Sunday, December 31, 2017

Product Productivity Engineering



22 December 2017

Product Productivity Engineering - Definition and Explanation


Developing and Designing products that promise higher productivity in processes at the user end is product productivity engineering.  (Narayana Rao K.V.S.S., 22 December 2017)
(IISE Linkedin Group Topic:  https://www.linkedin.com/groups/75670/75670-6349880422469603328)


Examples of High Productivity Equipment and Machines


CNC Lathe for High-Productivity Vertical Turning of Flange-Type Workpieces


Extreme rigidity, high rapid traverse speeds and short strokes, together with the integral coolant system, guarantee precision, high productivity levels and short idle times for the VSC 250 production machine.
http://www.emag.com/machines/turning-machines/production-vsc/vsc-250.html

Okuma’s new 2SP-2500H CNC lathe featuring smart machine productivity

24 October, 2017
Okuma has launched the 2SP-2500H two-spindle CNC lathe, with innovative front-facing twin spindles to provide much higher levels of productivity and far greater reliability, for auto parts and other mass production applications. The 2SP-2500H is an automation-ready machine that integrates two lathes into one unit with a standard loader that feeds blanks for continuous front and back work.
https://www.cnctimes.com/editorial/okumas-new-2sp-2500h-cnc-lathe-featuring-smart-machine-productivity


In industrial engineering, product productivity engineering has to develop as an area of practice. Industrial engineers focus on increasing the productivity of processes and in that process identify improvements in machines and equipment that increase the productivity of the process under evaluation. This knowledge can be used in the development and design stages of machines and equipment. Hence within the industrial engineering profession, product productivity engineers and process productivity engineers can interact and exchange ideas and take up new development and design projects to create machines and equipment that provide higher productivity.


More Examples of High Productivity Equipment and Machines


Innovative, High Productivity Fiber Laser Tube Cutting

TruLaser Tube 5000 fiber laser tube cutting machine from TRUMPF is the world’s first tube cutting machine with a solid-state laser to eliminate the need for a fully enclosed housing, making it quick and easy to load individual tubes and profiles or to remove finished parts while the machine is in operation.
December 30, 2017
http://www.fabricatingandmetalworking.com/2017/12/innovative-high-productivity-fiber-laser-tube-cutting/

The W 250 from Wirtgen: world class in performance and productivity

The strength of the W 250 lies in its ability to mill large job sites on motorways or airports at top speed. The Wirtgen large milling machine can remove asphalt layers with a milling depth of up to 350 mm and hard concrete surfaces at a high advance rate. In addition to removing complete roadway sections in a single pass, individual layers can also be removed extremely economically.
https://www.wirtgen.de/en/news-media/press-releases/article_detail.2567.php

CNC LATHE M06D-II/M08D-II

High rigidity and high productivity turning machine Milling series
Overwhelming cost performance
http://www.tsugami.co.jp/eng/product/lathe/post1299/

HyperSync™ - eIMC™ in-mold closing technology – up to 20% improvement in productivity
2016


All-new high-performance, fully integrated system for specialty closure manufacturing -The HyperSync™

HyperSync™ uses the revolutionary new eIMC™ in-mold closing technology. This servo-driven technology allows for the safe overlapping of mold functions, providing precise, controlled closing of flip-top closures while still in the warm position. The speed of closing is carefully controlled, allowing for quick closing movements with precision; this ensures the fastest closing speed while maintaining the ideal force required and ensuring optimal part quality. The use of eIMC™ in-mold closing technology provides up to 20% increase in productivity, with nearly two seconds saved per cycle depending on the application.
http://www.husky.co/News.aspx?id=6442451075


High Productivity Machines - Marketing Advantage


High productivity machines have  marketing advantages. They are rationally desirable and hence demand exists for high productivity machines. There is also the communication advantage. You can advertise high productivity machines, get immediate sales and also create brand value. Your company will be associated with innovativeness and high productivity. Whenever, machines are being replaced buyers look at your catalogues and include your company in the product request notifications.





22 December - National Mathematics Day - India

http://nraonid.blogspot.com/2012/12/22-december-national-mathematics-day.html


Updated  31 December 2017,  25 December 2017, 23 December 2017, 22 December 2017
First published on 22 December 2017

December - Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan



BEST WISHES FOR A HAPPY AND PROSPEROUS 2018

Remember The Best Events of 2017 and Feel Happy. Feel Good About Past and Hope will Appear for the Future



Positive events provide energy to do good.

Positive thoughts beget positive resolve, positive resolve takes you forward towards auspicious results - Prime Minister Narendra Modi

#PositiveIndia  Positive India -  Bulletin Board

http://guide-india.blogspot.com/2017/12/positiveindia-bulletin-board.html


Top 10 Blogs on Industrial Engineering


Applied Industrial Engineering

IE in New Technologies - IE with New Technologies


Implementation of  Industrial Engineering Principles and Techninques in New Technologies (Engineering Processes) and Business Processes

1. Additive Manufacturing Productivity


Assembly Design Framework for Additive Manufacturing Based on Axiomatic Design Concept
https://www.xcdsystem.com/iise/abstract/File7673/UploadFinalPaper_2655.pdf
Yosep Oh, University at Buffalo; Sara Behdad, University at Buffalo, SUNY

Abstract:

AM productivity

According to the design for assembly (DFA) concept, design features should be integrated into a few physical parts to reduce design complexity.  However, building up a single product can have some negative effects on the AM productivity by increasing buildup time and cost. In this paper, a design framework using the assembly concept is proposed with the aim of letting the AM productivity reach an allowable level. The design framework is developed based on an Axiomatic Design (AD) approach, where AM productivity elements including buildup time, assembly time and the amount of support are considered as non-functional requirements (nFRs). The AM productivity is assessed by the Information Axiom to choose the best design. The proposed design framework can help engineers design and evaluate AM products.

Interesting references cited in the paper

* Thomas, D.S. and Gilbert, S.W., 2014, Costs and Cost Effectiveness of Additive Manufacturing - A Literature Review and Discussion, NIST.
* Oh, Y. and Behdad, S., 2016, Assembly Based Part Design to Improve the Additive Manufacturing
Productivity: Process Time, Cost and Surface Roughness, ASME IDETC, Charlotte, NC, USA.
* Zhang, Y., Bernard, A., Gupta, R.K. and Harik, R., 2014, Evaluating the Design for Additive Manufacturing: A
Process Planning Perspective, Procedia CIRP, 21, 144–150.
* Thompson, M.K., 2013, Improving the Requirements Process in Axiomatic Design Theory, CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology, 62, 115–118.


2. Biomanufacturing (Biotechnology) Productivity

Productivity in Biomanufacturing

Researchers are examining the possibility of taking  advantage of the natural differences in productivity among cells that are used in biomanufacturing. They foster mutations to create genetic variability and then use microchips to analyze the behavior of individual cells, choosing the most prolific for larger-scale production.

https://www.technologyreview.com/s/424695/why-is-biomanufacturing-so-hard/


3. Productivity and Nanotech

Productive Nanotech Systems
https://www.foresight.org/roadmaps/Nanotech_Roadmap_2007_main.pdf

Related

OSRAM Boosts LED Chip Productivity With Nanotechnology
Aug 27, 2014
https://www.nanowerk.com/nanotechnology-news/newsid=37099.php

4. Electric Batteries and Productivity Applications

Nano One Enhances Pilot Productivity and Files a New Patent

Vancouver B.C. Dr. Stephen Campbell, Principal Scientist at Nano One Materials, today announced that Nano One has filed a patent related to yield improvements in its process for the manufacture of lithium metal oxide cathode materials for use in advanced lithium ion batteries.
August 2017

https://nanoone.ca/nano-one-enhances-pilot-productivity-files-new-patent/


5. IoT and Productivity

McKinsey Global Institute Report
THE INTERNET OF THINGS: MAPPING THE VALUE BEYOND THE HYPE
JUNE 2015
You can donwload the report from the web
(Link)


How the Internet of Things will reshape future production systems
By Vineet Gupta and Rainer Ulrich
September 2017
https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/operations/our-insights/how-the-internet-of-things-will-reshape-future-production-systems


6. New Technology and Equipment for Productivity

PONSSE INTRODUCES NEW TECHNOLOGY FOR PRODUCTIVITY AND ERGONOMICS
Virtual reality (VR) training simulator.
http://www.ponsse.com/fr/media-archive/nouvelles/ponsse-introduces-new-technology-for-productivity-and-ergonomics

How Does Technology Affect Productivity?
Apr 9, 2014

 AIM's March 2014 Business Confidence Survey asked two questions.
1. "Has technology allowed your company to produce more goods or provide more services than a decade ago with the same or fewer employees?
2. Can you quantify the economic effect?"


62 percent of the employers who responded said "yes" to the first question.

Among them only some could quantify the benefits. The gains reported in productivity were in  the 10-25 percent range. At the limits,  one manufacturer doubled output without adding workers, and a non-profit service provider more than tripled productivity.

Regarding profit improvement, some manufacturers remarked  that productivity improvements did not strengthen their bottom lines due to downward pressure on prices.  Some  companies in services industries cited offsetting costs from new regulations.
https://blog.aimnet.org/AIM-IssueConnect/bid/103010/How-Does-Technology-Affect-Productivity

Trend 5: Technology enables greater productivity in infrastructure industry
https://home.kpmg.com/xx/en/home/insights/2017/01/trend-5-technology-increases-productivity-risk.html


7. Productivity in Hotels

New JW Marriott hotel rides on technology for productivity
25 March 2017

The 634-room luxury hotel has "taken the initiative to implement new technologies and processes to improve the efficiency of its operations, as well as the overall guest experience" One of the systems  is the (hotel's) use of the Knowledge Touch rostering system to better manage and allocate manpower during peak periods by analysing business volume and needs. the hotel has also adopted Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology to track and replace worn-out items such as linen in hotel rooms and  has freed up valuable manpower for more productive uses .
http://www.asiahoreca.com/news/1164711/new-jw-marriott-hotel-rides-on-technology-for-productivity

JW Marriott Resort Saves $100K with Push-to-Talk Tech
12/09/2010
https://hospitalitytech.com/jw-marriott-resort-saves-100k-push-talk-tech

Articles on Industrial Engineering - Toyota Production System Innovations (Lean System)


Toyota Production system (lean manufacturing system) is built on Industrial engineering with the additional focus on rational reduction of inventory. The flow process chart used in IE has two columns for temporary delay and permanent delay. But these were not tackled aggressively earlier. In Toyota, these two wastes were tackled with special attention and focus and systems with less inventory and also other resources came into existence.


Toyota Production System Industrial Engineering - Shigeo Shingo
Introducing and Implementing the Toyota Production System - Shiego Shingo

The SMED System: Shigeo Shingo's Explanation
 Fundamentals of Lean - MIT Courseware

Lean Manufacturing - MIT Courseware

Enterprise Transition to Lean - Road Map -  MIT Courseware
Lean Supply Chain Management -  MIT Courseware

Lean Product Development - MIT Courseware
Lean Engineering  - MIT Courseware



PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT OF A PRESTRESS CONCRETE POLE PLANT USING WORK STUDY TECHNIQUE
http://ijates.com/images/short_pdf/1417439517_P496-508.pdf

A Case Study Improvement of a Testing Process by Combining Lean Management, Industrial Engineering and Automation Methods
2013
http://sparc.nfu.edu.tw/~ijeti/download/V3-no3-134-143.pdf


More Articles on Lean

11. Enterprise Interactions - Wastes -  MIT Courseware

12. People and Organization Issues in Lean Enterprises - MIT Courseware

13. Strategy and Enterprise in Lean Enterprises - MIT Courseware

14. Lean Enterprise - Self Assessment Tools - MIT Courseware

15. Information Systems - MIT Courseware

16. Knowledge Management - MIT Courseware

17. Leadership  - MIT Courseware

18. Lean Enterprise Integration - MIT Courseware

19. Lean Enterprise Architecting  - MIT Courseware

20 Lean Enterprise Case - Lockheed Martin -




One Year Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan

January - February - March - April - May - June

July - August - September - October - November - December


Updated  1 December 2017,  11 September 2016,  4 January 2015


Sunday, December 24, 2017

Productivity Innovations



Productivity Innovations

Lowering the price can signal innovation in processes. A company can communicate that with convincing story of the innovation involved.
(https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:6350893724993712128)  25 December 2017

Sunday, December 17, 2017

New Technology - Understanding, Analysis and Improvement by Industrial Engineers


Understanding the New Technology - Engineering Economic Analysis - Productivity Assessment and Improvement



"Industrial engineers design, improve, and install integrated systems of people, materials, information, equipment, and energy." Key among these things we do are improvement and integration. "Industrial engineers are involved in products, processes, and services, from "hard-core" manufacturing to health care and insurance"

Source: "Technology's Impact on the Future of Industrial Engineering"
C. Patrick Koelling, Mario G. Beruvides, and Kriengkrai Tankoonsombut,
Computers ind. Engng VoL 31, No. 1/'2, pp. 5 - 8,1996
19th International Conference on Computers and Industrial Engineering

Industrial engineering improves productivity of production and other engineering systems through redesigning products, processes and optimizing using mathematical and statistical methods. It also uses economic analysis to identify and reject non economic engineering ideas or designs. It measures work, cost and productivity to understand the current performance of engineering systems. It redesign human work to improve productivity. It examines the productivity impact of  management methods and redesigns them also. It also takes responsibility for productivity management of the organization. So whenever a new technology emerges in an organization or a potentially useful technology emerges in the environment industrial engineers have the responsibility to understand it, analyze it and improve it.

Understanding the New Technology


The is the starting point. Because industrial engineers are responsible for productivity measurement and improvement of the use of new technology in the organization, they have to begin understanding it the moment they become aware of it. They have to start reading the articles, the brochures distributed by the sellers of the technology or developers of the technology, attend seminars on technology, and utilise the opportunities to observe the technology in use etc.  

Engineering Economic Analysis


The next step after adequate understanding is the engineering economic analysis. Whenever a new technology appears, industrial engineers have to identify the defender technology in the organization and see whether in the economic analysis the new technology wins or the defender technology wins. If the new technology wins, they have to recommend its adoption. To do engineering economic analysis, industrial engineers have to estimate the costs and benefits of the new technology and defender technology. This forces them to go into more details of the new technology and as they complete the engineering economic analysis, they will have much better grasp of the new technology. 

In case the defender technology wins, the adoption of the new technology is postponed. But industrial engineers have to monitor developments in new technology that are going to improve cost parameters of the new technology. So, industrial engineers have redo engineering economic analysis of new technology versus defender technology periodically to check and find time at which the new technology becomes economically the appropriate choice. In this exercise, industrial engineers become more and more conversant with the technology.

Productivity Assessment and Improvement


Engineering economic analysis is a strategical level analysis in the problem of technology adoption. As the technology is being implemented in the organization various problems crop up and technology implementors come out with various adhoc solutions to solve the teething problems that are more location specific. When  the production bugs are sorted out and commercial production starts, the project of technology implementation is declared success and closed. Now the responsibility of running the facilities with the new technology is transferred to the operations function. Industrial engineers now have the responsibility of recording the actual processes being used by the operations people and evaluate the productivity implications of them. This particular studies can be categorised as "operations industrial engineering analysis." Operation analysis is the term used by H.B. Maynard to study the production process of a component or product. It involves the study of every resource used in the production process to identify waste, come out with an engineering idea to eliminate the waste and do the required design or arrange for the required development and design so that low cost alternatives that eliminate the waste are implemented in the process. This is the productivity improvement contribution by industrial engineers. Productivity improvement studies of a process are to be conducted periodically and also whenever IEs feel that there is a technological development that has the potential to improve productivity of a process. This makes the industrial engineering department responsible for monitoring technology developments that have productivity benefits for the organization.

Updated on 18 December 2017, 4 May 2017

Sunday, December 10, 2017

Applied Industrial Engineering - 2017 Bulletin



Applied Industrial Engineering

IE in New Technologies - IE with New Technologies


Implementation of  Industrial Engineering Principles and Techninques in New Technologies (Engineering Processes) and Business Processes

1. Additive Manufacturing Productivity


Assembly Design Framework for Additive Manufacturing Based on Axiomatic Design Concept
https://www.xcdsystem.com/iise/abstract/File7673/UploadFinalPaper_2655.pdf
Yosep Oh, University at Buffalo; Sara Behdad, University at Buffalo, SUNY

Abstract:

AM productivity

According to the design for assembly (DFA) concept, design features should be integrated into a few physical parts to reduce design complexity.  However, building up a single product can have some negative effects on the AM productivity by increasing buildup time and cost. In this paper, a design framework using the assembly concept is proposed with the aim of letting the AM productivity reach an allowable level. The design framework is developed based on an Axiomatic Design (AD) approach, where AM productivity elements including buildup time, assembly time and the amount of support are considered as non-functional requirements (nFRs). The AM productivity is assessed by the Information Axiom to choose the best design. The proposed design framework can help engineers design and evaluate AM products.

Interesting references cited in the paper

* Thomas, D.S. and Gilbert, S.W., 2014, Costs and Cost Effectiveness of Additive Manufacturing - A Literature Review and Discussion, NIST.
* Oh, Y. and Behdad, S., 2016, Assembly Based Part Design to Improve the Additive Manufacturing
Productivity: Process Time, Cost and Surface Roughness, ASME IDETC, Charlotte, NC, USA.
* Zhang, Y., Bernard, A., Gupta, R.K. and Harik, R., 2014, Evaluating the Design for Additive Manufacturing: A
Process Planning Perspective, Procedia CIRP, 21, 144–150.
* Thompson, M.K., 2013, Improving the Requirements Process in Axiomatic Design Theory, CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology, 62, 115–118.


2. Biomanufacturing (Biotechnology) Productivity

Productivity in Biomanufacturing

Researchers are examining the possibility of taking  advantage of the natural differences in productivity among cells that are used in biomanufacturing. They foster mutations to create genetic variability and then use microchips to analyze the behavior of individual cells, choosing the most prolific for larger-scale production.

https://www.technologyreview.com/s/424695/why-is-biomanufacturing-so-hard/


3. Productivity and Nanotech

Productive Nanotech Systems
https://www.foresight.org/roadmaps/Nanotech_Roadmap_2007_main.pdf

Related

OSRAM Boosts LED Chip Productivity With Nanotechnology
Aug 27, 2014
https://www.nanowerk.com/nanotechnology-news/newsid=37099.php

4. Electric Batteries and Productivity Applications

Nano One Enhances Pilot Productivity and Files a New Patent

Vancouver B.C. Dr. Stephen Campbell, Principal Scientist at Nano One Materials, today announced that Nano One has filed a patent related to yield improvements in its process for the manufacture of lithium metal oxide cathode materials for use in advanced lithium ion batteries.
August 2017

https://nanoone.ca/nano-one-enhances-pilot-productivity-files-new-patent/


5. IoT and Productivity

McKinsey Global Institute Report
THE INTERNET OF THINGS: MAPPING THE VALUE BEYOND THE HYPE
JUNE 2015
You can donwload the report from the web
(Link)


How the Internet of Things will reshape future production systems
By Vineet Gupta and Rainer Ulrich
September 2017
https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/operations/our-insights/how-the-internet-of-things-will-reshape-future-production-systems


6. New Technology and Equipment for Productivity

PONSSE INTRODUCES NEW TECHNOLOGY FOR PRODUCTIVITY AND ERGONOMICS
Virtual reality (VR) training simulator.
http://www.ponsse.com/fr/media-archive/nouvelles/ponsse-introduces-new-technology-for-productivity-and-ergonomics

How Does Technology Affect Productivity?
Apr 9, 2014

 AIM's March 2014 Business Confidence Survey asked two questions.
1. "Has technology allowed your company to produce more goods or provide more services than a decade ago with the same or fewer employees?
2. Can you quantify the economic effect?"


62 percent of the employers who responded said "yes" to the first question.

Among them only some could quantify the benefits. The gains reported in productivity were in  the 10-25 percent range. At the limits,  one manufacturer doubled output without adding workers, and a non-profit service provider more than tripled productivity.

Regarding profit improvement, some manufacturers remarked  that productivity improvements did not strengthen their bottom lines due to downward pressure on prices.  Some  companies in services industries cited offsetting costs from new regulations.
https://blog.aimnet.org/AIM-IssueConnect/bid/103010/How-Does-Technology-Affect-Productivity

Trend 5: Technology enables greater productivity in infrastructure industry
https://home.kpmg.com/xx/en/home/insights/2017/01/trend-5-technology-increases-productivity-risk.html


7. Productivity in Hotels

New JW Marriott hotel rides on technology for productivity
25 March 2017

The 634-room luxury hotel has "taken the initiative to implement new technologies and processes to improve the efficiency of its operations, as well as the overall guest experience" One of the systems  is the (hotel's) use of the Knowledge Touch rostering system to better manage and allocate manpower during peak periods by analysing business volume and needs. the hotel has also adopted Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology to track and replace worn-out items such as linen in hotel rooms and  has freed up valuable manpower for more productive uses .
http://www.asiahoreca.com/news/1164711/new-jw-marriott-hotel-rides-on-technology-for-productivity

JW Marriott Resort Saves $100K with Push-to-Talk Tech
12/09/2010
https://hospitalitytech.com/jw-marriott-resort-saves-100k-push-talk-tech

Friday, December 8, 2017

Soft Skills for Industrial Engineers



At the 1972 CONARC (US Army) Soft Skills Conference Dr. Whitmore presented a report  aimed at figuring out how the term "soft skills" (in the areas of command, supersivion, counceling and leadership) is understood in various CONARC schools. Based on this research study,  the following definition was formulated:

"Soft skills are important job-related skills that involve little or no interaction with machines and whose application on the job is quite generalized.

It was also highlighted that hard skills are related to machines, and we understand laws and operations related to machines well. But, we do not the laws related to fellow human beings that well and hence in the case of soft skills, education and training is not that straight forward.

It can be said and simplified that soft skills are people skills. In Industrial Engineering curriculums, we include subjects related to organizational behavior, and the content of this subject must have the objective of increasing the knowledge and skills involved in the interacting with people in cooperative ventures.




Kantrowitz classified soft skills into seven main clusters

1. self management and self performance management skills.

2. Managing others and Managing others' performance management.

3. Organization/leadership skills

4. Interpersonal skills

5. Communication/Persuasion skills

6. Political/Cultural skills

7. Counterproductive skills

You can read more about each of these skill categories in

Organizational Behavior - Review Notes - Based on Fred Luthans Book


Negotiation skills

Negotiations - Knowledge, Research and Skills
http://nraomtr.blogspot.com/2017/12/negotiations-knowledge-research-and.html

IEMS 345: NEGOTIATION
https://www.mccormick.northwestern.edu/industrial/courses/descriptions/345.html

Listening and Negotiation
2016 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition
https://www.asee.org/public/conferences/64/papers/15160/view


https://ipfs.io/ipfs/QmXoypizjW3WknFiJnKLwHCnL72vedxjQkDDP1mXWo6uco/wiki/Soft_skills.html

Cost Reduction and Optimization for Manufacturing and Industrial Companies - Joseph Berk - Book Information



http://as.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-0470609575,descCd-tableOfContents.html


Introduction.
Chapter 1: Organizing a Cost-Reduction Program.

Part I Labor.

Chapter 2: Head Count.

Chapter 3: Time Standards.

Chapter 4: Efficiency.

Chapter 5: Utilization.

Chapter 6: Overtime.

Chapter 7: Multiple Shifts.

Chapter 8: Lost Time.

Chapter 9: The Learning Curve.

Part II Material.

Chapter 10: Make-versus-Buy Determinations.

Chapter 11: Inventory Minimization.

Chapter 12: Material Utilization.

Chapter 13: Minimizing Supplier Costs.

Chapter 14: Supplier Negotiation.

Chapter 15: Supplier Competition.

Part III Process.

Chapter 16: Work-Flow Optimization.

Chapter 17: Setup Time Reduction.

Chapter 18: Material-Handling Improvements.

Chapter 19: Scrap and Rework Reduction.

Chapter 20: Cleanliness.

Part IV Design.

Chapter 21: The Design Approach.

Chapter 22: Requirements Relaxation.

Chapter 23: Tolerance Relaxation.

Chapter 24: Materials Substitution.

Chapter 25: Packaging.

Part V Overhead.

Chapter 26: General Overhead Expenses.

Chapter 27: Travel.

Chapter 28: Inspection.

Part VI Gaining Disciples and Measuring Progress.

Chapter 29: Suggestion Programs.

Chapter 30: Measuring Progress.

Index.


Google Book Link with Preview facility
http://books.google.co.in/books?id=1Tc6YlglMUkC




14. Supplier Negotiation

Chapter sections:

The Bottom Line

Key Questions

The Supplier Negotiation Road Map

Planning

The First Offer

Multiple Issues

Concessions

Tracking Progress

Negotiation Traps

Impasses

Negotiation Power

Conclude Negotiations Professionally

Training

Who Should Do This Work

Risks

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9780470643815.ch14/summary



Updated 9 December 2017, 29 June 2013

Industrial Engineering - Health Care Partnership

Evolution of Industrial Engineering - 1908 to 2017 - Shop Management to Productivity Science, Engineering and Management



The motivation to write this article is provided by the paper, Sahney VK, Evolution of hospital industrial engineering: from scientific management to total quality management.
J Soc Health Syst. 1993;4(1):3-17.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8268467


Shop management paper/book has the objective low cost product and high income employees. The focus of the book is achieving low cost of production and high income provision to employees (from the existing position at that time) in engineering production shops. Industrial engineering became the subject that was developed to educate and train engineers in a specialized subject dealing with productivity and cost reduction. Very quickly it became a full fledged four year degree based curriculum as productivity and cost reduction are important dimensions of engineering organizations.

In the course of evolution, emphasis on redesign of the products and processes using engineering knowledge to provide cost reduction and productivity became less. This led to industrial engineering being labelled as imaginary engineering (a branch wherein engineering is nonexistent). The erosion of engineering focus also resulted in IE's narrow reach. Industrial engineering is applicable in all engineering branches that have engineering products or services and processes producing those products and services. Therefore, industrial engineering needs to be used in civil engineering, electrical engineering, electronics engineering, biomedical engineering and biotechnology. Engineering is an essential knowledge discipline in the world and industrial engineering has to focus on all engineering branches and improve productivity.

Prof. Narayana Rao, brought out this shortcoming clearly in a paper and also proposed principles of industrial engineering.  Principles of industrial engineering were derived from Principles of Scientific Management of Taylor. The principles of reflect the current concerns and areas of focus of the discipline. 


Industrial Engineering Scholars (Academic, Researching and Practicing Industrial Engineers)

F.W. Taylor
Frank Gilbreth
Lilian Gilbreth
Harrington Emerson
Henri Gantt
Alan Mogensen
R.L. Barnes
Marvin Mundel
H.B. Maynard
Shigeo Shingo
David Sumanth
D. Scott Sink
Gavriel Salvendy
Yamashina
Narayana Rao, K.V.S.S.