Friday, March 17, 2017

Frederick Winslow Taylor - A Pioneer Industrial Engineer





Frederick Taylor
Picture Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_Winslow_Taylor
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Important Events in Life


Date of Birth: 20th March, 1856
Mr. Taylor was born at Germantown, Philadelphia, on March 20, 1856

Taylor took a home study course to get his college degree in mechanical engineering in 1883 from Stevens Institute of Technology at Hoboken, New Jersey


1905 and 1906
President of ASME
Taylor was President of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in 1905 and 1906.

1911 -  Tuck School hosted a major conference that helped launch the scientific management movement started by Frederick Winslow Taylor.

Taylor was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Science by the University of Pennsylvania. Taylor was made a Professor by the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College. He spent some time in teaching and research at this business school.

21st March 1915: F. W. Taylor, Expert in Efficiency, Dies
BY THE NEW YORK TIMES
PHILADELPHIA, March 21--Frederick Winslow Taylor, originator of the modern scientific management movement, died here today from pneumonia. He was 59 years old, and was a former President of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0320.html

More Details of his life and contribution to scientific management and industrial engineering

F.W. Taylor - Biography


Contribution of Taylor to Industrial Engineering



Shop Management 


1. Definition of Management 

2. Difference in Production Quantity between a first class man and an average man

3. Developing and Employing First Class People in an Organization

4. Confronting Soldiering - Slow Pace of Work

5. Halsey Plan - F.W. Taylor's Comments

6. Task Management

7. Investment for Increasing Productivity or Efficiency

8. Importance of people - organization

9. Modern Engineering and Modern Shop Management

10. Task Management - Starting and Ending Times

11. Task Work - Some More Thoughts

12. Usefulness of Gantt's system

13. Time Study by F.W. Taylor

14. Bicylcle Ball Inspection Case Study

15. Need for Functional Foremanship or Functional Organisation of Foremen

16. Functional Foremanship

17. Production Planning and Control

18. Role of Top Management in Managing Change to High Productive Shop

19. Train Operators in High Productivity One by One and Then in Small Batches

20. Organizing a Small Workshop for High Productivity

21. Introducing Functional Foremanship

22. Personal Relations Between Employers and Employed

23. Don't be in a hurry - It Takes Time to Manage Change

24. Best Practices in Shop Management



Interteresting to note

New Shop Floor Management - by Kiyoshi Suzaki
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=WM1b8NXzYZ4C&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false



Scientific Management - Basis for Industrial Engineering


Basic Principles of Industrial Engineering


1. Develop science for each element of a man - machine system's work related to efficiency and productivity.
2. Engineer methods, processes and operations to use the laws related to the work of machines, man, materials and other resources.
3. Select or assign workmen based on predefined aptitudes for various types of man - machine work.
4. Train workmen, supervisors, and engineers in the new methods, install various modifications related to the machines that include productivity improvement devices and ensure that the expected productivity is realized.
5. Incorporate suggestions of operators, supervisors and engineers in the methods redesign on a continuous basis.
6. Plan and manage productivity at system level.
(The principles were developed on 4 June 2016 (During Birthday break of 2016 - 30 June 2016 to 7 July 2016).

The principles were developed by Narayana Rao based on principles of scientific management by F.W. Taylor)

Principles of Scientific Management


The managers following scientific management thought do the following things.

First. They develop a science for each element of a man's work, which replaces the old rule-of.-thumb method.

Second. They scientifically select and then train, teach, and develop the workman, whereas in the past he chose his own work and trained himself as best he could.

Third. They heartily cooperate with the men so as to insure all of the work being done in accordance with the principles of the science which has been developed.

Fourth. There is an almost equal division of the work and the responsibility between the management and the workmen. The management take over all work for which they are better fitted than the workmen, while in the past almost all of the work and the greater part of the responsibility were thrown upon the men.
(From THE PRINCIPLES OF SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT - F.W.Taylor)

Scientific Management 


1. Importance of National Efficiency

2. Foundation of Scientific Management

3. Soldiering and Its Causes

4. Underlying Philosophy for the Old Systems of Management

5. Scientific Management - Introduction

6. THE PRINCIPLES OF SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT

7. Illustrations of Success of Scientific Management - - Pig Iron Handling

8. Background for Development of Scientific Management - -Midvale Steel Company Machine Shop

9. Elaborate Planning Organization - Need and Utility

10. Illustrations of Success of Scientific Management - Bricklaying Improvement by Gilbreth

11. Illustrations of Success of Scientific Management - Bicycle Balls Inspection Example

12. Scientific Management in Machine Shop

13. Development of Science in Mechanic Arts

14. Study of Motives of Men

15. Scientific management in its essence

16. Role of Top Management in Implementing Scientific Management

17. Scientific Management Summarized

Shop Management and Scientific Management



Frederick Taylor University (FTU) established in 1994, is named after the “Father of Scientific Management” Frederick Winslow Taylor (March 20, 1856 – March 21, 1915), who obtained his degree from Stevens Institute of Technology via distance education (correspondence) in 1883.
http://www.ftu.edu/About%20FTU.htm


Contribution of Taylor to Industrial Engineering and Scientific Management

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Bibliography on F.W. Taylor
Taylor's Biography  and His Methods and Contribution to Industrial Engineering and Management Thought
The Story Schmidt (An excerpt from Scientific Management)
Presentations
http://www.busmgt.ulst.ac.uk/modules/bmg859j2/docs/Guru%20-%20F%20W%20Taylor.ppt


Guru Frederick Winslow Taylor -  http://www.economist.com/node/13051591
(There are links to other management guru's biography)
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Taylor's Shovel

Science for Coal Shoveling
http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F50917FC355A17738DDDAE0894DE405B818DF1D3

In this article a point is made on using body weight instead of muscle and thus reducing effort of the worker.

A recent paper by Frievalds on shoveling
http://www2.ie.psu.edu/freivalds/personal/ShovBlade-AppErg90.pdf


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http://librarycollections.stevens.edu/archive/files/567d032c4adb428c569414cb1b2e8c15.jpg


http://librarycollections.stevens.edu/archive/files/55fab5ccfd3ac5d7803ee4afddb0ad42.jpg
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Original knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/frederick-winslow-taylor-a-pioneer/2utb2lsm2k7a/ 2314


Updated 20 March 2017, 20 Marc 2016, 18 March 2016, 14 March 2015

2 comments:

  1. 20 March 2015
    I pay respects to F.W. Taylor. On this day, I was at NIT Trichy. Participated in curriculum revision of IE and Management. Prof Duraiselvan and Prof Parthivan were present in the meeting.

    ReplyDelete