Thursday, May 7, 2020

Industrial Engineering Practice in Top Global Manufacturing Companies - Top 100


Thanks to A to Z Blogging Challenge Organizing Team and Participating Bloggers. This group activity enabled to do research and develop 26 articles on 26 companies regarding industrial engineering activities in them.


Industrial engineers are employed and productivity improvement and cost reduction are practiced in many companies using Industrial engineering philosophy, principles, methods, techniques and tools.


What is Industrial Engineering? 

Productivity Improvement - Continuous Improvement - Cost Reduction - Process Improvement - Product Redesign 


Industrial Engineering Activities in Companies


Industrial Engineer Designation Used.

Apple - BMW - Coca-Cola - Enel - Ford - GE - Honda - Kia Motors - Otis - Renault

Productivity Improvement 

Continuous Improvement 


Cost Reduction


Process Improvement - Process Industrial Engineering


Product Redesign - Product Industrial Engineering

Value Engineering is the main method used for product industrial engineering. Design for manufacture and assembly is another method. Design for value is a new variant. Value management is a variant of value engineering. Variety reduction is a traditional technique still used for a big benefit.

Supply Chain Cost Reduction - Supply Chain Industrial Engineering

Human Effort Industrial Engineering


BMW 


How many industrial engineers can be employed in a company in productivity improvement/cost reduction activities?

For each 100 million dollars cost of production, there can be one MS IE and 6 BSIEs.




What is Industrial Engineering?


Industrial engineering is engineering to improve the productivity of engineering systems based on the studies and analysis of data collected during studies, experiments and operations. Many methods of industrial engineering are termed as studies - Process study, Method study, Motion study, Production study, Time study. Industrial engineering is closely associated with management, as its recommendation are implemented in operations as fast as possible and industrial engineers have to persuade and train other engineers, supervisors and operators in the new method as quickly as possible and realize the productivity and profit increase for the organization. Hence the management component of industrial engineering discipline is big in comparison to the management component of traditional engineers involved in design activities. The management component in engineering occupations in operations departments is always big.

The first president of ASME in his presidential address exhorted mechanical engineers to understand the relation between elements of engineering design and production and elements of cost accounting that determine the production cost as well as the life cycle cost of engineering items. Even though attention to cost was given by civil engineers earlier, the call by ASME president led to the emergence of a branch/discipline of engineering termed "Industrial Engineering." The branch was started by Prof Diemer at Penn State College, now known by the name Penn State University in 1908.

In ASME, another president stated the opinion that engineers have to learn accounting and management along with engineering to manage engineering organizations effectively. This call also led to the emergence of industrial management, works management, shop management, engineering management and technology management disciplines.

F.W. Taylor became the father of both the disciplines Industrial Engineering and Industrial Management.

Taylor's efforts to understand cost of production and reduce it gave rise to the concept of productivity improvement. Productivity is defined as output/input and if in an hour from a machine and man combination more output can be produced, productivity will be more and cost can be less. This led to experiments by Taylor to study the time taken for doing a job and to reduce the time taken by improving engineering.  Taylor offered his comments on various papers presented in the ASME conventions. He presented his first paper in 1893, wherein he narrated his data collection on the cost of belts and pulleys and how belt systems have to be designed to minimize life cycle cost of purchase cost of belts, operation cost and maintenance cost. He presented his paper on productivity improvement in the machine shop and other shops in 1895. He recommended the creation of a new department "Elementary Rate Fixing Department" whose job is to study every engineering element, its cost and the time taken to do the element. This department has the responsibility to modify the engineering to reduce the time taken for doing the engineering activity and for stating the time in which the activity can be done in the organization. Thus this department fixes the potential production possible in the company. This department is responsible for productivity improvement in the company. Taylor published shop management and scientific management in subsequent years.

Prof Diemer started the branch of Industrial Engineering to develop students in the philosophy, principles, methods, and techniques developed so far in the area of productivity improvement.

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Industrial Engineering in Top 100 Global Manufacturing Companies



The list of top 100 global manufacturing was collected and was used to study the practice of industrial engineering, its objectives and methods in the companies. As a part of A to Z April 2020 Blogging Challenge, each day the practice of industrial engineering in some of these companies will be described. The rule of the challenge is to write an article on the company starting with alphabet "A" on the first day and "B" on the second day and so on for 26 days. In the first versions of these papers/articles, the focus is on locating industrial engineers working in the organization and advertisement for jobs in the areas of industrial engineering. The objectives and methods used by the company can be identified through the job descriptions given in the advertisements.

 Companies  Covered in  April 2020





1. Apple  - Former Chairman industrial engineer - Current CEO industrial engineer

2. BMW

3. CISCO, Coca-Cola, Continental

Old article: Productivity Success Story - Coca Cola

4. DowDuPont  - Now split into Dow, Dupont and Coverta

Old article:  We have to innovate and We have to be productive - Ellen Kullman - CEO Dupont

6. Enel - Eni

7. Ford - Fujitsu

8. GlaxoSmithKline - GE

9. Honda - Hyundai

10. Intel

11. Johnson & Johnson - Jardine Matheson

Old article:  Design To Value - Design For Value (DTV) at Johnson & Johnson

13. Kia Motors

14. Lockheed Martin

15. Mitsubishi - Mitsui

16. Novartis 

17. Otis Elevators

18. Procter & Gamble 

20. Qualcomm

21. Renault

22. Saint-Gobain 

23. Toyota

24. United Technologies

25. Volkswagen

27. Wilmar International

28. Xiaomi Corporation

29. Yamaha Motors

30. ZF Friedrichshafen

Apart from the companies mentioned in the above,  all Top 100 global manufacturing companies will be covered in coming months. The articles in this list will also be updated on a periodic basis to increase the content.

New Companies Posted

General Motors



Please share information on industrial engineering activities in these companies and help in providing more information to readers.

A Popular Digital Media Presentation
Online Handbook of Industrial Engineering

36 comments:

  1. Sounds like you have your work cut out here.

    ReplyDelete
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    1. Thank you for visiting. We will have more to read in April.

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  2. It looks like an impressive list. Would love to read about them and their practices and you will be covering top 100 companies? WOW. This is one thread I’m looking forward to. Thanks for this topic we all will learn a lot.
    — rightpurchasing.com (Sundeep Ananth Dubey)

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    Replies
    1. Thank you for the comment. Your topic is also an interesting topic for bloggers. While many may not succeed, we need some successful bloggers who monetize their blogs well and become the solid foundation for blogging platforms to continue their services.

      Delete
  3. Looks like you've done a lot of research on your challenge posts. Good luck! Weekends In Maine

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    1. Yes. As you might have seen, it is after 2000+ posts in this blog. I strongly feel productivity improvement through industrial engineering is an important professional and economic activity and academic endeavor.

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  4. Excellent initiative.. will be useful for the new generation who are more into service sector..Kudos..Prof Murty BVR, Navi Mumbai,India.

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    1. Sir, Thank you for visiting the blog and commenting. I observe that IE is very much alive in top companies. The current professors and students are neglecting the discipline and moving to other areas.

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  5. Sir, Thank you. The actual posts on companies will be published in April.

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  6. I'll be checking in during the A to Z. Hope to gain some insight to the world of engineering.

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    Replies
    1. Thank you. Will be good if you appreciate the idea of productivity improvement in engineering activities, the main focus of IE.

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  7. I saw that A is for Apple so will definitely go with that one. I have used Apple Computers in schools since the Apple 2e and finally bought myself one "to last the rest of my life" in the mid 1990s. It didn't but I'm typing on one now. Will Toyota get a mention? We visited one of their factories last year in Japan. Looking forward to April.

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    1. Thank you for pointing out Toyota. Toyota is number 2 in the top 100 list. Now I added Toyota in the blog post. I plan to cover all 100 companies over a period of time.

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  8. Analyses of what companies are getting right sounds like an absolutely amazing theme. All the best for AtoZ!

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  9. Good luck for the challenge. I’ll be back to check your posts out
    https://bestbookishblog.com/

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you for visiting. Yes. We will interact further.

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  10. Fascinating resource to learn more. I first learned about industrial engineering while reading the story of revolutionary engineer, Lillian Gilbreth, and her contributions for motion studies, ergonomics, and human factors. Looking forward to learning about CISCO, Lockheed, Fijitsu in particular, but will be interested in other entries as well. Enjoy!

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    1. Great comment. Thank you. Frank Gilbreth made very important contribution to productivity science of human effort and productivity engineering of human effort. Lilian assessed the psychology aspect of this productivity improvement methods and wrote positive things about it. She continued to advance the subject and teach it. I plan to develop the content step by step. I want to contact many industrial engineers working in these companies for information and shall add information as and when I get them. I am locating them first and giving their Linkedin profiles in my articles so that more interaction takes place among industrial engineers.

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  11. I love that you've got companies for every letter. Good luck with the challenge!

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  12. What a list!
    Happy to find a Swiss company on it - N is for Novartis.

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  13. What an impressive list!
    Happy to see N is for Novartis, a Swiss company!

    https://thethreegerbers.blogspot.com/2020/03/a-z-blogging-challenge-2020-theme-reveal.html

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    1. Thank you for visiting the blog. You could have given your theme "About Switzerland" also.

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  14. This is subject I know little about so it will certainly be very illuminating! Have a great April.

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    1. Yes. I hope many A to Z Bloggers will become aware of it. I just visited your site. I appreciate your photos on monuments of Rome.
      https://keithsramblings.net/2020/03/17/fifteen-photos/

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  15. Don't think I've ever read any topic like this before. Very interesting.
    https://denapawling.blogspot.com/

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    1. Industrial engineering is an engineering branch which must be well known. But there are some shortcoming in how it is being practiced and promoted. Hope many A to Z bloggers will become aware of it this year. I am going to promote these posts in IE social media groups also because they are genuinely useful for them.

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  16. Wow, and things are changing every minute, now

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  17. For the first I'm fully familiarised with my field.
    Thank you for sharing the extraordinary information.

    ReplyDelete
  18. Wow! This is such an exhaustive and interesting topic. A great way to learn more. :) Good luck with the challenge.

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  19. Thank you for stopping by my blog. I learned something new!

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  20. This is going to be fascinating - I used to work in the car industry and it is high time I updated my knowledge on Industrial Engineering - you have a few from the automotive industry I see. Looking forward to this series.

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