Tuesday, July 3, 2018

Productivity Science - Principle of Industrial Engineering


Develop a science for each element of a man - machine system's work related to efficiency and productivity.

The productivity science developed is the foundation for industrial engineering in productivity engineering and productivity management phases.

1-Productivity Science

Productivity Science - Determinants of Productivity


Principles of Industrial Engineering - Narayana Rao - Presentation at 2017 IISE Annual Conference - Pittsburgh, USA

23 May 2017



Principles of Industrial Engineering - Narayana Rao - Detailed List

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Download full paper - Principles of Industrial Engineering
Proceedings - 2017 Industrial and Systems Engineering Conference 

Kambhampati,Venkata Satya Surya Narayana Rao. (2017). Principles of industrial engineering. IIE Annual Conference.Proceedings, , 890-895. https://search.proquest.com/docview/1951119980

30 Factors that Affect Productivity

Given by Prof Paul Mali in the year 1978 in Improving Total Productivity, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Fourth Level Factors (Affect most directly): Effectiveness (Focus on customer requirements), Efficiency (Focus on planned resource consumption)

Third Level Factors:  Skills, Motivation, Methods, Cost (measurement, may include time and productivity measurements also).

Second Level Factors: Leadership, Experience, Climate, Incentives, Schedules, Organizational structure, Technology and Materials.

First Level Factors (Affect least directly): Abilities, Style, Training, Knowledge, Physical conditions, Unions, Social awareness, Aspiration levels, Processes, Job design, Goals, Policies, R & D, Plant and Equipment, Standards, and Quality.

Principles of Productivity Growth

Given by Prof Paul Mali in the year 1978 in Improving Total Productivity, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

1. Principles of Ratio Time Measurement

Productivity is more likely to improve when expected results are measured and made greater in the same time frame that expected resources are measured and made less.

2. Principles of Shared Gain

Productivity increases rapidly when its expected benefits are shared with those who will produce it.

3. Principle of Expectancy Alignment

The greater the alignment of employee expectancies (needs) with organizational objectives (targets), the greater the motivation to accomplish both.

4. Principle of Worker Accountability

Accountability for productivity is more likely to happen when employees understand, participate in, and are held responsible for productivity objectives, measurement, and evaluation.

5. Principles of Focus

The greater the focus toward productivity objectives on a time scale, the greater the likelihood of achieving these objectives.

6. Principle of Creating Potential Productivity

Productivity gains are more likely to be achieved from situations where the potential for productivity gain is created.

7. Principle of Continuance

Productivity tends to continue when achieving an objective does not incapacitate or destroy any of the factors which produced it.

8. Principle of  Work Justice

Productivity is more likely to continue when employees are given equal pay for equal work; when employers are given equal work for equal pay.

9. Principle of  Elasticitiy

Productivity tends to increase when the same amount of work is achieved in a shorter period of time.

10. Principle of  Resource Priority

Productivity increases when objectives for productivity set the priorities for resource allocation.

Articles with Collection of Various Factors - Determinants of Productivity

Productivity Science - Determinants of Productivity


Readings on the topic of Productivity Science

From Taylor's First Paper Publication to 1950

Development of Science for Working of Machines

Scientific Management in Machine Shop

Development of Science for Working of Man - Motions

Development of Science in Mechanic Arts

H.M. Wilcox
The definition of the word science is knowledge duly arranged and systematized.
The present state of the art of industrial management : majority and minority report of sub-committee on administration ; including discussion (page 1164)
Author American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Subcommittee on Administration.

Oxford Dictionary - Organized body of knowledge that has been accumulated on a subject

Modern Period - 1951 onwards

Journal International Journal of General Systems
Volume 5, 1979 - Issue 1

Productivity in the Services Sector
Barry P. Bosworth and Jack E. Triplett, January 1, 2000

Productivity in Public and Nonprofit Organizations
Margo Berman
Routledge, 18-Dec-2014 - First published 2006, Business & Economics - 240 pages

‘Smarter, Faster, Better’: The New Science of Productivity
2 June 2016

The Science of Economic Development and Growth: The Theory of Factor Proportions: The Theory of Factor Proportions
C.C. Onyemelukwe
Routledge, 08-Jul-2016 - Business & Economics - 384 pages

The New Science of Sales Force Productivity
Dianne Ledingham, Mark Kovac, Heidi Locke Simon
Harvard Business Review, THE SEPTEMBER 2006 ISSUE

The International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management aims to address new developments in productivity science, performance measurement and management and to improve individual, group and organizational performance.
IJPPM is the official journal of the World Confederation of Productivity Science

Updated 2018,  4 July 2018,  24 May 2018, 11 April 2018,

30 July 2017,  10 July 2017,  9 July 2017, 29 June 2017

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