Saturday, January 27, 2018

Efficient Milking - Processes and Process Improvement



Efficient Cow Machine Milking
Newzealand
__________________

__________________

An efficient milking routine is especially important in large herringbone systems that require two milkers.
https://www.dairynz.co.nz/milking/herringbone/efficient-milking-routine/

Monday, January 22, 2018

Industrial Engineering - YouTube Videos of Narayana Rao - Information




Prof. Narayana Rao created number of YouTube Videos on Industrial Engineering. Some of them are lectures and some are conference presentations of Research Papers.

Please Subscribe to the Videos when you watch them. You will get notification when new videos are uploaded.

What is Industrial Engineering?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T7mtfiNQBUc
2243 views

Principles of Industrial Engineering - Taylor-Narayana Rao

Video presentation
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pU8CdWfZZdU
1965 views


Introduction to Industrial Engineering - Slide Show
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cIF19cyiIEQ
1,467

Industrial Engineering Tools and Techniques  (1210 views)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xsKJ7J_fEpc
(1210 views)

Supply Chain Industrial Engineering
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XSEWec1GrIQ
823

Make in India - Role of Industrial Engineering - Presentation Slide Show
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YpVRM5bqDKk
775

The Purpose, Philosophy, Principles and Methods of Industrial Engineering
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GzTrIQL5N5c
631

Employee Involvement in Industrial Engineering Projects
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DQ3Hj7NsnaQ
615

Industrial Engineering Definitions
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J46V5znlTlQ
327

Make in India - Role of Industrial Engineering - Total Cost Industrial Engineering - Part 1
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OHCrKW_pF4Q
301




Do you trust me as a blogger and Responsible Social Media Participant? - Narayana Rao




Do you trust me as a blogger and Responsible Social Media  Participant?

Are references provided by me in my online articles/blog posts sufficient and reliable?
Are my opinions clearly identified from facts or opinions expressed by others in their print or online articles?

Your opinion and suggestions will help me to improve my writing practice and rectify the errors and mistakes being made by me.

This query is prompted by the article written by Mr. Anurag Mehrotra, President and MD, Ford India, in Brand Equity paper of 10 January 2018. He wrote "finding information that's objective and fact-based has never been more difficult." People don't know who to trust or in whom to place their hope.

I actively participate in Google+, FaceBook, Linkedin and Twitter and also in Whatsapp sharing my blog posts, current as well as old ones and YouTube videos. I spend considerable time in the activity as I feel, I am doing a significant activity that way as every day thousand +  read my blog articles. But it is important to know the suggestions of readers in a systematic invited way to improve my writing and communication.

Thank you for your suggestions.


I make a special request to you subscribe to my YouTube Video collection on clicking Subscribe Button on any YouTube video of mine on YouTube. I uploaded 83 videos so far. YouTube now insists that 1000 subscribers are required for the privilege of a partner enjoying the permission to upload larger videos. So please support my video collection on YouTube.

My popular YouTube Videos

Principles of Industrial Engineering - Taylor-Narayana Rao

Video presentation
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pU8CdWfZZdU
1965 views

First YouTube Video in Telugu on ఇండస్ట్రీ 4.0
అనుసంధాన వస్తు ఉత్పత్తి వ్యవస్థ

వీడియో - పరిశ్రమ 4. 0 - నాలుగవ పారిశ్రామిక విప్లవము

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R_wSp6IZvio

Industrial Engineering 4.0 - IE in the Era of Industry 4.0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r8koC1EWHAk

Industry 4.0 Technologies Adoption - Guidelines for SMEs

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PKm08xILtbA

Principles and Focus Areas of Industrial Engineering

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g74avvKfUMk


What is Industrial Engineering?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T7mtfiNQBUc
2243 views


Introduction to Industrial Engineering - Slide Show
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cIF19cyiIEQ
1,467

Industrial Engineering Tools and Techniques  (1210 views)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xsKJ7J_fEpc
(1210 views)

Supply Chain Industrial Engineering
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XSEWec1GrIQ
823

Make in India - Role of Industrial Engineering - Presentation Slide Show
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YpVRM5bqDKk
775

The Purpose, Philosophy, Principles and Methods of Industrial Engineering
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GzTrIQL5N5c
631

Employee Involvement in Industrial Engineering Projects
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DQ3Hj7NsnaQ
615

Industrial Engineering Definitions
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J46V5znlTlQ
327


5 Ways to Increase Thought Leadership and Build Trust
https://www.strong-content.com/5-ways-increase-thought-leadership-build-trust/


Sunday, January 21, 2018

Industry 4.0 Adoption and Implementation in Global Top 50 Manufacturing Companies



Industry 4.0 Technologies Adoption - Guidelines for SMEs

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Information Regarding Industry 4.0 Initiatives of Top 50 Manufacturing Companies



Company           Industry                 Revenue (Millions US Dollars) 




1 Mitsui                   Engineering 566,512 Japan



Mining meets Industry 4.0
West Angelas is one of the mines where Mitsui’s joint venture partner Rio Tinto is road-testing the deployment of the latest information technologies to extract minerals with greater safety and diminished environmental impacts.

At Rio Tinto’s Pilbara Operations Center, located in Perth (around 1,500 kilometers from the Pilbara itself), over 400 operators use real-time analytics and collaboration tools to optimize operations across Rio Tinto’s 17 mines, 4 ports and 1,700 kilometers of railway. Further innovative efforts include autonomous drilling systems (successfully trialed in West Angelas in 2008); autonomous haulage trucks for moving ore (also first trialed in West Angelas in 2008); and fully automated heavy-haul, long-distance railway systems (a world first).

http://www.mitsui.com/jp/en/innovation/business/iron_ore/index.html



2 IBM                   Engineering, various 306,916 United States



SmartFactoryKL- IBM’s learning factory and Industrie 4.0 Reference Architecture example
https://www.ibm.com/blogs/bluemix/2017/06/smartfactorykl-industrie-40-reference-architecture-example/


3 Volkswagen Group   Engineering 221,551 Germany

SEAT breaks new ground in training for Industry 4.0
https://www.volkswagenag.com/en/news/2017/06/seat_training_for_industry.html


Wolfsburg, 22 November 2017
The Volkswagen Group launches international competition to promote car body construction with digital innovation platform HYVE Crowd
https://www.volkswagen-media-services.com/en/detailpage/-/detail/The-Volkswagen-Group-launches-international-competition-to-promote-car-body-construction-with-digital-innovation-platform-HYVE-Crowd/view/5908265/7a5bbec13158edd433c6630f5ac445da?p_p_auth=3pEWYNr3

26 July 2017
Industry 4.0 in the Volkswagen Group
http://bond.mpc.gov.my/bond2/best-practices/categories/item/223-industry-4-0-in-the-volkswagen-group.html


4 Samsung Electronics Electronics, 167,000 South Korea

Samsung Electronics Joins the OPC Foundation to Accelerate Enabling Interoperable Industrial IoT Edge Platform
09/19/2017
https://opcfoundation.org/news/opc-foundation-news/samsung-electronics-joins-opc-foundation-accelerate-enabling-interoperable-industrial-iot-edge-platform/

Sep 11, 2017
Samsung has joined EdgeX Foundry, throwing weight behind The Linux Foundation’s open-source project to build an interoperability framework for industrial IoT projects.
http://www.ioti.com/industrial-iot-iiot/samsung-joins-edgex-foundry


4 Daimler Automotive 394,890 Germany

Production is becoming smart. Industry 4.0 and the networked factory

The future has long been here: The digital transformation is changing the products as well as their production. Module for module, Mercedes-Benz is networking the entire automotive value chain – from design, through production, to sales and service. The fourth industrial revolution is accelerating more and more. The foundations for a completely connected “smart factory” are set.
https://www.daimler.com/innovation/case/connectivity/industry-4-0.html

Industrie 4.0 – Digitalisation at Mercedes-Benz: The Next Step in the Industrial Revolution
http://media.daimler.com/marsMediaSite/en/instance/ko/Industrie-40--Digitalisation-at-Mercedes-Benz-The-Next-Step-in-the-Industrial-Revolution.xhtml?oid=9272047



5 General Electric   Engineering,   147,616 United States

We want to treat analytics like it’s as core to the company over the next 20 years as material science has been over the past 50 years.
GE’s Jeff Immelt on digitizing in the industrial space
https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/organization/our-insights/ges-jeff-immelt-on-digitizing-in-the-industrial-space




5 Exor                   Automotive 140,297 Italy

EXOR and NEXCOM Extends Partnership to Fulfill Industry 4.0’s Vision for Smart Manufacturing

To achieve Industry 4.0's vision for smart manufacturing, NEXCOM has proposed PC-based IoT Automation Solutions consisting of intelligence controllers, IoT automation gateways, and big data collectors. Under the partnership, NEXCOM expands its product portfolio to EXOR's virtualized human machine interface (HMI), a key element to Industry 4.0, offering all-round IoT Automation Solutions, EXOR extends its presence in Asia market and will grow JMobile platform to ensure global offering.
http://www.nexcom.com/news/Detail/exor-and-nexcom-extends-partnership-to-fulfill-industry-4-0-s-vision-for-smart-manufacturing
http://www.exorembedded.net/



6 General Motors   Automotive 155,929 United States

General Motors’ Lake Orion plant uses  the power of the industrial Internet of Things to analyze the work of 800 robots. These robots   are connected to the cloud and operators have complete visibility of their operation and maintenance issues. The information helps  to ensure maximum efficiency.
http://www.industrial-ip.org/en/industrial-ip/internet-of-things/general-motors-harnesses-the-iiot


General Motors is continually adding assisted driving features such as crash avoidance, lane warning and automatic parking assistance.  In late 2016, it will begin selling its Cadillac CT6 with ‘super cruise’, which will make hands-free highway driving possible while the car maintains speed, lane position and vehicle separation.
https://www.accenture.com/t20170411T120057Z__w__/us-en/_acnmedia/Accenture/Conversion-Assets/WEF/PDF/Accenture-Automotive-Industry.pdf




7 Ford                   Automotive 136,264 United States


CAR WORKERS BUDDY UP WITH ROBOTS – MAN AND MACHINE WORK HAND-IN-HAND AS FORD APPLIES INDUSTRY 4.0 AUTOMATION
JUL 14, 2016 | COLOGNE, GERMANY
https://media.ford.com/content/fordmedia/fna/us/en/news/2016/07/14/car-workers-buddy-up-with-robots--man-and-machine-work-hand-in-h.html

Ford Gets Swept Up in Industry 4.0 Collaborative Robot Craze
July 14, 2016
https://www.engineering.com/AdvancedManufacturing/ArticleID/12657/Ford-Gets-Swept-Up-in-Industry-40-Collaborative-Robot-Craze.aspx

Video: Industry 4.0 - Ford's Automotive Body Quality Solution
http://www.ats-inspect.com/25_descargas/2917_video-industry-4-0-ford-s-automotive-body-quality-solution.html?do=article



8 Hewlett-Packard Electronics 127,245 United States

3 ways Industry 4.0 is disrupting manufacturing 
‎02-06-2017
https://community.hpe.com/t5/Internet-of-Things-IoT/3-ways-Industry-4-0-is-disrupting-manufacturing/ba-p/6937749

IT meets manufacturing and welcomes Industry 4.0 
‎10-19-2016
https://community.hpe.com/t5/Infrastructure-Insights/IT-meets-manufacturing-and-welcomes-Industry-4-0/ba-p/6908305


9 Hitachi Engineering, 122,419 Japan

Klaus Dieter Rennert, chief executive for Europe, Hitachi Ltd., explores the potential operational improvements offered by Industry 4.0 and its associated technologies.
https://www.themanufacturer.com/articles/industry-4-0-where-the-internet-of-things-meets-industry/

Executive summary
Digital Industrial Transformation with the Internet of Things
How can European companies benefit from IoT?
2017 Report sponsored by Hitachi
https://www.hitachivantara.com/en-us/pdf/analyst-content/hitachi-cxp-executive-summary-digital-industrial-transformation-with-iot.pdf


10 Nissan Automotive 119,166 Japan

IIoT in motion: Nissan’s autonomous vehicles (AGVs) drive efficiency at UK factory
November 4, 2016
https://internetofbusiness.com/iiot-motion-nissans-autonomous-vehicles/


11 Hon Hai Precision Industry Electronics 117,514 Taiwan

Hon Hai has contracted Maxnerva for its current batch of “smart factory” projects in Wuhan, Chongqing, Zhengzhou and Shenzhen.
http://www.scmp.com/tech/china-tech/article/1984880/maxnerva-pushes-smart-factory-projects-china-contract-manufacturing

Hon Hai puts 60,000 robots on production lines
2017/06/01
http://focustaiwan.tw/news/aeco/201706010023.aspx

Since 2014, Hon Hai, trading as Foxconn Technology Group, the world's largest electronics contractor manufacturer, has decided to focus on the development of Industry 4.0 following a trend started by Germany.
http://www.manufacturingglobal.com/lean-manufacturing/terry-gou-steers-foxconn-towards-industry-40-future


12 Siemens     Engineering, 113,349 Germany

Siemens AG

Industrie 4.0: The hour of implementation has arrived
Nuremberg, 2017-Nov-28

New MindSphere Version 3.0 on Amazon Web Services (AWS) provides access to Siemens APIs and AWS cloud services for faster development
Simotics IQ: New IoT concept for motors
New partnership financing service to boost the implementation of Industrie 4.0
Study affirms annual productivity increase due to digitalization of up to 9.8 percent
https://www.siemens.com/press/en/pressrelease/?press=/en/pressrelease/2017/corporate/pr2017110082coen.htm

Is Industry 4.0 Realistic? Face to Face with Siemens CEO Tony Hemmelgarn – TV Report
April 27, 2017
https://www.engineering.com/PLMERP/ArticleID/14814/Is-Industry-40-Realistic-Face-to-Face-with-Siemens-CEO-Tony-Hemmelgarn-TV-Report.aspx

Siemens Positions Itself as an Industry 4.0 Example
https://www.automationworld.com/siemens-positions-itself-industry-40-example


13 Apple Electronics 108,249 United States
14 Toyota Automotive 105,364 Japan
15  Cardinal Health Pharmaceuticals 102,644 United States
17 BASF Chemicals 102,194 Germany
18 Honda Automotive 100,664 Japan
19 Panasonic Engineering, various 99,373 Japan
20 BMW Automotive 95,692 Germany
21 ArcelorMittal Steel 94,444 Luxembourg
22 Nestle Food & Beverages 94,405   Switzerland
22 Eni Oil & gas 90,405 Italy
23 Peugeot Automotive 83,305 France
24 Procter & Gamble Consumer goods 82,559 United States
25 Sony Electronics 82,237 Japan
26 Toshiba Engineering, various 77,261 Japan
26 Enel Renewable energy 75,405 Italy
27 Bosch Engineering, various 71,600 Germany
28 Sinochem Chemicals 70,990 China
29 Mitsubishi Engineering, various 70,492 Japan
30 Hyundai Motor Company Automotive 70,227 South Korea
31 ThyssenKrupp Steel 68,791 Germany
32 Boeing Aerospace & Defense 68,735 United States
33 Airbus Aerospace & Defense 68,310 Netherlands
34 Pfizer Pharmaceuticals 67,932 United States
35 SAIC Motor Automotive 67,255 China
37 PepsiCo Food & Beverages 66,504 United States
38 Johnson & Johnson Personal care products 65,030 United States
39 Unilever Consumer goods 64,610 Netherlands
40 Dongfeng Motor Group Automotive 62,911 China
41 POSCO Steel 62,230 South Korea
42 Dell Electronics 62,071 United States
43 Caterpillar Construction equipment 60,138 United States
44 Dow Chemical Chemicals 59,985 United States
45 Novartis Pharmaceuticals 59,375   Switzerland
46 Renault Automotive 59,272 France
47 Saint-Gobain Building materials 58,560 France
48 United Technologies Engineering, various 58,190 United States
49 FAW Group Automotive 57,003 China
50 Fujitsu Electronics 56,582 Japan
51 China Minmetals Metals 54,509 China

Friday, January 19, 2018

Industry 4.0 - IIoT - Productivity Management

Productivity Management and Improvement Management - Management of IE Projects, Studies, and Department



Total Productivity Management  - Suito Kiyoshi
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2013/08/total-productivity-management-different.html


Strategic  Total Productivity Optimization

Total Cost Industrial Engineering

Determinants of Productivity - Syverson - 2011

Don't be in a hurry - Productivity Improvement Requires Time - F.W. Taylor

Empowerment and Productivity
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/11/empowerment-and-productivity.html

Productivity Management - Management Function-Wise Explanation

Productivity Management - Books and Articles




Productivity Management - Industry 4.0


Industry 4.0 has tremendous potential for productivity improvement in the world. The quantum is in trillions as per estimates and forecasts. This industrial revolution offers potential for totally new products. But its potential in redesign and existing products and production systems producing them itself has great potential. Hence engineers working in new products and processes area and engineers working in productivity area have ample work and challenge. But the management is required to make the technology appear in the organizations and work successfully.

The guidelines for management at various levels for effective implementation of Industry 4.0 technologies were released by number of organizations and more reports and research studies will appear.


Planning for Productivity Management - Industry 4.0


Planning for Digital Transformation


How to structure an effective digital transformation plan
 By Expert commentator 14 Dec, 2017
https://www.smartinsights.com/manage-digital-transformation/digital-transformation-strategy/structure-effective-digital-transformation-plan/

Creating a Digital Transformation plan
 By Annmarie Hanlon 18 Aug, 2016
https://www.smartinsights.com/manage-digital-transformation/digital-transformation-strategy/digital-transformation-plan/

Benchmarking your digital marketing capability
 By Dave Chaffey 22 Oct, 2015
https://www.smartinsights.com/managing-digital-marketing/capability-performance-review/benchmarking-digital-marketing-capability/

Leading Digital Transformation Is Like Urban Planning
Paul Beswick
HBR, AUGUST 02, 2017
https://hbr.org/2017/08/leading-digital-transformation-is-like-urban-planning

Digital Transformation Blueprint
The Dawn of the Digital Industrial - GE Consultancy Service
https://www.ge.com/digital/sites/default/files/Digital-Transformation-Blueprint.pdf


Creating a Digital Transformation Plan of Action: A Guide for Leaders
9 Key Initiatives
March 10, 2015
http://denovati.com/2015/03/digital-transformation-plan-of-action

Organizing


Organizing for Digital Transformation

Organizing for a Digital Future

OCTOBER 18, 2017
BCG.com
By Gabrielle Novacek , Rashi Agarwal , Sonya Hoo , Steve Maaseide , Benjamin Rehberg , and Liza Stutts
https://www.bcg.com/publications/2017/technology-organizing-for-digital-future.aspx?linkId=45823393

Enterprise IT architecture planning
Why Digital Transformation Requires Robust IT Planning
By Aliah D. Wright
Sep 27, 2017
https://www.shrm.org/resourcesandtools/hr-topics/technology/pages/why-digital-transformation-requires-robust-planning.aspx

Resourcing


Staffing


How to Gain and Develop Digital Talent and Skills

The New New Way of Working Series
BCG.com
JULY 19, 2017
By Rainer Strack , Susanne Dyrchs , Ádám Kotsis , and Stéphanie Mingardon
https://www.bcg.com/publications/2017/people-organization-technology-how-gain-develop-digital-talent-skills.aspx?linkId=46046965




Diffusion of productivity practices is an issue in productivity management.
June 2016
https://www.brookings.edu/blog/the-avenue/2016/07/21/look-to-advanced-industries-to-help-drive-productivity-gains/


Introduction of Industry  4.0 Guidelines and Guidebooks


Guideline Industrie 4.0
Guiding principles for the implementation of Industrie 4.0 in small and medium sized businesses
VDMA, Germany
http://industrie40.vdma.org/documents/4214230/5356229/VDMA+Guideline+Industrie+40.pdf/cd1e8ef0-626e-432d-a2da-5c7a990b1a9b

National IoT Roadmaps and Strategies


National Internet of Things (IoT): Strategic Roadmap: A Summary
MIMOS Berhard, Malaysia Report, 2015

Internet of Things: Seizing Opportunities and Addressing the Challenges
OECD, May 2016



Adopting Industry 4.0,  IIoT - Principles, Frameworks -Bibliography



March 23, 2017 / Autumn 2017 / Issue 88
10 Principles for Leading the Next Industrial Revolution
https://www.strategy-business.com/article/10-Principles-for-Leading-the-Next-Industrial-Revolution


Six Principles for Becoming a Digital Industrial
https://www.ge.com/digital/blog/six-principles-becoming-digital-industrial

A Strategist’s Guide to Industry 4.0
PWC
May 9, 2016 / Summer 2016 / Issue 83
https://www.strategy-business.com/article/A-Strategists-Guide-to-Industry-4.0



Updating  21 January 2018,  1 January 2018,   19 December 2017, 12 December 2017

Industrial Engineering Blogs



 By Narayana Rao K.V.S.S.

https://nraoiekc.blogspot.com



Purdue Undergrad News and Notes
http://purdueieugo.blogspot.com/

Alp Ustundag blospot blog

An interesting blog on Industrial Engineering by a Class


G Class IEBU 2011
The Best Class in Industrial Engineering Brawijaya University 2011
https://gclass2011.blogspot.com/



Updated 20 January 2018,  9 July 2016

Thursday, January 18, 2018

Industrial Engineering 4.0 - Making Connected Engineering Systems More Productive


Industrial Engineering 4.0  was proposed as a parallel development in Industrial Engineering to take care of productivity of  engineering (production) systems in the era of Industry 4.0 Technology Set by Prof. K.V.S.S. Narayana Rao (Professor, National Institute of Industrial Engineering). Subsequent to the development of the idea, the Google search revealed that the term was already coined and used in Germany in 2016. But the digital content available on the topic has not provided enough explanation of Industrial Engineering 4.0. A project was initiated by Prof. Rao to elaborate the subject content of Industrial Engineering 4.0. The prime objective of Industrial Engineering 4.0 is to make connected engineering systems more productive.

_________________________


Prime Objective of Industrial Engineering 4.0

Making Connected Engineering Systems More Productive



__________________________

You can see reference to Industrial Engineering 4.0 in the following announcement about a seminar on 28 November 2017 in Germany.

Lecture event of the Friends of Industry 4.0


On Tuesday, 28. November 2017, at 19:30 clock we would like to cordially invite you to a lecture by Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jürgen Köbler, Professor of Industrial Production Technology, Digital Factory, Production Organization and Production Planning at the Faculty of Business Administration and Industrial Engineering of the University of Applied Sciences Offenburg invite to the Aula of the Gewerbliche Schule Lahr.

Companies have to constantly increase their productivity due to high competitive pressure. One area that is constantly increasing is industrial engineering. Especially in the course of digitization and networking of corporate processes, the lecture sheds light on how Industry 4.0 affects industrial engineering. The approach is to design an Industrial Engineering 4.0 that combines the advances of Industry 4.0 and the digital factory. In detail, the visions and basic requirements of Industrie 4.0, the change to product-oriented production planning and the gradual networking in the company are presented. Furthermore, Prof. Köbler talks about model platforms of Industry 4.0, new ways of information-driven production and the transformation from a conventional to a digital production company.

We would be pleased to welcome you at the event as guests at the Gewerbliche Schule Lahr. Admission is free. A donation in favor of the school partnership with Alajuela / Costa Rica is requested. I would be very grateful if you would forward the invitation to other interested people.

Sincerely, Bernd Wiedmann
Principal of the GS Lahr and managing director of the association

http://www.gewerbliche-schule-lahr.de/index.php/termine-reader/vortragsveranstaltung-des-foerdervereins-zu-industrie-4-0.html

Tuesday, January 16, 2018

Productivity Improvement - “Industry 4.0, Leapfrog Opportunity for India” - Productivity Week Theme - India 2018


12 to 18, February 2018 is the Productivity Week in India


“Industry 4.0, Leapfrog Opportunity for India” - Productivity Week Theme - India 2018

National Productivity Council - India - Theme Paper

http://www.npcindia.gov.in/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/Theme-Paper-2017-18.pdf

What is Industry 4.0?


The Fourth Industrial Revolution is using data captured by sensors in products and manufacturing equipment, analyzing to get information and using that information to automatically start and stop machines that include robots to d manufacturing and maintenance operations. This will improve productivity, quality and maintainablity. It is a revolution in manufacturing technologies brought about by international networking between things that facilitate communication and action. So the productivity of man can further go up due more efficient and effective connected machine net work and standard of living of the people is expected to go up substantially. Some countries are in the forefront in this revolution already with number of patents and factories that implemented these technologies.

NPC is driving Industry 4.0 in India through the productivity week celebration of 2018

The Fourth Industrial Revolution will result in the “Smart Factory”, which is characterized by versatility (flexibility and mass customization), resource efficiency, high incomes and  human friendly work environment (less discomfort to human operators) and digital integration with business partners.


Smart manufacturing - Benefits:
• Additional Revenue (Top line improvement)
• Lower Cost (Bottom line improvement)  through:

• Enabling Industrial Companies to redesign and optimize customer relationship.
• Enabling Industrial Companies to redesign and optimize the production process
• Visibility of  the status of all aspects of production system in real time
• By improving logistics processes and making them also  leaner
• Reduced inventories
• Maintenance processes standardization and optimization
• 100% traceability

Different  technologies of Industry  4.0 are available to choose and implement  based on the relevance, cost-effectiveness, and impact on productivity enhancement based on the current systems of organizations

• Additive Manufacturing – 3D Printing
• Sensors
• Robots (auto + co-bots)
• Simulation
• Augmented reality
• Cloud Computing
Big Data and Analytics
• Industrial Internet
• Horizontal and vertical integration

Cyber security is being strengthened to protect the information of the industrial companies that is stored and transmitted in the digital data stores (warehouses) and communication networks.

Productivity Science - Productivity Engineering - Productivity Management Framework in Productivity Improvement Through Industry 4.0



Productivity Science

Technology Change and Productivity

Changes in technology are the only source of permanent increases in productivity, but a number of transient factors can affect both true and "measured" productivity. For example, workers may work harder during periods of high demand and firms may use their capital assets more intensively by running factories for extra shifts; both factors can lead measured productivity to be too high relative to actual technological progress. Similarly, during periods of high demand, productivity can also rise due to increasing returns to scale. But,  the effect of transient factors is not permanent.
http://www.nber.org/digest/oct01/w8359.html

So permanent productivity improvement is brought about by engineering changes, procedure changes in service processes as well as management processes.

Industry 4.0 is offering number of new technologies and there technologies are to be incorporated into manufacturing and other engineering and business processes to increase effetiveness and efficiency. Management of incorporating the new technology and operating the redesigned facilities are also important to realize the benefits of Industry 4.0. Hence productivity engineering and productivity management also are involved.

Important Papers on IoT and Productivity

THE COMING PRODUCTIVITY BOOM: 

Transforming the Physical Economy with Information
http://www.techceocouncil.org/clientuploads/reports/TCC%20Productivity%20Boom%20FINAL.pdf



Embracing Industry 4.0 - Surviving and Growing in the New Manufacturing Environment

Industry 4.0: The Future of Productivity and Growth in Manufacturing Industries - Embracing Industry 4.0—and Rediscovering Growth

BCG View

Nine Technologies Transforming Industrial Production 


BIG DATA AND ANALYTICS

AUTONOMOUS ROBOTS

SIMULATION

HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL SYSTEM INTEGRATION

THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS

CYBERSECURITY

THE CLOUD

ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

AUGMENTED REALITY

https://www.bcg.com/en-in/capabilities/operations/embracing-industry-4.0-rediscovering-growth.aspx


More Details on Technologies

BIG DATA AND ANALYTICS

AUTONOMOUS ROBOTS

SIMULATION

HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL SYSTEM INTEGRATION

THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS

CYBERSECURITY

THE CLOUD

ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

AUGMENTED REALITY

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Top 100 Business Use Cases of Artificial Intelligence
https://medium.com/@utpal_bob/top-100-business-use-cases-of-artificial-intelligence-by-utpal-chakraborty-721a495ebed4

Important Themes of Industry 4.0


The Factory of the Future
Time to Accelerate in the Race Toward Industry 4.0
Man and Machine in Industry 4.0
Industry 4.0: The Future of Productivity and Growth in Manufacturing Industries

https://www.bcg.com/en-in/capabilities/operations/embracing-industry-4.0-rediscovering-growth.aspx


https://www.manufacturingtomorrow.com/tag/industry-40

Data Analytics Period in Productivity Improvement - Productivity Engineering and Management

http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/06/data-analytics-period-in-productivity.html



Digital Transformation at Daimler Benz - 2015

http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2016/04/digital-transformation-at-daimler-benz.html


Industry 4.0 in India - Status, Implementations, Consultants and Product Manufacturers and Sellers

2017

Industry 4.0: Towards Smart Manufacturing

May 2017
http://businessworld.in/article/Industry-4-0-Towards-Smart-Manufacturing/26-05-2017-118968/


 “The fourth industrial revolution, agricultural and rural innovation, and implications for public policy and investments: A case of India”  Agricultural Economics, November 2017 issue.
http://ideasforindia.in/article.aspx?article=How-new-technologies-can-raise-farm-productivity


Prepare for a worldwide digital transformation

Geoff Maslen01 December 2017
University World News Issue No:485

Mobility, cloud computing, the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence and big data analytics are among the most important technologies in the digital economy today, says the OECD’s latest report on international science, technology and industry.
http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20171201150237763


Onset of Industry 4.0 and print industry’s next frontier


By Puneet Datta,
18 August 2017
http://www.printweek.in/features/onset-industry-print-industry-frontier-25829


New Technology to Enhance Productivity for Manufacturing

By Ruth Morris - June 11, 2017
IoT productivity improvement training to small businesses in Massachusetts, USA
http://www.masstlc.org/new-technology-to-enhance-productivity-for-manufacturing/


Journey of Andhra Pradesh Towards Industry 4.0

January 11, 2017
http://www.electronicsb2b.com/headlines/tale-state-journey-towards-industry-4-0/

India's Readiness for Industry 4.0
A Report by Grant Thorton and CII


How to Leapfrog Effectively


https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/01/how-businesses-can-win-at-leapfrog




More Links

Kranti - Knowledge India
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=Ui82DwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false

https://www.enterprisetv.com.my/the-make-in-india-initiative-and-the-role-of-industry-4-0/

http://smartmanufacturingindia.com/

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/10/kranti-nation-india-and-the-fourth-industrial-revolution/

https://blogs.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Arrackistan/kranti-nation-why-india-should-not-miss-the-4th-industrial-revolution/

http://www.covacsis.com/benefits.php

IoT Show India - 2018


7th to 9th February, 2018
KTPO TRADE CENTER, WHITEFIELD INDUSTRIAL AREA BANGALORE

You can visit exhibitor from the following  categories and learn more about IoT and Industry 4.0

• Chipset manufacturers
• Network technologies and Wireless solutions
• Robotics and drones
• IoT Security
• IoT OEMs
• Semiconductors/ hardware
• Sensors
• Service Platform/ solution provider
• Software development provider
• Carrier service provider
• Standards/ Protocols/ Certification and testing providers

https://www.iotshow.in/iotshow/

Companies to Contact for Helping you in having IoT Initiatives in India

3Q Wire & Cable Co., Ltd
A G Enterprises
AADI International
Aimtron Electronics Pvt Ltd

Akrivia Automation Private Limited
Established in 2015, Akrivia is an IT, Automation and customized IoT solution provider. We work with verticals such as electrical equipment, smart factories, intelligent buildings, smart cities and Industrial Automation.
http://www.akrivia.in/


Anand Enterprises
Anritsu India Pvt Ltd
ANSYS Software Pvt Ltd
Applied RealTech Systems Pvt. Ltd.
AqTronics Technologies Pvt. Ltd
Array Networks
Ascent Circuits Pvt. Ltd.
Ashlyn Chemunnoor Instruments Pvt.Ltd.
AxesTrack Software Solutions Pvt. Ltd.
Axiom Energy Conversion P Ltd.
Bharat Head Hunters Pvt. Ltd.
Carl Zeiss India (Bangalore) Pvt. Ltd.
Changzhou Shunye Electronic Co. Ltd.
Circuit Systems India Ltd
Circuitects Electronics Solution Pvt. ltd.
Cirkit Electro Components P Ltd (D)
Clean Energy LOGAN INNOVATIONS Pvt Ltd
CloudThat Technologies Pvt. Ltd.
Component Masters
Crevavi Technologies Pvt Ltd
CSA India PVT LTD
CTC Technologies
cyrrup enterprises
CYTECH GLOBAL PTE LTD
DDS International
Delta India Electronics Pvt. Ltd.
Digi-Key Electronics
Dongguan Tongke Electronic Co., Ltd.
Drive Technologies (D)
E Control Devices
Elcina Electronic Industries Association of India
Electroconnect Systems
Electronic Relays India Pvt Ltd
Element14 India Pvt Ltd.
EmbDes Technologies Pvt. Ltd
EMST Marketing Pvt Ltd
Energy Saving India
ESSCI (Electronics Sector Skills Council of India)
FLIR Systems India Pvt. Ltd.
Forward Electronics Technologies
Fraunhofer
Fusion Power Systems (D)
G&g Universal Private Limited
G.T. Enterprises (D)
Gala Electronics (D)
Galore Systems
Geosensors
Good Will Instrument Co. Ltd
Greenconn Technology (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd
GT Magnetics Pvt. Ltd.
GuangDong Kexin Electronic Co.,Ltd
Guangdong Shunde Xu Hai Electronic Co., Ltd.
Hangzhou Chuanlian Electronics Co.,Ltd.
HARIHI OHM ELECTRONICS
HK Wentworth (India) Pvt Ltd
HyperThink Systems Pvt. Ltd.
Ignitarium Technology Solutions Pvt Ltd
INCHANGE SEMICONDUCTOR COMPANY LIMITED
Indus Technologies
Infiction Labs
infiswift
Innovative Resource LTD
Intel technology India pvt Ltd
IntuIT Things
Invendis Technologies India Pvt Ltd
iTECS Communication Pvt ltd.
iValue InfoSolutions Pvt Ltd.
Jharkhand Government
Jigsaw Academy
JSK Innovative Technology Pvt Ltd
Kadel Labs
Karandikar Laboratories
Karsan Technologies
KCG College of Technology
Keysight Technologies India Pvt. Ltd.
KIDOBOTIKZ
Kwality Photonics P Ltd
Liveon Technolabs
M.P State Electronics Corporation Ltd
Mahaveer Sales
Martin Electronic Devices & Instruments
MARVEL GEOSPATIAL SOLUTIONS Pvt. Ltd.
MAXIM INTEGRATED
Mectronics Marketing Services
Melux Control Gears Pvt Ltd
Messung Global Connect
Metro Electronics Products
MG Automation Technologies
MICRON
Microsoft Corporation (I) Pvt. Ltd.
Mobiloitte Technologies (I) Pvt. Ltd.
Mobiveil Technologies India Pvt Ltd
Module 143
Mouser Electronics (India) Private Limited
Moxa India Industrial Networking Pvt. Ltd.
National Small Industries Corporation Ltd. (NSIC)
NEE VEE Communication Technologies Pvt Ltd
NetSim (Tetcos)
Ningbo EHOME Electronic Co.,Ltd
NSIC Ambala
NSIC Noida
O/E/N India Limited
Peach Technovations Pvt Ltd
Phytec Embedded Pvt Ltd
PIE ELECTRONICS
Precision Tech Enterprises
Pulsar Enterprises Pvt Ltd
Qingdao Ainuo Intelligent Instrument Co Ltd.
Qualcomm India Pvt Ltd
Quasar Enterprises
Quectel Wireless Solutions Co Ltd
Rajguru Electronics
Redpine
Robotron solutions
ROHM Semiconductor India Pvt. Ltd.,
Royal Appliances
Royal Elegance Technologies Pvt Ltd
RS Components & Controls (I) Ltd
Schenker India Pvt. Ltd.
Scientech Technologies Pvt Ltd
SECO SRL
Sensegiz Technologies Private Limited
Sensinova
Sensor Embedded & Android RoBo (P) Ltd

Sensors India
http://sensors-india.com/about-us/

We are Automation components distributor and Systems Integrator all over India.



Our organization is aware of top automation applications with an experience of over 25 years in the field of Automation and System Integration.. We have successfully created a base of Automation technicians providing automation solutions all over India like Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, Manesar, Haryana, Chakan, Ranjangaon, Talegaon, Pune, Aurangabad, Nashik Maharashtra, Hospet, Karnataka, Sriperumbudur, Tirupur, Tamil Nadu.

www.Sensors-India.com is Stockist, Wholesaler, Importer, Trader, Distributor, Imported Products, Integrated Systems, Made in India Products representative and Systems Integrator for a wide range of sensing and control products plus Annual Maintenance Contract (AMC).

Handling automation projects like Systems Integration, Parking Guidance Systems, Security Alarm GSM Alert Systems, AMC projects, Installation and Commissioning, Manufacturing/Processing operations, CCTV and Access Control System, Cabling, Piping installations, PUMP control systems, Water level Management includes Leakage sensing and Centralised monitoring, Lighting automation and energy monitoring and audit SCADA systems



SETU INFOCOM
SFO Technologies P Ltd
SGS India Pvt Ltd
Shanghai Yongming Electronic Co.,Ltd.
Sharang Corporation
Shenzhen Baikal Electronic Materials Co. Ltd.
SHenzhen Jin Hao Yuan Technology.
SIGMA DESIGNS
SINCOM
Smarter Biz Technologies Pvt Ltd
Smile Electronics
Srashta Scientific Systems Pvt Ltd
Static Systems Pvt Ltd
Superior flux & Marketing
System Level Solutions (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Technosphere Labs Pvt. Ltd.
Telangana Government
Testo India Pvt. Ltd.
TEXIN (HONGKONG) ELECTRONICS CO.,LTD
TnC India
Toradex Systems (India) Private Limited
Toshniwal Sensing Devices Private Limited
TUV Rheinland (India) Private Limited
U H Led India Inc
Uchi Embedded Solutions
UM ELECTRONICS CO.,LTD.
UniQtronics Solutions Private Limited
Unisem electronics Pvt Ltd
V5 Semiconductors
Vanmat Technologies Pvt. Ltd
Vision Mechatronics Pvt Ltd
VMware Software India Pvt Limited
Wenzhou M & C Foreign Trade Co., Ltd.
Winday electronic (Dongguan)CO.,LTD
Wisys Technologies
Xiamen Prt Technology Co., Ltd.
XIANGTAI ELECTRONICS(SHENZHEN) CO.,LTD
YMD Electromac Pvt. Ltd.
Yontro Mechatronic Systech
Zeal Manufacturing Co.
Zoho Corporation Pvt Ltd

https://www.iotshow.in/list-of-exhibitors/  (date 16 December 2017)

Kerala State Productivity Council
http://www.kspconline.com/

Updated   17 January 2018

2017 -  16, 12, 11 December 2017, 7 December 2017

Thursday, January 11, 2018

Simulation and Forecasting - A Note for Industrial Engineers for Industrial Engineering 4.0 (IE 4.0)



Simulation in Industry 4.0

In the Industry 4.0 environment, real-world data can be fed and accurate  simulations of your entire plant’s operations can be built. This increases the potential of simulation as the right data will help in making better predictions of future outcomes.

The simulation of the entire factory can be made in the cloud and further simulation can be done to include new machines and answers to the question whether additions will make a difference to productivity and profitability can be given.

Simulations on the impact to production if workers are absent can be made. How productivity is affected by extra resource can also be answered by simulation.

Fully interactive three-dimensional simulation of a factory is possible now and this simulation provides opportunities for training existing employees as well as new starters.

In the Industry 4.0, new investments can be made only after extensive virtual examination of technical and economic feasibility. Simulation will provide the opportunity to test and refine proposed changes to  production processes, without real-world costs or risks.


Korea Survey on Modeling and Simulation

Among a total of 500 manufacturing firms participated in the survey, 42.0% had the
experience of M&S

In terms of the effects of M&S, ‘development of new products (31.6%)’ was the
highest, followed by ‘reduction of manufacturing time’. Among the firms which
experienced M&S, 91.9% responded that they were willing to maintain or expand
M&S.


Bibliography

https://www.themanufacturer.com/articles/could-simulation-be-the-key-to-de-risking-industry-4-0/

http://www.gebocermex.com/about-us/news-press-events/news-and-press/2016/industry-40-driven-by-simulation

https://www.iotone.com/guide/industry-4.0-and-the-internet-of-simulations/g604


Discrete Event Simulation - Optimizing the Smart Factory
https://www.simio.com/blog/2017/09/11/optimizing-smart-factory/

Tuesday, January 9, 2018

Productivity Science - Research Project - Causal Explanation for Productivity



Suggestions are Invited

Please help in making the research project effective and useful.

Suggestions are invited for modifying the research proposal to make the research project more effective.

Suggestions are also invited for inclusion of papers in each topic. What are the seminal papers in each topic? If you authored or published any paper having causal explanation of productivity in any of the subtopics, please inform through email to nkvss at nitie dot ac dot in for inclusion in the bibliography and literature review.


Project started on 3 August 2017


The research project is exploring the research conducted so far in the industrial engineering field to identify research papers and theses (dissertations) that developed or tested causal explanation theories, propositions or hypotheses and consolidate them into a framework. The research is furthering the principles of industrial engineering proposed by Prof. K.V.S.S. Narayana Rao (Part of the Proceedings of IISE 2017 Annual Conference at Pittsburgh)


______________________


______________________

The functions of industrial engineering

______________________


Research in Industrial Engineering can be related to productivity science, productivity engineering or productivity management. The basic research in industrial engineering has to aim of creating productivity science. The science in turn is converted into productivity engineering or productivity management. Productivity engineering is using technical knowledge to redesign products and processes. Productivity management is redesign of managerial processes to enhance productivity and planning and execution of productivity improvement strategies, plans, programs and projects.
______________________

Productivity - Definition and Explanation


Productivity is proper and rational use of resources. Productivity is measured as quality (effective or useful) output per unit of single input or unit of multiple inputs.

When productivity is increased either inputs used will come down for the same output or output will increase for the same input.  In terms of cost, for the same amount of input more output will come, hence unit cost of production will come down. Similarly, for the same output, input will come down, and hence unit cost will come down.

Organization of Productivity Science Theory


1. Productivity of Systems

2. Productivity of Systems - Global, National, Sectoral, Industry, Regional and Firm Levels.

3. Productivity of Resources - Machines and Equipment ( Production machines, Transport equipment, Material Handling equipment, Inspection equipment, Computing facilities, etc. ), Material, Energy, Manpower (Managers, supervisors, operators, knowledge workers), Land, Buildings, Utilities (Water, Compressed air etc.)

4. Productivity of Engineering Processes - Production, Inspection, Material handling, Maintenance, Design, Research and Development, Information processing,

5. Productivity of Different Engineering Branches-Related Technologies


Mechanical engineering


- Automobile - Development, Design, Production, and Servicing

- Machine Tools

- Boilers

- Robotics

- 3D Printers

Civil engineering


- Construction of Buildings

- Construction of Dams

- Construction of Roads

Metallurgical engineering

Mining engineering

Electrical engineering

- Generation of Power

- Distribution of Power

Electronics engineering

Communications engineering

Software engineering


- Data Analytics and Productivity
- IoT and Productivity
- Programmer productivity
- Data Center Productivity

Biotech Engineering


New Technologies


Industry 4.0


Industry 4.0 - IIoT Technology - Industrial Engineering - Productivity Science
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/12/industry-40-iiot-technology-industrial.html

Industry 4.0 - IIoT - Productivity Engineering
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/12/industry-40-iiot-productivity.html

Industry 4.0 - IIoT - Productivity Management
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/12/industry-40-iiot-productivity-management.html

6. Productivity of Non-engineering Processes


Hospital Productivity

7. Productivity Science - Theories from Other Disciplines


Economics

Management

Organizational Behavior

Psychology

Sociology


In each area, seminal papers that discovered causal variables that affect productivity will be identified and the subsequent publications that extended the area will be listed. Any literature survey published on the issue will be specially highlighted. An attempt will be made to summarize and present the status of the theory on the area.

Suggestions are Invited

Please help in making the research project effective and useful.

Suggestions are invited for modifying the research proposal to make the research project more effective.

Suggestions are also invited for inclusion of papers in each topic. What are the seminal papers in each topic?

Project started on 3 August 2017


Research Papers and Articles Collected So Far

The articles collected so far are listed in the individual blog posts.

Organization of Productivity Science Theory


1. Productivity of Systems

General - System Level Productivity Science

2. Productivity of Systems - Global, National, Sectoral, Industry, Regional and Firm Levels.

3. Productivity of Resources - Machines and Equipment ( Production machines, Transport equipment, Material Handling equipment, Inspection equipment, Computing facilities, etc. ), Material, Energy, Manpower (Managers, supervisors, operators, knowledge workers), Land, Buildings, Utilities (Water, Compressed air etc.)

4. Productivity of Engineering Processes - Production, Inspection, Material handling, Maintenance, Design, Research and Development, Information processing,

5. Productivity of Different Engineering Branches-Related Technologies


Mechanical engineering


- Automobile - Development, Design, Production, and Servicing

- Machine Tools

- Boilers

- Robotics
Robots and Cost Reduction - Price and Cost Reduction of Robots

- 3D Printers
3D Printing - Additive Manufacturing - Productivity Science and Engineering

Civil engineering


- Construction of Buildings

- Construction of Dams

- Construction of Roads

Metallurgical engineering

Mining engineering

Electrical engineering

- Generation of Power

- Distribution of Power

Electronics engineering

Communications engineering

Software engineering


- Data Analytics and Productivity
- IoT and Productivity
- Programmer productivity
- Data Center Productivity

Biotech Engineering

New Technologies


Industry 4.0


Industry 4.0 - IIoT Technology - Industrial Engineering - Productivity Science
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/12/industry-40-iiot-technology-industrial.html

Industry 4.0 - IIoT - Productivity Engineering
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/12/industry-40-iiot-productivity.html

Industry 4.0 - IIoT - Productivity Management
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/12/industry-40-iiot-productivity-management.html

6. Productivity of Non-engineering Processes


Hospital Productivity

7. Productivity Science - Theories from Other Disciplines


Economics

Management

Organizational Behavior

Psychology

Sociology


Updated  10 January 2018,  20 December 2017, 3 August 2017

Monday, January 8, 2018

Industrial Engineering - Subject Update


2018

Industrial Engineering 4.0 - IE in the Era of Industry 4.0 - Blog Book
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/12/industrial-engineering-40-ie-in-era-of.html

Industry 4.0 - A Note for Industrial Engineers
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2018/01/industry-40-note-for-industrial.html



November 2017

Empowerment and Productivity
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/11/empowerment-and-productivity.html



October 2017

Interesting books and articles

Production and Operations Analysis: Seventh Edition
Steven Nahmias, Tava Lennon Olsen
Waveland Press, 15-Jan-2015 - Technology & Engineering - 820 pages


The Seventh Edition of Production and Operations Analysis builds a solid foundation for beginning students of production and operations management. Continuing a long tradition of excellence, Nahmias and Olsen bring decades of combined experience to craft the most clear and up-to-date resource available. The authors’ thorough updates include incorporation of current technology that improves the effectiveness of production processes, additional qualitative sections, and new material on service operations management and servicization. Bolstered by copious examples and problems, each chapter stands alone, allowing instructors to tailor the material to their specific needs. The text is essential reading for learning how to better analyze and improve on all facets of operations

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=SIsoBgAAQBAJ

A STUDY OF THE PHYSIOLOGICAL COSTS OF SYMMETRICAL AND SIMULTANEOUS MOTIONS
by
CARL EVERETT JEANS
B.S., KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY, 196**
A MASTER'S THESIS

https://archive.org/stream/studyofphysiolog00jean/studyofphysiolog00jean_djvu.txt

Some implications of the experience factor for managerial accounting
http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097787/00001/3j


Technology in the Modern Corporation: A Strategic Perspective
Mel Horwitch
Elsevier, 22-Oct-2013 - Technology & Engineering - 244 pages

Technology in the Modern Corporation: A Strategic Perspective examines the role of technology in corporate planning and all that this relationship implies to corporate organization and strategy.
Organized into 13 chapters, this book first discusses the management of corporate entrepreneurship; technological innovation and interdependence; and the rise and character of modern technology strategy. Subsequent chapters describe corporate research and development; corporate strategies for managing emerging technologies; approaches for the strategic management of technology; innovation and corporate strategy; and executive succession, strategic reorientations, and organization evolution.
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=itwgBQAAQBAJ

Technological Change and Productivity Growth
Albert N. Link
Taylor & Francis, 1987 - Business & Economics - 77 pages
https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=c8CjJ4tjlEEC

Technology, productivity and process change

William J. Abernathy and Phillip L. Townsend
Year of publication: 1975

Published in: Technological forecasting & social change : an international journal. - Amsterdam : Elsevier, ISSN 0040-1625, ZDB-ID 2807002. - Vol. 7.1975, 4, p. 379-396


Updated 9 January 2018, 12 November 2017, 4 October 2017

Sunday, January 7, 2018

Industrial Engineering 4.0 - IE in the Era of Industry 4.0 - Blog Book


K.V.S.S. Narayana Rao




Industrial Engineering is Industry Expansion Engineering  - Narayana Rao


Industrial engineering increases productivity of resources used in production systems or operating systems and thus decreases unit cost of producing goods or services. Each decrease in cost contributes  to the  price reduction, which a company can offer. Price reductions  lead to expansion of an industry and thus industrial engineering is industry expansion engineering. Invention  and innovation engineers create new industries and industrial engineers expand the industry.

The methods, techniques and tools used to do industrial engineering get modified and new ones get developed  with changes in technology and management methods related to industry. Applied industrial engineering is given the punch sentence - "IE in New Technology, IE with New Technology " by Prof. Narayana Rao. The world recognises revolutions in industry, and now the world talks of  Industry 4.0. Industry 4.0 is the result of number of new technologies, many of them in the field of information and communication technologies that make a connected network of machines and equipment possible. Machines can communicate with each other based on the sensors mounted on them and also can pass instructions and make the necessary adjustments on other machines through actuators which respond to digital messages sent to them. While, the new connected engineering systems are in their early days of innovation, the concept's potential to become the main mode of engineering activity (in design, production, operation and maintenance) is well recognized. National governments and international agencies have taken note of this, and strategic initiatives to adopt the technology and become global  leaders in the technology have been started. Germany is a leader in this initiative at the moment.   Industrial Engineering 4.0 is a naturally ally of engineers and managers in Industry 4.0 to supplement as well as complement their work to increase productivity in industries and companies using Industry 4.0 technologies. The industrial engineering profession Germany has taken lead in this evolution of industrial engineering and already organized a seminar.

In Germany, in 2016, a seminar with the theme, "Industrial Engineering 4.0 – Neue Ansätze in vernetzten Produktionen" was organized. The brief details can be seen in the brochures available at
(Full brochure).

A book with selected papers form a conference with the title "Industrial Engineering in the Industry 4.0 Era: Selected papers from the Global Joint Conference on Industrial Engineering and Its Application Areas, GJCIE 2017, July 20–21, Vienna, Austria" is also available, Its editors are Calisir, Fethi, Camgoz Akdag, Hatice (Eds.). The details of the book can be accessed from  http://www.springer.com/us/book/9783319712246 and https://books.google.co.in/books/about/Industrial_Engineering_in_the_Industry_4.html?id=G71EDwAAQBAJ.


The material so far available does not yet clarify the direction in which the profession has to move to make valuable contribution to the engineering industry activity that is likely to evolve. I am making an effort to explain the content of "Industrial Engineering 4.0" based on the Taylor - Narayana Rao Principles of Industrial Engineering, Functions of Industrial Engineering and explanation of Productivity Science, Productivity Engineering and Productivity Management being developed by me and the existing literature and IE practices

The three functions of IE in Industry 4.0 context are being explored and the ideas so far developed are being  circulated in IE social media communities seeking suggestions to enrich them.


Industrial Engineering 4.0


Industry 4.0 - IIoT Technology - Industrial Engineering - Productivity Science
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/12/industry-40-iiot-technology-industrial.html

Industry 4.0 - IIoT - Productivity Engineering
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/12/industry-40-iiot-productivity.html

Industry 4.0 - IIoT - Productivity Management
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/12/industry-40-iiot-productivity-management.html


Why Industrial Engineering 4.0?


Leading consulting firms and technology analysts are foreseeing and forecasting productivity improvements due to implementation of industry 4.0 technologies. Some of them made qualitative statements and some have made quantitative estimate regarding the productivity potential. They also say that the productivity or cost reduction estimates will not be realized without creative engineering and management. Industrial engineers have to get into this productivity opportunity and understand this new technology. They have to combine the existing IE practices with the new technologies, develop new productivity science, productivity engineering inventions and manage the implementation process. There is an opportunity for industrial engineers and they have to rise up to the challenge to remain the value adding profession in the new industrial environment like to emerge, which is termed Industry 4.0. 

The Opinions and Thoughts of Consultants and Technology Analysts

Accenture
The Growth Game-Changer: How the Industrial Internet of Things can drive progress and prosperity
Mark Purdy and Ladan Davarzani
2015

"In the 20 countries we analyzed, current policy and investment trends in IIoT products and technologies point to cumulative real GDP contributions of US$10.6 trillion by 2030. With greater investment and the enactment of key measures to absorb IIoT technologies, that figure could rise to US$14.2 trillion."

Benefit to United States

"In our model, the IIoT is projected to add US$6,132 billion to United States’ GDP in the next 15 years under current conditions. However, by taking additional measures such as improving the country’s broadband infrastructure, this figure could grow to US$7,146 billion."


One can observe the significance of the impact of Industry 4.0 and can also the see importance being given to creative engineering and management of the applications of these technologies in Accenture report.

BCG


THE NINE PILLARS OF TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENT

"Many of the nine advances in technology that form the foundation for Industry 4.0 are already used in manufacturing, but with Industry 4.0, they will transform production: isolated, optimized cells will come together as a fully integrated, automated, and optimized production flow, leading to greater efficiencies and changing traditional production relationships among suppliers, producers, and customers—as well as between human and machine."

Productivity Potential in Germany 

"During the next five to ten years, Industry 4.0 will be embraced by more companies, boosting productivity across all German manufacturing sectors by €90 billion to €150 billion. Productivity improvements on conversion costs, which exclude the cost of materials, will range from 15 to 25 percent. When the materials costs are factored in, productivity gains of 5 to 8 percent will be achieved. "



EY
Digitalization in industrial products Harnessing the power of digital
2016

Maximum potential economic benefits in factory settings by 2015 in  US$ billion are provided by possible benefit areas (Implies focused and successful design and implementation of IoT projects) . A  McKinsey report is given as the source of the figures. The following are the areas and the benefit envisaged.

Operations optimization:  $1766 billions, 
Predictive maintenance: $627 billion
Inventory optimization: $342
Safety: $226 billions
Human productivity: $160 bilion 
Others: 587 billion

So, there are significant productivity benefits expected from the implementation of new technologies and there is a role for productivity engineering that is industrial engineering.

IBM


The McKinsey Institute expects Industry 4.0 applications enabled by the Internet of Things to create a new surge of factory productivity. This would provide a productivity increase of 10 – 25 percent and would amount to as much as $1.8 trillion per year in 2025.

KPMG

Digitalization in industrial products: Harnessing the power of digital
2016

Efficiency benefits are explained in pages 17 and 18.


PWC


Industry 4.0 will revolutionise industrial production. Digitisation brings enormous benefits.

"Industrial companies expect to generate 3.6% p.a. in cost reductions over the next five years, driven by internal improvements and by working more closely across value chains. They’re also expecting to generate 2.9% p.a. in increased revenues by digitising products and services and developing new digital service offerings, all the way through to hosting platforms for industrial ecosystems."

Getting there won’t be easy. And it won’t come cheap. Investments in Industry 4.0 capabilities are expected to reach around 5% of annual revenues p.a.  Investment will be $907 billion per annum till 2020.  Cost reduction benefit will be $421 billion and revenue increase benefit will be $493 billion.

So all the leading consulting firms have published reports based on their studies highlighting the potential of Industry 4.0 transformation of engineering in the world. It has revenue increasing potential by facilitating the creation of new products and services which customers will buy and use and also, it has productivity potential by facilitating the productivity improvement and cost reduction in production, operation and maintenance of current products. Industrial engineers have a role to play in both the segments. They have to make sure that new processes being developed to produce new products are efficient and productivity to begin with. Also they have to improve the productivity of production/engineering processes of current products. Industrial Engineering 4.0 needs to be developed by industrial engineering researchers, consultants and practitioners in academic, consulting and corporate sector by understanding the new technologies, doing research and converting the productivity opportunities into productivity engineering and management solutions.

In the blog book to be developed by me in the coming days (this blog post being  the first one in the series), I shall write my ideas regarding the various phases based on the research that I was carrying on this issue specially since August 2017.

So far, I made number of blog posts on Industry 4.0 and IoT. I  give the links of those articles below.


Articles/Blog Posts on Industry 4.0 by Narayana Rao


Productivity “Industry 4.0, Leapfrog Opportunity for India” - Productivity Week Theme - India 2018
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/11/productivity-industry-40-leapfrog.html


Data Analytics Period in Productivity Improvement - Productivity Engineering and Management
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2017/06/data-analytics-period-in-productivity.html

Digital Transformation at Daimler Benz
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2016/04/digital-transformation-at-daimler-benz.html

Industrial Engineering 4.0 - IE in the Era of Industry 4.0 - The German Initiative
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2018/01/industrial-engineering-40-ie-in-era-of.html















Bibliography




Lean Industry 4.0
https://www.bcg.com/publications/2017/lean-meets-industry-4.0.aspx



Industrial Engineering 4.0 was already mentioned in the following references.

Industrial Engineering 4.0 – Neue Ansätze in vernetzten Produktionen  A seminar in 2016
https://www.sv-veranstaltungen.de/fachbereiche/2-fachkonferenz-industrial-engineering/

https://www.tu-chemnitz.de/mb/FabrPlan/Professur/Industrial_Engineering_Internet.pdf  (Full brochure)

Industrial Engineering in the Industry 4.0 Era
Selected papers from the Global Joint Conference on Industrial Engineering and Its Application Areas, GJCIE 2017, July 20–21, Vienna, Austria
Editors: Calisir, Fethi, Camgoz Akdag, Hatice (Eds.)
http://www.springer.com/us/book/9783319712246


Industry 4.0 - Online Library
http://www.plattform-i40.de/I40/Navigation/EN/InPractice/Online-Library/online-library.html

(C) Narayana Rao K.V.S.S. 2018

Updated on 8 January 2018
First published on 31 December 2017