Tuesday, December 31, 2019

Productivity Science - Definition

Productivity Science - One Explanation

Productivity science is thus an approach to productivity measurement , analysis and improvement that attempts, in any specific situation, to identify the appropriate philosophy, culture, systems, processes, technology and methods that will maximize positive (social, environmental and economic) outcomes relative to the resources consumed.


Productivity Science - Definition

Productivity science is scientific effort, that in any specific work situation, identifies the appropriate philosophy, culture, systems, processes, technology, methods and human physical action and behaviour and elements of each them of that will maximize positive (social, environmental and economic) outcomes relative to the resources consumed. - Narayana Rao, 1 January 2020

The work can be totally done by using machine effort as anticipated in industry 4.0 systems in all economic activities or by human-machine-tool combination. The work can give as output goods or services.

Workholding for CNC Machines - Recent Developments

Total Guide to CNC Jigs, Fixtures, and Workholding Solutions for Mills

Workholding Solutions to Reduce Costs, Increase Throughput
April 24, 2018
At the Nirvana Machine Shop on planet Perfection, every workpiece is clamped to a custom-built fixture mounted on a dedicated machine tool. Components are produced in large batches. All the fixtures are totally automatic—instantly positioning, clamping, machining, inspecting, and releasing the part with the ultimate precision.  But what about small batch quantity production?

Manufacturing Engineering contacted several suppliers of workholding technology to learn what solutions they offer for reducing setup time and increasing productivity.

New Workholding Method Drives Production Efficiency
By replacing a three-jaw chuck and dead-center workholding model with a flange-mounted, mechanically compensating face driver from Riten Industries, Tuthill Corp. cut machining cycle time by about 39 percent.

Workholding for CNC efficiency.
Tooling & Production > January 1, 1995

Research Papers

International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 4, Issue 2, February-2013 1
ISSN 2229-5518
IJSER © 2013
Design & Development of Fixture for CNC –
Reviews, Practices & Future Directions
N. P. Maniar, D. P. Vakharia
N. P. Maniar is Research Scholar in Mechanical engineering in
Dharmsinh DesaiUniversity, Nadiad, India.
 D. P. Vakaharia is currently working as Professor in Mechanical Engi neering Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, India..

Active fixturing: literature review and future research directions
O.J. Bakker*, T.N. Papastathis, A.A. Popov and S.M. Ratchev
Manufacturing Research Division, Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, University Park,
Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
International Journal of Production Research, 2013
Vol. 51, No. 11, 3171–3190,

Machining fixture for adaptive CNC machining process of near-net-shaped jet engine blade
Chinese Journal of Aeronautics
Available online 10 July 2019 - Full article available

Some references from the above paper

Z. Zhang, D. Zhang, M. Luo, B. Wu
Research of machining vibration restraint method for compressor blade
Procedia CIRP, 56 (2016), pp. 133-136

Y. Wang, X. Chen, N. Gindy
Surface error decomposition for fixture development
Int J Adv Manuf Technol, 31 (9) (2007), pp. 948-956

Y.J. Liao, S.J. Hu
Flexible multibody dynamics based fixture-workpiece analysis model for fixturing stability
Int J Mach Tools Manuf, 40 (2000), pp. 343-362

V. Djordje, Z. Uros, H. Janko
Complex system for fixture selection, modification, and design
Int J Adv Manuf Technol, 45 (7) (2009), pp. 731-748

K. Kulankara, N. Shreyes Melkote K.
Machining fixture layout optimization using the genetic algorithm
Int J Mach Tools Manuf, 40 (4) (2000), pp. 579-598

D. Haiyan, Shreyes N. Melkote
Determination of minimum Clamping force for dynamically stable fixturing
Int J Mach Tools Manuf, 46 (7–8) (2006), pp. 847-885


Abstract This invention relates to a two way CNC Horizontal Machining center used for machining the component in different setups. The two way CNC Horizontal Machining Center with trunnion mounted hydraulic fixture is the unique solution for engine blocks machining in a single set up.

Patent Number 229014
Indian Patent Application Number 1292/CHE/2004
PG Journal Number 12/2009
Publication Date 20-Mar-2009
Grant Date 13-Feb-2009
Date of Filing 01-Dec-2004


Setup Planning for Machining
Manjuri Hazarika, Uday Shanker Dixit
Springer, 27-Nov-2014 - Technology & Engineering - 137 pages
Professionals as well as researchers can benefit from this comprehensive introduction into the topic of setup planning, which reflects the latest state of research and gives hands-on examples. Starting with a brief but thorough introduction, this book explains the significance of setup planning in process planning and includes a reflection on its external constraints. Step-by-step the different phases of setup planning are outlined and traditional as well as modern approaches, such as fuzzy logic based setup planning, on the solution of setup planning problems are presented. Three detailed examples of applications provide a clear and accessible insight into the up-to-date techniques and various approaches in setup planning.

Advanced Fixture Design for FMS
A.Y.C. Nee, K. Whybrew, A. Senthil kumar
Springer Science & Business Media, 06-Dec-2012 - Technology & Engineering - 204 pages

Fixtures are crucial to new manufacturing techniques and largely dictate the level of flexibility a manufacturing system can achieve. Advanced Fixture Design for FMS provides a systematic basis for the selection and design of fixturing systems. It gives a review of the current state of the art of flexible and reconfigurable fixturing systems. Recent developments in design methodology using CAD are analysed in depth. Fixture design is seen as an inseparable part of process planning. The primary objective of a fixture system is to ensure that the part being manufactured can be made consistently within the tolerance specified in the design. A new method of tolerance analysis is used to check the suitability of location surfaces and the sequence of operations and is explained in detail.

Search Google for Workholding for CNC

Good papers and patents for google search -  cnc milling fixture patent

Updated on 1 January 2020
18 December 2019

Saturday, December 28, 2019

Understanding Product Designs by Industrial Engineers

Understanding Engineering Designs and Plans by Industrial Engineers

Understanding Product Designs by Industrial Engineers

Understanding Process Plans by Industrial Engineers

Understanding Facilities Plan - Facility Design by Industrial Engineers

Industrial engineers propose and modify the product designs as part of product industrial engineering. The industrial change proposals in product design and are evaluated by a decision team that includes engineers from product design team also and then approved.

Industrial engineers have to study and understand the product designs of the products for which they are responsible for industrial engineering.

How to Learn to Read Blueprints
Co-authored by Mark Spelman, General Contractor
Updated: November 26, 2019

Blueprints are 2-dimensional architectural design drawings that indicate the size of a planned building, the materials to be used in its construction, and the placement of its features. Learning to read blueprints is essential not only for construction workers but also for the people who hire architects to draft them.

Reading Blueprints

How to Read a Manufacturing Drawing


Product Design Methods and Practices
Henry W. Stoll
CRC Press, 01-Jun-1999 - Technology & Engineering - 400 pages
"Focuses on functional, aesthetically pleasing, mechanically reliable, and easily made products that improve profitability for manufacturers and provide long-term satisfaction for customers. Offers concrete, practical insight immediately applicable to new product design and development projects."

Design for manufacturability methodology and data representation framework for machined components
Krishnan, Krishna Kumar

The core concept of printed circuit board assembly DFM

Understanding Process Plans by Industrial Engineers

Understanding Engineering Designs and Plans by Industrial Engineers

Understanding Product Designs by Industrial Engineers

Understanding Process Plans by Industrial Engineers

Understanding Facilities Plan - Facility Design by Industrial Engineers

Industrial engineers have to understand the current process plans of the organization and observe the current production practice. They should be able to notice deviations if any and find out the reasons for the deviations. Whatever industrial engineering changes they propose to process plans, they have to be finally incorporated into the process plans.

Process planning
Process planning involves the preparation for the manufacture of products.
Process planning deals with the selection and definition of the processes that have to be performed in order to transform raw material into a given shape.

Process planning in part manufacturing includes:

- the interpretation of the part design/drawing.

- the selection of machine tools.

- the selection of tool sets.

- the determination of set-ups.

- the design of fixtures.

- the determination of machining methods.

- the selection of cutting tools.

- the determination of machining sequences.

- the calculation of tool paths.

- the calculation of cutting conditions.

- the generation of NC programs.

Aggregate assembly process planning for concurrent engineering
Laguda, Alima (2002) Aggregate assembly process planning for concurrent engineering. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.

Principles of Process Planning: A logical approach

G. Halevi, R. Weill
Springer Science & Business Media, 31-Dec-1994 - Technology & Engineering - 399 pages

Process planning determines how a product is to be manufactured and is therefore a key element in the manufacturing process. It plays a major part in determining the cost of components and affects all factory activities, company competitiveness, production planning, production efficiency and product quality. It is a crucial link between design and manufacturing. There are several levels of process planning activities. Early in product engineering and development, process planning is responsible for determining the general method of production. The selected general method of production affects the design constraints. In the last stages of design, the designer has to consider ease of manufacturing in order for it to be economic. The part design data is transferred from engineering to manufacturing and process planners develop the detailed work package for manufacturing a part. Dimensions and tolerances are determined for each stage of processing of the workpiece. Process planning determines the sequence of operations and utilization of machine tools. Cutting tools, fixtures, gauges and other accessory tooling are also specified. Feeds, speeds and other parameters of the metal cutting and forming processes are determined.

Table of contents (16 chapters)
Introduction  Pages 1-14
Logical design of a process plan  Pages 15-35
Geometric interpretation of technical drawings  Pages 36-50
Dimensioning and tolerancing for production Pages 51-91
General selection of primary production processes Pages 92-119
Selecting detailed methods of production Pages 120-133
Elements of positioning and workholding Pages 134-169
How to determine the type of operation  Pages 170-193
How to select cutting speed  Pages 194-207
How to select a machine for the job  Pages 208-224
How to select tools for a job  Pages 225-241
SPC — statistical process control  Pages 242-261
Hole-making procedures Pages 262-299
Milling operations  Pages 300-316
Computer-aided process planning (CAPP) Pages 317-332
Example of a fully-developed process plan  Pages 333-349


Understanding Facilities Plan - Facility Design by Industrial Engineers

Understanding Engineering Designs and Plans by Industrial Engineers

Understanding Product Designs by Industrial Engineers

Understanding Process Plans by Industrial Engineers

Understanding Facilities Plan - Facility Design by Industrial Engineers

Engineering processes take place in the facility provided by the organization. To understand the process, industrial engineers have to know the facilities plan first.

Systematic planning of industrial facilities


Hospital design: nailing your facility master plan

DEHART CONSULTING, INC - Facility design consulting

Our industrial engineering, process engineering, material handling, and operations consulting specialists have extensive experience in the packaging, assembly, semiconductor fabrication, electronics, and photonics industries. Our facility design consulting efforts focus on the unique requirements of your business and the factors that affect it. We believe that only understanding these parameters, can our industrial engineers produce a system solution which meets your specific needs. These services provide the foundation for optimizing manufacturing and distribution processes that integrate people, equipment, technology, and facilities.

By focusing first on operational needs and then facilities issues, we deliver a site and facilities plan that:

All end users will accept.
The architects and construction professional will be able to integrate and construct.
Will improve operational throughput and productivity.
Provides modularity and flexibility to support future growth.
Minimizes occupancy and operating costs.
Our Focused FactoryTM facility design consulting services will help your business define the road map for growth, improve operating efficiency and return on assets.

Our deliverables include:

Detailed facility layouts
Process equipment lists
Complete utility requirements
Sustainability recommendations
Worker Safety recommendations
DeHart Consulting is an industrial engineering firm whose strength is in implementation of facility designs. Working with the client’s end users, architects, and facilities professionals, we will handle the project from concept to completion.

"DEHART CONSULTING, INC.'s flow-based manufacturing methods enabled California Amplifier to significantly reduce floor space, manufacturing cycle-time, and overhead staffing requirements, reduce our material costs by nearly 20%, while over tripling California Amplifier's inventory turns to 10+..."
-- Fred Sturm, President and CEO
California Amplifier, Inc.


Product Industrial Engineering Case Study Ideas

9th March 2017

Taking down material gauges but adding design features to retain structural integrity

Reducing the costs through different engineering approaches
Manufacturing a cost-effective product without sacrificing aesthetics, quality or structure

The recent increase in the price of steel gave us a prime opportunity to put Value Engineering into practice.

At the end of last year there was increasing volatility in the steel market and we could see by reading industry publications including ‘Steel Business Briefing’ and other specialist sources that the market was continued to move faster and faster with prices forecast to increase by 86% in the last calendar year.

How did we react? We wrote out to clients to let them know what was happening and what was being projected to happen to steel prices. We then also looked at how we could Value Engineer solutions so that our clients’ budgets weren’t compromised and they maintained their competitive advantage. That included looking at the thickness of the steel we were using / planning on using on certain projects and reducing the thickness. To ensure structural integrity we added in strentheners and stiffening ribs (we believe that every product we manufacture should combine structural integrity with creativity, quality and attention to detail).


 In calendar year 2017, the country's largest iron ore miner has raised prices 48 per cent, to match those in international markets.

3 Reasons Why Steel Prices Will Rise Well Into 2017
by Raul de Frutos on NOVEMBER 15, 2016

Use of galvanised steel in Indian cars less than 17%, says IZA
By Mayank Dhingra 21 Sep 2019

The use of galvanised steel or zinc-coated steel is as low as 17 percent (or less) for passenger cars, making them prone to corrosion.

But export models go through an anti-corrosion galvanisation process that covers up to 70 percent of the vehicle's body shell till the window-line.

In North America and Europe, vehicle manufacturers use galvanised steel in over 90 percent of the vehicle body even including the pillars,  barring just the roof, which is a non-critical area when it comes to the topic of corrosion.

Zinc is a US$ 40 billion per year market and is the fourth-largest used metal worldwide behind iron, aluminium and copper.

Value Engineering: Analysis And Methodology
Del Younker
CRC Press, 14-May-2003 - Technology & Engineering - 350 pages

Electrical Value Engineering 101
In Electrical Contracting Articles, Electrical Estimating Articles by David Parden July 1, 2011
Interesting VE Idea in electrical projects

A building, which utilizes water-cooled package units for primary cooling, is located near coastal Miami, on the flight path of Miami International Airport and it is  a very corrosive environment for roof-mounted mechanical equipment. The original specifications called for a stainless-steel cooling tower. The project was over budget, so as part of VE measures to reduce upfront cost,  a cooling tower (even the basins) of galvanized construction was recommended and accepted. The galvanised  cooling tower saved the owner approximately $35,000. But after 12 years,  the cooling tower has extensive damage caused by corrosion. The current replacement cost is  nearly $500,000. Amortized over the cooling tower’s 12-year life, the cost is approximately $41,000 per year. This is an  example of VE gone bad on a construction project.

Why did it happen. Remember. Value analysis has to recommend alternatives that are reliable.


Value Engineering Ideas - More Thinking Required

Revised Plumbing VE List:

PEX piping in lieu of copper for 3 inches and smaller – $240,000
Plumbing fixture alternates – Accepted
Reduced valves – $120,000
Remove reverse osmosis system for humidifiers – $230,000

You may be now within target budget.

Some VE solutions may be good opportunities on projects during schematic design but since detailed design is completed, design fee might cancel out any savings.

What about  design schedule now? How much time it will take you to make the changes from your list. You’re going to have to change your specs, rerun your calculations on the new PEX, which has different velocities, pressure drop and hanger requirements.

What about the alternate plumbing fixtures? Do any of their requirements change your design? What if the new water closet flush valve requires a higher static pressure to operate, which will change the size of the booster pump? This would be  an unintended consequence of the VE process.  Maybe your safety factor has changed? Now that is an internal dilemma. Are you willing to remove the little safety factor you had to meet the new pressure requirements of the water closer?

If you increase the pumps, you’ll have to go back to the VE exercise.  They’re going to look for you to give them a recommendation. There’s a reason you design with a safety factor. Explain the value and show them the options.


Magnesium  Wheels


Carbon / magnesium wheels for high-performance vehicles
6 APR 2011

Friday, December 27, 2019

Engineering Component - Manufacturers and Suppliers - Value Engineering Information

Deep draw stamping

Versatile and effective, deep draw stamping is a particularly effective metal forming method for parts with high depth measurements and large annual order volumes. A wide range of metals can be used in the deep draw process.
Hudson Technologies
1327 North US Highway 1
Ormond Beach, Florida 32174-2900
Local: 386.672.2000
Toll Free: 866.241.4448
Fax: 386.676.6212

Precision Die Casting

Zinc Die Casting (ZA and ZAMAK)
The Sunbird Engineering team

Low Cost Alloys for Value Engineering

Journal of Magnesium and Alloys

open access
Publisher: National Engineering Research Center for Magnesium Alloys of China, Chongqing University


MNEX - high-cost performance ratio copper alloy

Standard No.  CDA: C41125
Next-generation high-cost performance ratio copper alloy. The world's first Cu-Zn based alloy contributing to the excellent terminal performance and low cost. It is an innovative material that overcomes the deterioration of the spring properties under the high temperature or corrosive environment which was a weak point of the conventional Cu-Zn system. It contributes to the demonstration of the excellent terminal performance and low cost.
A copper alloy for automotive general purpose terminals.
Main purposes of use
In-vehicle terminals, consumer terminals, bus bars, spring materials, press-fit terminals

High strength, high formability, and low cost aluminum lithium alloys

Application EP15191323.3A events
Priority to US14/523,931
Application filed by KAISER ALUMINUM FABRICATED PRODUCTS LLC, Kaiser Aluminum Fabricated Products, LLC
Publication of EP3012338A1
Application status is Pending

High Strength, High Formability, and Low Cost Aluminum-Lithium Alloys
United States Patent Application 20160115576

Die cast alloys with high thermal conductivity (low cost version)
Enhancing the performance of DX 19 as a secondary alloy achieved superior cost performance comparable to the ADC12 alloy.
Exhibiting castability equivalent to the ADC12 alloy and high thermal conductivity, this alloy is an easy replacement for ADC12.

DX19eco Al-11Si-Cu-Fe alloy
Environmentally-friendly alloy offers good castability and allows secondary alloying.


Stronger Than Steel, Able to Stop a Speeding Bullet—It’s Super Wood!
Simple processes can make wood tough, impact-resistant—or even transparent
February 7, 2018

2013 Aluminum Alloy Extrusion for Low Cost Aircraft Structures
[New Product Introduction]

High strength aluminum alloy 2013 extrusion has been developed as an alternative to 2024 alloy that is typically used for aircraft structures. 2013 has equivalent strength characteristics of 2024 alloy, and can be extruded to thin complex shapes because of its excellent extrudability. Therefore, 2013 can reduce assembly and machining cost by means of an integrated structure.


Development of Low Cost Aluminum Tapered Handlebar for Motorcycles

An alloy created using  a large amount of zinc while reducing the amount of the copper, which deteriorates the extrusion productivity.  However, a large amount of zinc decreases the stress corrosion cracking resistance. Therefore, in order to obtain a metallic structure favorable to the prevention of stress corrosion cracking, the mandrel extrusion was applied for the pipe manufacturing method, and heat treatment condition and swaging condition were optimized. With this development, we have made it possible to manufacture the tapered handlebar made of high strength aluminum alloy with less weight by 20% and with lower cost by 30% than those of the conventional handlebar.

Magnesium Sheet Metal with Excellent Room Temperature Formability
—A New Light Weight Metal as Formable as Aluminum Sheet Metal with 1.5 Times Higher Strength, Potentially Suitable for Use in Reducing Vehicle Weight—
The alloy uses only common metals, and is expect to be a low-cost light weight sheet metal for automotive applications.

(“A heat-treatable Mg–Al–Ca–Mn–Zn sheet alloy with good room temperature formability”; M. Z. Bian, T. T. Sasaki, B. C. Suh, T. Nakata, S. Kamado, K .Hono; Scripta Materialia Vol. 138, page 151, http://doi.org/10.1016/j.scriptamat.2017.05.034)

A kind of high resiliency low cost Sn-P-Cu alloy band and preparation method thereof
A kind of high resiliency low cost Sn-P-Cu alloy band and preparation method thereof, its composition and ratio is for including: 0.5~2.5wt% stannum, 0~1.0wt% nickel, 0~1.0wt% zinc, 0.05~0.5wt% ferrum, 0.05~0.5wt% phosphorus, 95~99wt% copper
Application CN201510275343.3A events
2015-05-26 Application filed by 宁波金田铜业(集团)股份有限公司
2015-05-26 Priority to CN201510275343.3A
2017-01-04 Publication of CN106282654A
2017-11-24 Application granted
2017-11-24 Publication of CN106282654B

Development of Type 204 CU Stainless, A Low - Cost Alternate to Type 304

For the development of Type 204Cu Stainless, to achieve lower cost than Type 304, Modified Type 201, with 6% lower nickel content than Type 304 was selected as the base alloy.  To achieve similar formability and work hardening rate as Type 304, copper was the key elemental addition to Modified Type 201. To achieve similar corrosion resistance as Type 304, a careful balance of alloying elements which include chromium, molybdenum, nitrogen and nickel was necessary. Data is presented comparing the strength, work hardening rate, formability, and corrosion resistance of the two alloys. Potential uses for Type 204Cu  are discussed.

See related information in Austenitic Steels



Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, April 1, 2016

RICHLAND, Wash. – An improved titanium alloy — stronger than any commercial titanium alloy currently on the market — gets its strength from the novel way atoms are arranged to form a special nanostructure. For the first time, researchers have been able to see this alignment and then manipulate it to make the strongest titanium alloy ever developed, and with a lower cost process to boot.

They note in a paper published on April 1 by Nature Communications that the material is an excellent candidate for producing lighter vehicle parts, and that this newfound understanding may lead to creation of other high strength alloys.

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory knew the titanium alloy made from a low-cost process they had previously pioneered had very good mechanical properties, but they wanted to know how to make it even stronger. Using powerful electron microscopes and a unique atom probe imaging approach they were able to peer deep inside the alloy's nanostructure to see what was happening. Once they understood the nanostructure, they were able to create the strongest titanium alloy ever made.


New alloy of steel created that's as  light as titanium
February 12, 2015
By altering metal alloy at a nanoscale level,  the Graduate Institute of Ferrous Technology (GIFT) researchers at Pohang University of Science and Technology in South Korea have developed a new alloy that has the strength of steel and the lightness of titanium alloy. Made from an amalgam of steel, aluminum, carbon, manganese, and nickel, the new alloy promises to be low-cost and readily available due to its mix of common minerals.

Low-cost Nanomaterials: Toward Greener and More Efficient Energy Applications
Zhiqun Lin, Jun Wang
Springer, 26-Jun-2014 - Technology & Engineering - 488 pages

IBC’s cost-effective, high-performance castable beryllium-aluminum alloy
OCTOBER 16, 2013
Beryllium is a relatively rare element that is very light, extremely stiff and stronger than steel, x-ray transparent, non-magnetic and non-sparking, and melts at 2,307°C. Aluminum melts at a much lower 660.32°C. Pure beryllium plays a strategic role in the nuclear, aerospace and defense industries, and is widely utilized as an alloy in telecom, computing, electronics, medical, oil and gas, and automotive industries. IBC produces a family of patented beryllium-aluminum alloys — marketed as Beralcast® — that overcomes the limitations of pure beryllium and existing powder metal beryllium-aluminum products, while retaining the benefits of the two metals. IBC’s Beralcast offers a cost-effective solution for high performance applications by combining beryllium’s lightweight and high stiffness with aluminum’s excellent processing characteristics and low cost. Beralcast is produced using a process similar to conventional vacuum investment casting and can be cast into complex shapes that require minimal machining.

Low-cost titanium alloys and method for preparation thereof
The invention defines a low-cost titanium alloy, comprising iron and chromium as principal alloying elements, of composition Ti-xFe-yCr, wherein x = 1 - 9% and y = 0.2 - 3%, percentages expressed in weight with reference to total alloy weight.

Priority to ES200802403A
Priority to ESP200802403
Application filed by Universidad Carlos Iii De Madrid
Publication of WO2010015723A1


Low Cost Aluminum Foams For Industrial Application
Date: July 23, 2009
In this process, the production of aluminum foam is a continuous process, and leads to significant cost reductions since this is a cheaper product than titanium hydride and other currently used foaming agents, it can multiply the many applications of these materials.

The main applications of aluminum foams are found in the automotive industry (impact, acoustic and vibration absorbers), the aerospace industry as structural components in turbines and spatial cones, in the naval industry as low frequency vibration absorbers, and in construction industry as sound barriers inside tunnels and as fire proof materials, structure protection systems against explosions and even as decoration.

Low-Cost Titanium Armors for Combat Vehicles

An 85% copper, 9% nickel, and 6% tin alloy developed by Bell Labs is roughly 15% stronger—and will sustain a 40% greater load under repeated bending—than copper-beryllium, reportedly the strongest copper alloy currently used. And the cost of the new combination is about one third

More General

Low cost corrosion resistant compositionally complex alloys (CCAs)
Funder: United States Department of the Navy (DON)
Grant number: N000141712807
Funding amount
USD 291 K
Funding period 2017 1 Aug ‐ 2020 31 Aug

New Database Helps Create Innovative Steel Alloys
By Mark Lessard

Titanium vs Aluminum - DMLS and CNC

Thin sheets made of an aluminium-copper-lithium alloy for producing airplane fuselages
The invention relates to a method for manufacturing a thin sheet having a thickness of 0.5 to 3.3 mm and an essentially non-recrystallized structure made of aluminium-based alloy

Systems Design Approach to Low-Cost Coinage Materials
Eric A. Lass,* Mark R. Stoudt, and Carelyn E. Campbell
Integr Mater Manuf Innov. 2018; 7: 10.1007/s40192-018-0110-2.
doi: 10.1007/s40192-018-0110-2

The Steel Vs Aluminum Rivalry in Automobiles
November 27, 2017

Properties and Production of Lightweight Metals
Written by AZoM  Oct 6 2016

The Advantages of Zinc Casting Alloys
Martina Fagnani
December 14, 2016

New Materials for Next-Generation Commercial Transports (1996)
Chapter: 3 Metallic Materials and Processes

Woldman's Engineering Alloys
John P. Frick
ASM International, 01-Jan-2000 - Technology & Engineering - 1363 pages

Annotation New edition of a reference that presents the values of properties typical for the most common alloy processing conditions, thus providing a starting point in the search for a suitable material that will allow, with proper use, all the necessary design limitations to be met (strength, toughness, corrosion resistance and electronic properties, etc.) The data is arranged alphabetically and contains information on the manufacturer, the properties of the alloy, and in some cases its use. The volume includes 32 tables that present such information as densities, chemical elements and symbols, physical constants, conversion factors, specification requirements, and compositions of various alloys and metals. Also contains a section on manufacturer listings with contact information. Edited by Frick, a professional engineering consultant. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).

Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys
Joseph R. Davis
ASM International, 1993 - Technology & Engineering - 784 pages

This one-stop reference is a tremendous value and time saver for engineers, designers and researchers. Emerging technologies, including aluminum metal-matrix composites, are combined with all the essential aluminum information from the ASM Handbook series (with updated statistical information).

Microstructure and Orientation Effects on Properties of Discontinuous Silicon Carbide/Aluminum Composites
David L. McDanels and Charles A. Hoffman Lewis Research Center Cleveland, Ohio
NASA Technical Paper
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Scientific and Technical Information Office, 1984

Search Google "Low Cost" Alloy

Productivity and Industrial Engineering News - Bulletin Board

IISE Podcasts

Chicken Company

Principles of Industrial Engineering

Paper Available Online - Free Download
Proceedings - 2017 Industrial and Systems Engineering Conference

Industrial engineering Principles, Methods Tools and Techniques

Industrial Engineering is Redesign of Engineering Systems and Implementation of the Redesigned Engineering System to Realize Increased Productivity and Reduced Unit Cost of Production of Its Output. The Output can be Product or Service. (Narayana Rao, 27 September 2019).

Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan - One Year Plan

The plans are liked by hundreds of professional industrial engineers in the Linked communities of industrial engineering

January - February - March - April - May - June

July - August - September - October - November - December

Engineering and Technology News 2019


UK Economy Has Too Few Robots

The UK is lagging behind the world's other advanced economies in the shift to robots and automation in the workplace - putting jobs, businesses and the prosperity of whole regions at risk, according to an influential group of MPs sitting on the Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Committee.

The committee in its report published in September 2019.

 Gains are typically achieved through advances in technology and increased skill levels within a workforce.

Economic and Social History: Industry and Trade, 1880-1960
Pages 140-208

A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 7, the City of Birmingham. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1964.

Scientific management at work: the Bedaux system, management consulting, and worker efficiency in British industry, 1914-48
Authors: Weatherburn, Michael
Item Type: Thesis or dissertation

Pages 1-15 | Published online: 26 Apr 2007

Moving Towards Productivity and Quality Excellence
Fong Ho-Keng BE MBA MSc
Partridge Publishing Singapore, 21-Sep-2018 - Business & Economics - 286 pages
This book provides the knowledge foundations and strategic directions to organizations aiming to move towards quality, productivity and business excellence. Through latest case studies and practical examples, readers will be guided from identifying and prioritizing the opportunities for improvement, measuring and analyzing the root causes, to eliminating the sources of the problems. Readers will also be exposed to the information technology used in the “Trilogy of Moving Towards Business Excellence”. For example, moving towards quality excellence can be achieved through digitalization of ISO9001:2015 quality management system. In addition to dispensing with most of the paper work as well as the internal audit, it will also ensure that the key requirements of the latest version of ISO9001:2015 are complied with and executed effectively. Both the quality and productivity of the organization will be enhanced. Total Factor Productivity is heavily used to help organizations move towards productivity excellence. System integration is one of the key techniques used to achieve this goal. For example, when a high-technology operations system, such as BD, ECOM, FINTECH, AI, IOT etc., is integrated into HIMS-BEST, the organization will attain the 1+1=3 synergic benefit. It will achieve the organizational goals in addition to achieving the operational goals.

40% savings in cycle time in injection moulding


23 October 2019

9 Recommended Books You Must Read To Increase Productivity
Posted on September 20, 2019

A major study by the Scottish Centre For Employment Research is ongoing into how to improve management practice to boost productivity and better enable innovation.
Scottish Government set target of joining the top quartile of OECD countries for productivity. But  Scotland is still 20 per cent below the target

National productivity is regarded as crucial to sustainable economic growth. It  boosts businesses’ profitability and increases household incomes due to higher wages for additional production.

A multi-layered research team at Strathclyde Business School (SBS) at the University of Strathclyde is doing research to find out what needs to be done to improve productivity. The business school’s Scottish Centre for Employment Research (SCER) is doing the study.
SBS Professor Tricia Findlay
Professor Colin Lindsay
Professor Arnold Bakker, Erasmus University, and Professor Evangelia Demerouti, Eindhoven University of Technology
Thursday 19 September 2019

How Does An Electric Water-Activated Tape Dispenser Improve Productivity? in the the packing and shipping process in your warehouse.
Productivity Perk #1: Operating Electric Tape Dispensers Is Faster
Productivity Perk #2: Electric Tape Dispensers Cut To Pre-Set Lengths
Productivity Perk #3: Reduced Movement Required To Seal Cartons

New Approaches for Cost Grouping in Cost Management and Accounting
A Kholkin1

Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 272, 3. Section two

The Impact of Target Costing (TC) on Reduction of Manufacturing Costs “Empirical Study”
URI: http://repository.sustech.edu/handle/123456789/21913
Date: 2018-11-01

Making cost engineering count
July 2019 | Article
By Denise Cheung, Wolfgang Günthner, Patricio Ibanez, and Stephan Mohr

Productivity analysis of machining milled surfaces
J Kundrák, V Molnár and I Deszpoth

Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 448, Number 1

Concreting Productivity - 2018 Productivity Science

Cube Automation Productivity Case Studies

Isuzu rolls out 10,000th vehicle from its SriCity facility
Isuzu Motors India rolled out the 10,000th vehicle from its SriCity plant in Andhra
Pradesh. It was an Isuzu D-Max V-Cross that rolled out from its assembly line
marking a milestone along with company’s commitment to the Indian market.
Since the inception of the Isuzu’s plant in 2016, it has been producing D-Max VCross, mu-X – the full-size 7-seater SUV and D-Max S-Cab and Regular Cab models
for the commercial segment.

Isuzu Motors India crossed the cumulative sale of 10,000 units in March 2018
which includes the models that were manufactured at Hindustan Motors facility
near Chennai till early 2016. The facilitiy was inaugurated  in April 2016 and the
first V-Cross was rolled out from the plant, speaking the commencement of its
manufacturing operations in India. The plant follows the highly regarded ‘Isuzu Manufacturing
Management’ philosophy which translates into delivering quality across all

Data-Driven Productivity

26th CIRP Conference on Life Cycle Engineering (LCE) Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA May 7-9, 2019
Edited by John W. Sutherland, Steven J. Skerlos, Fu Zhao
Volume 80,
Pages 1-774 (2019), Open Access Papers

Boom Lift

Productivity Improving - Cost Reducing 3PL Solutions from Mahindra Logistics Ltd.

MAHINDRA LOGISTICS leading the way with asset-light integrated supply-chain solutions
May 23, 2019
Interview with Sushil Rathi, COO, MLL, PGDIE(NITIE)

Third-Party Logistics or 3PL concept has actually originated from the automotive sector. 3PL services now include shipping the components to the manufacturing plant, storing them, getting them to the assembly line and finally taking the end product to the market. Now a typical automobile plant’s job is to assemble the vehicle. All sub-assemblies and components  comes from the suppliers. It is the logistics partner who brings all required sub-assemblies and components to the assembly line. This makes logistics one of the key function areas in automotive industry today. To cater to auto sector, MLL made Auto & Engineering (A&E) as one integrated business vertical. It provides value-added services with many innovations and a unique approach that emphasizes service and productivity (total cost reduction). It offers many value-added services like multi-modal transportation, warehousing solutions, stores and linefeed services, yard management, large contractual workforce management, just-in-time services, aftermarket logistics, return logistics, layout and process design support.

One Innovation explained in detail:

Final Assembly of tractors at stock-yards. 

Instead of moving fully-built 5-6 tractors, components like tires, wheels, chimneys and other large components are transported separately to the stockyards. More tractors in SKD format are transported per vehicle and final assembly is done at the stockyard. This process redesign helped bring the logistics cost down for the customer.   They are also able to deliver to their customers faster.

Bundle Redesign to increase Truck Space Utilization

Suggested to the client  to reduce the size of their TMT bars’ bundle size so as to accommodate more packets in the new higher load truck, reducing the cost of logistics by 10% which can be passed on to the end customers.

MLL serves over 350 corporate customers across various industries like Automobile, Engineering, Consumer Goods and E-commerce. It has  a set of 40 engineers working on the solutions and the processes. Automation is an important area for innovation.


We have to improve our work habits, productivity levels to compete with China: NR Narayana Murthy

How a High Tech Electronics Company Saved Millions by Attacking their Mechanical Spend
The aPriori Customer profiled in this Case Study is in the High Tech Electronics (HTE) industry vertical, and focuses on the design and manufacture of networking equipment, servers and switches.

ASM International enhances ALD productivity with new 300 mm XP8 Quad Chamber Module

ASM International enhances ALD productivity with new very competetive 300 mm XP8 Quad Chamber Module providing:
High productivity platform for PEALD and PECVD Processing of up to 16 wafers at a time.
The XP8 architecture enables integrated processing using both DCMs and QCMs for flexibility and productivity optimization.

Agile Velocity Is Not a Measure of Productivity
Posted On March 18, 2019  By Lean Agile Training

Book Series "Increasing Productivity in Software Development"

3D printer that prints solid, 100% dense, precise, and strong metal objects


3D Printing process: Selective Powder Deposition (SPD)

Build volume: about 285x240x97mm (or any custom size)

Pourer diameter: 1mm, 2mm (or any custom size)

Layer height: 0.1 to 1.0mm (user configurable in GUI)

Min width of a detail: one pourer diameter

Min height of a detail: one layer height

Powders cost: $2 to $16 per kg.

To meet the growing demand, we are starting to look for business partners who would manufacture and sell the printers under their own brand name. We will provide the manufacturing files, the controller board with the firmware, and the iro_ui slicer software. The printers shall have a label, saying "Licensed by iro3d.com". Contact us for the details.


What metals are supported?
The printer itself is material agnostic, and can pour any powder that flows though a small hole. In theory, SPD should work with any metal combinations where the infill metal has lower melting temperature than the powder. But different metals might require different baking temperatures and different fluxes. In theory, for not-very-reactive metals, such as iron, copper, nickel, tin, zinc, lead, molybdenum, manganese, cobalt, tungsten, palladium, cadmium, silver, gold, platinum - we can use coke (carbon) as a flux. So far, we have tried carbon steel, brass , bronze, copper-iron, and copper-nickel. For other alloys, which contain silicon, aluminum, chromium, vanadium, magnesium, or titanium - a different flux should be used. Suggestions are welcome.

What's the shrinkage?
There is no shrinkage. The metal powder is not sintered, but infused with infill metal. So, the size and shape is preserved.

What's the print time?
Print time very much depends on the size and complexity of the object. Rough average would be about 24 hours.

Is there any post-processing required?
Yes. After filling the crucible with the powders, you would need to bake it in a kiln.

What's the baking temperature?
The baking temperature must be in-between melting temperatures of the infill metal and the metal powder. Pure copper infill metal melts at 1084°C. Pure iron powder melts at 1538°C. So, to print with copper-iron the temperature must be between 1084°C and 1538°C. For example 1184°C. For carbon steel, the melting temperature of the infill metal depends on the carbon content. There are many resources on the Internet that assist with calculation of melting temperatures of different alloys. For example this one: this one. For example, for carbon steel infill metal with 4.3% carbon, the baking temperature must be between 1147°C and 1538°C. For example 1250°C. The carbon content of the resulting 3D print is the proportional average of the carbon content of the powder and the infill. For example, with iron powder with apparent density of 3 g/cm3, and infill metal with 4.3% carbon, the carbon content of the resulting 3D print would be around 2.6%

What's the baking hold time?
The hold time should be sufficient for the heat to get to the middle of the crucible and melt the infill metal. The minimum hold time depends on the size and thermal conductivity of the crucible, the mass, and the difference between the melting temperature of the infill metal and your baking temperature. For copper-iron or copper-nickel, with baking temperature of 1184°C, and the crucible shown in the video, the hold time of 2 hours was sufficient.

What kind of kiln is required?
For copper infill metal, your kiln should be able to go above the copper melting temperature, which is 1084°C, so most pottery kilns would work. A kiln with programmable digital controller is preferred, because it can be programmed to go slowly though quarts inversion temperature, which is useful if you use a clay crucible. A new pottery kiln might cost you about $1000. A used one you might find for a few hundred dollars on Craig's List, if you look for a while. For carbon steel the minimum required temperature would depend on the carbon content, from 1147°C to 1538°C.

How can I buy the printer? How much does it cost?
You can order the printer by email. The standard size costs $5000 plus shipping. (On June 1st, 2019, the price will go up to $6000.) The price of a custom size printer depends on the size. It's likely that in the near future we'll have a second standard size with print volume of 610x610x380 mm.

Where can I buy the consumables? (metal powders, support powders, infill metal, and crucibles)
You can buy consumables from 3rd parties. The powders should be able to flow though 0.9mm hole. For that, they should be spherical enough, and have particle size of about 50-150 microns. The powders and the infill metal shouldn't have too many impurities. For example, oxygen cause babbles in the printed object. The crucibles should be able to withstand the baking temperature. It's probably better to buy consumables specifically intended for SPD process. We prefer consumables from TriDPrinting.com - please contact them directly. Their phone number is on their home page.

What are the practical applications for SPD?
There are many. One is to print molds in tool steel (for plastic injection molding) with conformal cooling channels. Another, is to print large objects, like a car engine block, or even huge once, like a vault door.

Management Process Industrial Engineering - Part 1



Interesting Google Book Links





IE as CEO - Panel Discussion

Purdue Industrial Engineering

Industrial Engineering 4.0 - IE in the Era of Industry 4.0

Industrial Engineering 4.0

Industry 4.0 - IIoT Technology - Industrial Engineering - Productivity Science

Industry 4.0 - IIoT - Productivity Engineering

Industry 4.0 - IIoT - Productivity Management

Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan - One Year Plan

The plans are liked by hundreds of professional industrial engineers in the Linked communities of industrial engineering

January - February - March - April - May - June

July - August - September - October - November - December


Technology and Manufacturing News

Design for Manufacture MArch Degree
This programme teaches students how to place their design skills in the context of fast-evolving developments in construction, fabrication, assembly and automation.

Special Issue "Sustainable Industrial Engineering along Product-Service Life Cycle/Supply Chain"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2019

The practical application of the principles of industrial ... Society of industrial engineers. - 1920

Corporate Author: Society of industrial engineers.
Published: [Chicago, The Frederick H. Jaenicken co., printers, 1920]
Full book available for reading

Engineering Management 2005

A suitable employment for industrial engineers

Cost Excellence & Productivity Manager (OFS)

McKinsey Article
Zero-based productivity: Going granular and end-to-end across the supply chain
March 2019

CIM Courses @ PSU




Advances in Mechanical Engineering
0.848 Impact Factor
Table of Contents
Volume 11 Issue 3, March 2019

Industrial Engineer
The Boeing Company

Date posted 03/13/2019
Location Huntsville Alabama United States

Position Responsibilities:

Supporting product and process design teams throughout all phases of product life-cycle

Applying basic Industrial Engineering concepts, techniques, analysis and decision tools to promote and implement changes in manufacturing, engineering and service operations.

Developing models, data bases and spreadsheets to analyze data (e.g., statistics, operations research, engineering economics), and provide summary analysis and metrics as directed by higher level employees for consultation to customers (e.g., management, departments, suppliers).

Applying basic industrial engineering techniques and concepts to product and process design teams throughout all phases of product life-cycle, resulting in a robust product design and work statement that meets program requirements.

Research, design, develop, improve, and implement processes as directed to enhance schedule performance, lower cost, and improve quality, through the application of Lean and other Industrial Engineering concepts for large scale systems integration and asset utilization.

Utilize engineering methods (e.g., mathematical models, simulation, statistics) to assist in developing optimal process designs and efficient utilization of resources (e.g., facilities, personnel, materials, equipment) in the creation and validation of products.

Analyze and support the design of the value stream, including capability, capacity (e.g., make/buy, supplier selection, risk analysis, supplier performance), throughput, work flow and logistics (e.g., critical path, lead-time, transportation, factory layout).

A suitable employment for industrial engineers

Cost Excellence & Productivity Manager (OFS)

McKinsey Article
Zero-based productivity: Going granular and end-to-end across the supply chain
March 2019

Process Line Productivity - Benefit from New Innovations

Labor Productivity and Costs
US Department of Labor Page
Labor productivity is a measure of economic performance that compares the amount of goods and services produced (output) with the number of hours worked to produce those goods and services. The BLS also publishes measures of multifactor productivity.
Read: Productivity in Transit: A New Measure of Labor Productivity for Urban Transit Systems

Driving Productivity Growth Through Innovation in High Value Manufacturing
With leadership from two of the N8 universities, Sheffield City Region and the Lancaster Local Enterprise Partnership area have collaborated to produce a Science and Innovation Audit (SIA) describing the regions strengths in High Value Manufacturing.

This vision, of a “Northern Advanced Manufacturing Innovation Corridor”, will drive productivity and innovation by bringing together existing and emerging capital assets and research programmes.

Metal Printing - 100 Times Faster

Desktop Metal plans to sell two different types of machines: a relatively inexpensive “desktop” model suitable for designers and engineers fabricating prototypes, and the other  that is fast and large enough for manufacturing on commercial scale. Several innovations facilitate the development of these machines based on  Sachs’s original invention and  the development of very high-speed ink-jet printing for depositing the binder. Successively printing about 1,500 layers, each 50 micrometers thick and deposited in a few seconds, the production-scale printer can build up a 500-cubic-inch part in an hour. That’s about 100 times faster than a laser-based 3-D printer can make metal parts.



Manufacturing Engineering Process Control Automation
November 2018 Issue

Additive Hybrid Machine Tool Advancements Springing Up
October 16, 2018 by Robb Hudson - CEO, Mitsui Seiki USA, Inc.

Improvement Is Not Optional - It is done periodically per a schedule

No matter how busy this shop gets, it continues to pull teams of employees out of production so they can focus on solving problems to make incremental process changes. The advances add up. Today, this is a very different shop than it once was.

 Peter Zelinski
Article Post: 9/1/2014

Workholding’s Clever New Concepts: Part II
May 1, 2007 by Robert B. Aronson - Senior Editor
Don’t overlook this path to productivity

Automatic magazine bar feeders
For those turning parts from barstock, automatic magazine bar feeders can provide an affordable way to achieve manufacturing efficiency.

Zero Base Budgeting for Productivity - McKinsey July/August 2018 Articles

Call for Productivity Improvement by CEO - Boeing

Free Issue of IJPR with articles on Smart Manufacturing


January 2018

PRONTO Quick Jaw Change System for productivity



Robots manufacturing  shoe uppers 20 times faster than humans.

Using the Grabit robotic system’s electroadhesion technology, Nike is able to manufacture its shoe uppers 20 times faster than humans.
January 24, 2018

Benefits Of an Industry 4.0 CMMS

Reducing maintenance costs
Reducing asset downtime and asset failure

Top-10 Inspiring TED Talks: Productivity, Creativity and Balance


Productivity Improvement Using AI, Robots and Lidar

Doxel's  business is making construction cheaper, and their method  is combining massive amounts of data with deep-learning techniques.

 Using autonomous robots equipped with lidar, Doxel scans construction sites every day to track progress and check that things have been installed correctly.  In a recent pilot study on a medical office building, Doxel says it managed to increase labor productivity on the project by a staggering 38 percent.



What is Azure Cost Management?

How to Build a Motion-Sensored IoT ''Smart'' Pumpkin


December 2017

Innovative, High Productivity Fiber Laser Tube Cutting

TruLaser Tube 5000 fiber laser tube cutting machine from TRUMPF is the world’s first tube cutting machine with a solid-state laser to eliminate the need for a fully enclosed housing, making it quick and easy to load individual tubes and profiles or to remove finished parts while the machine is in operation.
December 30, 2017

TruLaser Tube 5000 fiber laser tube cutting machine is one more example of Product Productivity Engineering

It's time to select new leaders for IISE board for future

Measuring and Improving Productivity: A New Quantitative Approach
By Radovilsky, Zinovy D.; Gotcher, J. William
Industrial Management, Vol. 34, No. 3, May/June 1992

a. What are the factors that affect productivity?

b. How do we measure these factors?

c. What is the appropriate approach to analyze these factors?

d. What is the model that can be used for predicting productivity growth while varying the factors' values?

We attempted to analyze productivity in connection with losses which occurred during the production process.

Select Bibliography on Productivity
Quantitative Techniques in Production and Productivity
By D. Thakur

November 2017

“Industry 4.0, Leapfrog Opportunity for India” - Productivity Week Theme - India 2018

Productivity Solutions - Franklin Covey - Personal Improvement

Productivity Research Network
NUS Business School

Lancaster University Management School
Lancaster, United Kingdom

Productivity Features of New Ford Truck

October 2017

Four theories to explain the UK’s productivity woes

What is productivity? And why does it matter that it is falling again?
What does this mean for ordinary people? Why should it concern us (UK Economy)? And what can we do about it?

September 2017

Boosting productivity - Research identifies small changes that lead to big improvements in performance
By Heather Stringer
September 2017, Vol 48, No. 8

Productivity in the UK - Research Brief for Parliament
September 20, 2017

July 2017

Functions of Industrial Engineering

June 2017

A good description and discussion on Industrial Engineering and Systems Engineering and combining the two in practice.
Chapter 1 of  Handbook of |Industrial and Systems Engineering, Second Edition, Ed. by Adedeji Badiru.

The First 50 Years of the Department of Industrial and Operations Engineering at the University of Michigan: 1955–2005
Don B. Chaffin

Top 20 Personal Productivity Blogs


10 Must-Follow Productivity Gurus and Their Top Tips

May 2017

Principles of Industrial Engineering Presented in IISE Conference



OECD Compendium of Productivity Indicators 2017
You can download the full statistics and content.

April 2017

Productivity of Government Activities - McKinsey Report

"If all countries were to match the productivity improvements already demonstrated in government activities, the world’s governments could potentially save as much as $3.5 trillion a year by 2021—equivalent to the entire global fiscal gap."

Gone with the Headwinds : Global Productivity

IMF Staff Discussion Notes No. 17/04
Author/Editor:Gustavo Adler ; Romain A Duval ; Davide Furceri ; Sinem Kiliç Çelik ; Ksenia Koloskova ; Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro Publication Date: April 3, 2017 Electronic Access:Free Full Text (PDF file size is 1736 KB)

Productivity growth—the key driver of living standards—fell sharply following the global financial crisis and has remained sluggish since, adding to a slowdown already in train before. Building on new research, this note finds that the productivity slowdown reflects both crisis legacies and structural headwinds.

March 2017

Understanding US productivity trends from the bottom-up
Joseph Parilla and Mark Muro, 2017

Productivity remains a critical source of prosperity.  Since 2004, productivity has been expanding at its slowest clip in the post-war era. Its causes—from declining breakthroughs in major technologies, to inefficiencies in major sectors like education, healthcare, and housing, to simply a mismeasurement issue—remain the subject of much debate.

March 2017

THE COMING PRODUCTIVITY BOOM: Transforming the Physical Economy with Information


December 2016

CEOs recognize the importance of Productivity

At the leadership level, executives of US manufacturers clearly recognize the importance of productivity. In a recent BCG study, more than 90% of the executives surveyed cited productivity as one of their top five most important corporate initiatives.
Productivity Now: A Call to Action for US Manufacturers, BCG Persepctives
DECEMBER 14, 2016

The Power of Productivity: An Assessment of UK Firms and Factors Contributing to
Productivity Enhancement
Dr Alexander Grous
London School of Economics and Political Science, December, 2016

November 2016

See entire issue of Journal of Industrial Engineering Sep - Oct 1964 for role of IEs in various types of organizations.

August 2016

Productivity as the key to economic growth and development (English)

June 2016

UK Government's Productivity Plan Review 2015-16

Investment Association UK's Productivity Plan 2016

Boosting competitiveness, managing costs and reducing emissions

Links between weak investment and the slowdown in productivity and potential output growth across the OECD
Patrice Ollivaud, Yvan Guillemette, David Turner - OECD, France
08 June 2016

May 2016

US productivity slips for first time in three decades
Prospect of wage stagnation
MAY 26, 2016

April 2016

Why Has the Cyclicality of Productivity Changed?
What Does It Mean?

Industrial Engineers – Improving Processes for More Efficiency

by Brian Rooney
October 20, 2015
Interesting writeup

Workshop Presentations on Benchmarking Project Efficiency, 30.01.2015


Center for Productivity Innovation
UT Knoxville

News on Industrial Engineering in Africa



Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan - One Year Plan

January - February - March - April - May - June

July - August - September - October - November - December

In months after June the articles prescribed have to be modified as a new scheme is started in 2015.

July 2015
New Metal Property reduces cutting force by half and speeds machining - Industrial engineering faculty of Purdue involved in research on machining

June 2015

Industrial Engineering, Management Science and Applications 2015
Mitsuo Gen, Kuinam J Kim, Xiaoxia Huang
Springer, Jan 1, 2015 - 1085 pages
This volume provides a complete record of presentations made at "Industrial Engineering, Management Science and Applications 2015 "(ICIMSA 2015), and provides the reader with a snapshot of current knowledge and state-of-the-art results in industrial engineering, management science and applications. The goal of ICIMSA is to provide an excellent international forum for researchers and practitioners from both academia and industry to share cutting-edge developments in the field and to exchange and distribute the latest research and theories from the international community. The conference is held every year, making it an ideal platform for people to share their views and experiences in industrial engineering, management science and applications related fields.

IIE Transations - Index to All Volumes

D.R. Towill P. Childerhouse, (2011),"Industrial engineering priorities for improved demand chain
performance", International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, Vol. 60 Iss 3 pp. 202 -
Permanent link to this document:

IE Course Notes by Prof Sam ADEJUYIGBE

(With special reference to Power Projects Construction)
Dr. B. Kuberudu, , Ch.Sreenivasa Rao , and  B.Sridhar
International Journal of Advanced Technology in Engineering and Science
Volume No 03, Special Issue No. 01, March 2015

ARGON has developped a service that allows for very fast scanning of fuel tanks with immediate feedback for adjusting the cooling fixture. The procedure has saved TI Lokeren (Belgium) up to 80% in time and material cost for the process approval for a Volvo fuel tank. Additionally the total geometry of the fuel tank is captured so no areas are overlooked.

"Thanks to ARGON we have significantly decreased our costs and increased the dimensional quality of our products" says Michel De Clercq, Industrial Engineering Manager of TI Automotive Lokeren.

A New Curriculum for Manufacturing & Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management for BS and MS Degrees
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences
Volume 102, 22 November 2013, Pages 560–567
6th International Forum on Engineering Education (IFEE 2012)

Comparing Engineering Management and Industrial Engineering programs

May 2015

Recent Advances in Industrial Engineering - Articles - Springer Collection

Articles on Lean Manufactuing and Product Development by S. Vinodh, NIT Trichy

March 2015

IEOM International Conference on Operations Excellence and Service Engineering, September 10-11, 2015, Orlando, USA

What is Operational Excellence in Manufacturing and Supply Chain?

November 2014

Industrial Engineering Strategy  -  Companies have define their industrial engineering strategy. Do they intend to benefit from it? By how amount? Through what organization structure? How many industrial engineers will they employ? What tools they will emphasize? What are the bottle neck areas in the plant? etc.

Faculty Directory of IE Faculty Members

Compiling a directory of faculty members in top IE programs and institutes. This is the first step to compile research output in the area of IE in recent years.

Industrial Engineering Professors - Faculty - Top IE Programs and Institutes

July 2014
July - Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan

19 June 2014

Industrial Engineering Knowledge Revision Plan - Started on 17 June 2014

A division of Aldevron, a biotech company has invited researchers from University of Wisconsin-Madison to study its processes and improve the speed. The normal focus in biotech companies is to make efforts to improve yield.

26 Feb

New Lessons from Toyota - 2014 

Deryl Sturdevant,  Retired as president and CEO of Canadian Autoparts Toyota (CAPTIN)
The two pillars of the Toyota Production System are the philosophy of continuous improvement (kaizen) and training, skilling  and empowerment for people, particularly line workers. Involvement of line workers in improvement activities in a systematic manner rather than in a sporadic manner through suggestions schemes is a special feature of TPS. The line management is responsible for improvement on a continuous basis apart from the staff help. It is an American idea implemented very well in Japan.  Evaluation tools keep upgrading the bar every year in Toyota.

Rank-and-file workers know far more any particular tool than do executives. The job of executives is to understand how all the tools combine to make an effective and efficient system.

For creating any change, you need knowledge and passion. With lean journey also it is the same. You need knowledge and passion.

SMED activity is still going on in Toyota. In making an aluminum-alloy wheel five years ago, changeover required about four or five hours. But now, the process was modified so that the changeover time is down to less than an hour.

One of the basic Toyota approaches: Try and perfect any improvement before you recommend implementing it elsewhere. But once again as a principle, perfection is a moving target.

The Lean System of Motivation

Bringing lean thinking to energy
Beset by rising costs, resource-intensive manufacturers are applying lean-management thinking in new ways to reduce the amount of energy used in production, to increase resource productivity—or both.
McKinsey Article - Feb 2014

The Remedy: Bringing Lean Thinking Out of the Factory to Transform the Entire Organization

21 Feb

Industrial Engineering - Productivity Enhancing Technology Development

1000th Published Post in Industrial Engineering Knowledge Center Blog
What is Industrial Engineering?
Industrial Engineering is Human Effort Engineering and System Efficiency Engineering.
Technology is a subsystem in the Systems made efficient by industrial engineers. Hence creating efficient technology or more productive technology is a task of industrial engineering

19 Feb 2014

The Productivity Manual: Methods and Activities for Involving Employees in Productivity Improvement

Elizabeth A. Smith, Taylor & Francis, 1995 - Business & Economics - 234 pages
Managers and supervisors will appreciate the manual's straightfoward, problem-solving approach. Trainers will benefit from the quantitive and qualitive techniques for measuring, analyzing, and reporting organizational and personnel achievements.
Google Book Link http://books.google.co.in/books?id=zj2jspgdcn4C

PepsiCo’s (PEP) productivity plan

PepsiCo’s (PEP) productivity plan from 2015 through 2019 will result in cost savings of $1 billion a year, About 40 percent  will come from labor cuts. Under the plan, PepsiCo will increase investment in manufacturing automation, close some manufacturing facilities, reengineer its distribution network in developed markets to be more efficient, share more back-office services, and simplify organization.
Productivity at the company hasn’t kept pace with sales growth. There are opportunities because of previous investments made in information systems, to make supply chain more efficient and go-to-market systems more efficient.
PepsiCo employed 278,000 employees in fiscal 2012, down from 297,000 a year earlier.

UK's Productivity’s Lost Decade – And How To Avoid Another
Strong GDP and employment growth throughout 2013 has highlighted productivity’s continued weakness. At the onset of the recession in Q1 2008, productivity initially fell. However, it has not recovered and remains 4% below the pre-crisis peak on an output per hour basis. Productivity has now fallen back to where it was in Q4 2005. Without improvements, we will have lived through almost a decade of stagnant productivity.

Getting Lean with Your Healthcare Practice:
Five Tips for Improving Provider Productivity with an EHR
EHR - Electronic Health Records

Introduction to Software Productivity
Galorath Incorporated
2010 presentation

Book Review: Growing the Productivity of Government Services by Patrick Dunleavy and Leandro Carrera
In this book Patrick Dunleavy and Leandro Carrera ask why government productivity has been so neglected in the study of economics and public management. Chapters cover customs regulation, tax services, and the need to embrace digital change, and the book concludes with some clear and practical advice.

12 Feb 2014

Productivity Day in India

It is important to study carefully the definition of management by Koontz and O'Donnell

"Management is the process of designing and maintaining an environment in which individuals, working together in groups, efficiently accomplish selected aims."

Also they say in the chapter on productivity,

"In reality this entire book on management is about productivity."

Are management professionals and professors following that idea?




 THE WORLD'S TOP 10 MOST INNOVATIVE Solutions from COMPANIES IN PRODUCTIVITY Improvement of people in general

NitroDesk Announces Cockpit Mobile Productivity Management Solution
Cockpit allows for management of TouchDown corporate data container

Committed to sustainable productivity
Atlas Copco is a world-leading provider of sustainable productivity solutions. We serve customers in more than 180 countries with products and service focused on productivity, energy efficiency, safety and ergonomics.

Photoshop Keyboard Eliminates Shortcuts For Increased Productivity
The Shortcut-S is a computer keyboard created specifically for designers that use Photoshop and other graphics and video software. The keyboard has 319 tactile keys that are customizable.

9 Feb 2014

11 Ways to Improve Your IT Team's Productivity


What is Lean Management?

Lean Management is management with simultaneous emphasis on customer satisfaction or goal achievement and productivity or resource consumption.

Liquid Lean: Developing Lean Culture in the Process Industries

Published: February 24, 2010 by Productivity Press Content:346 Pages |
Author(s):Raymond C. Floyd

Forth International Productivity Cartoon Festival: 

No. 164, 6th Boostan St., Opposite White Tower ( Burj-e-Sefid) , Pasdaran Ave., Tehran, Iran.

The programme is a collaboration between BCA Academy and The Singapore Contractors Association Ltd (SCAL).  It caters to the specific needs of the contractors and builders in managing construction productivity. The course will be conducted over 12 sessions.  Each session will last for 3 hours in the evening, once a week.

Wide range of connectors with molded-on control cables, guarantees high productivity for your machines and systems, even in the most rugged conditions.

Designed for harsh environments, especially "no-contact" zones in the food industry, the new generation of connectors supplements the proven connectors of the M12 Food & Beverage Classic Line.

Labour Productivity in Coal Mining Sector in India: With Special to Major Coal Mining
The production of coal has increased from 35 million tons in 1951 to 409.3 million tons in 2004. At the same time, the Average Daily Employment (ADE) has increased from 352 thousand in 1951 to 405 thousand in 2004.

Oracle User Productivity Kit (UPK)
Oracle User Productivity Kit (UPK) is an easy-to-use, comprehensive content development, deployment and maintenance platform designed to increase project, programme and user productivity. With over 4 million users globally, it features out-of-the-box integration with core systems and the ability to support any application.

Productivity & Efficiency at Forefront of LexisNexis at LegalTech New York 2014
Portfolio of integrated analytical, workflow and productivity solutions drives insights and better outcomes for law firms and legal departments
“Driving efficiency and productivity is at the core of our business,” said Bob Romeo, CEO of Research & Litigation Solutions at LexisNexis.

Role of information literacy in agricultural productivity and food security: An international perspective
80th IFLA General Conference and Assembly, Lyon, France in August 2014

German firm to train farmers in productivity in Uganda

The National Center for Transportation Systems Productivity and Management (NCTSPM)
conducts transportation related research in the areas of safety, state-of-good-repair, and economic competitiveness. NCTSPM is a collaboration between Georgia Institute of Technology, Georgia Transportation Institute, Florida International University, University of Central Florida, University of Alabama at Birmingham, and each university’s state Department of Transportation.

Port productivity: Handling freight more efficiently
February 5, 2014|By Doreen Hemlock, Sun Sentinel
Some 140 port experts from around the nation met in Fort Lauderdale this week to discuss ways to boost port productivity in a conference.

Productivity Improvement - Manufacturing Process Improvement Consulting by Maverick
As your productivity improvement consultant, MAVERICK begins by evaluating the current state of your operations regarding man, machine, material and methods — lean manufacturing’s 4M perspective on improving production processes. Then we compare benchmark findings with best-in-class operations and help you close the gaps. Because we are able to leverage the experience of 500 professionals working across the country — noting what works and what doesn’t — we’re able to incorporate best practices that might not be obvious otherwise.
Columbia, IL (World HQ)
265 Admiral Trost Drive
PO Box 470
Columbia, IL 62236

The Lean CFO: Architect of the Lean Management System

Published: September 16, 2013 by Productivity Press Content:151 Pages
Author(s):Nicholas S. Katko

5 Feb 2014

2014 Asia-Pacific Productivity Conference

The Centre for Efficiency and Productivity Analysis (CEPA) in the School of Economics at The University of Queensland is pleased to invite you to attend the 10th Asia Pacific Productivity Conference (APPC) from 8 -11 July 2014 in Brisbane, Australia.
Conference Dates: Jul 8, 2014 to Jul 11, 2014
Deadline for paper submissions: Feb 15, 2014
Deadline for participant registration: Thursday, May 15, 2014
The conference will consist of theoretical and applied sessions, as well as special-focus sessions targeting specific industries and topics. This will include topics on efficiency and productivity in industries such as the banking and energy sectors, regulated industries, agriculture, USA productivity, EU and APEC productivity, Asia-KLEMS and many more.

Heidelberg India fixing productivity with maintenance tips
Heidelberg India hosted a seminar on key maintenance and advanced trouble shooting techniques in sheetfed offset printing in Kochi.
Haribabu, head of customer service at Heidelberg addressed the audience on activities required for a print-shop, and how such efforts promote best results in print production through his presentation on ‘benefits of maintenance’.

Improving productivity and profitability
Maintenance can help American businesses avoid losing more than $500 billion every year to equipment breakdowns or inefficiencies.

Variable-speed drive gives Energy Savings + Productivity Improvements - ABB
 While there is a gradual improvement in those willing to invest in drives, there still remains some 90 percent of installed motors that are not speed controlled. A further 95 percent of the 11 million motors installed in the UK are oversized. Savings of more than 50 percent can be achieved by the use of a drive on these applications.

Global Total factor productivity (TFP) dipped below zero in 2013

Total factor productivity (TFP), that is, how well labour inputs combine with capital inputs to generate output, was also low, dipping below zero in 2013

DAVE: a tool for software QA productivity
DAVE stands for DAta VErification. The way it works is rather simple: first, the user chooses the environments (dev, test or prod). Second, they enter either the email address or the order key/id of the customer they’re trying to verify and press the Submit button


. It adopted and integrated lean manufacturing and continuous improvement principles into its culture and work processes. During this journey, it was determined that SFI's welding operations at its Memphis plant needed to be radically revamped and updated.

SFI's welders have been using the Lincoln Power Wave® machines and Power Feed™ wire feeders for nearly a year now and have seen a consistent 15-percent productivity gain.

4 February 2014

Professionalism in precision sheet metal manufacturing
A commitment to reducing waste and making key investments helps DeWys Manufacturing earn The FABRICATOR’s 2014 Industry Award

The Powermax125, a professional-grade plasma metal cutting and gouging system, that works as hard as you do. With the maximum power and performance for air plasma in our line, the Powermax125 severs 57 mm (2-1/4") thick metals at 125 mm/min (5 ipm). With 100% duty cycle and Powermax reliability, it is ready for the most demanding cutting and gouging jobs.

Increasing Marketing Productivity and ROI with Tealium iQ - Case Study

The McKinsey Infrastructure and Capital Productivity Academy (MICA)

Productivity and Efficiency of Groundnut Farming in Northern Taraba State, Nigeria
G.B. Taphee, A.A.U. Jongur

The Construction Productivity Handbook

Textura-PQM Software Helps Subcontractors Improve Efficiency and Enhance Productivity

Improving productivity, efficiency and safety through automation and reliable communication infrastructure
MINING.com Editor | February 3, 2014

Productivity and Industrial Engineering News - January 2014

Updated  2019,  28 December 2019,  27 September 2019, 26 July 2019,   27 Jan 2019,  5 January 2019

2018,  5 October,  22 July,  13 July 2018,  30 June 2018,  24 June, 11 June 2018, 16 May,  8 May,  26 January,   23 January,  1 January 2018,

31 December 2017, 8 December 2017,  27 November 2017,  10 June 2017,  12 June 2016,  27 May 2016