Thursday, September 27, 2012

Financial System Industrial Engineering - Online Book



Financial system  industrial engineering is the study of resource use in various accounting and finance mobilization, allocation and payment and repayment activities with a view to increasing the efficiency or eliminating the waste wherever possible. While the finance activities are designed to account for financial resources and procure and use them, variety of others resources namely, manpower, data processing equipment, information and others are used in these activities. The use of resources in finance activities is carefully investigated by the industrial engineering to identify and remove waste. Industrial engineering succeeded in reducing the cost of many processes designed in the first iteration by the managers up to 50% and hence it is a very important activity in systems design or systems engineering.

Famous example of industrial engineering, is Henry Ford's production system redesign, that reduced the price of the automobile by half. Taylor reduced cost of many manufacturing activities. Gilbreth and Harrigton Emerson also achieved similar cost reduction in construction activity and rail road operations.




System Industrial Engineering - System Human Effort Engineering - System Efficiency Engineering


Human Effort Engineering - Techniques

1. Principles of Motion Economy
2. Motion Study
3. Workstation Design
4. Application of Ergonomics and Biomechanics
5. Fatigue Studies
6. Productivity/Safety/Comfort Device Design
7. Standardization of  Methods
8. Operator training
9. Incentive Systems
10. Job Evaluation
11. Learning effect capture
12. Work Measurement


EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT TECHNIQUES OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING


1. Process Analysis
2. Operation Analysis
3. Layout Efficiency Analysis
4. Value engineering
5. Statistical quality control
6. Statistical inventory control and ABC Classification Based Inventory Sytems
7. Six sigma
8. Operations research
9. Variety reduction
10. Standardization
11. Incentive schemes
12. Waste reduction or elimination
13. Activity based management
14. Business process improvement
15. Fatigue analysis and reduction
16. Engineering economy analysis
17. Learning effect capture and continuous improvement (Kaizen, Quality circles and suggestion schemes)
18. Standard costing


Applications in Finance Function

Manpower planning in Finance departments
Cash flow models
Furniture selection for the department
Office processes improvement studies

Marketing System Industrial Engineering - Online Book





Marketing system industrial engineering is the study of resource use in various marketing activities with a view to increasing the efficiency or eliminating the waste wherever possible. While the marketing activities are undertaken to understand and serve the needs of the targeted customers in a market, resources namely, people, equipment, material, information and various services are used in the activities.  The resource use in the marketing activities is carefully investigated by the industrial engineering to identify and remove waste. Industrial engineering succeeded in reducing the cost of many processes designed in the first iteration by the managers up to 50% and hence it is a very important activity in systems design or systems engineering.

Famous example of industrial engineering, is Henry Ford's production system redesign, that reduced the price of the automobile by half.


System Industrial Engineering - System Human Effort Engineering - System Efficiency Engineering


Human Effort Engineering - Techniques

1. Principles of Motion Economy
2. Motion Study
3. Workstation Design
4. Application of Ergonomics and Biomechanics
5. Fatigue Studies
6. Productivity/Safety/Comfort Device Design
7. Standardization of  Methods
8. Operator training
9. Incentive Systems
10. Job Evaluation
11. Learning effect capture
12. Work Measurement


EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT TECHNIQUES OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING


1. Process Analysis
2. Operation Analysis
3. Layout Efficiency Analysis
4. Value engineering
5. Statistical quality control
6. Statistical inventory control and ABC Classification Based Inventory Sytems
7. Six sigma
8. Operations research
9. Variety reduction
10. Standardization
11. Incentive schemes
12. Waste reduction or elimination
13. Activity based management
14. Business process improvement
15. Fatigue analysis and reduction
16. Engineering economy analysis
17. Learning effect capture and continuous improvement (Kaizen, Quality circles and suggestion schemes)
18. Standard costing


Applications

Application of quantitative analysis in marketing decisions was dealt with in a book by Kotler

The application of industrial engineering to marketing management.
Chapter 33 in Handbook of Industrial and Systems Engineering by Adedeji Badiru
http://www.crcnetbase.com/doi/abs/10.1201/9781420038347.ch33

Travelling salesman problem

Counter design problems in Railway reservation counter, banks, call centers

OR analysis of media planning

Distribution center efficiency improvement

Sales Force Productivity Improvement - An Industrial Engineering Activity

Wednesday, September 26, 2012

What the Difference between Manufacturing Management and Manufacturing System Industrial Engineering




Manufacturing management is planning the manufacturing activity, planning organization of the manufacturing system consisting of equipment, people, materials,  and other resources, acquiring all the resources and directing them and controlling them.

Manufacturing system  industrial engineering is the study of resource use in various manufacturing activities with a view to increasing the efficiency or eliminating the waste wherever possible. While the manufacturing  is designed to produce goods that serve the needs of the targeted customers, the resource use in the design is carefully investigated by the industrial engineering to identify and remove waste. Industrial engineering succeeded in reducing the cost of many processes designed in the first iteration by the managers up to 50% and hence it is a very important activity in systems design or systems engineering.

Famous example of industrial engineering, is Henry Ford's production system redesign, that reduced the price of the automobile by half. Taylor reduced cost of many manufacturing activities. Gilbreth and Harrigton Emerson also achieved similar cost reduction in construction activity and rail road operations.

Engineering Management and Industrial Engineering - Comparison

What is the Difference Between Supply Chain Management and Supply Chain Industrial Engineering



Supply chain management is planning the supply chain activity, planning organization of the supply chain consisting of equipment, people, suppliers and other resources, acquiring all the resources and directing them and controlling them.

Supply chain industrial engineering is the study of resource use in various supply chain activities with a view to increasing the efficiency or eliminating the waste wherever possible. While the supply chain is designed to serve the needs of the targeted customers, the resource use in the design is carefully investigated by the industrial engineering to identify and remove waste. Industrial engineering succeeded in reducing the cost of many processes designed in the first iteration by the managers up to 50% and hence it is a very important activity in systems design or systems engineering.

Famous example of industrial engineering, is Henry Ford's production system redesign, that reduced the price of the automobile by half.

What is the Difference Between Industrial Engineering and Management?



Management is selecting a task that is to be done, developing a plan for doing it, creating an organization plan that involves capital equipment, people and other resources, acquiring those resources, recruiting and training people, directing them to accomplish the task by giving them the resources and controlling the activity of the organization so that the task is completed.

Industrial engineering participates in this managerial process, by doing studies of efficiency of resource use. In every major managerial task undertaken by a managers there are many minor tasks termed as processes, activities, and plainly as tasks, operations and elements. Industrial engineers study the efficiency of these processes, activities or tasks and improve them as possible to give more efficiency. Industrial Engineering is a staff service or staff activity in the managerial process.

Do industrial engineers manage? As per the definition of management, every task is to be managed. Industrial engineering activities or projects or studies are also tasks and they are to be managemed. Hence senior industrial engineers act as managers of the IE departments, sections, and projects.


What is Industrial Engineering - YouTube Video Presentation

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Comments on Twitter

By @TanvirMastan
@knoltweet By Name.otherwise course outline is same.

My reply


@TanvirMastan It looks like that because IE curriculums have to cover basics of each and every function of business.

IE curriculums have many management subjects to teach basics of various business functions and their management. But they do not have subjects of IE for each of these business functions. Probably there is enough content for developing IE subject for every business functions. I am making the beginning.

Manufacturing System Industrial Engineering
Supply Chain Industrial Engineering
Marketing System Industrial Engineering
Financial System Industrial Engineering

Tuesday, September 25, 2012

Supply Chain Industrial Engineering - Bibliography




How to Apply IE Techniques in SCM to Reduce Cost and Cut Wastage
Vincent Cheung, M.Phil (IE) BPS Global, 2009 Presentation
http://www.bps-group.net/download/CILT_Seminar_in_Singapore_4_Nov_09.pdf

Supply Chain  - Open Access Book Edited by Vedran Kordic
D. Giglio and R. Minciardi, “Modelling and Optimization of Multi-Site Production Systems in Supply Chain Networks,” Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE International Conference

Y. S. Li, F. F. Ye, Z. M. Fang, and J. G. Yang, “Flexible Supply Chain Optimization and Its SRT Analysis,” Industrial Engineering and Management, vol. 10, no. 1, February 2005, Springer-Verlag, China, pp. 89-93.
Steve Hopper, Supply Chain Industrial Engineer
http://www.linkedin.com/in/SteveHopper


Measurement of Supply Chain Performance

Measuring Supply Chain Performance
Benita M. Beamon
1999 paper
ftp://ftpserv.uncc.edu/coba/mbad/cooper/mbad6208_Spring10/class13(current)/ReadingsReDesign/SCPerformance(Beamon).pdf
( Cost is given as one dimension and responsiveness is given as the other dimension. )

Performance Assessment of Supply Chain Management: A Balanced Scorecard Approach
Computers and Industrial Engineering 2007 - Paper
http://kertogral.etu.edu.tr/SCM_performance_measurement_balanced_score_card_2007_CAIE.pdf
( In internal perspective to promote efficiency and effectiveness in our business processes is given as the mission )


Planing Supply Chain - System Design and Operations Planning
Measurements Provided by Industrial Engineering Discipline/Departments


Controlling Supply Chain
Measurements Provided by IED and Actions Initiated by IED

Sunday, September 23, 2012

Value Chain Analysis - A Base for Total Cost Industrial Engineering



Michael Porter proposed value chain analysis as a tool for strategy analysis. The enterprise is modeled as a set of activities and each of these activities is designed for providing competitive advantage either in differentiating or in providing cost leadership.

The proponents of strategic management accounting and strategic cost management have developed the cost orientation of value chain analysis further.

An article on strategic cost management described value chain analysis in the following manner.

Value chain analysis involves the process of decomposing the processes from suppliers to final customers into strategically relevant activities as a way of managing costs. Each activity, or segment or link along the value chain is expected to add value. It means, the revenue earned by the activity has to be more than its cost. Once the distinct segments of the value chain or the strategically relevant activities have been identified, the role of finance professionals is to contribute to the assignment of costs to these activities. Assigning revenues  and  costs facilitates process value analysis, which involves comparing these costs against the revenue generated by the activities. The aim of process value analysis is to ensure that each segment of the chain is not only relevant, but that it is also generating value - that is revenue higher than the costs it consumes. 

From industrial engineering perspective, this concept of value chain cost analysis is a good beginning point. Industrial engineering takes up processes, methods and activities for productivity improvement or cost reduction. Industrial engineers may need to define the processes that they would like include in the IE view of the functioning of the total organization. Even though the value chain analysis as a concept was well accepted, in the literature one does not find good examples of company level value chain analysis put to productive use. Industrial engineering profession has the need and opportunity to operationalize the value chain analysis concept from the perspective of industrial engineering activity and create an enterprise cost map in terms of processes of the organization meaningful to carry out continuous improvement activities as well as IE projects.

Further reading


Proposal for  Developing Total Cost Industrial Engineering

Papers Published by Industrial Engineering Professors in Costing Area


Activity Based Costing

Costing of the Production and Delivery of Ready-Mix-Concrete
a, O. Al-Araidah, A. Momani,  N. AlBashabsheh,  N. Mandahawi and b, R. H. Fouad
a-Industrial Engineering Department, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan,
b-Department of Industrial Engineering, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan

Jordan Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Volume 6, Number 2, April 2012
ISSN 1995-6665
Pages 163 - 173
http://jjmie.hu.edu.jo/files/v6n2/JJMIE-182-10.pdf




Activity-Based Cost Estimation Model for Foundry Systems Producing Steel Castings
Mohammad D. Al-Tahat and Al-Refaie Abbas
Industrial Engineering Department, University of Jordan, Amman 11942 – Jordan
Jordan Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

Volume 6, Number 1, Feb. 2012
ISSN 1995-6665
Pages 75 - 86
http://jjmie.hu.edu.jo/files/v6n1/JJMIE-185-10.pdf



Analysis of Activity-Based Costing  in the After Press Services Industry
Suntichai Shevasuthisilp and Kosum Punsathitwong

Department of Industrial Engineering,
Faculty of Engineering, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200
Thailand

Proceedings of the International MultiConference of Engineers and Computer Scientists 2009 Vol II
IMECS 2009, March 18 - 20, 2009, Hong Kong
http://www.iaeng.org/publication/IMECS2009/IMECS2009_pp1938-1941.pdf


A Procedure for Smooth Implementation of Activity Based Costing in Small
Companies
Narcyz Roztocki
State University of New York at New Paltz / Department of Business Administration
75 South Manheim Boulevard, New Paltz, NY 12561

Jorge F. Valenzuela
José D. Porter
Robin M. Monk
Kim LaScola Needy
University of Pittsburgh / Department of Industrial Engineering
1041 Benedum Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15261
http://www.offtech.com.au/abc/ABC_PDF/virginia99.pdf


THE INTEGRATED ACTIVITY-BASED COSTING AND ECONOMIC VALUE ADDED
INFORMATION SYSTEM
Narcyz Roztocki
State University of New York (SUNY)
http://www2.newpaltz.edu/~roztockn/florida00.pdf


Value Chain Analysis


Value Chain Analysis using Value Stream Mapping: White Good
Industry Application
Hande ALACA
BSH Home Appliances, Istanbul , Turkey
Dr. Cemil CEYLAN
Department of Industrial Engineering
Management Faculty
Istanbul Technical University, ISTANBUL, 34357, TURKEY
http://www.iieom.org/ieom2011/pdfs/IEOM145.pdf

Saturday, September 22, 2012

Takt Time



The classic calculation for takt time is:

Available Minutes for Production / Required Units of Production = Takt Time

 The “pure” definition is usually to take the total shift time(s) and subtract breaks, meetings, and other administrative non-working time. This is the way Shingijutsu teaches it.

http://theleanthinker.com/2010/04/28/takt-time-cycle-time/

Total Cost Management and Total Cost Industrial Engineering



Total cost management is company wide effort to involving all employees to understand, plan and control costs.

Total cost industrial engineering is also a company wide effort to visualize the total cost of the organization in terms of the subsystems, processes and methods, so that relevant industrial engineering projects are taken up, productivity improvement and cost reduction are achieved and the results of the project are included in the cost plans of the subsystem, process or method involved.  Total cost industrial engineering activity shows visually the areas in need of industrial engineering project intervention and then clearly shows the benefit of the intervention.

System Engineering Process and Its Management

Can industrial engineers design systems internally in IE departments. They may not be able to design any complex system without the involvement of technical pesonnel belonging to the area of technology or management. But they can take the role of management of system design.
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System Engineering and Industrial Engineering

The definition of Industrial engineering says that it is concerned with design, improvement and installation of systems of men, materials, machines, information, and energy.
Some industrial engineers describe themselves as system designers. Some industrial engineering programs have renamed themselves as industrial and systems engineering. Why such name change was required? Are industrial engineering and system engineering different? If they were different, were they defined differently by the sponsors of these programs? The issue is worthy of exploration.
I advocate that industrial engineering has two core areas of focus: human effort engineering and system efficiency engineering. Therefore, they have a specific role in design of systems of men, materials, machines, information, and energy. The profession included in its definition concern related to design, improvement and installation of systems of men, materials, machines, information, and energy. Can industrial engineers design systems internally in IE departments. They may not be able to design any complex system without the involvement of technical pesonnel belonging to the area of technology or management. But they can take the role of management of system design.
Hence in industrial engineering curriculums management of system design has to be a subject.
I came across the book, Systems Engineering Guidebook by James Martin published by CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA in 1996. This book is a description of a process framework for implementing the methods of engineering a system. This book describes the management of system design adequately to be a beginning point for exploring the subject. This book is also an outcome of the two internal editions of AT&T process document, which was prepared or chartered by the systems engineering process management team. James Martin was Editor-in-Chief for the second edition of the process document.

Definition of Systems Engineering

Systems Engineering (SE) basically consists of four elements:
1. SE Management plans, organizes, controls and directs the technical development of a system or its products.
2. Requirements and Architecture Definition defines the technical requirements based on stakeholder requirements, defines a strucute (or an architecture) for the system components, and allocates these requirements to the components of this architecuture.
3. Development of Sub Systems
4. System Integration and Verification integrates the components of the architecture at each level of the architecture and verifies that the system requirements for those components are met.
At any level in the architecture, a component can be passed to a development team for detail design of that component. Its means IE team will receive the component of human effort engineering and system efficiency engineering during some state of a system's design.
To support systems engineering process four types of teams are typically used.
1. SE Management Team
2. Requirements and Architecture Team
3. Development Team
4. System Integration and Verification Team

SE Management Subprocess

Essential activities of this subprocess are:
Overall objectives of the system design, development and deployment program are defined.
Management processes for various technical activities involved System DDD including methods and techniques for evaluation of effectiveness, risk, quality, and efficiency are specified.
The SE process to be applied to the project is to be documented in a SE Management Plan.
Project's progress will be tracked and managed.
Configuration management (CM) activity will control configuration change requests and the necessary changes to requirements.
Risk management will be undertaken

Requirements and Architecture Definition Subprocess

Essential activities
Customer needs and requirements are ascertained or defined or refined as appropriate.
Assessment of available technologies is done to determine the constraints on the requirements and architecture definition subprocess.
Requirements are analyzed, and are derived and further refined where necessary.
Optimization analysis is done to identify desired characteristics of the system.
System behavior is defined through functional analysis, and functional performance requirements are allocated to these functions.
Architecture is defined and requirements are traced to all system elements.
Requirements for each system element are documented in specifications, drawings and interface documents.

Design. Production and Deployment Subprocess

Eight  primary functions are associated with system life cycle. They are development, production, test, deployment, operations, training, support, and disposition. The products in the system engineering process associated with operations are termed as end products and products associated with other phases are termed enabling products.
Core Design teams develop the operations end products and the test enbaling products.
Integrated Logistics Support teams develop teh support and training enabling prouducts.
Production teams develop the production enabling products.
Deployment teams develop the deploymengt and disposition enabling products.
System management teams and other teams develop development enabling products.

Systems Integration and Verification Subprocess

Essential Elements
System integration and verification plan is developed.
Test and evaluation requirements are defined.
Test activities are developed for each element.
Integration activities are developed for each pair of elements.

Key Elements of Systems Engineering

1. Systems Engineering Management Plan
2. Systems Engineering Master Schedule - Key Milestones and events
3. Systems Engineering Detailed Schedule - Task oriented schedule.
4. Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)- Products and process development plan and due dates.
5. Requirements
6. Technical Performance Measurement: of the system
7. Technical Review and Audits: Technical review of the progress of the project

Key Questions of Systems Engineering

Need

What needs are we trying to fill

Operations Concept

Who are the intended users

Functional Requirements

What specific services will we provide

System Architecture

What elements make up the overall approach?

Allocated Requirements

Which elements address which requirements?

Detailed Design

Are the details correct?
Do they meet requirements?

Implementation

Will the solution be satisfactory in terms of cost and schedule?

Test

What is our evidence of success?

References

James Martin, Systems Engineering Guidebook, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA , 1996.

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System Engineering Course Pages, Articles and Papers

Course on Design in Space Systems http://www.aoe.vt.edu/~cdhall/courses/aoe4065/
A good Presentation on System Engineering http://www.aoe.vt.edu/~cdhall/courses/aoe4065/SE.pdf
What is Systems Engineering? A Consensus of the INCOSE Fellows


Related Knols




Original knol - http://knol.google.com/k/ system-engineering-process-and-its-management - knol Number - 1206

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Bibliography

System Engineering Management Plan - Model Text
http://home.btconnect.com/managingstandard/semp.htm

Project Management vs.System Engineering Management
2010 paper by Sharon,Weck and Dori, Technion
http://esml.iem.technion.ac.il/site/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/20187_fta.pdf

IEs focus on System Efficiency - More IE Institutes Declare Now




Senior design projects consist of a real-world application of IE principles by teaming students with a local industry in Indiana. Teams have taken on full-scale projects like designing floor layouts for factories and hospitals, designing operations to improve system efficiency, reducing time and waste in processing, allocating resources to optimize system performance, and developing a safety plan for preventing work-related injuries.

Purdue University

https://engineering.purdue.edu/IE/Academics/IEUndergrad


Industrial engineering is a engineering discipline which is with the goal of improving system efficiency and realizing system optimization, it combines engineering technology and management science, from the system point  to processing quantitative analysis, optimization and design of actual engineering and management issues of manufacturing, service and other enterprises’ technology management, production planning, operations management etc.

Hebei United University

http://international.heuu.edu.cn/NewsInfo.aspx?NewsID=410


Industrial engineering is the branch of engineering that tries to maximize the efficiency of machine, process, product, or system. An industrial engineer tries to eliminate waste of time, materials, energy, money, and other resources. The branch plays a pivotal role in increasing efficiencies and decreasing waste and helps in almost all industries

http://www.internships.com/intern/engineering/industrial

The Engineering system group in the Department of Industrial Engineering of Tsinghua University endeavors to improve understanding about the nature of operations in engineering systems, such as, production systems, service systems (logistics, healthcare, etc), and develop methods and techniques to improve efficiency, quality and cost of manufacturing and service, since these factors directly affect the quality of life of people in China as well as in the world.

http://www.tsinghua.edu.cn/publish/ieen/2228/index.html


Whether it's streamlining an operating room, distributing products worldwide, improving customer relationships through the internet or designing an airplane cockpit, all industrial engineers share the common goal of increasing an organization's efficiency, profitability and safety.

University of Toronto.
http://www.discover.engineering.utoronto.ca/programs/academic-programs/industrial.htm

Industrial engineering technicians specialize in helping to determine the most efficient way to use people, machines, materials, and energy in business and industry. That role is becoming more important as factories become more automated and manufacturing becomes more time conscious and quality oriented.
http://personal.tusc.kent.edu/engtech/programs/academic/associate/industrial.html




Total Cost Industrial Engineering - Bibliography






Total cost industrial engineering



Total cost industrial engineering is a framework that helps industrial engineers to visualize the total enterprise cost in terms of  individual resources, various processes or methods, various systems and products which they analyse to eliminate waste or improve efficiency and drive total cost reduction, waste elimination and improve efficiency.
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.in/2012/09/total-cost-industrial-engineering.html



A New Design For Production (DFP) Methodology with Two Case Studies
Includes discussion costing based on operation based costing
Lee Ming Wong G. Gary Wang, Doug Strong
http://www.sfu.ca/~gwa5/index_files/Dfp-9-12-03.PDF


Operation Based Cost Measurement Model
Article
Authors: Balbinder Deo Doug --- Doug Strong
Year: 2009



Decomposition heuristic to minimize totalcost in a multi-level supply chain network
Byung Ki Lee, Kyung Hwan Kang, Young Hoon Lee,
Department of Industrial and Information Engineering, Yonsei University, 134 Shinchon-Dong, Seodaemun-Gu, Seoul 120-749, Republic of Korea

Computers & Industrial Engineering
Volume 54, Issue 4, May 2008, Pages 945–959


Supply/demand chain modeling utilizing logistical-based costing
Author(s): Jake M. Kosior, (Supply Chain Solutions International, Winnipeg, Canada), Doug Strong, (Department of Manufacturing and Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada)
Jake M. Kosior, Doug Strong, (2006) "Supply/demand chain modeling utilizing logistical-based costing", Journal of Enterprise Information Management, Vol. 19 Iss: 3, pp.346 - 360, 2004




Cost Measurement and Analysis-A Necessary Part of Industrial Engineering Education Training
Article
Authors: Balbinder Deo Doug --- Doug Strong
IIE magazine 2002


OPERATION BASED COSTING MODEL FOR MEASURING
PRODUCTIVITY IN PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
Phd Thesis, 2001
Balbinder Singh Deo
Guide: Doug Strong
http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/s4/f2/dsk3/ftp04/NQ57506.pdf


Cost: The Ultimate Measure of Productivity

By Deo, Balbinder S.; Strong, Doug
Magazine article from Industrial Management, Vol. 42, No. 3, May/June 2000


Kaizen - The Japanese Style Productivity Improvement Methodology

The idea Kaizen - The Japanese Style Productivity Improvement Methodology was used in the report PART I of Reports on the immediate impact of the classroom training program based on the baseline survey and the first post-training survey , January 15, 2011, Funded by Japan PHRD Trust Fund No. TF096317 and  the study was conducted by Tetsushi Sonobe, Aya Suzuki, and Keijiro Otsuka of National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies.

Taichi Ohno, it seems tried to downplay the best method idea of Industrial engineering and argued that the current method can be improved continuously. That is how Kaizen as the Japanese Style Productivity differs from the productivity movement led by Industrial engineering of Taylor and Gilbreth.

Part 2 of the report focuses on Kaizen training.

Both reports are available as one in the following link

http://econ.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/EXTDEC/0,,contentMDK:22968281~pagePK:64165401~piPK:64165026~theSitePK:469372,00.html


Kaizen - A Presentation - BCIS - Pretty Detailed one

Six Sigma and Kaizen Compared
http://www.vitalentusa.com/learn/6-sigma_vs_kaizen_1.php

Industrial Engineering of Systems - System Industrial Engineering

Industrial Engineering of Systems - System Industrial Engineering

Industrial Engineering of Systems - System Industrial Engineering

Industrial engineers work on functional designs created by various engineers and managers and make them more efficient by improving resource use efficiency. Presentation at a Global Conference on the topic is included in the article.

Authors

 

Have you industrial engineered your systems?

 
The Toyota man,  Ohno said industrial engineering is profit engineering. If you have not industrial engineered your systems, you are leaving potential profit on the table. Industrial engineering is a set of techniques to evaluate your systems' functional designs for efficiency. Wherver there is scope, IE will improve the system's efficiency. What is efficiency? Efficiency or productivity is output/input. A functionally designed system is expected to achieve certain output. Actually the system is designed for a specific installed capacity. Industrial engineers work on this functional design and reduce resource input.
 

What is Industrial Engineering?

 
"Industrial Engineering is Human Effort Engineering and System Efficiency Engineeering. It is an engineering discipline that deals with the design of human effort and system efficiency in all occupations: agricultural, manufacturing and service. The objectives of Industrial Engineering are optimization of productivity of work-systems and occupational comfort, health, safety and income of persons involved."
 
 
The definition emphasizes human effort engineering and system efficiency engineering.
 

What are techniques of Industrial Engineering?

 

Human Effort Engineering - Techniques

 
1. Principles of Motion Economy
2. Motion Study
3. Workstation Design
4. Application of Ergonomics and Biomechanics
5. Fatigue Studies
6. Productivity/Safety/Comfort Device Design
7. Standardization of  Methods
8. Operator training
9. Incentive Systems
10. Job Evaluation
11. Learning effect capture
 
 

Efficiency Improvement Techniques of Industrial engineering 

 
1. Process Analysis 
2. Operation Analysis 
3. Time study
4. Value engineering
5. Statistical quality control
6. Statistical inventory control and ABC Classification Based Inventory Sytems
7. Six sigma
8. Operations research
9. Variety reduction
10. Standardization
11. Incentive schemes
12. Waste reduction or elimination
13. Activity based management
14. Business process improvement
15. Fatigue analysis and reduction
16. Engineering economy analysis
17. Learning effect capture and continuous improvement (Kaizen, Quality circles and suggestion schemes)
18. Standard costing
19. 5S
20. SMED
 
 

References

 
 
 
 
I made presentation on the topic in the GloGift 2010 conference organized at the Keio University, Yokohama City, Tokyo. The presentation is given below.
 
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Friday, September 21, 2012

Construction - Total Cost Management at the Design Stage - Ph.D thesis



http://zuse.ucc.ie/iruse/NUIGTheses/WilfredPhDThesis.pdf


TOTAL COST MANAGEMENT AT THE DESIGN STAGE USING A BUILDING PRODUCT MODEL

A DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY IN ENGINEERING DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO
THE FACULTY OF ENGINEERING, DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL AND
ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
OF THE NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, CORK (NUIC)



Wilfred Masuwa Matipa

MARCH 2008

Interesting Introductory Chapter of Comprehensive Industrial Engineering by N.J. Manek

Samsonite - Low Price Point Product Strategy in India

Tata Nano Product Strategy



March 2012
Tata Nano 800cc variant Coming soon: Will it succeed in the Entry-level car segment?
http://trak.in/tags/business/2012/03/02/will-tata-nano-800cc-variant-suceed-in-entry-level-car-segment/


24 JAN, 2012,
'World's cheapest car' tag backfires for Tata Nano
http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/11612425.cms

Tata Nano’s new sales strategy in place
http://www.carkhabri.com/carnews/tata-nanos-new-sales-strategy-in-place


How to succeed in ultra low cost car market?
http://www.atkearney.com/documents/10192/b7c7b362-2288-4f07-aa0d-6c4d45cd0817

Low Price Point - Value Engineered Product - Cost Leadership Strategy

Tuesday, September 18, 2012

Terry Bradshaw Features Institute of Industrial Engineers in Today in America - YouTube Video



Today in America TV Presentation on IIE
Uploaded 29 August 2012
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What is Industrial Engineering? A presentation by Narayana Rao
Uploaded 9 September 2012
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Employee Involvement in Industrial Engineering Projects - A presentation by Narayana Rao
Uploaded 8 October  2012

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Sunday, September 16, 2012

Henry Hallowell Farquhar - HBS Professor's Support to Scientific Management



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Hallowell_Farquhar

http://oasis.lib.harvard.edu/oasis/deliver/~bak00135


Henry Hallowell Farquhar received his undergraduate degree from the University of Michigan in 1915 and an MBA from Harvard Business School in 1916.

Farquhar, a strong supporter of Frederick Taylor’s scientific management theory, assisted in teaching factory management at Harvard Business School in 1915-1916 while studying for MBA.

After graduation, he instructed that course from 1916-1920 and in 1920, he was promoted to Assistant Professor of Industrial Management.  After teaching Industrial Management for six years, Farquhar resigned from the faculty of Harvard Business School as a result of differences of opinion over the way this course should be taught.

Henry Farquhar worked as a consultant on production, sales , and financial reorganization work for various firms in the Boston area while on the faculty of Harvard Business School. In 1925 he became the comptroller for A. L. Smith Iron Works in Chelsea, Massachusetts.

Saturday, September 15, 2012

Bulletin of the Taylor Society - Articles - Oklahoma University Library Collection



Search Results

http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/cdm/search/searchterm/Bulletin%20of%20the%20Taylor%20Society/mode/exact

Download facility is there from the digital library


A word from President; Scientific Management and Labor Unions; Scientific Management in the Sales Department; Scientific Management in the Sales Department  
1914 December


  Individuality in Industry; The Index as a Factor in Industry  
1915 May

 

  Individuality in Industry  
1915 August

 

  Scientific Management in Government Establishments  
1915 October

 

  [Discussion of centralization of administrative authority] (Cataloger supplied title; pages are missing)  
1919 April      Bass Business History - Bulletin of the Taylor Society
 

  Scientific management and progress: a discussion of how far scientific management is coping with present day industrial problems and what is the outlook for the future; Scientific management and its relation to the health of the worker  
1916 November

 

  Current Wage Theories; Scientific Management and Organized Labor; The Supervisor of Personnel; A Proposed Modification of Task and Bonus;  
1915 January

 

  Scientific methods of management applied to various types of industry; On the index as a factor in industry  
1916 July

 

  Field of activity of the society; The progressive relation between efficiency and consent; Discussion  
1916 January

 

  Scientific methods applied to the beating of paper stock; Discussion; Scientific Managament  
1916 October



  The Manager, The Workman and the Social Scientist : Discussion; Die Brucke : A Plan for the World Organization of Intellectual Labor  
1917 December

 

  Profit sharing: Why it will not solve the difficulties between capital and labor; Personal history: some interesting facts and comments about his early training and later pastimes; Government efficiency; The principles of scientific management  
1916 December
Scientific management; Labor-saving devices   Bass Business History - Bulletin of the Taylor Society
 

  The opportunities and obligations of the Taylor Society  
1919 February    


  The Manager, the Workman, and the Social Scientist : Their Functional Interdependence as Observers and Judges of Industrial Mechanisms, Processes and Policies; Scientific Management and Progress : A Discussion of how Far Scientific Management is...  
1917 February

 

  Spring Meeting; Comment and News; Two Foreign Letters of Timely Interest; Discipline on the Border : A Hint to Management; Control and Consent : A Discussion of Instructions, Initiative, and Individualism in Industry; A Note on Routing :...  
1917 March

 

  Planning power-plant work; Discussion  
1917 January

 

  Hospital Organization as Shown by Charts of Personnel and Powers and Functions  
1917 October

 

  Application of scientific principles to office management; Taylor methods in French War industries; What Lenine said about the ""Taylor Society""; Some English observations on scientific management;  
1919 June

 

  Personal Relationship as a Basis of Scientific Management; The Progressive Relation Between Efficiency and Consent  
1915 November

 

  Program for the Annual Meeting; Who is Boss in Your Shop? : Individual vs. Group Leadership, and their Relation to Consent and the Ideals of Democracy; Principles of Storage Applicable to Army Supplies : Storage Committee Bulletin No. 7; The Method...  
1917 August
 
 

  Diminishing returns in manufactures; On the computation of percentage of labor turnover; Principles of storage;  
1919 August

 

  Scientific management: new brief statement of its nature and history; Positive contributions of scientific management: the elimination of some losses characteristic of present-day manufacture; Cost of living in relation to wage adjustments: a...  
1919 October

 

  Some organization lessons of the war; Industrial relations, some noteworthy recent developments; Industrial relations, a general discussion

Thursday, September 13, 2012

Director of Productivity - Job Description - 2012


The position was filled


Director of Productivity
Retail / FMCG
Yorkshire
Permanent
Updated July 31, 2012

This is a great opportunity for an ambitious and technically excellent individual who is looking to work as part of world-class operations functions in a high-visibility role that interfaces with all parts of the organisation. The Director of Productivity will be responsible for putting together the cost-saving plan for process improvement, and managing the extensive wage budget, thus ensuring that the highest levels of productivity are maintained throughout the entire business. You will constantly reassess the company wage model in order to effect improvements in productivity re-engineering, work measurement and technological innovation and will be responsible for developing and implementing strategic and major change programmes working collaboratively across the business to deliver large and very complex cross functional initiatives.
Who we're looking for

In terms of experience, you will demonstrate the following:

• A strong retail / FMCG or FS background, with experience of working in a large complex environment, or a Consultancy background and/or able to demonstrate evidence of landing major change programmes;
• An analytical mindset with a relevant degree level education. An MBA (or equivalent) would be desirable;
• Strong operational and transactional process improvement experience.

The successful candidate will be / have:

• Strategic and highly commercial, as well as humble, down to earth and fun;
• A very strong influencer, with the ability to engage with all colleagues;
• Hands on and operationally focused;
• A rational, methodical and logical thinker, who will demonstrate an entrepreneurial spirit and thrive in a fast-paced and pressurised environment
• Pro-active and pragmatic, with excellent time management skills.

About the client: Global organisation.

http://www.michaelpage.co.uk/job-display/1116264/director-of-productivity.html