Sunday, April 30, 2017

April - Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan





April 1st Week (1 to 5 April)

Production/Manufacturing/Operations Management continued

Material Requirements Planning - Review Notes

Operations Scheduling - Review Notes


Financial Analysis - Review Notes

Operations Technology - Review Notes

Supply Chain Management



Understanding the Supply Chain
Supply Chain Performance: Achieving Strategic Fit

Supply Chain Drivers and Obstacles - Review Notes
Designing the Distribution Network in a Supply Chain


Facility Decisions: Network Design in the Supply Chain
Network Design in an Uncertain Environment

2nd Week

Demand Forecasting in a Supply Chain
Aggregate Planning in the Supply Chain - Review Notes

Planning Supply and Demand in the Supply Chain
Managing Economies of Scale in the Supply Chain

Managing Uncertainty in the Supply Chain: Safety Inventory
Determining Optimal Level of Product Availability

Sourcing Decisions in a Supply Chain
Transportation in the Supply Chain - Chopra and Meindl

Pricing and Revenue Management in the Supply Chain
Coordination in the Supply Chain - Review Notes

3rd Week

Information Technology and the Supply Chain
e-business and the Supply Chain


Financial Accounting

Accounting: The Language of Business
Measuring Income to Assess Performance - Review Notes

Recording Transactions - Review Notes
Accrual Accounting and Financial Statements - Revision

Statement of Cash Flows - Review Notes
Accounting for Sales - Review Notes

Inventories and Cost of Goods Sold - Review Notes
Long-Lived Assets and Depreciation - Review Notes

4th Week
Liabilities and Interest - Review Notes
Intercorporate Investments and Consolidations - Revision Notes

Financial Statement Analysis - Review Notes
Cost Measurement - Essential Activity of Industrial Engineering

Introduction to Cost Terms - Review Notes
Traditional Cost Objectives and Their Utility

Job Costing - Review Notes
Cost Allocation: Joint Products and By Products

Activity-Based Costing and Activity-Based Budgeting
Process Costing - Review Notes


One Year Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan

January - February - March - April - May - June

July - August - September - October - November - December



Updated 13 April 2017, 25 March 2016


Industrial engineering Principles, Methods Tools and Techniques

An explanation says principles are scientific theories or cause and effect relationships. They are of permanent nature until revised due to empirical studies and identification of new facts.

Methods are general approaches that use the scientific principle or principles for beneficial use. They are also of permanent nature.

Tools are contemporaneous ways of implementing methods.

Basic Principles of Industrial Engineering


Modified Principles of Scientific Management and Industrial Engineering


1. Develop science for each element of a man - machine system's work related to efficiency and productivity.
2. Engineer methods, processes and operations to use the laws related to the work of machines, man, materials and other resources.
3. Select or assign workmen based on predefined aptitudes for various types of man - machine work.
4. Train workmen, supervisors, and engineers in the new methods.
5. Incorporate suggestions of operators, supervisors and engineers in the methods redesign on a continuous basis.
6. Plan and manage productivity at system level.
(The above subsection - modified principles is added on 4 June 2016. Principles developed by Narayana Rao based on principles of scientific management by F.W. Taylor)

Principles of Industrial Engineering - Narayana Rao

The full paper by Prof. K.V.S.S. Narayana Rao is now available for downloading from IISE 2017 Annual Conference site in prepublished format. Presentation is also available now.

https://www.xcdsystem.com/iise/program/A20a5CK/index.cfm?pgid=863&speakerid=287052


Principles of Industrial Engineering related to various methods of industrial engineering are being assembled in these two articles

Principles of Human Effort Engineering

Principles of System Efficiency Engineering
______________________________________________________________________

 

Presently the following are given as techniques of industrial engineering (Industrial Engineering). There is a need to convert these things into principles, methods and tools framework

 

 

Methods and Techniques of Industrial Engineering


Human Effort Engineering - Techniques

4. Application of Ergonomics and Biomechanics
5. Fatigue Studies
6. Productivity/Safety/Comfort Device Design
7. Standardization of Operator Methods
8. Operator training
9. Incentive Systems
10. Job Evaluation
11. Learning effect capture
12.  Work Measurement - Time Study, PMTS

Efficiency Improvement Techniques of Industrial engineering 

    Method Study
5. Statistical quality control , Statistical Process Control, Process Improvement using Statistical data
6. Statistical inventory control and ABC Classification Based Inventory Sytems
7. Six sigma
9. Variety reduction
10. Standardization
12. Activity based management
15. Learning effect capture and continuous improvement (Kaizen, Quality circles and suggestion schemes)
16. Standard costing and Kaizen Costing
17. 5S
______________________________________________________________________

Principle of Fair Day's Work


Developing an estimate of  fair day's work makes planning, directing and control of the work of a person systematic.

Method
Work Measurement: Various tasks are to be measured for the time taken to complete them by an average skilled or trained worker.

Tool
Stop watch time study, MTM, Standard data methods


Principles of Motion Economy

List of Principles of Motion Economy

Method
Motion analysis

Tools
Videotaping of work




Principles of Industrial Engineering




Taylor's Principles of Scientific Management


First. The development of a true science (of work or operation or task).
Second. The scientific selection of the workman.
Third. His scientific education and development.
Fourth. Intimate friendly cooperation between the management and the men.

Harrington Emerson's Principles of Efficiency


1. Clearly defined ideals.
2. Common sense
3. Competent counsel
4. Discipline
5. The fair deal
6. Reliable, immediate and adequate records
7. Despatching
8. Standards and schedules
9. Standardized conditions
10. Standardized operations
11. Written standard-practice instructions
12. Efficiency-reward


Gilbreth's Principles of Motion Economy


        Principles of Motion Economy - Some More Details
        Principles of Motion Economy - YouTube Videos

Principle: There should be a definite and fixed place for all tools and materials
Principle:  Layout must facilitate efficiency

Method: 5S

Tools: 5S audit


Principle: The hands should be relieved of all work that can be done more advantageously by a jig, a fixture, or a foot-operated device.
Method: Jig and Fixture design


ECRS Method


        Eliminate, Combine, Rearrange, Simplify - ECRS Method - Barnes

Miles' Principles of Value Engineering


Avoid generalities
Get all available costs
Use information from the best source
Blast create and refine
Use real creativity
Identify and overcome roadblocks
Use industry experts to extend specialized knowledge
Get a dollar sign on key tolerances
Utilize vendors’ available functional products
Utilize and pay for vendors’ skills and knowledge
Utilize specialty processes
Utilize applicable standards
Use the criterion, “would I spend my money this way?”

Principles of Ergonomics


1. Work in neutral postures
2. Reduce excessive forces
3. Keep everything in easy reach
4. Work at proper heights
5. Reduce excessive motions
6. Minimize fatigue and static load
7. Minimize pressure points
8. Provide clearance
9. Move exercise and stretch
10. Maintain a comfortable environment

     Good explanation with illustrations is available in  
     http://www.danmacleod.com/ErgoForYou/10_principles_of_ergonomics.htm

Principle of Difference in Productivity
    In group of workers, there can be a difference of 100% between the least productive worker and the most productive worker.

Principles relating Wage differentials (incentives - efficiency reward)  and Motivation
    The productive workers have to be recognized and compensated through higher wages in the form of incentives for the extra production. Otherwise, they lose the motivation and produce only an amount equal to low productive workers.

Principles of Engineering Economics
    Every investment or expenditure proposal of an industrial engineer must contribute to profits or return on the investment or expenditure exceeding the cost of capital.

Principles of System Optimization
     There are mathematical methods that help industrial engineers to set system parameters that result in minimum costs or maximum profits with the given data (cost and return figures and alternative values for variables)

Principles Statistics
      The mass of data can be understood by converting it into probability distribution. Important conclusions can be made from the data by converting it into bar diagram, histogram and other graphical aids.

Principles of Mathematical Modeling
       System parameter design problems can be solved by first converting the system description into mathematical expressions and equations.


Principle of Cooperation

It should be stated here emphatically that there is nothing that can permanently bring about results from scientific management, and the economies that it is possible to effect by it, unless the organisation is supported by the hearty co-operation of the men. Without this there is no scientific management. - Gilbreth in Applied Motion Study, Book. Page No. 29-30


An Interesting Book published in 1921
What industrial engineering includes; for industrial executives; 101 things to do, 1001 results others secured
Author: Knoeppel, C.E., & co. (New York). Full book can be downloaded from Archive.Org




The Purpose, Philosophy, Principles and Methods of Industrial Engineering - Video Presentation by Prof. Narayana Rao K.V.S.S.

_________________


_________________



Related Article

Basic Concepts, Principles and Methods of Industrial Engineering

Original Knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/industrial-engineering-principles/ 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 2056


Updated 15 June 2016

One Year Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan






One Year Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan


January - February - March - April - May - June

July - August - September - October - November - December




Industrial engineering is staff service to managers. Industrial engineering is part of management activity. Managers have knowledge of industrial engineering and they know the potential of industrial engineering. Industrial engineers, industrial engineering profession and industrial engineering academic institutions and departments have to inform managers on a continuous basis the developments in industrial engineering and the increased potential of due to development of new methods, new techniques and tools.  Industrial engineers also have to know various management subjects so that they know their role in the management of the department for which they are given the responsibility for improving efficiency and productivity. In the initial months, management subjects are specified and then later the techniques of industrial engineering.

January


Principles of Management

February

Principles of Management

Marketing Management

March

Marketing Management

Operations Management

April

Operations Management

Supply Chain Management

Financial Accounting

Cost Accounting

May


Management Accounting

Organizational Behavior

June


Industrial Engineering - Introduction to  Basic Principles and Techniques

Engineering Economics

July

Scientific Management of Taylor  (17 articles)

12 Principles of Efficiency by Harrington Emerson

Value Engineering

August


Operation Analysis - Method Study - Methods Efficiency Engineering

September


Mathematics and Optimization

Application of Statistics for Cost Reduction and Productivity Improvement



October


Human Effort Engineering

Principles of Motion Economy - Motion Study

Ergonomics

Job Evaluation and Wage Incentives

Work Measurement 



November


Productivity Measurement

Work Measurement 

Cost Measurement

Productivity Management and Improvement


December


High Efficiency/Productivity Industrial Engineering - Minimum Inventory Systems
Comprehensive Applications Industrial Engineering - Recent Applications of Industrial Engineering - Recent Technology Developments


Updated  11 September 2016,  16 February  2016





Saturday, April 15, 2017

April - Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan with links







April 1st Week (1 to 5 April)

Production/Manufacturing/Operations Management continued

Material Requirements Planning - Review Notes

Operations Scheduling - Review Notes


Financial Analysis - Review Notes

Operations Technology - Review Notes

Supply Chain Management



Understanding the Supply Chain
Supply Chain Performance: Achieving Strategic Fit

Supply Chain Drivers and Obstacles - Review Notes
Designing the Distribution Network in a Supply Chain


Facility Decisions: Network Design in the Supply Chain
Network Design in an Uncertain Environment

2nd Week

Demand Forecasting in a Supply Chain
Aggregate Planning in the Supply Chain - Review Notes

Planning Supply and Demand in the Supply Chain
Managing Economies of Scale in the Supply Chain

Managing Uncertainty in the Supply Chain: Safety Inventory
Determining Optimal Level of Product Availability

Sourcing Decisions in a Supply Chain
Transportation in the Supply Chain - Chopra and Meindl

Pricing and Revenue Management in the Supply Chain
Coordination in the Supply Chain - Review Notes

3rd Week

Information Technology and the Supply Chain
e-business and the Supply Chain


Financial Accounting (Revision starts from 16 April)

Accounting: The Language of Business
http://nraomtr.blogspot.com/2011/12/accounting-language-of-business-review.html
Recording Transactions - Review Notes
http://nraomtr.blogspot.com/2011/12/recording-transactions-review-notes.html

Accrual Accounting and Financial Statements - Revision
http://nraomtr.blogspot.com/2011/12/accrual-accounting-and-financial_08.html
Measuring Income to Assess Performance - Review Notes
http://nraomtr.blogspot.com/2011/12/measuring-income-to-assess-performance.html





Statement of Cash Flows - Review Notes
Accounting for Sales - Review Notes

Inventories and Cost of Goods Sold - Review Notes
Long-Lived Assets and Depreciation - Review Notes

4th Week
Liabilities and Interest - Review Notes
Intercorporate Investments and Consolidations - Revision Notes

Financial Statement Analysis - Review Notes
Cost Measurement - Essential Activity of Industrial Engineering

Introduction to Cost Terms - Review Notes
Traditional Cost Objectives and Their Utility

Job Costing - Review Notes
Cost Allocation: Joint Products and By Products

Activity-Based Costing and Activity-Based Budgeting
Process Costing - Review Notes


One Year Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan

January - February - March - April - May - June

July - August - September - October - November - December



Updated 13 April 2017, 25 March 2016



Friday, April 14, 2017

Industrial Engineering and Ergonomics by Christopher M. Schlick - Book Information

Visions, Concepts, Methods and Tools: Festschrift in Honor of Professor Holger Luczak

Springer 2009
710 Pages

http://books.google.com/books?id=IV0Vw4nNAAoC


Table of Contents


Editorial xi

Contributors xliii

Part 1 Sectors, Value Networks and Communities


1 Innovation Through New Technologies Hans-Jorg Bullinger Joachim Warschat 3

2 Production Technology in High-Wage Countries - From Ideas of Today to Products of Tomorrow Fritz Klocke 13

3 Innovation Champions - Or How to Achieve (Global) Competitiveness,  Klaus Henning Andrea Huson 31

4 The Convergence Theory and the Good ICT Society - Trends and Visions, Gunilla Bradley 43

5 Community Ergonomics and Globalization: A Conceptual Model of Social Awareness, Michael J. Smith Antoinette Derjani-Bayeh (Deceased) Pascale Carayon 57

6 "Car Mechatronic" - An Open Approach for Designing a New European Core Occupational Profile, Georg Spöttl 67

Part 2 Enterprises and Companies


7 Performance Measurement from an Macroergonomics Perspective, Klaus J. link Sven Seibert 91

8 Technology Management, Dieter Spath Karl-Christof Renz Sven Seidenstricker 105

9 Success with Customer Inspiring Products - Monitoring, Assessment and Design of Perceived Product Quality, Robert Schmitt Tilo Pfeifer 117

10 Pattern Languages to Create a Holistic Methodology for Product Development and to Derive Enterprise-Specific Engineering Guidelines Jörg Feldhnsen Frederik Bungert 131

11 Reference Models - A Basis for Designing Efficient Technical Services Günther Schah Volker Stick Gerhard Gudergan 143

12 Service Modelling and Engineering in the Telematics Industry - The View from the Perspective of a Toll Service Provider Johannes Springer Karl-GerhardFreyer 151

13 MedicoErgonomics - A Human Factors Engineering Approach for the Healthcare Sector Wolfgang Friesdorf Ingo Marsolek 165

14 The Impact ofErgonomics Ernst A.P. Koningsveld 177

15 Effect Chains - A Method for Analysing Qualitative Effects in Occupational Health and Safety at Work Martin Schmauder Hanka Hoffmann 197

16 Multi-Perspective IT Evaluation Tool for Shift Schedules Peter Knauth Patric C. Gauderer Kathrin Elmerich Dorothee Karl 211

17 Organizational Change and Occupational Health - Towards a Resource-Based Change Management Karlheinz Sonntag Alexandra Michel 221

18 Designing Organizational Oblivion Sebastiano Bagnara Roberto Montanari Simone Pozzi 233

Part 3 Cooperation in Work Groups

19 Goal Setting: Basic Findings and New Developments at the Team Level Jürgen Wegge Klaus-Helmut Schmidt Julia Hoch 245

20 Simulation of Collaborative Product Development Processes Using Agent-Based Modeling Xiaodong Zhang Yu Yang 255

21 Integrated Modeling of Work Processes and Decisions in Chemical Engineering Design Wolfgang Marquardt Manfred Thei?en 265

22 Serious Gaming: The Impact of Pervasive Gaming in Business and Engineering Matthias Jarke Markns Klann Wolfgang Prinz 281

Part 4 Holistic Activities and Work Forms


23 Use of Design Equations for Analyzing User Requirements in Process Control Martin G. Helander Shuan Lo 295

24 Action Regulation Theory: Are the Characteristics of Well Designed Tasks Valid for Interactive Jobs as Well? - The Concept of Two-dimensional Task Identity in Interactive Work Winfried Hacker Marlen Melzer 311

25 Evaluation of the Quality of Job Design with the Action-Oriented Software Tool REBA- Recent Developments and Applications Peter Richter Uwe Debitz Andreas Pohlandt 321

26 How Can Creativity Be Promoted Within the Framework of Vocational Training and Further Education? Uwe Andreas Michelsen 335

Part 5 Workplaces


27 Complexity in Ergonomics Matthias Göbel 347

28 Principles, Methods arid Examples of Ergonomics Research and Work Design Helmut Strasser 363

29 Modular Concepts of Integrating Ergonomics into Production Processes Ralph Bruder Holger Rademacher Karlheinz Schaub Christophe Geiss 383

30 Methods for Measuring Mental Stress and Strain Martin Schütte 395

31 Ergonomics and Human Factors: Methodological Considerations About Evidence Based Design of Work Systems Kamiel Vanwonterghem 413

32 Comparison of Ergonomic Risk Assessment Methodology with an Example of a Repetitive Sawmill Board Edger Occupation Shrawan Kumar Troy Jones 427

33 Work Science and Aviation Safety Heinz Bartsch 441

34 Development of Theory and Practice in Ergonomics Vladimir M. Munipov 455

35 Accessibility in Infonnation Technology Ahmet E. Cakir 469

36 Ergonomics and Design Heiner Bubb Birgit Spanner-Ulmer 481

37 Design of Visual and Auditory Human-Machine Interfaces with User Participation and Knowledge Support Gunnar Johannsen 499

38 Human-Computer Interaction in Aerial Surveillance Tasks Ludger Schmidt Daniel Ley 511

39 Implicit Interaction in Multimodal Human-Machine Systems Matthias Rotting Thorsten Zander Sandra Tröosterer Jeronimo Dzaaclt 523

Part 6 Sensorimotor Control of Tools

40 Design and Evaluation of an Augmented Vision System for Self-Optimizing Assembly Cells Christopher M. Schlick Barbara Odenthal Marcel Ph. Mayer Jan A. Neuhöfer Morten Grandt Bernhard Kausch Susanne Mütze-Niewöhner 539

41 Visual Ergonomic Issues of LCD Displays - An Insight into Working Conditions and User Characteristics Martina Ziefle 561

42 Forty Years of Research on System Response Times - What Did We Learn from It? Wolfram Boucsein 575

43 Productivity Improvement with Snap-Fit Systems, Kurt Landau Uwe Landau Homed Salmanzadeh 595

44 Developing Seating Designs that Support Traditional Japanese Sitting Postures Kageyu Noro 609

45 Finger Fatigue: Blockings and Approximate Kinematic Invariances, Herbert Never 621

Part 7 Autonomous Organismic Systems


46 Neurobehavioral Tests as Evaluation of Neurotoxically Induced Impairments of Health Andreas Seeber 633

Supervised Theses 643

Publications of Professor Doktor-Ingenieur Holger Luczak 649

Index 691
Original knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/industrial-engineering-and-ergonomics/2utb2lsm2k7a/ 3194


I came across the google book again today (17 April 2017). The topics are interesting and I want to read some papers.

Updated 17 April 2017, 14 April 2012

Thursday, April 13, 2017

Cost Measurement - Essential Activity of Industrial Engineering




Cost Measurement and Analysis-A Necessary Part of Industrial Engineering Education & Training

Balbinder S. Deo and Doug Strong
Balbinder S. Deo, Assistant Professor, Department of Finance & Management Science,
College of Commerce, University of Saskatchewan, 25 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK,
Canada S7N 5A7.
Doug Strong, Professor in the Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Manitoba,
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3T 5V6.

Some Important Points made in the paper.


One of the basic duties of Industrial Engineering professionals is to make improvements in operations, and systems of operations, to reduce the cost of operations.

Two assumptions play a major role in promoting the use of physical measures of productivity.


1. There exists an inverse relationship between physical measures of productivity and cost.
2. Increasing the physical productivity of resources used in production operations can reduce the cost of production of a manufactured product or service.

These relationships may hold true provided reduction in the physical quantity of one resource in one operation does not increase the consumption of other resources in the same operation and / or in other operations of the production system. Gain in the physical productivity of one resource may cause loss in others. For example, increase in the productivity of labor by employing high production capacity machines may cause loss in the productivity of machinery employed
or vice versa. In a similar fashion, within a production system, gain in physical productivity measure of one functional area may cause loss in productivity of other related functional areas.

Improvement in productivity at the firm level, not just at the functional level, can be helpful in reducing the cost of production.


Cost Measurement in Engineering Profession - An Historical Perspective

Increasing sales and reducing cost of production by productive use of resources in operations can achieve increase in profit. The use of cost as a measure of productivity is not new among engineering professionals. Literature describing the history of engineering provides significant evidence of its use and promotion among engineers by the pioneers of the profession.

Henry C. Metcalf (1885), as a superintendent of ordnance depots,  realized the importance of cost measurement and analysis in manufacturing.   He proposed to measure costs to the minutest detail possible within the organization to measure the efficiency of manufacturing and administration operations and also to create plan of cost of operations by knowing the detailed elements of cost involved for each operation performed on a product during manufacturing process. He published his thoughts in a book titled “The Cost of Manufactures and the administration of Workshops, Public and Private” in 1885, for providing guidance to other engineering professionals in the field.


Henry Towne (1886), another engineering professional, wrote a paper titled ‘Engineer as an Economist’ for one of the meetings of The American Society of Mechanical Engineers. According to him, determination of cost was one of the important duties of an engineer. To achieve this end he proposed the establishment of a separate shop accounting section at each workshop level to collect cost related information to meet the cost information needs of engineering professionals.

Hugo Diemer (1910), is the first faculty member  of Industrial Engineering subject at Pennsylvania State College, quoted F.W. Taylor's  appeal to engineering professionals to take up the responsibility of cost related data collection and analysis as part of profession.

Charles Buxton Going  published a book titled, "Principles of Industrial Engineering" in 1911.
He called industrial engineering, “New branch of engineering grown out of the rise of, and enormous expansion of the manufacturing system.” This branch of engineering, according to him, “Has drawn upon mechanical engineering, economics, sociology, psychology, philosophy and
accountancy to form a distinct body of science of its own”. In this definition of industrial engineering, inclusion of the subjects of economics and accountancy testify to the fact that the cost measurement and analysis was regarded as part of industrial engineering theory and practice at that time.

Howell, in his presentation at the 1995 International Industrial Engineering Conference, advised industrial engineers to reclaim their traditional industrial engineering responsibilities, such as, measurements of labor costs, manufacturing methods, and productivity improvement, along with other responsibilities so that their demand in industry, job title and functional identity remains intact. According to him, cost estimation should be one of the areas for which an industrial engineer should also be responsible and accountable.

Recent Developments

Recent studies by Barnes (1991), Dhavale (1992), and Eaglesham (1998), found in the Industrial Engineering literature on Activity Based Costing technique, broadly point out that some industrial engineers take interest in cost measurement.

Lenz and Neitzel (1995)  developed their own methodology to develop a cost simulation model. In this model, they have used a cost equation that consists of eight components, such as station cost; labor cost; overhead cost; inventory cost; automation cost; capacity cost; material cost; and
indirect cost. In this type of modeling, they claimed, all performance measures can be translated into costs by applying cost equations to the results of factory model.

Deo (2001)14 developed an Operation Based Costing model to measure cost of each resource in each operation, and the cost of each operation in a production system. In this model, an operation is considered as the basic unit of production system. The structure of the model matches the typical structure of an operation.

It is observed by the authors  that cost measurement and analysis is slowly becoming one of the basic requirements for various job openings related to industrial and manufacturing engineering area.  Education and training of industrial engineers in cost measurement and analysis, can give them an extra advantage in raising productivity and reducing cost in industrial organizations. Industral engineering schools and departments need to introduce the subject as a necessary part of industrial engineering education and training for future generation of industrial engineers.

Role of Costing and Cost Accounting in the Organization


Cost accounting is a separate accounting discipline and in many countries, statutory cost accounting bodies exist that regulate this field. Industrial engineers have to work in close cooperation with this discipline to make sure that costs are measured with a view to providing appropriate cost information to industrial engineering department and to the company regarding unit costs of components and finished products made by the company. The output of the industrial engineering department has to be captured by the cost figures reported by the cost accounting department.


Purposes of Accounting Systems

Accounting is a major means of helping managers of an organization, equity investors of an organization, potential equity investors, creditors and bond holders of an organization, potential creditors and bond holders of an organization, suppliers and customers of an organization and other stake holders to take decisions.

Accounting provides information for three major purposes:

1. External reporting: These reports are used investors, creditors, government authorities, and other outside parties.

2. Routine internal reporting: These reports which are periodically generated are used by managers of the company for their internal decisions.

3. Nonroutine internal reporting: This information or reports are generated to support projects and other decisions that come up as the need arises from them.
While the reports are prepared in different formats and basic data is manipulated or summarized in various ways to facilitate decision making, there is one data base maintained by the accounting system that contains data in the form debits and credits to various accounts maintained in the accounting system. Accountants combine these data items in various ways to provide information to internal or external users.


Distinction Between Financial Accounting, Cost Accounting and Management Accounting

Horngren’s distinction between them is interesting.

Management accounting as a discipline focuses on accounting information that facilitates decision making by managers of the organization. If focuses on routine and nonroutine accounting reports.

Financial accounting measures and records business transactions and provides financial statements that are based on generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Executive compensation is tied to profit figures reported in the financial statements and equity share valuation is also based to a large extent on these financial statements.
Cost accounting provides information to facilitate both management accounting and financial accounting. Its focus is measuring and reporting financial and nonfinancial information that is related to the cost of acquiring or consuming resources by an organization.


Cost Management

Cost management is an activity of managers related to planning and control of costs. Managers have to take decisions regarding use of materials, processes, product designs and have to plan costs or expenses to support the operating plan for their department or section. All these activities come under cost management. Information from accounting systems help managers in cost management activities. But the cost accounting system and the reports it generates is not the cost management system. Accounting system can be interpreted as a part of cost management system of an organization.

Cost management is not cost reduction alone. It is much broader. Organization increase advertising expenditure to increase sales, increase research and development expenditures to promote new products. Here the concerned managers are deliberately incurring additional costs in a period (compared to the previous period) as they expect profits from such decisions or expenditures. Cost management system has to ensure that a cost is incurred with the expectation of profit.

The Role of Management Accounting

The role of management accounting is also described as problem solving, score keeping and attention directing.

Problem solving: The role of accounting in problem solving is to provide information useful in evaluating alternatives.

Scorekeeping: Scorekeeping records the results of various actions of the managers and helps in assessing whether the results expected from the various actions are realized or not.

Attention directing: The scorekeeping function in combination with expected results, and comparative analysis of scores of various companies, divisions and departments, comparative analysis of present period scores or results with previous periods show opportunities of focusing attention of managers to improve things.

Value Chain
Value chain is a visualization of complete business as a sequence of activities in which usefulness is added to the products or services produced and sold by an organization. Management accountants provide decision support for managers in each activity of value chain.

Design of Management Accounting System

The design of management accounting system has to take into consideration the decision needs of the managers. Also it has to take into consideration the new themes and challenges that managers face currently.

Horngren identified four such themes in the tenth edition of his book.

1. Customer focus: The challenge for managers it invest sufficient resources to enhance customer satisfaction. But every action of the organization has to result enhanced profitability or maintained profitability for the organization.

2. Key Success Factors: These are nonfinancial factors which have an effect on the economic viability of the organization.

Cost, quality, time and innovation are important key success factors. Management accounting systems need to have provisions for tracking the performance of the organization and its divisions as well as competitors on these success factors.

3. Continuous improvement: Continuous improvement or kaizen is a popular theme. Innovation related to this area in costing is kaizen costing .

4. Value Chain and Supply Chain Analysis: Value chain as a strategic framework for analysis of competitive advantage was promoted by Michael Porter. Management accountants have to become familiar with the framework and provide information to implement the framework by strategic planners.
The term supply chain describes the flow of goods, services and information from cradle (the mines sources of raw materials) to grave (where discarded products or dumped), regardless of whether those activities occur in the same organization or many organizations.

Key Guidelines for Management Accounting System Design

Cost Benefit Approach: In the system design resource allocation decisions are to be made. Examples would be software to buy and associates to employ. A cost-benefit approach should be used for all such decisions. Resources should be spent only when there is profit to the organization due to that expenditure. Each incremental addition to the accounting system must be supported by incremental profit to the organization.

Behavioral and Technical Considerations: Management has human dimension and it has to focus on how to help individuals to do their jobs better. Managing people involves discussion of managers with his associates on improving performance. The behavioral responses of people to reports highlighting their underperformance have to be understood. Management accounting should lead to cordial relations and climate.
Different Costs for Different Purposes: It is to be noted that there are several cost concepts and cost measures can be created for each of these concepts. Cost accountants have to careful to provide appropriate cost to the managers. The accounting system has to have some precautions to make sure that the accountant understands the decision situation of a manager and provides appropriate cost measures.

Professional Ethics

Like other professionals, accountants also face ethical dilemmas. They need ethical guidelines. Institute of Management Accountants (IMA), USA published guidance note on ethics to be followed by management accountants.

Competence, confidentiality, integrity and objectivity are important themes of the guidance note.

References

Horngren, Charles T., George Foster, and Srikant Datar, Cost Accounting: Managerial Emphasis, Tenth Edition, Prentice Hall, Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA, 2000

Cost Accounting - Horngren et al., Book Information and Review


Monday, April 10, 2017

Process Industrial Engineering - Article Index



Process Industrial Engineering - Process Efficiency Improvement


Process Industrial Engineering - Introduction

First Week

1. The Function of Methods Efficiency Engineering
2. Approach to Operation Analysis as a Step in Methods Efficiency Engineering

3. Scope and Limitations of Methods Efficiency Engineering
    Operation Analysis Sheet

    Using the Operation Analysis Sheet
    Analysis of Purpose of Operation

    Analysis of All Operations of a Process as a Step of Each Operation Analysis
    Analysis of Tolerances and Inspection Standards

    Analysis of Material in Operation Analysis
    Tool Related Operation Analysis


Second Week

    Material Handling Analysis in Operations
    Operation Analysis of Setups

    Operation Analysis - Man and Machine Activity Charts
    Operation Analysis - Plant Layout Analysis

    Operation Analysis - Analysis of Working Conditions and Method
    Operation Analysis - Common Possibilities for Operation Improvement

    Operation Analysis - Check List
    Method Study

   Principles of Methods Efficiency Engineering
   Method Study - Information Collection and Recording - Chapter Contents


Third Week

Process Analysis - Questions/Check List
Installing Proposed Methods

Eliminate, Combine, Rearrange, Simplify - ECRS Method - Barnes
Inspection Methods Efficiency Engineering

Systems Installation - Installing Proposed Methods
Plant Layout Analysis

Industrial Engineering of Flow Production Lines - Thought Before Taiichi Ohno and Shigeo Shingo
Manufacturing System Losses Idenfied in TPM Literature

Fourth Week

Industrial Engineering - Foundation of Toyota Production System
Toyota Production System Industrial Engineering - Shigeo Shingo

Introducing and Implementing the Toyota Production System - Shiego Shingo

















One Year Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan

January - February - March - April - May - June

July - August - September - October - November - December

Friday, April 7, 2017

April - Random Selection of Online Industrial Engineering Articles



#IndustrialEngineering
#IE
#Productivity


Industrial Engineering - Bulletin Board
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2016/06/industrial-engineering-bulletin-board.html

Second Week  - 8 to 14

Industrial engineering Principles, Methods Tools and Techniques
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2012/03/industrial-engineering-principles.html

Gate 2017 Examination in Production and Industrial Engineering - Question Paper
gate.iitr.ernet.in/GATE2017questions/PI.pdf

Lathe Machine Market in 2015 $9.925 billion. Expected to reach #12.012 billion by 2022
http://finance.yahoo.com/news/lathe-machines-market-expected-reach-144000697.html



How automation helped SPECK boost its productivity
Since 2010 SPECK has consistently relied on automated machine tools from DMG MORI Systems in order to boost capacity in its production
http://www.engrreview.com/automation-helped-speck-boost-productivity/

Thursday, April 6, 2017

Industrial Engineering - Bulletin Board



The earlier Blog URL:  http://nraoiekc.blogspot.in/2012/02/industrial-engineering-bulletin-board.html

_________________________________________________________________________________

Industrial Engineering Knol Books by Narayana Rao


_______________________________________________________________________________

Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision - One Year Plan

January - February - March - April - May - June

July - August - September - October - November - December


The Purpose, Philosophy, Principles and Methods of Industrial Engineering
Masters in Industrial Engineering Programme Orientation Address 2016
___________________


____________________



Random Selection of Industrial Engineering Articles for the Day

Industrial engineering Principles, Methods Tools and Techniques
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2012/03/industrial-engineering-principles.html


Industrial Engineers - Share at least one productivity idea of yours every year


Contribute Brainstorming Bits for Productivity Improvement.

I suggest that all industrial engineering participating in productivity improvement contribute at least one productivity initiative of theirs every year through a blog post, social media entry or email in a group. The blog post can be in their own blog, on a blog of their company or it can be submitted to blogs of their institute or professional associations. The social media posts can be on their profile, a page, or in a community. That way the community will have multiple examples of productivity improvement in the entire global economy and some of these examples act as brainstorming particles that excite others to think and implement productivity measures in their organizations. By sharing only one idea every year, every industrial engineer engaging in productivity improvement can energize the entire profession.

I am very happy that Mr. Keven McManus, a regular author in Industrial Engineer magazine supported the idea in FaceBook Community of IISE.


NIFT should focus on Industrial Engineering http://news.apparelresources.com/events-news/nift-should-focus-on-industrial-engineering/

Low Cost Materials and Processes - Information Board - 2014 - Database for Industrial Engineering and Value Engineering

Branding for Industrial Engineering


Industrial Engineering Strategy

Industrial Engineering of Technical Processes

  Manufacturing Systems Industrial Engineering
  Material Handling Systems Industrial Engineering
Quality and Inspection Systems Industrial Engineering
Storage and Warehouse  Systems Industrial Engineering
Supply Chain Systems Industrial Engineering
Logistics Systems Industrial Engineering
  Information Systems Industrial Engineering
Lean Manufacturing Systems Industrial Engineering
    Maintenance System Industrial Engineering

Industrial Engineering of Business Processes

Marketing and Selling Processes  Industrial Engineering
Purchase Processes  Industrial Engineering
Accounting Processes  Industrial Engineering
Customer Service Processes  Industrial Engineering
Human Resource Recruitment  Process Industrial Engineering

Continued in 

Productivity and Industrial Engineering News - Bulletin Board - February 2014


November 2014
Industrial Engineering Strategy - Decisions to be taken by top management
Toyota Production Industrial Engineering updated by adding all chapters of the book


July - Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan
Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan - Started on 17 June 2014


February 2014

Shigeo Shingo - The Japanese Industrial Engineer - Contribution to Industrial Engineering  Updated on 18.2.2014

3 Feb 2014
IntelliJ IDEA 13 Wins Jolt Productivity Award for Coding Tools 2014!
Dr. Dobb’s Journal named IntelliJ IDEA 13 the winner of the Jolt Productivity Award for Coding Tools 2014, an annual award given to the best IDEs and coding tools.
http://www.drdobbs.com/joltawards/jolt-awards-coding-tools/240165725?pgno=6

January 2014


31.1.2014

Vacuum drying - increased moulding productivity - Plastics Processing

“Vacuum drying is six times faster than with desiccant systems, which not only makes possible much shorter cold startups but also reduces the risk of material degradation, since resin is exposed to elevated temperature for 80% less time,” said Mr. Smith. “This remarkable drying speed is attributable to a far more efficient method for extracting moisture from resin pellets — so much more efficient that vacuum dryers reduce energy consumption by up to 60% in comparison with desiccant dryers.”
http://www.eppm.com/machinery/vacuum-dryer-claims-increased-moulding-productivity/


Solutions to Drive Warehouse Productivity
In this webcast, Eric Hepburn, Vice President of Distribution Center Management for Penske Logistics, shares proven techniques on how to devise a labor management strategy that can make a huge impact on your distribution operations.
http://www.dcvelocity.com/videocasts/?videocast_id=53

30.1.2014


Three reasons why blogging helps research productivity
http://www.scilogs.com/expiscor/three-reasons-why-blogging-helps-research-productivity/


Efficient cooling system improves productivity in plastic moulding


As cooling time is the biggest factor in plastic moulding cycle and one of the deciding factors for the quality requirements, better control upon the same will improve the productivity to a great extent.
Analysis of cooling performance at regular intervals is always advisable to maintain and/or improve the cooling efficiency.
The pump/s, pipe diameter and cooling tower are selected accordingly and the design is optimised. Design can be optimised for new plants and for modification of existing plant.
http://www.business-standard.com/content/b2b-chemicals/efficient-cooling-system-improves-productivity-in-plastic-moulding-114012900974_1.html



Wave Walker Boosts Productivity
WaveWalker can considerably boost productivity in tasks such as drilling and pipeline and cable-laying.
http://www.marinelink.com/news/productivity-walker363586.aspx

Bangladesh boosts garment productivity with SewEasy System for industrial engineering
The SewEasy SMV estimation system, established on PMTS technology serves factories since 1996, and is based on MTM.
http://www.ft.lk/2014/01/30/bangladesh-boosts-garment-productivity-with-seweasy-system-for-industrial-engineering/


Remarkable increase in productivity with the new SEHO SelectLine
SEHO Systems GmbH, a worldwide leading manufacturer of automated soldering systems and customer-specific solutions, will present the new SEHO SelectLine selective soldering system
http://www.globalsmt.net/smt/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=21145&Itemid=413


H.C. Starck's Newton facility awarded Industry Week's 2013 Best Plants
The global supplier of technology metals was able to reduce waste, optimize productivity, streamline processes, improve efficiencies, and reduce cost.
http://www.thefabricator.com/news/shopmanagement/h-c-starck-s-newton-facility-awarded-i-industry-week-i-s-2013-best-plants



29.1.2014

Productivity and Online Learning


The Need for Greater Productivity through Online Learning, Part 1
http://wcetblog.wordpress.com/2014/01/21/greater-productivity-part-1/
The Need for Greater Productivity through Online Learning, Part 2
http://wcetblog.wordpress.com/2014/01/23/greater-productivity-part-2/
The Need for Greater Productivity through Online Learning, Further Thoughts
http://wcetblog.wordpress.com/2014/01/28/the-need-for-greater-productivity-through-online-learning-further-thoughts/


Productivity Commission of New Zealand suggests 25 recommendations that it believed would boost the productivity of the services sector
http://www.stuff.co.nz/business/industries/9663187/Productivity-Commission-suggests-overhaul


Tap behavioural economics for productivity boost
Businesses must select leaders and managers who can engage their employees
http://www.businesstimes.com.sg/premium/editorial-opinion/opinion/tap-behavioural-economics-productivity-boost-20140129

Preparing For Productivity: The Rise Of The Maintenance Planner
http://www.facilitiesnet.com/maintenanceoperations/article/Preparing-for-Productivity-The-Rise-of-the-Maintenance-Planner--14695#

Guide to assessing productivity in your organisation - Productivity South Africa
Download the Guide to assessing productivity in your organisation - (139KB)


The Domino N600i
The only digital colour label press that combines
the productivity of flexo with the flexibility of digital printing
http://www.domino-printing.com/N600i/N600i-Colour-Digital-Label-Press.html

Resource Productivity of Japanese Manufacturing Subsidiaries in the Philippines: A Comparative Case Study.
Source: DLSU Business & Economics Review . Jul2011, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p15-28. 14p. 5 Charts.
Author(s): Cortez, Michael Angelo A.
(EBSCO Host)

Industrial Productivity
What determines how much a worker can produce in different periods and in different countries? The answer is found in the study of a sensitive ratio between the cost of labor and the cost of machinery
By Seymour Melman
Scientific American Volume 193, Issue 1


3M™ High Productivity Pad 7300, 20 in, 5/case
http://solutions.3m.com/wps/portal/3M/en_US/Facilities-Care-Cleaning-NA/commercial-cleaning/cleaning-supplies/~/3M-High-Productivity-Pad-7300-20-in-5-case?N=4294929802+6702276&Nr=AND(hrcy_id%3AGSMS2G8GX9gs_F2TPJQMRJ6_N2RL3FHWVK_GPD0K8BC31gv)&rt=d


Value Engineering of Ventilator

Productivity and IE in Stock and Commodity Exchange Trading


Integrated production planning and control: A multi-objective optimization model
Cheng Wang, Xiao-Bing Liu
Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management
Vol 6, No 4 (2013)
http://www.jiem.org/index.php/jiem/article/view/771


A Novel Optimization Method on Logistics Operation for Warehouse & Port Enterprises Based on Game Theory
Junyang Li, Xiaomin Zhu, Runtong Zhang
Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management
Vol 6, No 4 (2013)
http://www.jiem.org/index.php/jiem/article/view/597



2014 International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Applications(ICIEA 2014)

Papers on the following topics will be presented in oral and poster sessions:
· Decision Analysis and Methods
· E-Business and E-Commerce
· Engineering Economy and Cost Analysis
· Engineering Education and Training
· Global Manufacturing and Management
· Healthcare Systems and Management
· Human Factors
· Information Processing and Engineering
· Intelligent Systems
· Manufacturing Systems
· Operations Research
· Production Planning and Control
· Project Management
· Quality Control and Management
· Reliability and Maintenance Engineering
· Safety, Security and Risk Management
· Service Innovation and Management
· Supply Chain Management
· Systems Modeling and Simulation
· Technology and Knowledge Management

Conference papers will be selected to be published in Journal of Industrial and Intelligent Information (JIII, ISSN: 2301-3745, 10.12720/jiii, www.jiii.org).


28.1.2014


Rokla Rockwheel cutting unit increases productivity in abrasive material mining
http://www.im-mining.com/2014/01/28/rokla-rockwheel-cutting-unit-increases-productivity-in-abrasive-material/

Productivity From Packaging Line Solutions
Rennco is a manufacturer of semi-automatic and fully automatic vertical bagging machines and medical device heat sealing systems
http://goarticles.com/article/Productivity-From-Packaging-Line-Solutions/8349528/

Low-cost and more versatile robots to increase productivity
Rise of the machines: Robots on the factory floor
Vanguard Plastics in Southington, Conn., has put a robot named Baxter($25,000) in its plant to work side by side with some of the 22 people on its floor.
http://www.cnbc.com/id/101362018

New Inserts Boost Productivity in a Wide Range of Tough Turning Applications
Walter's new geometries bring production efficiencies for turning high temperature alloys, titanium machining and tough roughing jobs.
http://www.fabricatingandmetalworking.com/2014/01/new-inserts-boost-productivity-in-a-wide-range-of-tough-turning-applications/

Drum Debarker — Continuous Wood Feeding And Other Productivity-Boosting Mechanisms
http://chasseurs-orages.org/drum-debarker-continuous-wood-feeding-and-other-productivity-boosting-mechanisms/

Reduce press downtime between jobs in stamping machines
http://www.thefabricator.com/article/stamping/cutting-time-between-coils

How We Increased Productivity on the Shop Floor
By PAUL DOWNS
Paul Downs founded Paul Downs Cabinetmakers in 1986. It is based outside Philadelphia.
http://boss.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/01/27/how-we-increased-productivity-on-the-shop-floor/?partner=rss&emc=rss

Tips for Maximizing Productivity and Decreasing Costs in Welding Job Shops
http://www.millerwelds.com/resources/articles/tips-for-maximizing-productivity-and-decreasing-costs-in-job-shops

Analysis of buffered assembly line productivity
Ryspek Usubamatov, Abd Alsalam Alsalameh, Rosmaini Ahmad, Abdul Rahman Riza, (2014) "Analysis of buffered assembly line productivity", Assembly Automation, Vol. 34 Iss: 1, pp.34 - 40
http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?articleid=17104126&show=abstract


Comprehensive, quantitative bioprocess productivity monitoring using fluorescence EEM spectroscopy and chemometrics.
Analyst, 2014, Accepted Manuscript
http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2014/an/c4an00007b#!divAbstract

InfoPrint Productivity Tracker
Insights to help drive out cost
https://www.infoprint.com/internet/ipww.nsf/vwWebPublished/swip_infoprint-productivity-tracker_en


Converged infrastructure boosts Oracle DBA productivity
Converged infrastructure boosts DBA productivity, according to a new Wikibon report. Wikibon’s research examined Oracle database administrators (DBAs) in particular and found that highly converged infrastructure lowered costs and raised productivity between 40 and 50 percent.
http://siliconangle.com/blog/2014/01/27/converged-infrastructure-boosts-oracle-dba-productivity/



27.1.2014

$1 billion Soros backed fund for Supply Chain Efficiency Improvement Projects

Niedermaier, CEO of New York-based Tau Investment Management has teamed up with investor Alexander Soros— the son of billionaire financier George Soros to raise $1 billion  to revamp the vast number of firms that form supply chains for various products. He said firms participating in supply chains are full of inefficiencies and outdated equipment that can be upgraded for a nice profit. His Tau Investments has chosen as its first target textile and apparel manufacturing in emerging markets, a $1 trillion industry.
http://www.cnbc.com/id/101359907

Management and Productivity
http://www.economist.com/news/business/21594223-it-no-longer-just-plausible-theory-good-management-boosts-productivity-measuring

Decreasing workplace transparency can increase productivity.

Harvard Business School Assistant Professor Ethan S. Bernstein shows that decreasing the observation of employees can increase their productivity.  His paper "Transparency Paradox: A Role for Privacy in Organizational Learning and Operational Control"  won the 2013 Best Published Paper Award from both the Academy of Management's Organization and Management Theory Division and Organizational Behavior Division.
http://forbesindia.com/article/harvard/hiding-from-managers-can-increase-your-productivity/36859/1

Tivoli Storage Productivity Center - IBM
Tivoli Storage Productivity Center simplifies the following data and storage management processes:
Storage administration options where you can choose from an advanced GUI or VMware plug-in. It also includes Cognos® Business Intelligence and pre-designed reports.
Storage and device management to give you fast deployment with agent-less device management – while intelligent presets improve provisioning consistency and control.
Integrated performance management features end-to-end views, including devices, SAN fabrics and storage systems. The server-centric view of storage infrastructure enables fast troubleshooting.
Data replication management that enables you to have remote mirror, snapshot and copy management and supports Windows, Linux, UNIX and System z data.
http://www-03.ibm.com/software/products/en/tivostorprodcent/


Increasing  the productivity of sales force.by simplifying the Insurance form filling process

Tata AIA Life Insurance Company Ltd today said it has implemented a host of new processes that will make life insurance simpler and increase the productivity of its sales force.
Tata AIA Life is one of the first insurance companies in India to fully switch over to a ‘Standard Proposal Form’ for all products consequently offering convenience in making completion of applications faster and easier for the customers. This also makes the agent sales kit lighter since different proposal forms for different products would not be required any further.
http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/companies/tata-aia-life-aims-to-enhance-productivity/article5620363.ece

Productivity in Germany

Highest 111.June 2012
102.3 in November 2013
http://www.tradingeconomics.com/germany/productivity

Impact of Temperature and Climate Variability on Milk Productivity of Bovines
Mitigation Measures - India
http://www.ndri.res.in/PanApps/chapters/2.pdf

22 Productivity Principles From Proverbs

http://www.churchleaders.com/worship/worship-articles/172409-eric-mckiddie-productivity-principles-from-proverbs.html?p=1

Improving field service productivity with tablet pcs
http://www.motioncomputing.com/downloads/Marketing_Brochures/industries/industry_fieldservice_web.pdf



Modern Compass Improves Oilfield Productivity, Cuts Costs

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) comments that multiple reservoirs of oil and gas can be now be accessed from a single platform by drilling vertically and then horizontally, but drill operators need to know which way their drill bits are going to maxi­mize production and avoid collisions with other wells. One way to accomplish this important task is to install a magnetometer—a sort of modern-day compass—in a drill-string instrument package that follows the drill bit.
http://www.bpnews.com/index.php/in-the-news/97-modern-compass-improves-oilfield-productivity-cuts-costs


ATC 900 the most productive tire changer solution on the market

The dual-disc bead breaker, center clamp system and automatic demounting tool make the ATC 900 the most productive tire changer solution on the market. Leverless demounting and powered wheel lift reduce technician fatigue and opportunity for injury. Dual disc bead breakers and servo positioned and electronically synchronized so the technician can efficiently maintain a safe and ergonomic bay position.
http://www.johnbean.ca/tc-atc-900.asp

December 2013

Industrial Engineering of Warehouses - Efficiency Improvement of warehouses
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2013/12/warehouse-industrial-engineering.html


The New role of Industrial Engineering  by Jan Kosturiak and Robert Debnar (Article in 2008)
Practices in USA, Europe and Japan Compared and Changing Directions Identified.

The American school of Industrial Engineering combines statistical methods in quality, mathematics and optimisation methods of operation research, simulation and  the methods for work analysis and facilities layout planning. The base of the methods of the Japanese school of Industrial Engineering is the Toyota Production System oriented on waste elimination in the entire value stream. But also Japanese universities and companies incorporated simulation, mathematics and operation research programmes into the traditional Industrial Engineering methods. In an  issue of Harvard Business review, Toyota´s President Katsuaki Watanabe emphasizes the importance of combining continuous improvement (Kaizen) with radical innovations (Kakushin).

 The traditional focus of Industrial Engineering is on process analysis and improvement.  and also the human aspects related to flexibility, productivity and creativity.

 Information technology is being increasingly integrated into IE courses and alongside the basic subjects that deal with hard facts, there are more and more classes looking at issues of teamwork, people motivation, communication skills, emotional intelligence and ethics.




USA

Europe

Japan

Focus of Industrial Engineering

Systems Optimisation, Statistical Process Control, Simulation, Bottleneck Management, Project Management  - USA

Complex process optimisation, CIM, CAD/CAM, Flexible Automation, Systems Engineering, Digital Factory - Europe

Waste Elimination, Simplification, Visualisation, Low Cost Automation,  Common Sense, Lean, TPS, Kaizen - Japan

Typical Role of the Industrial Engineer

Systems Integrator, Optimiser, Process Improvement and re-engineering - USA

Production Process Optimisation, - Europe

Lean Manager, Teacher, Trainer, - Japan

Who are the Industrial Engineers?

Industrial Engineering Department, Operation Management - USA

Department of Work and Process Organisation, Production Planning Department _ Europe

Hancho – Supervisor on Shop Floor, Every Employee from CEO to the Worker on the Line has some IE Skills - Japan


Leading  associations and organizations

Institute of Industrial Engineers, Maynard´s, Lean Institute, MIT, Purdue University, Goldratt Institute - USA

REFA, MTM, Fraunhofer - Europe

Toyota, Nissan, Omron, JMA, JUSE - Japan

Some IE  Leaders

Babbage Towne, Hasley, Gantt, Taylor, Gillbreth, Ford, Deming, Shewhart, Pritsker, White, Malcom

Fayol, Mitrofanov, Altschuller, Schulmpeter, T.Baťa, J.Baťa, Warnecke

Toyota, Suzaki, Imai, Takeda, Shingo, Ishikawa, Taguchi, Ohno, Monden





Focus on the “empolyee´s muscles” (performance – physical intelligence) and brains (kaizen – mental intelligence) shifting to  Focus on the employee´s heart (self motivation, emotional intelligence)  and soul (moral and ethics – soul intelligence)

Management philosophy
Trade Off Thinking - High Quality OR Low Cost, Affordable OR Customized to Breakthrough Thinking, High Quality AND Low Cost, Affordable AND Customized

Improvement Concepts
Lean Manufacturing, Six Sigma, TOC shifting to Systematic Innovation, Lean Product Development

Management principles
Management by objectives, process and project management shifting to  Management by opportunities, company as a  living organism


Mass customisation,  individualisation, global competition, fast overcoming of traditional rules and standards mean that many change processes are running in companies world wide under the slogan “give your customer what he wants – but faster than your competitors”.

There are three fundamental concepts in industrial engineering focused on customer value:

1. Lean Management

2. Theory of Constraints based Total Productivity Management

3. Six Sigma

Over the last decade, many companies have tried to copy Toyota‘s principles. They are applying methods for waste elimination from production and business processes, they compare benchmark indicators like value added index or working hours per product. But the essence of Toyota’s excellence is not yet captured . Toyota has been developing this system consistently for over 50 years. Toyota has developed a system of knowledge which creates reusable knowledge, maintains it, and leverages its use in the future. Nobody from Toyota employees wrote a handbook of the Toyota Production System, this is the business of other management gurus. The values and principles of the Toyota Production System are developed in the minds and daily jobs of all the employees. All the knowledge gained throughout the design or production process, what works and what doesn’t work, could be captured and consistently applied for all future projects. Toyota doesn´t call its system “lean”, but it is lean, Toyota doesn´t speak about knowledge management, but it does it!

The lean concept originated in Toyota is oriented on waste identification and elimination from the whole process chain (Value Stream Management). In other words – lean focus is the maximisation of added value in all the production, logistical, administrative and development processes. TOC (Theory of Constraints) is based on the identification and elimination of the system´s constraints with the goal ongoing throughput improvement. The throughput is defined as the rate at which the organisation generates money through sales. In other words, throughput is the added value in the process chain per time unit. The Six Sigma philosophy identifies and eliminates variation from the value stream so that defects approach zero and quality delights the customer. Six Sigma, Lean and TOC continuously improve knowledge in pursuit of perfection and involve and empower the employees.

Many companies are oriented on low cost strategies. But some cost attack programmes or the transfering of production facilities to low cost countries showed that it is not the right and strategic solution. In recent years, many West European and US manufacturing firms have moved their production plants to the low cost countries. Over time, they recognised that they had lost some competitive advantages because some departments were physically separated (e.g. product design and development, production engineering, production, logistics) and the communication and co-operation between them was limited. Also many cultural differences reduced the effects of the low cost location. Not even the massive implementation of lean management, Six Sigma or other world class concepts can sometimes bring any radical improvement. Company success is not only in the optimisation of current processes (doing right things right).


 What is the new role of industrial engineering in coming years?

1. The industrial engineer will still focus on value stream improvement, but not only in manufacturing. Administrative, product development, customer service and logistical processes offer huge improvement potential.

2. The integration of traditional concepts for process improvement like Lean, Six Sigma and TOC. These concepts for waste elimination, reduction of process variation and throughput increase will be combined with concepts for customer value creation.

3. Today, the typical job position of industrial engineers is in the production and logistics departments. In the future, the industrial engineers will penetrate into the departments for product and process development and innovation management, where the higher opportunities to reduce costs, eliminate waste and improve quality rather than production are.

4. Industrial engineers have to increase their orientation on the people. Not only in the traditional sense – ergonomics, but also in the areas of emotional intelligence, co-operation, knowledge management, coaching, training, leadership, communication, etc. The companies should be able to solve the following important questions regarding knowledge management: How to share, communicate and develop the best corporate practices in the organisation? How to transfer knowledge between employees on the projects and actions in the company? How to increase and measure knowledge? How to change knowledge into innovation as fast as possible?

5. The design and development of teamwork in the entire company – this is the crucial competence of industrial engineers for the future. They need to work in  the creative teams of strong individuals, focused on innovation ability.  The other important task is to work in  multi-cultural teams in the global production networks.

6. Work analysis and measurement is the traditional competence of industrial engineers. New opportunities for this discipline are in logistics, distribution, office, and product and process development.

7. Industrial engineers will penetrate from production departments to other company areas. There are many new application fields for traditional IE methods – e.g. 5S in information systems, simulation and value stream management of supply chain networks, simplification and streamlining of management processes – waste in meetings, reporting, etc.


The most used methods and concepts of industrial eingineering in the industrial companies are  – Value Stream Industrial Engineering  (not only in production processes, but also in office, logistical chains and product development processes),  – Work Analysis and Measurement (in European companies more traditional methods are used MTM or UAS, American companies use MOST more often),  – Computer simulation (in Europe EM Plant or Witness, in US companies more often, Arena, Automod, etc.),  – TPM based waste elimination - Total Productivity Management based on TOC  – Quality in process – SPC, poka yoke, andon, jidoka, stop line  – 5S and Quick Changeover  – Different Systematic Problems Solving Approaches – Kaizen (individual improvement ideas, workshops, quick win activities, Improvement Projects with DMAIC methodology  – Planning of U shaped  Lines with one piece flow and Low Cost Intelligent Automation (LCIA) concepts  – Team work, visual management, management by objectives  – Pull systems in production and logistics (internal and external milk run concepts)  – Traditional IE problem solving methods – FMEA, QFD, Project Management, A3 reports, etc. -
http://www.ai-online.com/Adv/Previous/show_issue.php?id=2244#sthash.JUZRM87e.dpuf



Productivity Solutions - Corus
http://www.fdm-uk.co.uk/corus-case-study.html


November 2013



Toyota Production System can be described as Just in Time Quality Production System.
Quality denotes customer acceptance and zero defects.
A defect in JIT system is very costly. Hence, good amount of effort goes into defect prevention activity in Toyota system.
What is the communication system used for ensuring just in time production. Customer has to inform the supplier what he wants and when he wants.

EM - The Trade Magazine on Efficient Manufacturing
http://www.efficientmanufacturing.in/pi-india/index.php?StoryID=437

October 2013

An Interesting Book published in 1921
What industrial engineering includes; for industrial executives; 101 things to do, 1001 results others secured
Author: Knoeppel, C.E., & co. (New York). Full book can be downloaded from Archive.Org

Wearable technology for warehouse

Industrial Engineering - History  article published

September 2013

It should be stated here emphatically that there is nothing that can permanently bring about results from scientific management, and the economies that it is possible to effect by it, unless the organisation is supported by the hearty co-operation of the men. Without this there is no scientific management. - Gilbreth in Applied Motion Study, Book. Page No. 29-30


Frugal Engineering - Product design for Bottom of the pyramid consumers - An emerging paradigm. Industrial engineers have to understand and contribute to it as value engineering is an important component of it.      Frugal Engineering - Introduction Note - Bibliography and Case Studies

How to Make a Pareto Chart using Excel Pivot Table

Economically Efficient Design of Products and Production Processes - Presentation Transcript

How to Get Your Trucks Loaded by the End of the Week
http://blog.eisbrennerproductivitygroup.com/blog/bid/331188/process-improvement-plan-tip-of-the-month-loading-trucks?utm_campaign=Loading+Trucks&utm_source=linkedin&utm_medium=social&utm_content=1431326

Walmart ready to give loans to Bangladesh companies for improving safety. It procures from 280 firms in Bangladesh.
http://www.livemint.com/Companies/xtrIzpopi01i9MOrbsu8aN/WalMart-ready-to-loan-50-million-to-Bangladesh-factories.html#!

August 2013

Taylor's Contribution to Industrial Engineering in Shop Management and Scientific Management

F.W. Taylor's Shop Management Classified into Themes

Defintion of Management - F.W. Taylor
Difference in Production Quantity between a first class man and an average man - F.W. Taylor
Developing and Employing First Class People in an Organization
Confronting Soldiering - Slow Pace of Work
Halsey Plan - F.W. Taylor's Comments
Task Management


Plant Layout Optimization - Case Studies
http://www.raymondnet.com/AGRCo-Articles/Presentations/awi2004.pdf


July 2013


31.7.2013
Laboratories to accompany Intro to IE Course
http://iris.lib.neu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1013&context=ind_eng_capstone

24.7.2013

North Eastern University's Allen Soyster, former IIE President
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Robots operating CNC Machines
http://www.universal-robots.com/GB/Cases/Sky_Engineering.aspx
Video included in the web page.


Energy Cost Optimization in a Water Supply System Case Study
Daniel F. Moreira and Helena M. Ramos
Journal of Energy
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 620698, 9 pages
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/energy/2013/620698/

Accounts Payable Automation DHL EXEL Supply Chain - IBM ECM Presentation

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Door Handle Assembly on Conveyor
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May 2013



9.5.2013
An interesting note on productivity of knowledge workers.
Knowledge at Wharton article
Productivity in the modern office: A Matter of impact
http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=3250

10.3.2013
http://www.myopencourses.com/  has some interesting subjects including ergonomics by Prof Debkumar Chakraborty, IIT Guwahati. Check the site.

10.2.2013

An Interesting paper on Innovation and TQM relation. A good matrix of man, machine, material, method, culture was given in the paper


Process Techno - Innovation Using TQM in Developing Countries Empirical Study of Deming Prize Winners

 The companies studied are Indian companies

By Fasil Taddese(1), Hiroshi Osada(2)

1 (Ph.D Student) Graduate School of Innovation Management, Tokyo institute of Technology. Japan. Tel: +81-3-90-9818-6778. E-mail: fasil.t.aa   at m.titech.ac.jp
2 (Ph.D) Professor of Management of Technology. Graduate School of Innovation Management, Tokyo Institute of Technology. Japan. Tel: +81-3-3454-8979. E-mail: hosada  at mot.titech.ac.jp
http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?pid=S0718-27242010000200005&script=sci_arttext




Productivity Improving Technologies - Wikipedia Article - Good article
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Productivity_improving_technologies_(historical)


1994 Ergonomics Conference Proceedings VI - Good description of methods engineering class room exercise is there in it.
Google Book Link - http://books.google.co.in/books?id=v996lADepAEC


1.2.2013
Manufacturing Design for Productivity - Airconditioner Assembly Line
A good report with good literature review
http://www.belgeler.com/blg/n9o/manufacturing-design-for-productivity-optimization-of-assembly-line-for-air-conditioning-control-panels-verimlilik-iin-retim-tasarimi-klima-kontrol-paneli-montaj-bandi-optimizasyonu

26.12.2012
26 December 1791 - Birthday of Charles Babbage Industrial Engineering Pioneer - http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2012/03/purpose-and-evolution-of-industrial.html

24.11.2012
News Resources for Food manufacturers to improve their productivity
http://www.spring.gov.sg/NewsEvents/PR/Pages/New-Resources-for-Food-Manufacturers-to-Improve-Productivity-20121012.aspx

25.10.2012
Google Book Link for the book The Dynamics of Progress; Time, Method and Measure
Rationalising production, human activity are discussed in detail in this book
http://books.google.com/books?id=xlzCWmXguwsC

3.9.2012
A good presentation on Basis of Industrial Engineering - Methods Improvement and Work Measurement - 235 slides
http://wenku.baidu.com/view/8ce8ad310b4c2e3f572763fb.html



28.8.2012

USC Viterbi Daniel Epstein Department of Industrial Engineering


With the formation of the new Daniel J. Epstein Institute, the Epstein Department is uniquely positioned to be the thought leader in shifting the industrial engineering profession paradigm from cost and time minimization to one that includes quality of life factors as well.


Stan Settles
Epstein Department Chair


27.8.2012

A Collection - Cost Reduction - Concepts Papers, Cases, Reports and News
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.in/2012/08/cost-reduction-concept-papers-cases.html
updated


25.8.2012
Addressing the potential rebound effect of efficiency improvement in a polyethelene plastic bag production company.

Daphne Anne Patricio,  Jerrick Christopher Dy, and Dr. Anna Bella Siriban-Manalang
Industrial Engineering Department, De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines

Dr. Anna Bella Siriban-Manalang is now a very popular speaker in various global forums on lean systems and sustainability.
http://apiems.net/archive/apiems2010/pdf/MM/333.pdf
(emails of writers available in the paper)



25.7.2012
http://eng.rmutsb.ac.th/events/industrial/data/Work%20Study/principles%20of%20motion%20economy.pdf

Part handling aids
soft drop chute
http://www.indiamart.com/novanative-plastix-solutions/part-handling-aids.html

22.7.2012
Physiology of Race Walking
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2012/07/physiology-of-race-walking.html

11.7.2012
Ergonomics - Knol Book  more chapters added to the book

7.7.2012
Birthday of Frank Gilbreth - Our appreciation of Gilbreth for his contribution to  development of a discipline.
Bricklaying System - Book by Gilbreth
http://books.google.co.in/books?id=DL_DjA0Px04C - It is a full view book

Let Industrial Engineering Be Your Guide on the Road to Foodservice Design Efficiency
http://www.fesmag.com/home-highlights/9989-let-industrial-engineering-be-your-guide-on-the-road-to-foodservice-design-efficiency


5.7.2012
University of Tennessee - Global IE student education and project camp
More than 90 students from developing countries will converge on the University of Tennessee campus this month for a College of Engineering program to learn cutting-edge industrial engineering practices  in the area lean systems and gain cultural experiences.
http://www.knoxnews.com/news/2012/jul/03/higher-education-briefs-july-4/

1.7.2012
July 7 is Frank Gilbreth's Birthday. Knowledge day for Industrial Engineering

Interesting Articles


Democracy or Seduction? The Demonization of Scientific Management and the
Deification of Human Relations By Kyle Bruce 2009
http://www.rockarch.org/publications/resrep/bruce.pdf

Critical Theorising, Taylorist Practice, and ILO Chrys Nyland, Confernce paper, 2001
http://www.management.ac.nz/ejrot/cmsconference/2001/Papers/Management%20Knowledge/Nyland.pdf

The Politics of Management Thought: A Case Study of the Harvard Business School and the Human Relations School, Ellen S. OConnor, Stanford,
Academy of Management Review, January 1999
http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/259040

Elton Mayo on Hawthorne Studies
http://reussirlem1info.files.wordpress.com/2011/11/eltonmayostudiudecaz.pdf

27.6.2012
An interesting article by Juran
The Taylor System and Quality Control
http://www.juran.com/elifeline/elifefiles/2009/11/Taylor-System-and-Quality-Control_JMJuran-94.pdf

One more article of interest
http://agileviews.chagrinriverconsulting.com/2009/01/02/fred-taylor-and-scientific-management.aspx

Quality Wars - Google Book
http://books.google.co.in/books?id=MpQR01fTv7YC

16.6.2012
Sakamoto, Shigeyasu, "Process Design Concept: A New Approach to IE", Industrial Engineering, March 1989, pp. 31-34.

In this article Sakamoto advocated process design based on the management requirements or the system requirements. My opinion is that designing a system based on requirements is the job of experts in that discipline. For example forging experts would design forging process and welding expert would design welding process. Industrial engineers enter the picture only after the initial visioning of the process was done by the concerned field experts.


15.6.2012
Paper: The New Role of Industrial Engineers may not include Traditional Industrial Engineering Practices
Michael Sanders and Kenneth Morrison
http://search.asee.org/search/fetch;jsessionid=djkl88nc1vdx?url=file%3A%2F%2Flocalhost%2FE%3A%2Fsearch%2Fconference%2F28%2FAC%25202004Paper826.pdf

Competencies for Industrial Engineers
Training.gov.au document
http://training.gov.au/Training/Details/MEM23083A

High Velocity SAS Coding: Application of IE to software Development
http://www.wuss.org/proceedings08/08WUSS%20Proceedings/papers/app/app09.pdf

Implementation of industrial engineering principles to improve a Mercedes Benz vehicle service centre
http://repository.up.ac.za/handle/2263/10814

Piloting Lean Principles at Intermountain Health Care
http://www.oahhs.org/quality/lean-transformation/200505-1.pdf

14.6.2012
Book Information

Kaizen for Quick Changeover
by Keisuke Arai, Kenichi Sekine
Google book link
http://books.google.co.in/books/about/Kaizen_for_Quick_Changeover.html?id=dKZBFGYJrhY


13.6.2012
2nd International Conference on Industrial Engineering (ICIE) at SVNIT Surat, 20-22 February 2013
http://pithadia.blogspot.in/2012/06/2nd-international-conference-on.html

12.6.2012
Articles in Japanese - Translate using Google translate and read them
Analysis techniques for efficient transportation layout
http://monoist.atmarkit.co.jp/mn/articles/1101/13/news109.html
See all its pages


27.4.2012
____________________ ____________________
Industrial Automation and Control  NPTEL Video Lecture Series Play List
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oxMdDsud5vg&feature=BFa&list=PL0A716BE00290E413

19.4.2012
Introduction to Industrial Engineering by Jane M. Fraser is now available at
http://ie.binus.ac.id/2012/03/22/introduction-to-industrial-engineering/

3.4.2012
Productivity improvement initiatives of Small and Medium Enterprises Development Authority, Pakistan

 20.3.2012

Miniature V-8 engines
Industrial engineering students are to be encouraged to take up similar production activities on hobby basis.


17.3.2012

Funding of Value Engineering Projects through Corporate versus Business Unit Level - Cisco case study - 2008 - MS thesis  MIT

Cost Analysis for Light Duty Vehicles - Analysis for EPA - 2009 analysis


8.11.2011

Twinkle, Twinkle India's NITIE  Poem incorporating IE tools and principles

Process action teams at Boeing article 2007 Boeing News

Engineering Ergonomics at Boeing article 2007 Boeing News
Mechanism of ballistic movement
Ph d Thesis

29.6.2011

What is Industrial Engineering? Article By KVSSNRao
What is Industrial Engineering? Videos
What is industrial engineering? Going's Answer in 1911 (Summary)
What is industrial engineering? Going's Explanation in 1911 (Full chapter)

What is industrial engineering?
1934 article
https://kb.osu.edu/dspace/bitstream/handle/1811/35164/OS_ENG_v18_i02_007.pdf?sequence=3

Evolution of Industrial Engineering
Link to access the article
NC State University article.
Interesting point. Emphasizes discrete mathematics

26.6.2011
Hindu education plus article on IE and IE B.Tech and M.Tech programmes in India
http://www.hindu.com/edu/2008/07/08/stories/2008070850090300.htm

New knols


15.5.2011
2011 - Knol Day of Economics - 15th May - Birthday of Paul Samuelson
Economics is an important for industrial engineers.

Industrial engineering directs the efficient conduct of manufacturing, construction, transportation, or even commercial enterprises of any undertaking, indeed in which human labor is directed to accomplishing any kind of work . Industrial engineering has drawn upon mechanical engineering, upon economics, sociology, psychology, philosophy, accountancy, to fuse from these older sciences a distinct body of science of its own . It is the inclusion of the economic and the human elements especially that differentiates industrial engineering from the older established branches of the profession (Going, 1911)

IEs have to remember economists and their contribution to improving engineering economics.


Emmy Aware Winning Video on Industrial Engineering from University of Buffalo.

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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZpPDoLX_9K4

Article on the video on IIE website
http://www.iienet2.org/details.aspx?id=24404
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26.4.2011
Department of Industrial Engineering, ICAI Engineering School, Comillas Pontifical University, Madrid
http://esd.mit.edu/careers/icai-posting.pdf  (Job advertisemet in 2009)
3.3.2011
Software for Motion Economy

Generating Economic Motion Plans for Manual Operations - Masters Thesis (Computer Engineering)
http://etd.lib.metu.edu.tr/upload/12606524/index.pdf


6.2.2011

IE Conference, India, February 2011

West Bengal University of Technology (WBUT)
BF 142 , Sector-1, Salt Lake City,
Kolkata 700064,

The 1st National Conference on Industrial Engineering (NCIE-2011) is being organized by the Department of Industrial Engineering & Management at West Bengal University of Technology, Kolkata India. The focus of the conference is on recent advances in the area of Industrial Engineering & Management in improving the productivity of industrial firms.

Paper Submission Deadline: 5th February 2011
Registration Deadline: 12th February 2011
Conference Date: 17th and 18th February 2011


Industrial Engineering Knol Books



1.11.2010
---------------
 New Concept to be explored
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6.2.2010

Interesting links on value engineering

DoD value engineering handbook

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Europe District value engineering program identified more than $150 million in potential savings on projects in fiscal 2009 – the most ever identified in a fiscal year to date.
The biggest contributors to the windfall include $21 million in accepted savings from a Missile Defense Agency site in Poland and $18 million in potential savings from a family housing project at Wiesbaden.

23.1.2010

Recent Knols Posted


4.12.2009
A case study of use to industrial engineers
Handling Plastics in a Materials Recovery Facility Appendix A
Optimization of Actual Operations
Appendix A Material Recovery Facility Case Studies
28.9.2009

Job announcement for Industrial Engineering Manager in Linkedin

Industrial Engineering Manager
Extensive Meat Background (5-10 Years) with experience in Time and Motion Studies. It is a Corporate Position and is based out in KY.
Posted in linkedin around 22.8.2009
13.7.2009

Task Analysis

A small presentation on task analysis by Prof. Alan Hedge, Cornell University, 2008


Message from a Past IIE President - December 2008


Article "Leading the Way: The Future of Industrial Engineering is in our Hands", by Louis Martin-Vega, Dean of Engineering at North Carolina State University, Industrial Engineer, December 2008.

He outlined four challenges for the profession

1. All IEs need to expand their roles as advocates of IE.
2. All IEs have to try harder to intersect with sister engineering disciplines.
3. Increase domain expertise in emerging areas like energy and environment managment.
4. Use modern educational tools in IE curriculums.




BOOKS

Ergonomics in manufacturing

 By Waldemar Karwowski, Gavriel Salvendy
3/6/2009

Industrial Engineering Blogs

3/6/2009

Knols on Industrial Engineering

Written by

Narayana Rao K.V.S.S.


By Narayana Rao K.V.S.S.

Updated  18 June 2016,  12 June 2016,  3 Jan 2015