on the principle




The full paper on the principles by Prof. K.V.S.S. Narayana Rao is now available for downloading from IISE 2017 Annual Conference site in prepublished format.


Presentation on Principles of Industrial Engineering First made by Dr. Narayana Rao on 23 May 2017 in IISE Annual Conference, Pittsburgh, USA.

_________________

_________________



John Heap
Managing Director at Institute of Productivity


Principles of Productivity Science

Stimulated by recent exchanges in this group, on behalf of the World Confederation of Productivity Science, I have drafted the following principles of productivity science .... the principles that productivity leaders and practitioners should adopt to ensure their work is technically and ethically valid. Comments welcome!


Undertake a structured and systematic review of the social, environmental and economic value created by human endeavour;

Measure, at macro and micro levels, the value created - and the resources consumed to produce it;

Design products in ways which facilitate efficient manufacturing, distribution and subsequent disposal; Design services that are user-focused and scalable whilst remaining efficient in terms of their requirements for physical infrastructure and administrative support. 

Strive to identify and eliminate or minimize waste across the lifecycle of services and products (including throughout manufacturing and delivery processes);

Ensure all working environments and working practices are designed to ensure the safety and well-being of the workforce;

Minimise the consumption of energy and natural resources;

Minimise harmful effects on the natural environment;

Establish working systems, processes and methods that reduce inherent variability; 

Treat all members of the workforce with respect and, wherever possible, engage them in decision-making processes that affect their work roles or working conditions;

Ensure that all staff have the tools, equipment and skills necessary to maximize their performance;

Engage individuals and teams in productivity and performance enhancing reviews and investigations.

Posted on linked on 27 June 2018
https://www.linkedin.com/groups/2587524/2587524-6417631280732651523


Updated on 5 July 2017, 28 June 2017

Motion Economy - Principle of Industrial Engineering



TAYLOR - NARAYANA RAO PRINCIPLES OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING






Principles of Motion Economy


________________



Principles of Motion Economy

Principles of Motion Economy - Some More Details - R.M. Barnes

Gilbreth's Statement on Principles of Motion Economy

Principles of Industrial Engineering - Presentation 


by Dr. K.V.S.S. Narayana Rao in the 2017Annual Conference of IISE (Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineering) at Pittsburgh, USA on 23 May 2017

______________________________


______________________________


Updated on 28 June 2018
First published on 6 July 2017

IISE 2017 Annual Convention - NITIE Alumni Participation


NITIE: National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Mumbai, NITIE

The convention was held at Pittsburgh


Professor K.V.S.S. Narayana Rao,  Professor, NITIE, presented Principles of Industrial Engineering. The principles were developed for the first time in the discipline after 108 years of the birth of the discipline. Taylor's principles of scientific management and developments in the discipline for the next 108 years form the basis for the development of the principles.

_______________

_______________


Dr. Rajiv Saxena was honored by the Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers with the Outstanding Industry Practitioner of Logistic and Supply Chain Award.

Ind. Engr. Martin Nazareth led a panel discussion in the convention

Martin Nazareth is the founder and president of OpEx Solutions, Inc. (OSI) — an organization with two divisions, Global OpEx Solutions and the CenTex OpEx Consortium, helping organizations find and define their own way to operational excellence. Since its inception, OSI has successfully assisted clients from Fortune 100 companies to startups in their pursuit of operational excellence through strategy, simplicity and execution.

Prior to OpEx Solutions, he was a senior manager for Lean and TPM deployment at Alcoa. He led program quality for all North American programs at Delphi Thermal & Interior. Before Delphi, he consulted through EDS, Tata Consulting Services, and independently. Nazareth successfully led change through four corporate- and division-wide initiatives including Lean, TPM, FMEA/PCP and error-proofing at two Fortune 100 companies.

Nazareth is a global expert in operational excellence involving the strategic application of lean manufacturing (Lean), total productive maintenance (TPM), quality, and industrial engineering (IE). He has led strategic coaching, consulting, training and execution at over 100 plants in the USA, Canada, Australia, India, Latin America and Europe. His background spans several industries, including automotive, metals and mining, oil and gas, ship building, electrical systems, information systems, and healthcare.

He has two masters’ degrees in industrial engineering and a bachelor’s in mechanical engineering and is a certified Project Management Professional (PMP) and a Six Sigma Green Belt.

Martin Nazareth served on the board of AME’s Southwest Region and is a Director of the Institute of Industrial Engineering’s (IIE) Lean Division and Industry Advisory Board. With over thirty years of professional experience, Nazareth is well recognized for his passion for excellence and strategic execution, flawless new product launches, successful implementation of initiatives and achieving bottom-line results.
http://www.opexsolutions.org/id70.html



Prof. Om Prakash Yadav presented   "Estimation of Product Lifetime Considering Gamma Degradation Process with Multi-Stress Accelerated Test Data"

Limon, Shah; Yadav, Om Prakash; Nepal, Bimal. IIE Annual Conference. Proceedings; Norcross (2017): 1387-1392.

Tuesday, June 26, 2018

Human Effort Engineering - Bulletin Board

Industrial Engineering is Human Effort Engineering and System Efficiency Engineering

Interesting to note that the book "Motion Study" by Frank Gilbreth was published in 1911 along with Scientific Management and Principles of Industrial Engineering.
________________________________________________________________


2018

January 2018

Turning Men into Machines? Scientific Management, Industrial Psychology, and the “Human Factor”
Maarten Derksen
15.5University of Groningen

The conventional view that the increasing influence of psychologists and other social scientists "humanized" management theory and practice needs to be amended. Taylor's scientific management was not less human than later approaches such as Human Relations, but it articulated the human factor differently, and aligned it to its own instruments and practices.



Turning Men into Machines? Scientific Management, Industrial Psychology, and the “Human Factor” (PDF Download Available). Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259370895_Turning_Men_into_Machines_Scientific_Management_Industrial_Psychology_and_the_Human_Factor [accessed Jan 20 2018].


October 2014
Ikea creates a push button sit - stand work facilitating desk
Bekant ergonomic products from IKEA
http://www.fastcodesign.com/3037577/ikeas-new-desk-stands-up-with-the-push-of-a-button


24.2.2014

Time and Motion Study of Visian ICL
by Erik Mertens, MD, FEBOphth A time and motion study of the Visian ICL, conducted by Erik L. Mertens, MD, FEBOphth, showed that the Visian ICL Preloaded saves 12 surgical steps; whereas implantation of the nonpreloaded Visian ICLs required 23 steps, the preloaded model required only 11.
http://eyetube.net/video/time-and-motion-study-of-visian-icl/

Time and Motion Study Guidelines by Philippines Government - 2013
http://www.nwpc.dole.gov.ph/pages/download/TMS%20guidelines%20&%20forms.pdf

28-7-2013
The Textbook "Motion and Time Study" by R.L. Barnes can be a good foundation book for Human Effort Engineering

24.2.2013
ILO in collaboration with International Ergonomics Association has brought a full book on Ergonomic Check Points
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_protect/---protrav/---safework/documents/instructionalmaterial/wcms_178593.pdf


20.5.2012
Blacksmith Practice - War Education Manual
http://www.evenfallstudios.com/woodworks_library/blacksmith_practice.pdf

Proposed design of workstation for rural blacksmith
http://www.bvmengineering.ac.in/docs/published%20papers/mechprod/mechprod/601016.pdf
Paper published 2011

Application of Time and Motion Study in PhotoFrame Production
http://www.pfmproduction.com/pdfs/PFMP_Winter07/PFMP_Winter07_Time.pdf
2007 case study

Analysing assembly processes using virtual reality
http://www.intechopen.com/books/advances-in-haptics/haptic-virtual-reality-assembly-moving-towards-real-engineering-applications

A manual of Time and Motion Study - a practical guide to the measurement of human endeavour in industry and to the development of productive efficiency
by W. Hendry
Download full book from
http://www.library.wisc.edu/selectedtocs/ca1714.pdf

Has a chapter on waste elimination in various departments of factory

http://www.dli.ernet.in/cgi-bin/metainfo.cgi?&title1=A%20manual%20of%20time%20and%20motion%20study&author1=w%20henry&subject1=Literture&year=1947%20&language1=english&pages=224&barcode=5990010114541&author2=&identifier1=&publisher1=sir%20isaac%20pitman%20and%20sons&contributor1=&vendor1=NONE&scanningcentre1=iiit,%20allahabad&scannerno1=&digitalrepublisher1=&digitalpublicationdate1=&numberedpages1=&unnumberedpages1=&rights1=OUT_OF_COPYRIGHT&copyrightowner1=&copyrightexpirydate1=&format1=TIFF%20&url=/rawdataupload/upload/0114/543

Above entry is from India digital library

Time and Motion Studies to aid Rural employment scheme in India
http://www.crd.kerala.gov.in/2011/feb/time_motion11.pdf

9.4.2012
Taxonomy of Human Performance
First year report of a five year project

There are number of articles on human performance requirements in Google search.
I prepared one today. Human Performance Requirements and Human Effort Engineering Design Requirements

3.3.2011
Software for Motion Economy

Generating Economic Motion Plans for Manual Operations - Masters Thesis (Computer Engineering)
http://etd.lib.metu.edu.tr/upload/12606524/index.pdf


31.1.2010

Mr. Jisnu Basu, Workshop, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Mr. Bijan Sarkar, Production Engineering Dept., and Mr. Ardhendu Bhattacharyya, Mechanical Engineering Dept. of Jadavpur University, authored a paper "Change in Occupational Dynamics due to Technology Upgradation: A Study in a Cigarette Factory in Eastern India" in Udyog Pragati, October-December 2009. The paper discusses psychological workstation dimenions. Engineers are discussing behavioral aspects related to workstations.
Original Knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/human-effort-engineering-bulletin-board/ 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 2225


Updated 27 June 2018,  20 January 2018, 12 June 2016,,  26 Oct 2014

Monday, June 25, 2018

Top 10 Blogs on Industrial Engineering



Top 10 Blogs on Industrial Engineering


26 June 2017

Search term:      "Industrial Engineering" Blog

About 82,70,000 results (0.42 seconds)

Search Results

1. Industrial Engineering Knowledge Center - Blogger

nraoiekc.blogspot.com/

Industry 4.0 - IIoT Technology - Industrial Engineering - Productivity Science http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/12/industry-40-iiot-technology-industrial.html

2. IISE Blogs | An industrial and systems engineering life

https://iiseblogs.org/
In summary, business analytics is focused on analysis while industrial engineering tends to be focused on improvements, but the distinction is starting to blur.

3. 5 Reasons to Study Industrial Engineering | Top Universities

https://www.topuniversities.com/blog/5-reasons-study-industrial-engineering
Feb 23, 2016 - Not sure whether an industrial engineering degree is for you? Check out these 5 reasons, from an industrial engineering graduate.

4. industrial engineering – Michel Baudin's Blog

https://michelbaudin.com/tag/industrial-engineering/
The seven articles I posted four years ago on the art of using videos to improve operations included no pointers on what to do with the videos once you have ...

5. What are some recommended blogs/websites for an industrial ...

https://www.quora.com/What-are-some-recommended-blogs-websites-for-an-industria...
What are the best websites for industrial engineering materials? What are the most interesting blogs, Twitter accounts or websites to follow as an industrial ...

6. A blog to help Industrial Engineering students and professionals ...

https://www.reddit.com/r/.../a_blog_to_help_industrial_engineering_students/
Sep 30, 2015 - 9 posts - ‎7 authors
Having done my Masters in Industrial Engineering, I thought I need to give back to the community and share all my knowledge, strategies and...

7. Fields of Specialization in Industrial Engineering – edxengine.com/blog

https://edxengine.com/blog/?p=624
Feb 24, 2017 - This post is intended to clear your doubts on the various specializations on offer with respect to the Industrial Engineering domain such as,.

8. Industrial Engineering Playbook – edxengine.com/blog

https://edxengine.com/blog/?cat=142
Mar 13, 2017 - In our introductory blogs of this playbook, we discussed the advantages of pursuing your MS in Industrial Engineering and the various ...

9. Industrial Engineering- industrialinside.com

www.industrialinside.com/
There aren't enough jobs out there!””I should do certification X”Looks pretty normal to say such things when you… Continue Reading.. Filed Under: Blog.

10. Q&A: Engineering (Industrial Engineering) - CareerZing Blog

www.careerzing.com/index.php/careezing-blog/q-a-engineering-industrial-engineering




29 November 2017

1. IISE Blogs


https://iiseblogs.org/

Blogs maintained by IISE (Iinstitute of Industrial and Systems Engineers formerly IIE, Institute of Industrial Engineers)


2. Michel Baudin's Blog

Ideas from manufacturing operations
Tag Archives: industrial engineering

http://michelbaudin.com/tag/industrial-engineering/


3. Industrial Inside

The #1 resource for Industrial Engineers to Get Interview Calls, Find a Job and Land in the Dream Universities

http://www.industrialinside.com/


4. Industrial Engineering Knowledge Center


Industrial Engineering is Human Effort Engineering and System Efficiency Engineering.

IE Knowledge: Articles, Books, Course Pages and Materials,Lecture Notes, Project Reviews, Research Papers Study Materials,YouTube Video Lectures

http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/


5. Masters in Industrial Engineering


Best Universities for Masters with various levels of GRE scores

https://edxengine.com/blog/?cat=141


6. AMG Engineering Blog


As a team of experienced and professional engineers, AMG, Inc. has a deep understanding of industrial and commercial engineering projects, whether it's design/build, process innovation, facility engineering, or any other engineering need.

http://blog.amg-eng.com/

7.  UTA IMSE Blog

https://utaimse.wordpress.com/


8. Industrial Engineering

Class notes, readings and more

http://industrialengineeringnotes.blogspot.com/

9. Industrial engineering

Disney Internships

https://disneyprogramsblog.com/tag/industrial-engineering/

10. WestMonroe - Industrial Engineering Blog Posts

Tag: industrial engineering

https://blog.westmonroepartners.com/tag/industrial-engineering/




Based Google Search and Bing Search for Key words  - "Industrial Engineering" Blog  on 29 November 2017



Earlier Post

Industrial Engineering Blogs


Updated on 26 June 2018

Sunday, June 24, 2018

Philosophy of Productivity Science


We need to think of 'Philosophy of Productivity Science.' That may help us in orderly development of productivity science.


What will be the content of Philosophy of Productivity Science?

A good discussion on the role of philosophy in empirical sciences.

Philosophers are not empirical researchers, and  they are not formal theory-builders.  So what is their role in developing philosophy of various empirical sciences? Their roles are:

First, philosophers are well prepared to examine the logical and rational features of an empirical discipline.  How do theoretical claims in the discipline relate to empirical evidence?  How do pragmatic features of theories such as simplicity, ease of computation, and the like, play a role in the rational appraisal of a theory?  How do presuppositions and traditions of research serve to structure the forward development of the theories and hypotheses of the discipline?  

Second, philosophers are well equipped to consider topics having to do with the concepts and theories that economists (in general empirical scientists) employ—for example in the case of economics, economic rationality, Nash equilibrium, perfect competition, transaction costs, or asymmetric information.  Philosophers can offer useful analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of such concepts and theories—thereby helping practicing scientists to further refine the theoretical foundations of their discipline.  In this role the philosopher serves as a conceptual clarifier for the discipline, working in partnership with the practitioners to bring about more successful  theories and explanations.

So the philosopher is described as having the role of an underlaborer of the scientists.   But in fact, the line between criticism and theory formation is not a sharp one.   Philosophical expertise can facilitate significant substantive progress with regard to important theoretical or empirical problems within the disciplines.

 In order to accomplish these goals, the philosopher of an empirical science must attain a professional and rigorous understanding of the discipline as it currently exists.  The most valuable work in the philosophy of any science proceeds from the basis of significant expertise on the part of the philosopher about the best practice in that discipline, contemporary debates, and future challenges of the discipline.  Only through such acquaintance will the philosopher succeed in raising topics that genuinely engage with important issues in the profession.

Adopted from 

Saturday, June 23, 2018

Value Engineering - Umbrellas



https://www.irishtimes.com/news/consumer/how-much-for-an-umbrella-1.3213221

https://thewirecutter.com/reviews/best-umbrella/


Cheeky Chunk Umbrellas - Entrepreneur Story

https://yourstory.com/2015/07/cheeky-chunk-pratik-doshi/

Saturday, June 16, 2018

Improve - Continuous and Periodic Improvement of Productivity - Applied Industrial Engineering


Process Step of Applied Industrial Engineering - Industrial Engineering 4.0

Monitor - Explore - Analyze - Develop - Optimize - Participate - Install - Improve


http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2018/05/applied-industrial-engineering-process.html


Once commercial products starts and productivity audit confirms that planned productivity is achieved, industrial engineering department starts its routine productivity management of the new technology project.

Productivity improvement effort has two major branches. Continuous and Periodic Improvement efforts. In continuous improvement task, there is a system in place to encourage and collect productivity improvement ideas of all operators, supervisors, engineers and managers. The front line people have to be empowered to do trails of their ideas, if they do not involve any special investments. If investment is involved, there has to a fund to provide the necessary funds and things. Work simplification workshops also now known as Kaizen events or Productivity Action Teams have to conducted to facilitate group learning and brain storming.

Periodic improvement is done through projects initiated by IE department as process studies or method studies to identify opportunities for productivity improvement periodically.

Install - Be An Active Member of the Project Execution and Management Team - Applied Industrial Engineering



Process Step of Applied Industrial Engineering - Industrial Engineering 4.0

Monitor - Explore - Analyze - Develop - Optimize - Participate - Install - Improve


http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2018/05/applied-industrial-engineering-process.html



Industrial engineers after active participation in project report or project feasibility report have to become active members of project execution team. Especially productivity related engineering items have to be designed, procured or fabricated and installed. There is quality control activity regarding these components or consumables and practices. Industrial engineers have to involve themselves in all these tasks to make sure that expected or planned productivity is realized right from the beginning in the new plant based on new technology.

Industrial engineers have to participate in project management activity also to ensure that project is completed in planned cost.

Participate - Participate in New Technology Implementation Projects - Applied Industrial Engineering




Process Step of Applied Industrial Engineering - Industrial Engineering 4.0

Monitor - Explore - Analyze - Develop - Optimize - Participate - Install - Improve


http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2018/05/applied-industrial-engineering-process.html


Industrial engineering normally will not propose new technology implementation projects on a standalone basis. Normal or routine productivity engineering projects are initiated and executed by industrial engineering departments.  New technology projects are normally the responsibility of the technology department or a specially set up team.

Industrial engineers have to participate actively in the new technology implementation team. When they are involved in technology monitoring, exploration and productivity engineering development, industrial engineers can contribute substantially to the new project report preparation and make sure that project has high productivity right from the inception.

Optimize - Optimize Productivity Engineering Ideas - Applied Industrial Engineering



Process Step of Applied Industrial Engineering - Industrial Engineering 4.0

Monitor - Explore - Analyze - Develop - Optimize - Participate - Install - Improve


http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2018/05/applied-industrial-engineering-process.html



Every productivity engineering problem requires generation of engineering alternatives. Each of the engineering alternatives created using various creative problem techniques has to be optimized using mathematical and statistical methods. Decision making, which is determining the idea to be used in the recommended solution has to be based on optimized alternatives.

The selection of the recommended solution also has to consider engineering economic analysis.

Develop - Develop Productivity Knowledge of New Technology - Applied Industrial Engineering


Process Step of Applied Industrial Engineering - Industrial Engineering 4.0

Monitor - Explore - Analyze - Develop - Optimize - Participate - Install - Improve


http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2018/05/applied-industrial-engineering-process.html




Once industrial engineers decide to recommend a new technology for adoption by their organization or they are informed that their organization is adopting a new technology based on the initiative by operating and technology departments, industrial engineering department must engage itself in developing the productivity knowledge related to the technology. Productivity science and engineering are two core knowledge areas.  Industrial engineers have to identify various measurable characteristics or attributes of the technology and find their effect on productivity of the technology. The productivity science of the technology thus obtained will give opportunities for productivity engineering to maximize the productivity or improve the productivity. The engineering challenges identified can be solved by IEs or they can be contracted to technology consultants or internal technology development engineers.

Productivity Science

Productivity Engineering

Productivity Management 

Analysis - Productivity Analysis of New Technology - Applied Industrial Engineering


Process Step of Applied Industrial Engineering - Industrial Engineering 4.0

Monitor - Explore - Analyze - Develop - Optimize - Participate - Install - Improve


http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2018/05/applied-industrial-engineering-process.html


Every new technology is to be analyzed for its productivity improvement potential based on the understanding of the technology gained during exploration. The inventors and transferers of technology may estimate its productivity potential based on their pilot plant or laboratory studies.

Technology consulting organizations may also publish or provide their estimates of productivity potential of new technologies.

Dr. Bela Gold - Productivity Research





Gold B. (1971) Economic Analysis and Managerial Decision Making: Some Conceptual Perspectives. In: Explorations in Managerial Economics. Studies in Management. Palgrave, London
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-349-00295-5_1




Improving Managerial Evaluation of Computer-aided Manufacturing
Bela Gold
National Academies, 1981 - Factory management - 41 pages
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=JycrAAAAYAAJ


Approaches to accelerating product and process development
Bela Gold
Journal of Product Innovation Management
Volume 4, Issue 2, June 1987, Pages 81-88
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0737678287900543






Related


Essays in Economics: Theories and Theorizing, Volume 1
Front Cover
Wassily Leontief
International Arts and Sciences Press, 1976 - Business & Economics - 252 pages
https://books.google.co.in/books/about/Essays_in_Economics.html?id=5Yg2rgEACAAJ


Efficiency of Manufacturing Systems
B. Wilson
Springer Science & Business Media, 08-Mar-2013 - Business & Economics - 336 pages


The Advanced Research Institute (A.R. 1.) on "the efficiency of Manufacturing Systems" was held under the auspices of the NATO Special Programm~ Panel on Systems Science as a part of the NATO Science Committee's continuous effort to promote the advancement of science through international co-operation. Advanced Research Institutes are organised for the purpose of bringing together experts in a particular field of interest to identify and make known the present state of knowledge in that area and, through informed debate, to make recommendations for directions for future research that would benefit the community at large. To this end two kinds of contribution were obtained by invitation. There were those papers which were about the current state of work in the area of manufacturing systems and its organisation; in addition three theme papers were presented to provide a stimulus to the discussion in terms of ways of thinking, both about the area and about the kind of research needed.
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=VlnaBwAAQBAJ



Productivity Analysis: A Range of Perspectives
Front Cover
Ali Dogramaci
Springer Science & Business Media, 06-Dec-2012 - Business & Economics - 192 pages

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=Z2nxCAAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false


Friday, June 15, 2018

IE Redesign Implementation - Principle of Industrial Engineering



TAYLOR - NARAYANA RAO PRINCIPLES OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING



7-Implementation of Redesigns

Industrial engineers study existing designs or proposed new designs of products and processes and come out with redesigns. Industrial engineers have full responsibility for implementing these redesigns. They have to become redesign implementation team members or team leaders and ensure that redesigns are implemented and give the productivity and cost reduction benefits, that were estimated in the economic analysis of the redesign.


In industrial engineering,  management is to be taught so that IEs successfully manage the planning and implementation of their redesigns.

Systems Installation - Installing Proposed Methods
http://nraomtr.blogspot.com/2011/12/systems-installation-installing.html

______________________________




Principles of Industrial Engineering - Presentation 


by Dr. K.V.S.S. Narayana Rao in the 2017Annual Conference of IISE (Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineering) at Pittsburgh, USA on 23 May 2017

______________________________


______________________________



Updated 2018 - 16 June 2018
First published 29 June 2017

Applied Industrial Engineering - Process Steps


Applying Industrial Engineering principles, methods, techniques and tools in new technologies is termed as Applied Industrial Engineering.

Industrial Engineering 4.0 - IE in Industry 4.0 Engineering Systems and Processes


Industrial Engineering 4.0 is Applied Industrial Engineering.

The main focus of applied industrial engineering has to be Industrial Engineering 4.0 now.

Bela Gold, Rosegger, Gerhard. and Boylan, Myles G. Jr. (1990)

"Technological advances have come to be recognized as probably the most important source of improvements in the productivity and competitive strength of industries and, consequently, of gains in national economic growth, standards of living, and economic security."

Gold, Bela. Rosegger, Gerhard. and Boylan, Myles G. Jr. (1990) Evaluating Technological Innovations, D.C. Heath, Lexington, p.3.


Applied Industrial Engineering

The "Applied Industrial Engineering" term was used by Shafeek et al. [2014] . Rao [2017] stated in Principles of Industrial Engineering that "Industrial engineering defined as system efficiency engineering has application in all branches of engineering. Productivity improvement is needed in engineering systems of all branches and therefore industrial engineering needs to be used in all branches of engineering. It needs to be taught in all engineering branches."


New engineering areas like biotechnology and nanotechnology are growing. Productivity improvement is an essential activity in all technology systems. Industrial engineering programme designers have to answer the question: Is there a need to start education in a new technology now in the IE programme? But industrial engineering professionals have to apply the current industrial engineering theory and practice to the new technologies. We all know presently, industry 4.0 is the revolution in all engineering disciplines.  In this context, the paper by Sackey and Bester [2016] exploring the implications of industry 4.0 for industrial engineering is a laudable exercise.

What are the process steps in applied industrial engineering?

An initial proposal.

Monitor - The technology environment for identifying new technologies.
Explore - The selected technology
Analyze - Measure and determine productivity improvement opportunities
Develop - Ideas to improve productivity
Analyze - Economics and optimization opportunities
Participate - in full project report finalization
Incorporate - Productivity improvements
Install - The project
Manage - Productivity maintenance and improvement activities in the projects and technology

The initial proposal was posted in Linkedin communities for comments and suggestions. Response indicates general support. (15 June 2018)

Modified steps

Monitor - Explore - Analyze - Develop - Optimize - Participate - Install - Improve


Brief explanation of the Applied Industrial Engineering - Process Steps


Monitor - Technology Monitoring - Applied Industrial Engineering

Explore - Technology Exploration - Applied Industrial Engineering

Analysis - Productivity Analysis of New Technology - Applied Industrial Engineering

Develop - Develop Productivity Knowledge of New Technology - Applied Industrial Engineering

Optimize - Optimize Productivity Engineering Ideas - Applied Industrial Engineering

Participate - Participate in New Technology Implementation Projects - Applied Industrial Engineering

Install - Be An Active Member of the Project Execution and Management Team - Applied Industrial Engineering

Improve - Continuous and Periodic Improvement of Productivity - Applied Industrial Engineering



Kambhampati,Venkata Satya Surya Narayana Rao. (2017). Principles of industrial engineering. IIE Annual Conference.Proceedings, , 890-895.
https://search.proquest.com/docview/1951119980

Sackey, S.M., and Bester, A., (2016), “Industrial Engineering Curriculum in Industry 4.0 in a South African Context,” South African Journal of Industrial Engineering   Vol. 27, No. 4, December, pp 101-114

Shafeek, Hani, Mohammed Aman, and Muhammad Marsudi, (2014), “From Traditional to Applied: A Case Study in Industrial Engineering Curriculum,” International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic, Business and Industrial Engineering Vol. 8, No. 10, pp. 3378-87.


(C) Narayana Rao K.V.S.S. 2018



Related Articles

Applied Industrial Engineering - 2017 Bulletin
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/12/applied-industrial-engineering-2017.html


Applied Industrial Engineering - Research 2017
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/06/applied-industrial-engineering-research.html


Updated 2018 - 16 June 2018,  6 June 2018
First published on 24 May 2018




Wednesday, June 13, 2018

IoT Technology - Exploration - Industrial Engineering Point of View


What Are the Trends Driving Technology Suppliers?
Miniaturization, integration,  digitalization,  customization, modularization and identification, these six trends are shaping the future of automation technologies.
FACTORY AUTOMATION DESK, May 31, 2018
https://www.automationworld.com/what-are-trends-driving-technology-suppliers


IoT 101

What is a Gateway?
https://medium.com/iotforall/iot-101-what-is-a-gateway-be066763b98d

https://www.xsensors.com/en/iot-gateway-for-strain-sensors.html

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/salient-features-niti-aayogs-national-strategy-india-by-chakraborty/


IoT Platforms

Making sense of Internet of Things platforms
By Eric Lamarre and Brett May
May 2017
https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/digital-mckinsey/our-insights/making-sense-of-internet-of-things-platforms


Siemens
Siemens  invested heavily in their Mindsphere IoT cloud platform.

It would appear Mindsphere can run on-premise or a hosted cloud environment. Siemens recently announced AWS support.

Siemens offers a line of hardware devices, called MindConnect, that can act as gateways to feed data into Mindsphere.

https://www.plm.automation.siemens.com/global/en/topic/mindsphere-whitepaper/28842

https://www.siemens.com/global/en/home/products/software/mindsphere.html

https://www.tcs.com/siemens-tcs-join-forces-for-industrial-iot-on-mindsphere

ABB
The ABB IoT platform is called ABB Ability.
ABB Ability does appear to have the concept of a digital twin, which they call Aspect Objects.

Emerson
Emerson announced an IoT offering called PlanetWeb digital ecosystem.

Schneider Electric
The Schneider Electric IoT platform is called EcoStruxure Platform. There are industry-specific versions of EcoStruxure for Building, Plant & Machine, Grid, IT and Power.


Rockwell Automation
Rockwell Software, a subsidary of Rockwell, has a product line FactoryTalk.




GE
GE Predix. GE Digital has spent billions to implement and market Predix and have embraced becoming a software vendor.

Some of the key features of the Predix platform include: Edge-to-Cloud connectivity, analytics and machine learning, digital twin, data management and application development tools.

Honeywell
Honeywell has a suite of IIoT solutions under the Connected Plant banner.  Honeywell does seem to be working on an integrated IoT platform, called Honeywell Sentience.

https://dzone.com/articles/iot-platforms-from-the-top-10-industrial-automatio




Areas of Application


Asset Optimization
https://www.zdnet.com/article/ibm-buys-oniqua-holdings-to-bolster-asset-optimization-business/


Updated  2018, 14 June,11 June
1 June 2018

Sunday, June 10, 2018

Maintenance System Industrial Engineering



University of Reims Champagne Ardenne
MAINTENANCE AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (GIM)

UNIVERSITY TECHNOLOGICAL DEGREE IN MAINTENANCE AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (GIM)
http://www.univ-reims.eu/courses/available-courses/degrees-and-preparations-to-teacher-examinations/science-technologies-health/university-technological-degrees,177,261.html



Maintenance system  industrial engineering is the study of resource use in various maintenance activities with a view to increasing the efficiency or eliminating the waste wherever possible. While the maintenance is carried out to keep the machines and equipment in good condition to perform, resources are used the activity. This resource use is carefully investigated by the industrial engineering to identify and remove waste. Industrial engineering succeeded in reducing the cost of many processes designed in the first iteration by the managers by significant percentage and hence it is a very important activity in systems design or systems engineering.

Famous example of  manufacturing industrial engineering, is Henry Ford's production system redesign, that reduced the price of the automobile by half. Taylor reduced cost of many manufacturing activities. Gilbreth and Harrigton Emerson also achieved similar cost reduction in construction activity and rail road operations.


Industrial engineering has two components - System efficiency engineering and Human effort industrial engineering.

In another explanation, we can say industrial engineering consists of productivity science, productivity engineering and productivity management.


System Industrial Engineering - System Human Effort Engineering - System Efficiency Engineering

Human Effort Engineering - Techniques

1. Principles of Motion Economy
2. Motion Study
3. Workstation Design
4. Application of Ergonomics and Biomechanics
5. Fatigue Studies
6. Productivity/Safety/Comfort Device Design
7. Standardization of  Methods
8. Operator training
9. Incentive Systems
10. Job Evaluation
11. Learning effect capture
12. Work Measurement


EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT TECHNIQUES OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING


1. Process Analysis
2. Operation Analysis
3. Layout Efficiency Analysis
4. Value engineering
5. Statistical quality control
6. Statistical inventory control and ABC Classification Based Inventory Sytems
7. Six sigma
8. Operations research
9. Variety reduction
10. Standardization
11. Incentive schemes
12. Waste reduction or elimination
13. Activity based management
14. Business process improvement
15. Fatigue analysis and reduction
16. Engineering economy analysis
17. Learning effect capture and continuous improvement (Kaizen, Quality circles and suggestion schemes)
18. Standard costing


Industrial Engineering Techniques Specially Applied in Maintenance IE


Replacement analysis
Group replacement analysis
Total productive maintenance
Spare parts inventory decisions
Spare parts storage
Maintenance activities ergonomics
Maintenance work measurement
Lean Maintenance
Poka Yoke design for maintenance
Reduction of maintenance time (using 5S and SMED techniques)

New techniques - 2017

Smart Maintenance
Maintenance 4.0


Progress of Industrial Engineering of Maintenance in Japan.


1961 The Japan Management Association (JMA) establishes a Plant Maintenance Committee.
                Japan Management Association is the body responsible for promotion of scientific management in Japan.
1964 A system for awarding PM Awards is established.
1969 The Plant Maintenance Department is dissolved and the Japan Institute of Plant Engineers is established.
1971 The concept of plant maintenance with total participation (Total Productive Maintenance) is proclaimed.
1981 The Japan Institute of Plant Maintenance is launched, following approval from the Ministry of International Trade and Industry as charitable corporation.
1989
The definition of TPM is revised.
The Society of Plant Engineers Japan is established.
1990 The Japan Association of Maintenance and Service Contractors is launched.
2005 JIPM Solutions company limited is separated and transferred from JIPM as a profit-seeking corporation.
2012 JIPM was approved as a public interest incorporated association by the prime minister.

https://www.jipm.or.jp/en/company/history/

Mission Statement JIPM 2017

We contributes to promoting safe, secure and reliable production and maintenance activities, as well as stabilizing and improving quality, in the world of industry through supporting problem-solving related to the enhancement of productivity, equipment-management technologies, and maintenance technologies and skills.

https://www.jipm.or.jp/en/company/mission/


Articles and Papers

LUBRICATION AND GREASING: WORKING PRINCIPLE
22 July 2016
https://www.mobility-work.com/blog/lubrication-and-greasing-working-principle

AUTONOMOUS MAINTENANCE: 5 STEPS TO SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION
4.0 Context
https://www.mobility-work.com/blog/autonomous-maintenance-5-steps-to-successful-implementation
29.5.2016


Why You Should Try Smart Maintenance
http://www.reliableplant.com/Read/30723/smart-maintenance

What Is Lean Maintenance?
2004
http://www.mt-online.com/october2004/what-is-lean-maintenance

Six Sigma Keys to Lean Maintenance
2004
http://www.mt-online.com/november2004/six-sigma-keys-to-lean-maintenance

Six Sigma in Maintenance
SIX SIGMA CONCEPT IN THE MAINTENANCE PROCESS OF TECHNICAL SYSTEMS
2005
http://facta.junis.ni.ac.rs/me/me2005/me2005-08n.pdf

Plant maintenance management practices in automobile industries: A retrospective and literature review
2010
http://upcommons.upc.edu/revistes/bitstream/2099/9948/1/pophaley.pdf


Total Productive Maintenance Review and Overall Equipment Effectiveness Measurement
Osama Taisir R.Almeanazel
Department Of Industrial Engineering, Hashemite University, Zarqa, 13115 Jordan
http://www.jjmie.hu.edu.jo/files/v4n4/JJMIE-129-08_Revised(11)/JJMIE-129-08_modified.pdf



VTT operation and maintenance solutions deliver trouble-free, predictable fleet operation. Our smart solutions optimize safe fleet operation and maintenance, and constitute new competitive service business models for your knowledge-intensive services. Thanks to our significant experience and deep knowledge in this area, we are able to optimize the total operating performance of your fleet. We can also minimize your maintenance time with fast failure identification and recovery.
http://www2.vtt.fi/service/machines_and_vehicles_operation_and_maintenance.jsp?lang=en


Analysis and Scheduling of Maintenance Operations for a Chain of Gas Stations
Mehmet Savsar
Kuwait University, College of Engineering and Petroleum, P.O. Box 5969, 13060 Safat, Kuwait
Journal of Industrial Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 278546
Received 6 November 2012; Revised 2 February 2013; Accepted 3 February 2013
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jie/2013/278546/


Analysis on Costs for Aircraft Maintenance
U. PeriyarSelvam, T. Tamilselvan, S. Thilakan and M. Shanmugaraja
Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Park College of Technology,
Karumathampatti, Coimbatore – 641 659.
Advances in Aerospace Science and Applications.
ISSN 2277-3223 Volume 3, Number 3 (2013), pp. 177-182
© Research India Publications
http://www.ripublication.com/aasa.htm
http://www.ripublication.com/aasa/aasav3n3spl_08.pdf

--------------------------------------


An Assessment of Maintenance Practices and problems in Jordanian Industries
K. K. Tahboub. 2011
Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan

http://jjmie.hu.edu.jo/files/v5n4/JJMIE-206-09.pdf


ESTABLISHING MAINTENANCE RESOURCE LEVELS USING SELECTIVE MAINTENANCE
Ilyas Mohammed Iyoob, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin,
Austin, Texas, USA
C. Richard Cassady, Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Arkansas,
Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA
Edward A. Pohl, Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville,
Arkansas, USA
2006
http://ilyasiyoob.com/IyoobCassadyPohl_The_Engineering_Economist.pdf


ANALYSIS OF MANAGEMENT METHODS AND APPLICATION
TO MAINTENANCE OF GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS
MSc thesis
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
University of Iceland
2008
http://www.os.is/gogn/unu-gtp-report/UNU-GTP-2008-05.pdf




DUTTA, U, Maze, T, (1987) APPLICATION OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING TECHNIQUE IN TRANSIT MAINTENANCE, ITE Journal, Volume 57, Issue 6, p. 45-49.
http://www.worldtransitresearch.info/research/1757/



Maintenance and Industrial Engineering (GIM)
University Technological Degree in Maintenance and Industrial Engineering (GIM)
http://www.univ-reims.eu/courses/available-courses/degrees-and-preparations-to-teacher-examinations/science-technologies-health/university-technological-degrees,177,261.html


Book Engineering Maintenance - Modern Approach - B.S. Dhillon, 2002
http://site.iugaza.edu.ps/sabdelall/files/2010/02/Engineering_Maintenance_a_modern_approach.pdf




Just-in-time Maintenance, Repair, & Overhaul (Presentation)
Anonymous. IIE Annual Conference. Proceedings (2008): 1-34.



Updated 2018 -  12 June 2018,
21 August 2017,  21 April 2015
First published on 27 September 2012

Smart Warehouse - Industry 4.0 Warehouse - Warehouse 4.0



DHL  Smart Warehouse
_____________________


_____________________
October 2017


World Class Receiving and Putaway
_____________________

______________________
2013
Edward H. Frazelle Ph.D.

HOW TO –°REATE IOT-ENABLED SMART WAREHOUSE
https://eleks.com/blog/iot-enabled-smart-warehouse


THREE PROVEN TECHNOLOGY TRENDS FOR LOGISTICS ENTERPRISE MAKEOVER
https://eleks.com/blog/three-proven-technology-trends-for-logistics-enterprise-makeover/

Saturday, June 9, 2018

IIoT Plaforms Information


Gartner - Magic Quadrant for Industrial IoT Platforms
Published: 10 May 2018 ID: G00337297
Analyst(s): Eric Goodness | Ted Friedman | Peter Havart-Simkin | Emil Berthelsen | Alfonso Velosa | Saniye Burcu Alaybeyi | Benoit J. Lheureux

Summary
CIOs in industrial enterprises must cautiously approach IoT platform due diligence. Adoption is growing but the installed base of complex IT/OT integration is small and focused on narrowly defined outcomes. Focus on integration, and data and device management to ensure platforms scale with needs.

Table of Contents

Market Definition/Description
Targeted Industrial Enterprises
Differentiating the IIoT Platform
Magic Quadrant


Platforms - Vendors Included in the Report and Assessed

Accenture

Altizon

https://www.tmcnet.com/usubmit/2018/05/22/8758657.htm

Atos
Flutura
Hitachi
IBM
Oracle
PTC
QiO
SAP
Software AG

Vendor Strengths and Cautions


The Promise of IIoT
Gartner Technology and Market Criteria for IIoT Platforms


Evaluation Criteria

Ability to Execute
Product/Service
Overall Viability (Business Unit, Financial, Strategy, Organization)
Sales Execution/Pricing
Market Responsiveness and Track Record
Marketing Execution
Customer Experience
Operations
Completeness of Vision
Market Understanding
Marketing Strategy
Sales Strategy
Offering (Product) Strategy
Business Model
Vertical/Industry Strategy
Innovation
Geographic Strategy


Quadrant Descriptions


Leaders
Challengers
Visionaries
Niche Players


Context
How to Use This Magic Quadrant


Market Overview

Few Middleware Platforms Are Complete, Organic IIoT Solutions
The IIoT Democratizes Asset Management
The IIoT Platform Market Has a Device Management Problem
The IIoT Edge "Eats" the Cloud
Providers and Platforms Lack Approaches and Support for Standards
Digital Twins Remain Big on Promises but Short on Value and Impact
Competitive Landscape for IIoT Platforms: A Fractured Market
https://www.gartner.com/doc/3874883/magic-quadrant-industrial-iot-platforms

Friday, June 8, 2018

Machine Utilization Economy - Principle of Industrial Engineering



TAYLOR - NARAYANA RAO PRINCIPLES OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING


4-Machine Utilization Economy




__________________


Resource Utilization Economy Principles

The principle can be restated better more appropriately. "Principles of resource utilization economy to be developed for all resources used in engineering systems." (Added on 9 June 2018).

Utilization economy principles are to be developed for each resource used in the production processes. So far, in industrial engineering discipline, principles of motion economy only are deveoped. There has to be research and effort to develop similar principles for all resources.

Principles of Industrial Engineering - Presentation 


by Dr. K.V.S.S. Narayana Rao in the 2017Annual Conference of IISE (Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineering) at Pittsburgh, USA on 23 May 2017

__________________


__________________


Updated 9 June 2018
First published 29 June 2018

Saturday, June 2, 2018

Internet of Things A to Z


1. Application
2. B
3. Communication
4. Development
5. Exploration
6. Feasibility
7. Growth
8. History
9. IoT
10. J
11. K
12. L
13. Manuacturing IoT - IoMT
14. N
15. O
16. Productivity
17. Q
18. R
19. Smart Things
20. T
21. Use Cases
22. Value
23. W
24. X
25. Y
26. Z

Internet of Things A to Z: Technologies and Applications

Qusay F. Hassan
John Wiley & Sons, 09-May-2018 - Technology & Engineering - 704 pages

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=XmpaDwAAQBAJ