Principles, Methods Tools and Techniques
An explanation says principles are scientific theories or cause and effect relationships. They are of permanent nature until revised due to empirical studies and identification of new facts.
Basic Principles of Industrial Engineering - Narayana Rao
Detailed List of Principles - Presented at IISE 2017 Annual Conference at Pittsburgh on 23 May 2017.
NRao making the presentation
Principles of Industrial Engineering - Narayana Rao - Detailed List
Two important components of industrial engineering are System Efficiency Engineering and Human Effort Engineering.
We can say System Industrial Engineering and Human Effort Industrial Engineering.
Even though human effort is a part of system, it is specially highlighted as human comfort, health, safety and satisfaction are special concern of industrial engineers apart from productivity subject to quality/specification/customer satisfaction maintenance.
Principles of Industrial Engineering related to various methods of industrial engineering are being assembled in these two articles
Principles of Human Effort Engineering
Principles of System Efficiency Engineering
Focus Areas of Industrial Engineering
Productivity Science - Determinants of Productivity
Product Industrial Engineering
Process Industrial Engineering
Industrial Engineering Optimization
Industrial Engineering Statistics
Industrial Engineering Economics
Human Effort Industrial Engineering
Industrial Engineering Data and Measurements
Applied Industrial Engineering
Methods and Techniques of Industrial Engineering
Human Effort Engineering - Techniques
12. Work Measurement - Time Study, PMTS
Efficiency Improvement Techniques of Industrial engineeringMethod Study
Principle of Fair Day's Work
Principles of Motion EconomyList of Principles of Motion Economy
Principles of Industrial Engineering - Various Subjects
Taylor's Principles of Scientific Management
Principles of Scientific Management - Taylor
The managers following scientific management thought do the following things.
First. The development of a true science (of work or operation or task).
Second. The scientific selection of the workman. His scientific education and development.
Third. Intimate friendly cooperation between the management and the men.
Fourth: Both management and workmen have equal responsibility for effectiveness and efficiency of various tasks.
Harrington Emerson's Principles of Efficiency
1. Clearly defined ideals.
2. Common sense
3. Competent counsel
5. The fair deal
6. Reliable, immediate and adequate records
8. Standards and schedules
9. Standardized conditions
10. Standardized operations
11. Written standard-practice instructions
Gilbreth's Principles of Motion Economy
Principles of Motion Economy - Some More Details
Principles of Motion Economy - YouTube Videos
Principle: There should be a definite and fixed place for all tools and materials
Principle: Layout must facilitate efficiency
Tools: 5S audit
Principle: The hands should be relieved of all work that can be done more advantageously by a jig, a fixture, or a foot-operated device.
Method: Jig and Fixture design
Eliminate, Combine, Rearrange, Simplify - ECRS Method - Barnes
Miles' Principles of Value Engineering
Get all available costs
Use information from the best source
Blast create and refine
Use real creativity
Identify and overcome roadblocks
Use industry experts to extend specialized knowledge
Get a dollar sign on key tolerances
Utilize vendors’ available functional products
Utilize and pay for vendors’ skills and knowledge
Utilize specialty processes
Utilize applicable standards
Use the criterion, “would I spend my money this way?”
Principles of Ergonomics
1. Work in neutral postures
2. Reduce excessive forces
3. Keep everything in easy reach
4. Work at proper heights
5. Reduce excessive motions
6. Minimize fatigue and static load
7. Minimize pressure points
8. Provide clearance
9. Move exercise and stretch
10. Maintain a comfortable environment
Good explanation with illustrations is available in
Principle of Difference in Productivity
In group of workers, there can be a difference of 100% between the least productive worker and the most productive worker.
Principles relating Wage differentials (incentives - efficiency reward) and Motivation
The productive workers have to be recognized and compensated through higher wages in the form of incentives for the extra production. Otherwise, they lose the motivation and produce only an amount equal to low productive workers.
Principles of Engineering Economics
Every investment or expenditure proposal of an industrial engineer must contribute to profits or return on the investment or expenditure exceeding the cost of capital.
Principles of System Optimization
There are mathematical methods that help industrial engineers to set system parameters that result in minimum costs or maximum profits with the given data (cost and return figures and alternative values for variables)
The mass of data can be understood by converting it into probability distribution. Important conclusions can be made from the data by converting it into bar diagram, histogram and other graphical aids.
Principles of Mathematical Modeling
System parameter design problems can be solved by first converting the system description into mathematical expressions and equations.
Principle of CooperationIt should be stated here emphatically that there is nothing that can permanently bring about results from scientific management, and the economies that it is possible to effect by it, unless the organisation is supported by the hearty co-operation of the men. Without this there is no scientific management. - Gilbreth in Applied Motion Study, Book. Page No. 29-30
An Interesting Book published in 1921
What industrial engineering includes; for industrial executives; 101 things to do, 1001 results others secured
Author: Knoeppel, C.E., & co. (New York). Full book can be downloaded from Archive.Org
Functions of Industrial Engineering 25 July 2017
The Purpose, Philosophy, Principles and Methods of Industrial Engineering - Video Presentation by Prof. Narayana Rao K.V.S.S._________________
Basic Concepts, Principles and Methods of Industrial Engineering
Updated 25 May 2019, 23 May 2017 (Detailed principles of engineering added) 15 June 2016