Workers have to produce quality goods (effectiveness) and they have to use minimum resources (efficiency or productivity). Some authors say productivity is effectiveness and efficiency combined.
When workers or operators and productive and also happy with their work and organization (harmony), we call it harmonious productive work system.
Charles B. Spaulding in the book "An Introduction to Industrial Sociology" published in 1961 (Chandler Publishing Company) wrote a major section with the title "General Design for Harmonious Productivity." (The section starts with page 233).
I am reading the book presently and writing a summary here.
The first statement is that a general design for harmonious productivity involves an attempt to integrate the essential elements of the formal organizational approach with the findings and prescriptions of human relations scientists and professionals. There has to be dynamic equilibrium between factors related to formal organization (roles) and human relations (individuals).
The first elements or factors are related to basic working conditions (common to all).
Second group relates to interpersonal and organizational circumstances of each and every job.
Research behind the Design for Harmonious Productivity
The importance of money
Refer Viteles, Motivation and Moral in Industry, 1953, Norton and Co., New York
The importance of working conditions
Money is one of many goals
The principle of prepotency
Money and Security versus Regimentation on the Assembly Line
The functionality of structural clarity and stability
Adequate capacities and training
Updated 22 January 2017