Sunday, January 22, 2017

Design for Harmonious Productivity

Workers have to produce quality goods (effectiveness) and they have to use minimum resources (efficiency or productivity). Some authors say productivity is effectiveness and efficiency combined.

When workers or operators and productive and also happy with their work and organization (harmony), we call it harmonious productive work system.

Charles B. Spaulding in the book "An Introduction to Industrial Sociology"  published in 1961 (Chandler Publishing Company) wrote a major section with the title "General Design for Harmonious Productivity." (The section starts with page 233).

I am reading the book presently and writing  a summary here.

The first statement is that a general design for harmonious productivity involves an attempt to integrate the essential elements of the formal organizational approach with the findings and prescriptions of human relations scientists and professionals. There has to be dynamic equilibrium between factors related to formal organization (roles) and human relations (individuals).

The first elements or factors are related to basic working conditions (common to all).

Second group relates to interpersonal and organizational circumstances of each and every job.

Research behind the Design for Harmonious Productivity

The importance of money
Refer Viteles, Motivation and Moral in Industry, 1953, Norton and Co., New York

The importance of working conditions

Money is one of many goals

The principle of prepotency

Money and Security versus Regimentation on the Assembly Line

The functionality of structural clarity and stability

Adequate capacities and training

Updated  22 January 2017

Sunday, January 15, 2017

January - Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan

                              Father of Industrial Engineering

                                        Frederick Taylor

                                                        Picture Source:

IE knowledge revision plan was started in 2014. It was created only for four or five months. This year, plan will be made for all the 12 months. In the revision essential subjects and chapters from management will also be included along with industrial engineering techniques. Knowledge of management techniques should help industrial engineering professionals to know the importance of industrial engineering in management practice as a basic discipline and functional areas of management, to manage implementation of IE projects and IE departments and to take up line management careers at some point in their career on the way to become CEOs of the organizations.

The basic plan of the revision is that 40 articles at the rate of 2 articles per working day are to be read. That gives the flexibility to read them during the week end also it on any working day reading is skipped. The article may take around 10 minutes. Therefore on article in the morning session and one article in the evening session can be read. The basic purpose is to refresh the already known knowledge. New knowledge is provided as subject updates in different articles one for each subject included in the revision.

In the month of January 2017, the revision is planned to start from 15 January  providing for a good year end break.

Management theory clearly states that effectiveness and efficiency are two important or prime dimensions of management performance. Industrial engineering has its prime focus on efficiency and thus it provides managers with efficiency related services and makes sure that efficiency or productivity is high in organizations. In the course of pursing industrial engineering practice, some IEs may shift to full management roles if they make efforts in the meanwhile to learn additional knowledge and skills. Becoming a full manager can be a natural career progression for industrial engineers apart from becoming senior industrial engineers and growing up in the industrial engineering department up to chief industrial engineering officer of the company (CIEO).

January 3rd Week  15th to 19th, 2017

Development of Management Subject. Theory of Management developed over a long a period of time with periodic quantum jumps in thinking.
Scientific Management/Shop Management - F.W. Taylor Introduction

Industrial Management and General Management - Henri Fayol
Importance of Human Relations in Management - Elton Mayo and Rothelisberger (Insights from Psychology)

Organization as a Social Group (Insights of Sociologists)
Mathematical Models and Their Optimization

Control of Variation in Inputs and Outputs (Insights from Statistics)
Systems Approach in Management

Business Conceptualization (Insights from Economics, Engineering Economics, Managerial Economics, Industrial Economics)
Peter Drucker - Business Organization - Economic Function - Social Responsibility

January 4th Week   22 to 25,  2017

Global and Comparative Management
Management: Definition and Process

Process of Management
Planning: A Management Process

The Nature and Purpose of Planning - Review Notes
Objectives and Goals - Review Notes

Strategies, Policies, and Planning Premises - Review Notes
Business Firm and Society - The External Environment, Social Responsibility and Ethics - Review Notes

Decision Making - Review Notes
Summary - Principles of Planning

February - Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan

One Year Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan

January - February - March - April - May - June

July - August - September - October - November - December

Updated on 18 January 2017,  18 Jan 2016, Jan 2015