Wednesday, January 30, 2019

IISE Explanation - WHAT INDUSTRIAL & SYSTEMS ENGINEERS DO?




Principles of Industrial Engineering - IISE 2017 Annual Conference Presentation

_____________
_____________


WHAT INDUSTRIAL & SYSTEMS ENGINEERS DO?



Industrial and systems engineering is about choices. Other engineering disciplines apply skills to very specific areas. ISE gives practitioners the opportunity to work in a variety of businesses.

Many practitioners say that an industrial and systems engineering education offers the best of both worlds: an education in both engineering and business.

The most distinctive aspect of industrial and systems engineering is the flexibility it offers. Whether it's shortening a rollercoaster line, streamlining an operating room, distributing products worldwide, or manufacturing superior automobiles, these challenges share the common goal of saving companies money and increasing efficiencies.

As companies adopt management philosophies of continuous productivity and quality improvement to survive in the increasingly competitive world market, the need for industrial engineers is growing. Why? Industrial and systems engineers are the only engineering professionals trained specifically to be productivity and quality improvement specialists.

Industrial engineers figure out how to do things better. They engineer processes and systems that improve quality and productivity. They work to eliminate waste of time, money, materials, energy and other commodities. This is why many industrial engineers end up being promoted into management positions.

Many people are misled by the term industrial engineer. It's not just about manufacturing. It also encompasses service industries, with many ISEs employed in entertainment industries, shipping and logistics businesses and healthcare organizations.

Here is a list of quick facts about careers as an industrial engineer.

The benefits of industrial engineering 




More efficient and more profitable business practices
Better customer service and product quality
Improved efficiency
Increased ability to do more with less
Making work safer, faster, easier and more rewarding
Helping companies produce more products quickly
Making the world safer through better designed products
Reducing costs associated with new technologies


Source:
https://www.iise.org/details.aspx?id=716   Accessed on 31 January 2019

Monday, January 28, 2019

Production Industrial Engineering - Scope




Production/Manufacturing Processes

1. Casting
2. Rolling
3. Forging
4. Sheet Metal Work
5. Machining
6. Welding
7. Assembling
8. Wood Working


Industrial Engineering Focus Areas


1. Productivity Science
2. Production Process Industrial Engineering
3. Product  Industrial Engineering
4.  Industrial Engineering Economics
5.  Industrial Engineering  Optimization
6.  Industrial Engineering Statistics
7. Human Effort  Industrial Engineering
8.  Industrial Engineering Measurement
9. Productivity Management
10. Applied Industrial Engineering
IE/Productivity Improvement in 3D Printing





Concepts, Research Papers and Case Studies in Production Industrial Engineering 





1. Productivity Science

2. Production Process Industrial Engineering

(Equipment/Machine, Power Transmission, Production Instructions/Information, Utilities, Working Conditions, Layout, Production Processes)

Casting


H.W. Perry, (1950) "An Improved Casting Process with Resin‐Sand Moulds: Some Details of a New Method Evolved by the Bakelite Corporation from the Johannes Croning System", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. 22 Issue: 12, pp.371-374, https://doi.org/10.1108/eb031978

Process improvements in sand casting over the past 60 years (part 1)
https://www.haworthcastings.co.uk/news/process-improvements-in-sand-casting-over-the-past-60-years-part-1

Process improvements in sand casting over the past 60 years (part 2)
https://www.haworthcastings.co.uk/news/process-improvements-in-sand-casting-over-the-past-60-years-part-2

Innovative Ideas for Improving Foundry Productivity and Quality
http://www.foundryinfo-india.org/images/pdf/Innovative_Ideas_for_Improving_Foundry_Productivity_and_Casting_Quality.pdf

OVERALL PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT IN CASTING AND
FASTENING INDUSTRY
International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering
Volume-1, Issue-1, July-2013
http://iraj.in/journal/journal_file/journal_pdf/2-12-139383136143-48.pdf


Rolling


Improving Hot Rolling Quality and Maximizing Mill Throughput
Level 2 Automation for Mill Reheating Furnaces
http://www.automationtatasteel.com/brochures/fce.pdf

PRODUCTIVITY AND QUALITY IMPROVEMENT THROUGH SETTING PARAMETER IN HOT ROLLING MILL-A REVIEW.
2018
http://www.journalijar.com/article/23102/productivity-and-quality-improvement-through-setting-parameter-in-hot-rolling-mill-a-review/

Analysing quality and productivity improvement in steel rolling
industry in central India
International Conference on Advances in Engineering & Technology – 2014 (ICAET-2014)
http://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jmce/papers/ICAET-2014/me/volume-7/2.pdf


Forging

Improvement in forging processes and steels
1993
http://www.eurekanetwork.org/project/id/720

New Developments in Forging Technology
To help forgers meet the demands of automobile manufacturers, this equipment manufacturer has developed new equipment for pre-forming, automation of hammer forging, new drive concepts, and a new generation of control systems.
May 13, 2005
https://www.forgingmagazine.com/feature/new-developments-forging-technology

STUDY OF PROCESS PARAMETERS TOWARDS IMPROVING
EFFICIENCY OF CLOSED DIE HOT FORGING PROCESS
2014
http://ethesis.nitrkl.ac.in/5909/1/E-87.pdf


Productivity Improvement in Forging Industry Using Industrial Engineering Techniques
Conference Paper · October 2016
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/312316702_Productivity_Improvement_in_Forging_Industry_Using_Industrial_Engineering_Techniques


Sheet Metal Work


Improvement of Productivity in Metal Stamping Process of
Ethiopian Industries Through Introducing CAD/CAM Based
Press Tools
2017
http://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijimse.20170203.11.pdf

“Yield Improvement in Press Shop”
International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology (IJRASET)
Volume 6 Issue IV, April 2018- Available at www.ijraset.com
https://www.ijraset.com/fileserve.php?FID=16098

Automotive Stamping Solutions
Combine PLM software with Siemens production equipment to transform
design, manufacture and production efficiency
https://www.industry.siemens.com/verticals/global/en/automotive-manufacturing/Documents/PDF/AE_Automotive-Stamping-Solutions.pdf

Case study: Production and OEE
improvement for an 800 tons
stamping press
Master thesis work
https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:699942/FULLTEXT01.pdf



Machining


Welding


IMPROVEMENT OF PRODUCTIVITY IN AL WELDING
6th International DAAAM Baltic Conference
INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING
24-26 April 2008, Tallinn, Estonia
http://innomet.ttu.ee/daaam08/Online/Engineering%20Management/Stepanov.pdf

CURRENT TRENDS IN WELDING PROCESSES AND
MATERIALS: IMPROVE IN EFFECTIVENESS
RAMS, 2012
http://www.ipme.ru/e-journals/RAMS/no_23012/08_kah.pdf

Improving Weld Productivity and Quality by means of Intelligent Real-Time CloseLooped Adaptive Welding Process Control through Integrated Optical Sensors
2017
https://www.energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2015/12/f27/7%20-%20Improving%20Weld%20Productivity%20and%20Quality%20by%20means%20of%20Intelligent%20Real-Time%20Close-Looped%20Adaptive%20Welding%20Process%20Control.pdf


Assembling


How to Optimize Your Assembly Operations
http://www13.boschrexroth-us.com/Catalogs/OPTIMIZE%20ASSEMBLY%20OPERATIONS.pdf

BODY ASSEMBLY PROCESS IMPROVEMENT FOR AUTOMOTIVE
INDUSTRY
MOHD NAJMI BIN MOHAMAD
2008
http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/248/1/Mohd_Najmi_Bin_Mohamad.pdf

DEVELOPMENT OF SIMPLE GUIDELINES TO IMPROVE ASSEMBLY INSTRUCTIONS AND
OPERATOR PERFORMANCE
C. Söderberg, A. Johansson & S. Mattsson
Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Production Systems
Assembly instructions is an important means for supporting operator performance in final assembly.  This paper describes an experiment that shows that assembly instructions can increase operator
performance and presents nine simple guidelines. The Importance of including the operator view is stressed and how the guidelines should be implemented in practice is discussed.

http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/records/fulltext/202981/local_202981.pdf


Woodworking

Chapter 1:5 1900 and Before -- Technological Development:The Woodworking Industry's Shift From the Handicraft System to the Factory System
Revised 07-24-2012
http://www.woodworkinghistory.com/chapter_1-5_technological_development.htm


DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF WOOD CUTTING AND
DRILLING MECHANISM USING SEWING MACHINE
5th  National Conference RDME 2016, 10-11th, March 2016. 39 Page
http://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jmce/papers/Conf15008/Vol-3/39-42.pdf


3. Product  Industrial Engineering

How to Improve Your Sand Casting Design, 5 General Tips
http://www.metals-china.com/how-to-improve-your-sand-casting-design-5-general-tips.html


Asswmbly
Introduction to Design for (Cost Effective) Assembly and Manufacturing
http://me.gatech.edu/files/capstone/L071ME4182DFA

4.  Industrial Engineering Economics

5.  Industrial Engineering  Optimization

Optimization of Sand Casting Process Parameter Using Taguchi Method
in Foundry
International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT)
Vol. 1 Issue 7, September - 2012
https://www.ijert.org/research/optimization-of-sand-casting-process-parameter-using-taguchi-method-in-foundry-IJERTV1IS7476.pdf

OPTIMIZATION IN GREEN SAND CASTING PROCESS FOR
EFFICIENT, ECONOMICAL AND QUALITY CASTING
Int J Adv Engg Tech/Vol. V/Issue I/Jan.-March,2014/25-29
http://www.technicaljournalsonline.com/ijeat/VOL%20V/IJAET%20VOL%20V%20ISSUE%20I%20JANUARY%20MARCH%202014/IJAETVol%20V%20Issue%20I%20Article%206.pdf



6.  Industrial Engineering Statistics


Application of Six Sigma Method to Reduce Defects in Green Sand Casting
Process: A Case Study
International Journal on Recent Technologies in Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (IJRMEE)
Volume: 2 Issue: 6 , Jnue 2015
http://www.ijrmee.org/download/application-of-six-sigma-method-to-reduce-defects-in-green-sand-casting-process--a-case-study-1434089168.pdf



Welding

Process Improvement in the Manufacture of Metro Car Side Wall by Optimization of Welding Parameters
– A Case Study
http://qcin.org/nbqp/DLShah-Award/pdf/2014/Art-8-09-BEML-Metro%20Car%20(87-92).pdf

7. Human Effort  Industrial Engineering





Woodworking


Occupational Health

http://www.ilocis.org/documents/chpt86e.htm



8.  Industrial Engineering Measurement



Productivity Measurement

Life Cycle Analysis of Conventional Manufacturing Techniques: Sand Casting
http://web.mit.edu/skd/www/casting/casting-v2.pdf


9. Productivity Management

10. Applied Industrial Engineering

IE/Productivity Improvement in 3D Printing

  



--------------------------------------------------------
1. Jigs and Fixtures Design
2. SMED
3. Poka Yoke
4. Automation and Autonomation - Productivity Impact Analysis of Recent Developments in Automation and Autonomation Field.  Engineering Economic Analysis of Latest CIM Developments.
5. High Speed Machining for Productivity
6. Engineering Economic Analysis of Robots
7. Energy Conservation in Production Processes
8. Work Station Design
9. Design for Manufacturing
10. Design for Assembly
11. Gravity Chutes Design to Reduce Handling Time for Input Materials and Components and Completed Components and Assemblies.
12. Competency Mapping for Production Trades and Jobs
13. Manufacturing Cost Analysis and Reduction
14. Manufacturing Information Systems Rationalization
15. Work in Process Inventory Rationalization


Recommended Books

Shigeo Shingo - A Study of Toyota Production System from Industrial Engineering Point of View,
Shigeo Shingo - SMED, Revolution in Manufacturing
Shigeo Shingo - Poka Yoke, Zero Quality Control.
David A. Stephenson and John S. Agapiou, Metal Cutting Theory and Practice, CRC, 2006
Chapters: Machining Optimization and Economics, High Throughput Machining, Design for Machining.
R. Venkata Rao, Advanced Modeling and Optimization of Manufacturing Processes, Springer- Verlag London Limited 2011  (archive org)
Richard B. Chase, F. Robert Jacobs, Operations and Supply Management, 12th Edition,
Chapter: Operations Technology (Supplement B), McGraw Hill


L.V. Ottinger, "Robotics for the IE: Terminology, Types of Robots," Industrial Engineering, November 1981, P.30

Appropriate research papers and case study examples can be added by the faculty.

Related Article
Methods Efficiency Engineering - Operation Analysis Approach - Knol Book


Updated: 29 Jan 2019


11 April 2015,  3 April 2015, 1 April 2015
First Posted on 20 March 2015 at NIT, Trichy




Saturday, January 26, 2019

Die Casting Productivity - Bibliography





Productivity Improvement High Pressure Die Casting - IIM - Delhi
www.iim-delhi.com/.../Presentation_KaushiksInternatio...
Productivity Improvement in. High Pressure Die Casting. Presentation By: SENDIL KUMAR K. Kaushiks International, Bangalore ...


Productivity for the diecasting industry | Foundry Trade Journal
www.foundrytradejournal.com/.../productivity-for-the-...

At EUROGUSS, Bühler presented products and services focused on increasing the productivity of customers today and tomorrow. Today, technology...

Die casting - Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Die_casting

Die casting is a metal casting process that is characterized by forcing molten metal under high ..... Therefore, to make die casting an economic process, a large production volume is needed. Other disadvantages are that the process is limited to ...

Cast metal · ‎Mold or tooling · ‎Process · ‎Variants
Bühler Die Casting says “Welcome to PRODUCTIVITY”
https://www.buhlergroup.com/.../about-buehler__news...
Bühler supplied its first the casting machine exactly 80 years ago. Today, Bühler is at the cutting edge of die casting technology in terms of ...


What are some of the advantages of die casting? | Pace Industries
https://paceind.com/die-casting.../die-casting.../advanta...
High-speed production – Die casting provides complex shapes within closer tolerances than many other mass production processes. Little or no machining is ...

[PDF]Die steels and improved productivity in die casting - Bohler Uddeholm
www.bohler-uddeholm.co.za/.../DIE_CASTING-ENGL...

use of die castings in the automotive industry, where weight reduction is increasingly important. Long production runs have focused attention on the importance ...


[PDF]overall productivity improvement in casting and fastening industry - IRAJ
iraj.in/journal/journal.../2-12-139383136143-48.pdf

Abstract: The purpose of this research is to improve productivity for small and medium scale casting industry. This research focused on the company, which ...

Productivity Improvement in Automated Manufacturing Cell for Die ...
https://www.researchgate.net/.../321145060_Productivit... -
The parts are produced in an automated cell with Gravity die casting technique. Currently the company has one Automated line with the production capacity of ...


Production Technology at Ahresty | Die Casting | Our Business | Ahresty
https://www.ahresty.co.jp/en/.../die_casting/dc_producti...

This is the page of "Ahresty's Production Technology" of Ahresty Corporation. Demand for aluminum die casting products is expected to expand globally in order ...

[PDF]Innovative Trends in Die Casting - Chem-Trend
https://www.chemtrend.com/.../chemtrend_die_cast_inn...

Innovative Die Lubricant Trends for Evolving Productivity and ... The continued push for improved productivity in the high pressure die cast (HPDC) industry ...

Die Cast Tooling | Die Cast Design | Design for Manufacturing
https://www.dynacast.com/die-cast-tooling-production

Looking for high quality die cast tools and unparalleled design? ... we support you from concept, rapid prototyping, tooling, and pre-production testing stages to ...

Die Casting Market | Growth, Trends and Forecasts (2018 - 2023)
https://www.mordorintelligence.com/.../die-casting-mar...

Rules levied by OSHA and initiatives by NADCA, to improve the technical workforce, are expected to improve the overall production of the die casting market.
Mass production of die-cast aluminium products - italpres
www.italpres.com/mass-production-die-cast-aluminium...

Mass production of die-cast aluminium products. Italpres operates in the production of molds and die casting parts of aluminium and zinc alloys. Find out all ...


North American Die Casting Association: NADCA
https://www.diecasting.org/

Attention Industry Professionals - Register Today for the Die Casting ... Motor, it's no wonder quality, efficiency and productivity are what you have come to expect ...
Die Casting Machine | TOSHIBA MACHINE
https://www.toshiba-machine.co.jp/en/.../diecast/index.h...

Toshiba Machine has produced a total number of 10000 sets of die casting ... This series is mainly used in production of large sized die castings such as ...


Ahrestyʼ s Technology Development Efforts | Die Casting | Our ...
https://www.ahresty.co.jp/.../die_casting/dc_research_d...

Ahresty is anticipating the need for evolution of die casting and is working on the ... it also functions as a support base for realizing the same quality production at ...


Die Casting Manufacture - Manufacturing Process
www.thelibraryofmanufacturing.com/die_casting.html

Like in all permanent mold manufacturing processes, the first step in die casting is the production of the mold. The mold must be accurately created as two ...


Die Casting | 3D Systems
https://www.3dsystems.com/on-demand.../die-casting

3D Systems On Demand Manufacturing offers rapid turnaround on strong, durable, dimensionally stable production parts through our die casting facilities.

Die Casting | B&L Information Systems, Inc. | Enterprise Resource ...
https://www.blinfo.com/industries/die-casting/

Odyssey helps die casters monitor tooling cycles down to the cavity level and provides ... Dyersville Die Cast boosts productivity with Cloud-based Odyssey ERP.


Increasing Productivity and Reducing Emissions through ... - NREL
https://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy01osti/27622.pdf

For the entire domestic die casting industry (6,000 die casting units):. • Energy savings of 24.6 trillion. Btu and 24 million kWh per year. • Savings of 18 million ...

High Productivity Diecasting Cell Delivers Results - MRT Castings
https://www.mrt-castings.co.uk/iqs/dbitemid.../jobs.html

MRT's greatest asset is their skilled team of production, engineering and ... will gain experience in tooling and process design, aluminium die casting, trimming, ...

Gravity die casting | KUKA AG - KUKA Robotics
https://www.kuka.com/en-my/.../gravity-die-casting

Additional positive effects of automating gravity die casting include increased productivity, improved casting quality and high profitability of your production ...

Die Casting Machines | Product Lineup | Ube Machinery Corporation ...
https://www.ubemachinery.co.jp/english/.../diecast.html

Ube machinery corporation utilizes die-casting machine manufacturing ... and advanced technology: Improvements in energy efficiency, productivity and ...


Die Casting - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/.../die-casting -
Die casting is a well-established casting method, particularly suitable for fully automatic, high productivity, high volume production of complex near net shape ...


Die Casting | Lincoln Industries
https://www.lincolnindustries.com/what.../die-casting

With years of experience manufacturing cast-to-print zinc and alumninum die casting, we have the flexibility to handle low- to high-volume production runs and to ...


Casting - OEM Casting and Forging | Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
https://global.yamaha-motor.com/.../casting/index.html

Our Controlled Filling (CF) Die-Casting technology enables mass-production of large die-cast pieces that also have thin-walled sections. Measures to increase ...


RYOBI > Die Castings > Die Casting Technology (RNC, RIC)
https://www.ryobi-group.co.jp/.../diecasting/guide04.ht...

Leveraging long-established technologies, the Ryobi New Casting (RNC) die casting production system makes extremely strong, high-quality die cast products ...


The High Pressure Die Casting Process :: Total Materia Article
https://www.totalmateria.com/page.aspx?ID...site...

HPDC is an efficient componentry manufacturing method for the production of various product forms with extremely quick casting possibilities coupled with a ...


[PDF]Die Casting
https://library.e.abb.com/public/.../FO10003_EN_R2.p...
power and productivity to all foundry processes. □ Home .... The robot-based automation of die casting processes is rapidly becom- ing a key factor for success .




Friday, January 25, 2019

Welding Process Productivity




2019



Find new productivity drivers from welding operations data. 


WeldCloud - Esab

WeldCloud is an online management system that connects welding power supplies to a software platform that manages data to be analyzed for maximum productivity.

Every time a welder completes a pass, a trove of data is infused in the weld. That data has the power to inform future decisions, improve productivity, and provide you with the information necessary to understand how the weld was made.

Data for Productivity in Welding

As a productivity tracking platform using 3G combined with WI-FI and Ethernet, WeldCloud can plug into practically any in-house software system. WeldCloud is a secure, locked-down system that ensures your data is totally confidential.

WeldCloud offers:

Traceability. The platform can trace back to welds that have already been created and provided the details on how and when they were created.
Two-way communications. The platform can actually push settings to machines, such as a new weld parameter combo, while the machines can send data back to the platform.
Easy set up. Be up and running with WeldCloud in a couple of hours and trained in just a few days.
Alert management. WeldCloud automatically pushes out alerts when machines have issues, as needed and scheduled by the user.
Simple integration.  WeldCloud has solutions that can work with existing machines and get you up and running - quickly.
User-friendly interface. WeldCloud's responsive design makes using the platform easy from wherever you are, whether that's at home on a desktop, at work on a laptop, or on the move on mobile or tablet devices.
100% scalable. Put WeldCloud to the test by adding it on one or two machines and adding it onto others over time. You'll also benefit from new features and functionality that are constantly being developed and updated on the platform.

Operations Managers.
The people in this department are constantly looking for opportunities to increase productivity while maintaining a high-quality output. WeldCloud makes that possible by equipping them with data to find new productivity drivers.

Welding Engineers.
Welders' main focus is to determine the best possible welding process for a given application and test it. Quite a bit of data is required to make that initial decision, then it has to be tested on one machine. Once proven, WeldCloud can send the process to the cloud and - when it's ready - push it out to all the machines in the shop, saving a tremendous amount of time.

http://www.esabna.com/us/en/weldcloud/index.cfm


2018

Productivity Improvement Tips for Improving Gas-Tungsten-Arc-Welding 

February 2018

1. Use an inverter

Using an inverter  to supply power will improve GTAW efficiency. Inverters operate by switching high-voltage low-amperage alternating current (AC) into direct current (DC) back and forth at a very high rate of speed—up to 50,000 times/sec. and this provides  a smooth arc that provides consistent welding performance.

Inverters also have frequency controls and  allow the welder to determine the length of time that it takes the unit to complete one full current cycle (the combined time spent on electrode positive electrode negative).  The frequency can be adjusted from 20 to 400 Hz.

The inverter’s frequency feature can be used to  narrow the focus of the arc, creating a narrow weld bead and minimal heat-affected zone (HAZ). Welders will spend less time and consume less filler metal completing each weld. A smaller HAZ minimizes the likelihood of burn through and the need for rework.

Inverters also feature a balance control, which allows the welder to adjust how long the current spends in each part of the AC cycle—particularly useful when welding aluminum. He can adjust the balance control more toward the electrode-positive portion of the cycle, which helps to remove the oxide layer on the aluminum workpiece (referred to as ‘cleaning action’), or more toward the electrode-negative portion of the cycle, which increases weld penetration and travel speed.

2. Use the  right GTAW torch

Right GTAW torch for the application also can help make the process more efficient. Select a torch with good insulation. Silicon-rubber insulation, for example, protects against high-frequency leakage and cracking that can lead to premature torch failure and downtime for torch changeover.

Air- or water-cooled GTAW torch - Choice
Air-cooled models prove useful for low-amperage applications, say below 200 A, for welding materials less than 8.0 mm. thick, or for shops where welders tend to move around a lot, since these torches do not require an external cooler.

Water-cooled GTAW torch for applications in excess of 200 A. These torches help prevent overheating and allow welders to achieve faster travel speeds.

Flexible necks
Consider the angles at which the welders must weld, since maneuvering around difficult joints can be time-consuming and  uncomfortable. Most GTAW-torch manufacturers offer models with flexible necks that make the job easier in awkward positions.

Some torch-body styles have a modular design, which allows the welder to add a flexible neck and different head angles to an existing torch. These kits provide good joint access and can lower downtime associated with changing over different torches for multiple applications. Plus, you can save money on extra inventory.


3. Use Gas Lens

Adding a gas lens to the GTAW torch  provides for an even flow of shielding gas.
A gas lens can replace the collet body of a standard GTAW torch. A gas lens helps hold the tungsten in place and creates the electrical contact necessary for proper current transfer. It also provides two other functions that can help improve efficiency: It improves shielding-gas coverage  and improves weld-joint accessibility.

The  stainless-steel screens in gas lenses distribute the shielding gas evenly around the tungsten electrode and along the weld puddle and arc to help prevent oxygen contamination that could lead to weld defects. Minimizing defects and their associated rework ensures that the welder can spend more time in production and less time fixing defects.

Gas lenses also allow the welder to extend the tungsten electrode further out from the nozzle. This additional electrode extension gives the welder a clearer look at the joint and arc, allowing him to have greater torch control and achieve better weld quality, particularly on critical applications or in hard-to-reach areas such as T, K and Y joints.

Gas lenses also prove particularly helpful when welding on alloys highly reactive to atmospheric contaminants or for materials used in high-temperature applications.


4. Minimize Overwelding


Taking steps to prevent overwelding will significantly improve GTAW efficiency, and save money. Overwelding is depositing  more weld metal in a joint than is required to obtain the necessary weld strength. It often results from poor joint fitup or preparation, improper welding parameters or from simple overcompensation —the welder believing that he needs more weld metal to fill the joint than is necessary.

Overwelding wastes shielding gas and filler metal, and increases welding time. For example, overwelding a fillet weld by a mere 1.5 mm can increase arc-on time by as much as 30 to 40 percent for a 10.00 mm fillet weld and 80 to 90 percent for a 3.00 mm weld. In addition, overwelding increases the amount of heat input into the base material, raising the risk of burnthrough or distortion and leading to costly and time-consuming rework. It may even increase the need for grinding and finishing which again an additional operation and increases cost of weld metal by another 20 to 25 percentage and also adds time factor.

To prevent overwelding, avoid over-designing weld joints–do not use a larger joint than is necessary to gain the appropriate strength for the application. A good rule of thumb: Make the leg of a fillet weld no wider than the thickness of the thinnest workpiece, and weld accordingly. For example, when joining a 3.00 mm thick plate to a 6.00 mm plate, a 3.00 mm weld bead suffices unless, the weld is designed for a dissimilar leg size. Also, know the size of the joint being welded. When in doubt, don’t guess—use a fillet gauge.

Proper joint preparation and tight fitup provide good defenses against overwelding, as does welding in the vertical-down position on thin materials.


5. Use Pulsed TIG process with fast pulse

When welding thin metal, the main objective is to avoid warping, burn-through and excessive heat affected zones while still ensuring the weld has sufficient mechanical strength for the application. The welding processes that provide the most control over heat is pulsed MIG, pulsed TIG.

For fabricators,  welding sheet metal often means a constant battle between productivity and weld problems like burn-through, warping, excessive heat affected zones (HAZ) and weld appearance.  Proper techniques are to be used as a first step to win the battle.

Pulsed Gas Tungsten Arc Welding – Pulsing between a high peak current and a low background current at frequencies of 100 to 500 pulses per second (PPS)—allows operators to accomplish one or more of the following:

Reduce the bead width by up to 52 per cent
Increase penetration by up to 34 per cent
Reduce heat in-put by up to 60 per cent
Increase welding travel speed up to 35 per cent
Promote better weld quality
Pulsed TIG Waveforms: Operators set four variables when programming a pulsed TIG output: peak amperage, background amperage, pulses per second (PPS) and peak time.

DC TIG Comparisons: Slow travel speeds increase the width of heat-affected zone and can cause carbide precipitation on the backside of the weldment. Faster travel speeds, produced by high speed pulsed TIG, can alleviate weld quality issues while improving productivity.

Straight TIG, Pulsed TIG : The pulsed TIG weld bead took 30 percent less time to weld and it requires almost no clean-up. It also clearly indicates the reduced heat-affected zone.




6. Tungsten Electrode Point Issues




The type of tungsten used and the shape of the electrode tip can significantly impact process  efficiency.

For AC and DC welding using an inverter power source and either a ceriated, lanthanated or thoriated tungsten electrode, grind the electrode to create a pointed or truncated tip. This provides the stable arc needed to achieve good welding performance and quality, while preventing contamination or arc wandering.

Grinding the shape: Grind the tungsten on a borazon or diamond grinding wheel specially designated for the job. Alternatively use a fine grain wheel with 100 to 120 grit size. Don't  use  bench grinder which has a coarse grain (grit size 40 or 60) wheel as it causes serrations and spoils the shape of taper and also consume tungsten metal. It also results in low focus of arc power on the job and diversion of current / heat. Next, grind the taper on  the tungsten-electrode tip to the electrode tip to a distance no more than 2.5 times taper on the tungsten-electrode tip to a distance the electrode diameter.

For example, for 3.0 mm electrode, no more than 2.5 times the electrode diameter, grind a surface 6.00 to 8.00 mm long. The tip design will, for example, using a 3.0 mm electrode, grind a ease arc starting and help create a more focused arc surface 6.0 to 8.0 mm long. This tip design will ease when welding with low amperage on thin materials (1.00 arc starting and help create a more focused arc to 3.00mm thick) grind the tungsten to a point. Don’t grind circumferentially; grind longitudinally.

This will allows welding current to transfer in a focused arc and helps to prevent bdistortion. In particular, a pointed ceriated helps to prevent distortion.

In particular, a pointed ceriated tungsten electrode works well when welding Aluminum, as it provide 30 to 40 per cent more amperage capacity than does pure tungsten before it begins to melt. Do not use a balled tungsten electrode tip for such an application.

On higher-current applications, grinding the tungsten to a truncated tip can help improve welding performance by preventing the tungsten from balling. First grind the tungsten to a taper, then grind a 0.30 to 0.80 mm flat land on the end of the tungsten.


Source
http://www.weldfabtechtimes.com/welding-tips/tips-for-improving-gas-tungsten-arc-welding-productivity/


Welding Process Productivity - Bibliography

https://nraoiekc.blogspot.com/2019/01/welding-process-productivity.html

Welding Process Productivity - Bibliography



2018 Articles and Papers

Tips for Improving Gas-Tungsten-Arc-Welding Productivity - Feb 7, 2018
http://www.weldfabtechtimes.com/welding-tips/tips-for-improving-gas-tungsten-arc-welding-productivity/



5 Tips to Improve Welding Productivity on Construction Jobsites ...
https://www.millerwelds.com/.../5-tips-to-improve-welding-productivity-on-constructi...
Oct 5, 2018 - A conversion to wire welding processes is one lever contractors can pull to improve productivity and efficiency. More companies are transitioning from stick welding to wire welding on construction jobsites, due in part to the significantly higher deposition rates and travel speeds wire processes can deliver.

Improved quality and productivity reduce production costs with Miller ...
www.afrox.co.za/en/news_and_media/press.../news20180524_miller_pipeworx.html
May 24, 2018 - “PipeWorx can be used to achieve quality welds on pipes from one gas and one wire which means greater productivity, less inventory and improved ease of use. ... Miller's PipeWorx process can reduce the requirement for specialised pipe welding skills while at the same time improving quality and productivity.”


RMD Welding Technology Doubles Productivity for Sigma Thermal ...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YjVZlH1txXQ
Video for welding process productivity▶ 1:53
Apr 18, 2018 - Uploaded by Miller Welders
Manufacturer Sigma Thermal improved productivity 50 percent in some ... Using the RMD process for the ...

TIG quality at MIG productivity in aluminium welding. - Linde Gas
www.linde-gas.com/en/images/ARCLINE%20PP%20brochure_tcm17-430029.pdf
Oct 8, 2018 - When developing new welding processes and technologies, our aim is always to ... Improve a customers productivity and remove their bottlenecks. → Improve ...


Kiewit Power Constructors Relies on Faster Welding Processes ...
https://advancedmanufacturing.org › Industries › Energy
Dec 4, 2018 - Precisely controlled metal transfer provides uniform droplet deposition, making it easier for the welder to control the puddle. ... The process conversion saves labor-related costs, helping Kiewit address the challenges of the skilled welder shortage by improving productivity and efficiency in the welding operation.

Tips for out-of-position welding - The Fabricator
https://www.thefabricator.com/article/consumables/out-of-position-welding
Mar 16, 2018 - If the application calls for you to climb up and down scaffolding just to complete two or three small welds at a time, the productivity of the welding process itself ...

Gas Metal Arc Welding - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/materials-science/gas-metal-arc-welding
Feb 26, 2018 - Gas metal arc welding (GMAW) is an arc welding process in which the ..... arcs operating in the same weld pool enable major improvements in productivity.



-----------

Principles of welding productivity - The Fabricator
https://www.thefabricator.com/.../principles-of-welding...

Do you doubt the merits of daily record keeping to improve welding reliability, standardize welding procedures, avoid excessive costs, and increase productivity?
[PDF]Improve your Welding Profitability and Productivity - Miller Welding
https://www.millerwelds.com/-/.../ed14522074474de38...

Acme Company chooses to increase productivity by adding more welding ... Process change-over time (e.g., switch between MIG root and flux cored fill passes).
The productivity, economy and quality of welding in the different - Doria
www.doria.fi/bitstream/.../nbnfi-fe201109082357.pdf

Welding Productivity, Welding Cost, Quality Control, .... The Productivity Data from Beijing No.2 Machine Tool Works Co., Ltd..
[PDF]Welding-Related Expenditures, Investments, and Productivity ...
files.aws.org/research/HIM.pdf

the cost of the welding process. The nature of the production output also drove the productivity measures used. As issues associated with understanding the.
[PDF]CURRENT TRENDS IN WELDING PROCESSES AND MATERIALS ...
www.ipme.ru/e-journals/RAMS/no.../08_kah.pdf

materials, productivity and efficiency, education and safety having an impact on ... and creates awareness of the developmental direction of welding processes ...
Tracking welding productivity - Welding Productivity
https://weldingproductivity.com/.../tracking-welding-pr...

Too many companies, however, aren't looking at their welding processes at a ... If we ignore this challenge and do not introduce new and productive welding ...
[PDF]Improving Weld Productivity and Quality by means of Intelligent Real ...
https://www.energy.gov/.../7%20-%20Improving%20...

Improving Weld Productivity and Quality by means of. Intelligent Real-Time Close-. Looped Adaptive Welding. Process Control through. Integrated Optical ...
Welding - Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welding

One of the most common types of arc welding is shielded ... ESW is a highly productive, single pass welding process for ...
[PDF]IMPROVEMENT OF PRODUCTIVITY IN AL WELDING
innomet.ttu.ee/daaam08/Online/.../Stepanov.pdf

Advanced and cost-effective welding processes with high productivity. Productivity and quality of welding ship components in two enterprises ...
Kaizen Your Welding Process to Improve Quality and Productivity ...
https://servo-robot.com/kaizen-your-welding-process-t...


Tips for Improving Gas-Tungsten-Arc-Welding Productivity | Weldfab ...
www.weldfabtechtimes.com › Welding Tips

By its very nature, gas-tungsten-arc welding (GTAW) is a relatively slow process. But it also is a very versatile one. In fact, it can be used to weld more materials ...
Submerged Arc Welding Process Productivity in Welding Thick High ...
https://www.onepetro.org/conference.../ISOPE-I-17-52... -

Two case studies are describing welding E500TMCP steel and X70 steel. The results of the investigation show the usability of SAW process for joining thick HSS ...
[PDF]Innovation in the MIG/MAG Process: Productivity analysis and Fume ...
https://fenix.tecnico.ulisboa.pt/.../Article%20-%20Inno...

Welding; Productivity; MIG/MAG; FastRoot; CMT; STT; Welding Fume Formation ... improving the productivity of the process and the safety of the welder.
Investigation of the A-TIG Mechanism and the Productivity Benefits in ...
https://www.twi-global.com/.../investigation-of-the-a-tig... -


 A-TIG welding process involves a method of increasing the penetration capability of the arc in TIG welding. This is achieved through the ...
How To Increase Welding Production In A Manufacturing Atmosphere
https://www.ljwelding.com/.../how-to-increase-welding-production-in-a-manufacturin...


Here are a few things that your company can review to reduce your welding operating costs: 1) Review current welding processes and ...
Process Selection for Welding - Lincoln Electric
https://www.lincolnelectric.com/.../welding.../process-se...

Lincoln Electric can help you select a welding process in four easy steps. ... justify the cost of welding equipment by the amount of work, or productivity, required.
Choosing a Welding Power Source - Lincoln Electric
https://www.lincolnelectric.com/.../welding.../welding-p...

The process of choosing a welding power source is much like that of buying a car. ... the welding processes of choice for most fabrication and production shops.
Advanced Welding Processes Improve Quality and Productivity in ...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pi7S5wbcggo


Using advanced equipment and welding processes such as Regulated Metal Deposition (RMD®) and Pulse ...
Recent developments in high productivity pipeline welding - Scielo.br
www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid...

The CAPS system offers welding productivity three to four times higher than that ... The mechanised GMAW process is currently the most widely used welding ...
10 Tips to Improve the Quality of your Welding Process - K-TIG
www.k-tig.com/.../10-tips-to-improve-the-quality-of-y...

Automating welding processes has the potential to provide enormous gains, in terms of productivity, profitability and quality. The automation of ...
Welding Process & Technology: Gas Metal, Flux-Core, Gas Tungsten ...
www.praxair.co.in/.../welding-and.../welding-processes

Explore the welding processes we support and let Praxair help you maximize your productivity.
INNOLAS : Cost reduction by using innovative welding processes ...
www.bil-ibs.be/.../innolas-cost-reduction-using-innovat...

These new processes will lower the welding costs and increase productivity, and will speed up product development. These benefits will contribute to the ...
[PDF]innovations in arc welding - CiteSeerX
citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi...

ABSTRACT. Developments in arc welding processes are strongly related with the need to increase productivity without loosing quality of the welds performed.
Weld process monitoring yields enhanced productivity | ITW
www.itw.com/.../weld-process-monitoring-yields-enhan...

Weld process monitoring yields enhanced productivity. Embedding a monitoring system within a welding platform has upped the ante for value in the high-tech ...
Welding Technologies Improve Pipeline Productivity
https://napipelines.com/new-pipeline-welding-technolo...

More productive welding processes and easier-to-use, intuitive welding machines now available on the market make it easier for contractors to ...
Autogenous Orbital GTAW Increases Pipe Welding Productivity - New ...
https://ewi.org/autogenous-orbital-gtaw-increases-pipe-...

Autogenous orbital gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW), a fusion technology ... This automated process can increase productivity by reducing the ...
[PDF]Flux cored Arc Welding- a productive process
www.manufacturingchampions.in/.../Presentation%203...

voestalpine Böhler Welding. Flux cored Arc Welding- a productive process. Abby Joseph, voestalpine Bohler Welding India. CII Welding Conference 2016, ...
Productivity assessment of the low-energy SpeedRoot welding ...
https://www.tandfonline.com/.../09507116.2014.93762... -

Productivity assessment of the low-energy SpeedRoot welding process in ... The productivity of both welding processes has been evaluated, ...
[PDF]Welding is now clearly faster, giving you more productivity. - LORCH
www.lorch.biz/.../LORCH_The-Speed-advantage_EN.P...

you step ahead and enter the next level of productivity: lean-welding process without time- ... Our MIG-MAG process innovations help to sustain reduction of your ...

Productivity Drivers - Productivity Analysis - Productivity Science



Productivity Drivers - Productivity Analysis - Productivity Science - Productivity Engineering - Productivity Management


Productivity drivers provide direction to productivity engineering and productivity management project activities.

Productivity analysis identifies productivity drivers or determinants of productivity.

Productivity science is the systematic collection of theories related to productivity improvement and productivity drivers.

2019



Find new productivity drivers from welding operations data. 


WeldCloud - Esab

WeldCloud is an online management system that connects welding power supplies to a software platform that manages data to be analyzed for maximum productivity.

Every time a welder completes a pass, a trove of data is infused in the weld. That data has the power to inform future decisions, improve productivity, and provide you with the information necessary to understand how the weld was made.

Data for Productivity in Welding

As a productivity tracking platform using 3G combined with WI-FI and Ethernet, WeldCloud can plug into practically any in-house software system. WeldCloud is a secure, locked-down system that ensures your data is totally confidential.

WeldCloud offers:

Traceability. The platform can trace back to welds that have already been created and provided the details on how and when they were created.
Two-way communications. The platform can actually push settings to machines, such as a new weld parameter combo, while the machines can send data back to the platform.
Easy set up. Be up and running with WeldCloud in a couple of hours and trained in just a few days.
Alert management. WeldCloud automatically pushes out alerts when machines have issues, as needed and scheduled by the user.
Simple integration.  WeldCloud has solutions that can work with existing machines and get you up and running - quickly.
User-friendly interface. WeldCloud's responsive design makes using the platform easy from wherever you are, whether that's at home on a desktop, at work on a laptop, or on the move on mobile or tablet devices.
100% scalable. Put WeldCloud to the test by adding it on one or two machines and adding it onto others over time. You'll also benefit from new features and functionality that are constantly being developed and updated on the platform.

Operations Managers.
The people in this department are constantly looking for opportunities to increase productivity while maintaining a high-quality output. WeldCloud makes that possible by equipping them with data to find new productivity drivers.

Welding Engineers.
Welders' main focus is to determine the best possible welding process for a given application and test it. Quite a bit of data is required to make that initial decision, then it has to be tested on one machine. Once proven, WeldCloud can send the process to the cloud and - when it's ready - push it out to all the machines in the shop, saving a tremendous amount of time.

http://www.esabna.com/us/en/weldcloud/index.cfm



OECD MultiProd Project: The micro drivers of aggregate productivity


The MultiProd project studies productivity patterns and investes the extent to which different policy frameworks can shape firm productivity. It examines the way resources are allocated to more productive firms.
Drawing on the experience of the OECD ‘DynEmp’ (Dynamics of Employment) project, which provided harmonised micro-aggregated data to analyse employment dynamics, the MultiProd project provides cross-country harmonised micro-aggregated data of paramount importance for understanding productivity performances.
http://www.oecd.org/sti/ind/multiprod.htm

2015


Productivity Drivers  

Productivity Accounting, Emili Grifell-Tatjé, C. A. Knox Lovell


Cambridge University Press, 26-Jan-2015 - Business & Economics - 408 pages
(Pages 22 to 32)
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=Xz3WBQAAQBAJ

Productivity Drivers Internal


1. Quality of Management: General
2. Quality of Management: Human Effort Engineering and Human Resource Management.
3. Quality of Management: Allocation of Resources
4. Quality of Management: Adoption of New Technology
5. Quality of Management: Product Range and Diversification
6. Quality of Management: Cost Reduction and Waste Elimination
7. Quality of Labor
8. Quality of Capital ( and Intermediate Goods in a Gross Output Context)
9. Quality of Outputs of Services

Productivity Drivers External


1. Institutions
2. Ownership
3.The competitive environment
4. Regulation, Deregulation and Regulatory Structure
5. Structural Reform and Liberalization
6. Demographics
7. Geography
8. Public Infrastructure and Research & Development


The authors say the list is only indicative and not comprehensive. They are intended to emphasize that productivity is controllable either by firm management, or by the aggregate economy's helmsmen.


Process Parameters of Abrasive Waterjet Machining


Hydraulic Parameters: Waterjet nozzle diameter, supply pressure
Abrasive Parameters: Abrasive material, abrasive size, abrasive flow rate
Mixing Parameters: Mixing tube dimensions, nozzle material,
Cutting Parameters: Traverse rate, standoff distance,impingement angle, depth of cut, material to be cut

Expected performance criteria in AWJM: Cut quality, Material removal rate, Kerf topography, Kerf geometry, Cutting time

In a research paper the following parameters were condired as important to achieve above performance criteria.

1. Pressure inside pumping system
2. Abrasive material grain size
3. Angle of impact
4. Target material properties
5. Focusing tube diameter
6. Nozzle speed
7. Stand-off distance
8. Abrasive mass flow rate

Source: "Identification of Process Parameter of Abrasive Waterjet Machining for Performance Improvement - An AHP Approach," Industrial Engineering Journal, June, 2015, Vol. VII Issue No. 6
Authors: P.P. Badgujar, M.G.  Rathi, S.D. Kalpande




2014

Die Casting - Process Parameters


Processing factors that can affect process performance are:

1. Melting temperature of the cast metal
2. Injection pressure
3. Plunger speed
4. Cooling time

Source: Mahesh N. Adke and Shrikant V. Karanjkar, "Optimization of die-casting process parameters to identify optimized level for cycle time using Taguchi method," International Journal of Innovations in Engineering and Technology (IJIET), Vol 4, Issue 4, December 2014

2012

Productivity Drivers - Additive Manufacturing


Build time is sum of non-sintering operations and sintering operations.

Non-sintering operation time is the sum of the time for moving the platform elevator down one step and the time to deposit a new material layer. Total non-sintering operation time is time for each layer, multiplied by number layers used.

The time for sintering operation for one layer is a function of area of the layer, beam scan speed and  scan spacing .

Source: p. 144 of Phd Thesis "Multi Objective Optimization in Additive Manufacturing" by Giovanni Strano, May 2012
University of Exeter



2008

A Productivity Driver in Laser Cutting


Improvement in beam delivery optics is a productivity driver in laser cutting process since the 1970s. Improved coatings and thicker lenses etc. have facilitated  high-pressure applications and ,  have helped drive the quality and productivity of today's laser cutting machines. Fabricators enjoyed benefits  of the enhanced beam quality, reduced maintenance, increased power, and improved mode stability, all stemming from years of research and development invested in laser beam delivery optics.

https://www.thefabricator.com/article/lasercutting/laser-optics-special-delivery

Adaptive adjustable radius optics

2007

Susanna Mancinelli and Massimilliano Mazzanti, "SME Performance, Innovation and Networking," Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, Nova Di Lavoro 50.2007

Section 3.1 Main Productivity Drivers

Structural firm feature: Size
Expenditure per employee on R&D


2006
Prof. Dominique Foray, "Enriching the indicator base for the economics of knowledge," Blue Sky II Conference, Statistics Canada, Ottawa.

Knowledge management and other organizational complements play a crucial role in explaining the recent surge in productivity in OECD countries. (p.6)

Creativity and Performance in Industrial Organization - Andrew Crosby - Book Information

Creativity and Performance in Industrial Organization


Andrew Crosby
Routledge,  216 pages
First published in 1968


Tavistock Press was established as a co-operative venture between the Tavistock Institute and Routledge & Kegan Paul (RKP) in the 1950s to produce a series of major contributions across the social sciences.

This volume is part of a 2001 reissue of a selection of those important works which have since gone out of print, or are difficult to locate. Published by Routledge, 112 volumes in total are being brought together under the name The International Behavioural and Social Sciences Library: Classics from the Tavistock Press.

Reproduced here in facsimile, this volume was originally published in 1968 and is available individually.

For a preview of the book
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=4WpUAQAAQBAJ



To be updated with contents

Productivity Accounting - 2015 - Emili Grifell-Tatjé, C. A. Knox Lovell - Book Information




Productivity Accounting



Emili Grifell-Tatjé, C. A. Knox Lovell


Cambridge University Press, 26-Jan-2015 - Business & Economics - 408 pages


The productivity of a business exerts an important influence on its financial performance. A similar influence exists for industries and economies: those with superior productivity performance thrive at the expense of others. Productivity performance helps explain the growth and demise of businesses and the relative prosperity of nations.

Productivity Accounting: The Economics of Business Performance offers an in-depth analysis of variation in business performance, providing the reader with an analytical framework within which to account for this variation and its causes and consequences.

The primary focus is the individual business, and the principal consequence of business productivity performance is business financial performance. Alternative measures of financial performance are considered, including profit, profitability, cost, unit cost, and return on assets. Combining analytical rigor with empirical illustrations, the analysis draws on wide-ranging literatures, both historical and current, from business and economics, and explains how businesses create value and distribute it.

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=Xz3WBQAAQBAJ


Productivity Drivers  


(Pages 22 to 32)

Productivity Drivers Internal


1. Quality of Management: General
2. Quality of Management: Human Effort Engineering and Human Resource Management.
3. Quality of Management: Allocation of Resources
4. Quality of Management: Adoption of New Technology
5. Quality of Management: Product Range and Diversification
6. Quality of Management: Cost Reduction and Waste Elimination
7. Quality of Labor
8. Quality of Capital ( and Intermediate Goods in a Gross Output Context)
9. Quality of Outputs of Services

Productivity Drivers External


1. Institutions
2. Ownership
3.The competitive environment
4. Regulation, Deregulation and Regulatory Structure
5. Structural Reform and Liberalization
6. Demographics
7. Geography
8. Public Infrastructure and Research & Development


The authors say the list is only indicative and not comprehensive. They are intended to emphasize that productivity is controllable either by firm management, or by the aggregate economy's helmsmen.

(to be updated)







Saturday, January 19, 2019

SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT - A LIST OF EARLY REFERENCES - Part 1 - 1 to 100


https://archive.org/stream/bulletin21newyuoft/bulletin21newyuoft_djvu.txt

Total 550 entries are there in the list.

1832

1. Babbage, Charles. On the economy of machinery and manufactures. London:
Charles Knight, 1832. 1 p.l., xxiv, 3S7 p. 2. ed. 16°. VBA

2. Twemlow, G. On modes of obtaining important results by simple means. (Asiatic Society of Bengal. Journal. Calcutta,  1832. V. 1, p. 68-70, 195-198.) * OHA 1878

3. Smith, Frederic. Workshop management; a manual for masters and men. London: E. Menken [1878]. 1 p.l., iii-vi,  76 p. 5. ed. 12°. (Wyman's technical series.) VNB



1881

4. Hall, Albert F. Method of arranging and indexing drawings and patterns. [With
discussion.) (American Society of Me-chanical Engineers. Transactions, New York. V. 2, 1881, p. 369-379.) VFA

5. Smith, Oberlin. Nomenclature of ma-chine details. [With discussion.] (Ameri-
can Society of Mechanical Engineers. Transactions, New York. v. 2, 1881, p. 358-369.) VFA



10-11. Towne, Henry R. Gain sharing. (American Society of Mechanical Engi-
neers. Transactions, New York. v. 10, May, 1889, p. 600-626.) VFA



1891

12. Rowan, James, and F. A. Halsey. The premium plan of paying for labor.
(American Society of Mechanical Engi-neers. Transactions, New York. v. 12, June, 1891, p. 755-780.) VFA

Also printed in Sibley journal of engineering,
Ithaca, N. Y., March, 1902. p. 219-237, VDA. Re-
printed as chapter 11 of Trade unionism and labor
problems, edited by J. R. Commons, 1905.

Contrasts this with other plans.



1893

13. Taylor, Frederick Winslow. Notes on belting. (American Society of Mechani-
cal Engineers. Transactions, New York. V. 15, Dec, 1893, p. 204-259.) VFA

Discusses the administration of belting.



1885

6-7. Metcalfe, Henry. The cost of manufactures and the administration of work- shops, public and private. New York:  J. Wiley & Sons, 1885. 2 p.l., 322 p. illus. 8°. TM



1886

8. Metcalfe, Henry. The shop order sys-tem of accounts. (American Society of
Mechanical Engineers. Transactions, New York. V. 7, May, 1886, p. 440-488.) VFA

9. Towne, Henry R. The engineer as economist. (.American Society of Me-
chanical Engineers. Transactions, New York. V. 7, May, 1886, p. 428-432.) VFA



1895

14. Outerbridge, A. E. The educational influence of machinery. (Engineering
magazine, New York. v. 9, May, 1895, p.225-231.) VDA

15. Taylor, Frederick Winslow. A piece rate system; being a step toward partial
solution of the labor question. (American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Trans-
actions, New York. v. 16, 1895, p. 856-903.)

VFA

Also printed in American Ex:onomic Association, Economic studies, v. 1, no. 2, June, 1896, p. 89-129, TB, and in C. B. Thompson, Scientific management. p. 636-683, TM. Also printed, in abstract, in En-gineering magasine. New York, v. 10, Jan., 1896, p. 690-698, VDA.



1896

16. Roland, Henry. Six exaniplcs of suc-cessful shop management. (Engineering
magazine, New York. v. 12, Oct. - Dec, 1896. Feb. - March, 1897. p. 69-85. 270-285,
395^12, 831-837, 994-1000; v. 13, April. 1897, p. 10-19.) VDA



1897

17. Channing, J. Parke. Mine accounts.
(Engineering magazine. New York. v. 13,
Sept., 1897, p. 926-933.) VDA

18. Outerbridge, A. E., jr. Labor saving
machinery the secret of cheap production.
(Engineering magazine, New York. v. 12,
Jan., 1897, p. 650-656.) VDA

Shows that labor saving machinery and high
priced intelligent mechanics will enable us to compete
with cheap labor.

19. Roland, Henry. Cost-keeping meth-
ods in machine shop and foundry. (Engi-
neering magazine. New York. v. 14. Oct..
1897 - Jan., 1898, p. 56-63, 225-238, 464-472,
626-634.) VDA

20. Six examples of successful shop

management. (Engineering magazine,
New York. v. 12, Oct. - Dec, 1896, Feb. -
March, 1897. p. 69-85, 270-285. 395-412, 831-
837, 994-1000; v. 13, April, 1897, p. 10-19.)

VDA



1898

21, Norris, H. M. A simple and effective
system of shop cost-keeping. (Engineer-
ing magazine. New York. v. 16. Dec, 1898,
Feb. - March, 1899, p. 384-396, 812-820, 957-
968; v. 17, p. 76-87.) VDA

Describes a system of cost-keeping in shops of
which the author has been in charge. -

22. Roland, Henry. An effective system
of finding and keeping shop-costs. (En-
gineering magazine. New York. v. 15,
April. July -Sept., 1898. p. 77-86. 610-620
749-758, 1000-1016; v. 16, Oct. - Nov., 1898.
p. 37-48, 207-214.) VDA

Gives simplest cost-keeping system known, which
begins and ends with the job ticket.



1899

23. Browne, Sir Benjamin C. Standard-
ising in engineering construction. (Engi-
neering magazine. New York. v. 18. Oct. -
Dec, 1899. p. 33-40, 169-176, 403-409.) VDA

24. Darlington, P. J. Methods of re-
munerating labor. (Engineering maga-
zine. New York. v. 17, June, Sept., 1899.
p. 444-454, 925-936.) VDA

25. Halsey, F. A. The administration of
the premium plan. (American machinist,



New York. v. 22. July 6-13, 27, 1899, p.
609-611, 631-632, 691-695.) VFA

Shows how the plan is carried out in some shops
where used.

26. Experience with the premium

plan of paying for labor. (American ma-
chinist. New York. v. 22, March 9, 1899,
p. 180-182.) VFA

At the Canadian Rand Drill Co., Sherbrookc, Que.

27. The premium plan criticised.

(American machinist. New York. v. 22,
June 22, 1899, p. 556-559.) VFA

28. Some questions regarding the

premium plan with answers to them.
(American machinist. New York. v. 22,
March 23, 1899, p. 240-241.) VFA

29. Hansel, Charles. The evolution of
safety in railway travel. (Engineering
magazine. New York. v. 16, Jan., 1899. p.
599-609.) VDA

30. Lewis, J. Slater. Works management
for the maximum of production. (Engi-
neering magazine. New York. v. 18, Oct. -
Dec, 1899, p. 59-68, 201-208, 361-368; v.
19, May, 1900, p. 211-220.) VDA

31. Orcutt, H. F. L. Machine-shop man-
agement in Europe and Ainerica. (Engi-
neering magazine. New York. v. 16, Jan. -
March, 1899, p. 549-SS5, 703-710. 921-931;
v.- 17. April -Aug., 1899. p. 15-22, 268-276,
384-398, 594-601, 743-749.) VDA

32. Roland, Henry. The revolution in
machine-shop practice. (Engineering maga-
zine. New York. v. 18, Oct.. 1899 -Feb..
1900. p. 41-58, 177-200, 369-388, 530-549,
729-746.) VDA



1900

33. Arnold, Horace L. The expense ac-
count of the machine shop. (Engineering
magazine. New York. v. 20, Dec, 1900,
p. 365-372.) VDA

Deals with the principles and systems of factory
accounting and the aids thereto.

34. Charlcton, A. G. The general prin-
ciples of successful mine management.
(Engineering magazine, New York. v. 20,
Nov., 1900, p. 235-246; Jan., 1901, p. 685-
702.) VDA

"The principles of management are akin to those
of any industrial undertaking but their adaptation is
f^pecial to the field."

35. Church, A. Hamilton. The meaning
of commercial organization. (Engineer-
ing magazine. New York. v. 20, Dec, 1900,
p. 391-398.) VDA

The strong feature of this article is the demon-
stration that organixation is an integral and even
basal part of successful work.


1900, continued.

36. Cokely, M. Piece work as an agency in machine-shop cost reduction. (Engi-
neering magazine, New York. v. 20, Nov., 1900, p. 192-198.) VDA

The author's point of view is that of a man stand-ing between employer and workmen where he com-
mands a complete view of both.

37. Diemer, Hugo. Commercial organi-zation of the machine shop. (Engineering
magazine, New York. v. 19, June - Sept., 1900, p. 342-347, 511-517. 705-711, 892-898;
V. 20, Nov., 1900. p. 229-234.) VDA

The order follows the natural course_ of work-through the shop and the whole scheme is adapted
to small and moderate sized works as well as large ones.

38. Functions and organization of the purchasing department. (Engineering
magazine. New York. v. 18, March, 1900, p. 833-836.) VDA

39. Halsey, F. A. The economics of the premium plan. (American machinist, New
York. V. 23, May 3, 1900, p. 41&-420.) VFA

Shows that the common impression that the pre-miums are an additional charge upon production is
unfounded.

40. Lewis, J. Slater. Works management for maximum production. (Engineering
magazine. New York. v. 19, Mav, 1900, p.211-220.) ' VDA

41. New shop methods a corollary of modern machinery. (Engineering maga-
zine, New York. v. 19, June, 1900, p. 369-372.) VDA

An editorial comment.

42. Nonis, H. M. Actual experience with
the premium plan. (Engineering maga-
zine. New York. v. 18, Jan., 1900, p. 572-
584.) VDA

43. O'Connell, James. Piece work not
necessary for best results in the machine
shop. (Engineering magazine, New York.
V. 19, June, 1900, p. 373^380.) VDA

44. Redl, Eugen. Elemente der Organi-
sation und Administration industrieller
Unternehmungen. Als Leitfaden fiir Stu-
dierende, Betriebstechniker, Gewerbetrei-
bende und Fabrikanten. Leipzig: F. Deuticke,
1900. ix, 290 p. 4°. TDO



1901

45. Allen, Leicester. A project for a bu-
reau of engineering data. (Engineering
magazine. New York. v. 22, Dec, 1901.
p. 408-413.) VDA

Pleads for the extension of bureaus of engineer-
ing, particularly in the field of dynamic engineering.

46. Barnes, George Nicol. Uses and
abuses of organisation among employers
and employees. (Engineering magazine,
New York. v. 20, Jan., 1901, p. 560-567.)

VDA

The old trade unions vs. wisely organized labor.



47. Blakemore, William. The manage-
ment and control of the colliery. (Engi-
neering magazine. New York. v. 21, July-
Aug., 1901, p. 563-570, 735-740.) VDA

Takes up control of hoisting and surface arrange-
ments.

48. Booth, W. H. Modern systems for
shop work. (Electrical review, London,
v. 49, Aug. 23, 1901, p. 330-332.) ft VGA

Discusses the practice in British workshops.

49. Browne, Sir Benjamin C. The appli-
cation of piece work and the premium plan.
(Engineering magazine, New York. v. 20,
Feb., 1901, p. 913-919.) VDA

A valuable summary of the whole question.

50. Uses and abuses of organizations

among employers and employees. (Engi-
neering magazine, New York. v. 20, Jan.,
1901, p. 553-559.) VDA

What employers may prevent and effect by united

action.

51. Canniff, W. H. The discipline and
control of railway employees. (Engineer-
ing magazine, New York. v. 20, Jan., 1901,
p. 753-760.) VDA

Mr. Cannilfs review stands as the formation of
a policy so surely founded that it has stood the trial
of daily application in every aspect of labor matters
and general economic conditions.

52. Church, A. Hamilton. Proper distribu-
tion of establishment charges. (Engineering
magazine. New York. v. 21, July -Sept.,
1901, p. 508-517, 725-734, 904-912; v. 22,
Oct. -Nov., 1901, p. 31-40, 231-240, 367-
376.) VDA

The problem of determining the true proportion
of expense so that its price may be fixed to return
its true proportion of profit,

53. Ennis, William Duane. The engineer-
ing management of industrial works. (En-
gineering magazine. New York. v. 22,
Nov., 1901, p. 241-246.) VDA

Argues for the man scientifically and practically
trained in the utilization of forces and the handling

of materials.

54. Gantt, Henry Laurence. Bonus sys-
tem of rewarding labor by the Bethlehem
Steel Co. (Engineering news. New York,
v. 46, Dec. 12, 1901, p. 460-462.) VDA

55. Gunn, James Newton. Cost keeping; a subject of fundamental importance. (En-
gineering magazine. New York. v. 20, Jan., 1901, p. 703-708.) VDA

"The author draws clearly the outlines of the province of the production or industrial engineer."

Read the article on 20 January 2019 from volume 20
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015075018641;view=1up;seq=769

56. Hardman, John E. The practical
management of mining operations. (En-
gineering magazine. New York. v. 20,
Jan., 1901. p. 665-684.) VDA

57. Higgins, Milton P. Intensified pro-
duction and its influence upon the worker.
(Engineering magazine. New York. v. 20.
Jan., 1901, p. 568-576.) VDA

Shows that its influence does not narrow the
powers and life of the individual workman.



22



THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY



1901, cotitinued.

58. Lazenby, A. Advanced methods in a
British engineering workshop. (Engineer-
ing magazine, New York. v. 22, Dec, 1901,
p. 377-397.) VDA

A description of the Victoria works.

59. Lewis, J. Slater. The mechanical and commercial limits of specialisation. (En-
gineering magazine, New York. v. 20, Jan..
1901. p. 709-716.) VDA

60. Longmuir, Percy. Opportunities for bettering the work of the foundry.
(Engineering magazine, New York. v. 22.
Oct., 1901, p. 60-68.) VDA

Sketches conditions as they are and as they
might be.

61. Moses, Percival Roberts. Cost deter-mination in isolated electric plants. (En-
gineering magazine, New York. v. 20,
March, 1901, p. 1082-1088.) VDA

Considers the small individual power plant.

62. Norris, H. M. The premium plan of labor remuneration. (Engineering maga-
zine. New York. v. 20, Jan., 1901, p. 631-
640.) VDA

Written from the standpoint of a practical em-
ployer of the system.

63. Orcutt, H. F. L. Shop arrangement as a factor in efficiency. (Engineering
magazine. New York. v. 20, Jan., 1901, p.717-722.) VDA

Solution of the problem of shop design and ar-rangement.

64. Patterson, J. H. Altruism and sym- pathy as factors in works administration.
(Engineering magazine, New York. v. 20,
Jan., 1901, p. 577-602.) VDA

Gives examples of the manner in which the com-fort of employees is considered in well known estab-lishments in Europe and America.

65. Rowan, James. A premium system of remunerating labor. (Institution of
Mechanical Engineers. Proceedings, Lon-
don. 1901, parts 3-5, Sept., 1901, p. 865-
882.) VFA

66. Thompson, Sanford E. The Taylor differential piece-rate system. (Engineer-
ing magazine, New York. v. 20, Jan., 1901,
p. 617-630.) VDA

It is so manifestly in the line of reason and of
progress in the economy of production that the final
outcome is in no sort of doubt.

67. Weir, William, and J. R. Richmond. Workshop methods: some efficiency fac-tors in an engineering business. [With dis-
cussion. j (Institution of Mechanical En-
gineers. Proceedings. London. 1901, parts
3-5, Sept., 1901, p. 895-918.) VFA

A paper read at the International Engineering Congress, Glasgow, in 1901.

68. Works management number of Engi-neering magazine. (Engineering maRa-
zine. New York. v. 20, Jan., 1901.) VDA

A hand-book for works managers.



1902

69. Arnold, Horace L. Cost-finding
methods for moderate-sized shops. (En-
gineering magazine. New York. v. 24,
Dec, 1902, p. 385-395.) VDA

Devoted to practical cost-keeping systems suited
to a small shop or to a separate department of a large
shop.

70. Carpenter, Charles U. Money-mak-
ing management for workshop and factory.
(Engineering magazine, New York. v. 22,
Feb., 1902. p. 693-720; v. 23. May -Aug..
1902. p. 195-206. 413-424, 562-572. 733-740;
V. 24, Oct., 1902, p. 89-97.) VDA

Mr. Carpenter writes from experience in an enter-
prise which stands as a model of business success, of
excellence in the mechanical quality of its output
and enlightened methods of handling labor.

71. Ennis, William Duane. Intensified
production and industrial investment. (En-
gineering magazine. New York. v. 23,
Sept.. 1902, p. 895-900.) VDA

This article is particularly interesting in its recog-
nition of the variables which should and must modify
the decision upon particular items sometimes ap-
parently running counter to the general policy of
intensification.

72. Falconer, Kenneth. The factory of-
fice. (Engineering magazine, New York.
V. 23. April -July, 1902, p. 70-74, 253-262.
386-394, 573-582.) VDA

Shows that the factory office may be separated
from the general system of accounting.

73. The numerical recording of ship-
ping and manu*'acturing orders. (Engi-
neering magazine. New York. v. 22,
March. 1902, p. 881-888.) VDA

The card index system in shop administration.

74. Gantt, Henry Laurence. Bonus sys-
tem of rewarding labor. (American review
of reviews, New York. v. 26, Sept., 1902,
p. 326-328.) ♦ DA

75. Halsey, F. A. The origin of the
premium plan — a personal statement.
(American machinist. New York. v. 25,
Jan. 9, 1902, p. 53-54.) ft VFA

76. Longmuir, Percy. The economical
significance of a high wage rate. (Engi-
neering magazine. New York. v. 24, Nov. -
Dec, 1902. p. 223-230. 396-401.) VDA

77. Emotion and reason among Brit-
ish workingmen. (Engineering magazine.
New York. v. 22, March, 1902, p. 847-854.)

VDA

Shows the need for the substitution of reason for
the mere influence of emotion.

78. Recording and interpreting foun-
dry costs. (Engineering magazine. New
York. v. 23, Sept., 1902. p. 887-894.) VDA

Concerned particularly with the commercial side
of foundry management.

79. McFarland, Walter M. The growth
of economy in marine engineering. (En-
gineering magazine, New York. v. 22,
March, 1902, p. 829-846.) VDA



SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT



23



1902, continued.

80. National Cash Register Co. (Iron
trade review, Cleveland, v. 35, May 1, 1902,
p. 53-63.) 3-ttVHA

Explains system adopted and its success.

81. Parsons, Isaac D. The economy of
isolated electric plants. (Engineering
magazine. New York. v. 22, Jan. -Feb.,
1902. p. 573-588. 721-736.) VDA

Investigation as to economy of generating elec-
tricity in an isolated plant or from a central station.

82. Rowan, James. The premium plan
at the works of David Rowan & Co.,
Glasgow, Scotland. (American machinist.
New York. v. 25, Jan. 9, 1902, p. 49-53.)

ttVFA

Explains system used.

83. Siebert, G. The commercial manage-
ment of engineering works. (Engineering
magazine. New York. v. 22, Feb., 1902. p.
653-658.) VDA

84. Simonet, Jules. . Organisation des
services d'une usine. (Revue de meca-
nique, Paris, v. 10, May 31, 1902, p. 429-
465.) VFA

Discusses details of works organization with a com-
plete scheme for the arrangement and administra-
tion of a manufacturing estate.

85. Some aspects of workshop manage-
ment. (Engineer, London, v. 94, July 4,
1902. p. 1. July 18. p. 51-52. Aug. 1. p. 101,
Aug. 15. p. 154-155, Aug. 29. p. 201. Sept.
12. p. 249-250, Sept. 26, p. 293-294, Oct. 10,
p. 342-343.) VA

A series of articles from the point of view of
the British manufacturer discussing systems of man-
agement as they should be conducted.

86. Taylor, William. The science of the
workshop. (Engineering. London, v. 74,
Sept. 19. 1902, p. 394-395.) VDA

Discusses materials, processes and tools, tracing
the foundation of this science.



1903

87. Andrews, Ian. The commercial man-
agement of factories. (Engineering mag-
azine. New York. v. 25, July, 1903, p. 539-
545.) VDA

Considers the relations and functions which the
office manager should bear to the cost of production.

88. Arnold, Horace L. Purchase by the
organized factory. (Engineering maga-
zine. New York! v. 25, June, 1903. p. 399-
408.) VDA

This treats of the systematic knowledge and con-
trol of the materials coming into a shop.

89. Earth, Carl George. Slide rules for
the machine shop as a part of the Taylor
system of management, (.\merican So-
ciety of Mechanical Engineers. Transac-
tions, New York. v. 25, Dec, 1903, p. 49-
62.) VFA

Reprinted in C. B. Thompson, Scientific manage-
ment, p. 405-419, TM.



90. Buchanan, Robert. Foundry manage-
ment in the new century. (Engineering
magazine. New York. v. 24, Dec. 1902 -
March. 1903. p. 369-384, 515-540, 695-713,
879-^95; v. 25, April -June, 1903, p. 49-72,
215-226. 409-414.) VDA

A systematic review of the best foundry practice,
surveying the entire field of equipment and manage-
ment.

91. Colwell, C. A. Cost reduction by the
use of the premium plan. (Engineering
magazine. New York. v. 25, May, 1903. p.
227-236.) VDA

Five months practical personal experience intro-
ducing the premium plan into a large shop.

92. Converse, John W. Some features of
the labor svstem and management at the
Baldwin Locomotive Works. (American
Academy of Political and Social Science.
Annals, Philadelphia, v. 21, 1903, p. 1-9.)

VDA

93. Day, Charles. The machine shop
problem. (American Society of Mechani-
cal Engineers. Transactions, New York,
v. 24, June, 1903, p. 1302-1321.) VFA

94. Diemer, Hugo. Cost finding methods
for moderate sized shops. (Engineering
magazine. New York. v. 24, Jan., 1903. p.
577-589.) VDA

Furnishes a working description of a practical sys-
tem in actual use in a shop.

95. The fixing of piece work. (Engfi-

neering magazine. New York. v. 26, Oct.,
1903. p. 169-176.) ■ VDA

Shows that determining of correct rates is the
fundamental starting point of any system.

96. Falconer, Kenneth. Cost finding
methods for moderate-sized shops. (En-
gineering magazine. New York. v. 25,
April, 1903. p. 89-98.) VDA

The shop system of the Canadian Composing Co.

97. Gantt, Henry Laurence. A graphical
daily balance in manufacture. (American
Society of Mechanical Engineers. Trans-
actions. New York. v. 24, June, 1903. p.
1322-1336.) • VFA

98. Modifying systems of manage-
ment. (American Society of Mechanical
Engineers. Transactions, New York. v.
25, Dec, 1903, p. 63-67.) VFA

Advocates Mr. Taylor's methods.

99. Hess, Henry. Manufacturing: capital,
costs, profits and dividends. (Engineering
magazine. New York. v. 26, Dec, 1903,
p. 367-379.) VDA

Applies the results of cost-finding methods to the
ultimate questions of profit or loss in production.

100. Jacobs, E. The general principles
of mine accounting. (Engrineering maga-
zine. New York. v. 25, April, 1903, p. 73-
80.) VDA

Defines the scope, the function and the basic
principles of the science of systematic record as
applied to mines. 


Updated on 20 January 2019
First posted on 8 October 2017

Friday, January 18, 2019

Project Industrial Engineering



Productivity improvement - Engineering - Industrial Engineering - Front-line employees and others


Yesterday (17 Jan 2019)  we had a discussion in the class regarding engineering contribution to productivity and industrial engineering contribution to productivity



In Times of India, 18 January 2019, in page 17 there is a news item - A 50 km tunnel through Oz mountain.



The new item says Musk quoted 800 million dollars for the tunnel. Some people commented that it was a bargain. Suppose the estimated construction cost is $500 million. This achievement is that of project engineering and it must have captured the earlier productivity ideas.



But industrial engineers may still make efforts and decrease the cost say 25 million during the 5 years of construction. This can be said to be project industrial engineering.



Apart from that the frontline operators as well as others may come up with suggestions for more productivity improvements. Let us say this also contributes another 25 million dollars. Thus all the steps contribute to productivity improvement.



Productivity improvements that are done during project implementation stage are captured at the time of design in future projects.  The cycle continues.


Earlier post on the topic in 2012

Project Industrial Engineering - An Explanation

Engineering Economics - Bulletin - Information Board



Do you believe this. Operating light rail is costlier than rapid bus system?
The True Operating Costs Between Bus and Light Rail
Bus vs. Light Rail: Which Is Cheaper to Operate?
Christopher MacKechnie
Updated December 27, 2018
https://www.thoughtco.com/bus-and-light-rail-costs-2798852



24.2.2014
An Economical Operation Analysis Optimization Model for Heavy Equipment
Selection
A. Jrade, N. Markiz, and N. Albelwi E W
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
Vol:61 2012-01-20
http://waset.org/publications/6378/an-economical-operation-analysis-optimization-model-for-heavy-equipment-selection

10-2-2013
Use of Economic Analysis to evaluate design alternatives
http://www.wbdg.org/design/use_analysis.php


The Role of Engineering Economics in the Evaluation of
Investment Projects by the Bank of Amazon-Brazil
2012 conference paper


http://repositorium.sdum.uminho.pt/bitstream/1822/21163/1/icieom2012_submission_283.pdf

2012

Software Engineering Economics
by Barry W. Boem
http://userfs.cec.wustl.edu/~cse528/Boehm-SE-Economics.pdf


Updated on 19 January 2019
First posted on 24 March 2014


Monday, January 14, 2019

January - Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan



BEST WISHES FOR HAPPY, PRODUCTIVE AND PROSPEROUS 2019


Professor K.V.S.S. Narayana Rao





                              Father of Industrial Engineering




                                        Frederick Taylor

                                                        Picture Source:
                                                        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_Winslow_Taylor

Taylor - Narayana Rao Principles of Engineering were presented in the 2017 Annual Conference of IISE


______________________


______________________


Industrial Engineering is a Management Discipline


Industrial Engineering is a Management Discipline with the foundation subject being Engineering. Its prime focus is engineering activity. Management two prime dimensions of performance are Effectiveness and Efficiency. Industrial Engineering is concerned with Efficiency, also referred to as Productivity,  Cost Reduction, Cost Optimization, Cost Effectiveness, and Resource Efficiency.

IE knowledge revision plan was started in 2014.  In the revision essential subjects and chapters from management will also be included along with industrial engineering techniques. Knowledge of management techniques should help industrial engineering professionals to know the importance of industrial engineering in management practice as a basic discipline and functional areas of management, to manage implementation of IE projects and IE departments and to take up line management careers at some point in their career on the way to become CEOs of the organizations.

The basic plan of the revision is that 40 articles at the rate of 2 articles per working day are to be read. That gives the flexibility to read them during the week end also it on any working day reading is skipped. The article may take around 10 minutes. Therefore on article in the morning session and one article in the evening session can be read. The basic purpose is to refresh the already known knowledge. New knowledge is provided as subject updates in different articles one for each subject included in the revision.

In the month of January 2019, the revision is planned to start from 15 January  providing for a good year end break.

Management theory clearly states that effectiveness and efficiency are two important or prime dimensions of management performance. Industrial engineering has its prime focus on efficiency and thus it provides managers with efficiency related services and makes sure that efficiency or productivity is high in organizations. In the course of pursing industrial engineering practice, some IEs may shift to full management roles if they make efforts in the meanwhile to learn additional knowledge and skills. Becoming a full manager can be a natural career progression for industrial engineers apart from becoming senior industrial engineers and growing up in the industrial engineering department up to chief industrial engineering officer of the company (CIEO).


January 3rd Week  15th to 19th, 




Development of Management Subject. Theory of Management developed over a long a period of time with periodic quantum jumps in thinking.
Scientific Management/Shop Management - F.W. Taylor Introduction

Industrial Management and General Management - Henri Fayol
Importance of Human Relations in Management - Elton Mayo and Rothelisberger (Insights from Psychology)

Organization as a Social Group (Insights of Sociologists)
Mathematical Models and Their Optimization

Control of Variation in Inputs and Outputs (Insights from Statistics)
Systems Approach in Management

Business Conceptualization (Insights from Economics, Engineering Economics, Managerial Economics, Industrial Economics)
Peter Drucker - Business Organization - Economic Function - Social Responsibility


January 4th Week   22 to 25,  

Global and Comparative Management
Management: Definition and Process


Process of Management
Planning: A Management Process


The Nature and Purpose of Planning - Review Notes
Objectives and Goals - Review Notes


Strategies, Policies, and Planning Premises - Review Notes
Business Firm and Society - The External Environment, Social Responsibility and Ethics - Review Notes


Decision Making - Review Notes
Summary - Principles of Planning



February - Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan



One Year Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan

January - February - March - April - May - June

July - August - September - October - November - December




Updated on  15 January 2019,  6 January 2018,  18 January 2017,  18 Jan 2016, Jan 2015