Labor productivity has major economic implications. When a society produces more goods - food, clothing, medicine, and transportation, from the efforts of the same labor force or population, people will be better off on average and standard of living improves. Hence labor productivity improvement is a strategic initiatives at all levels of economic activity in all countries.
Technical and Nontechnical Labor Productivity Improvements
Adam Smith, in a chapter called the "Division of Labor", described the 18 separate assembly steps in making a single metal pin. He estimated that a single person, working alone, could make 20 pins in a day. But, 10 people on an assembly line could make 48,000 pins in a single day - an output of 4,800 pins per worker per day. That's quite an improvement in labor productivity due to division of labor. This is an example of nontechnical labor productivity improvement.
An Oregon, Portland inventor Henry Phillips in 1936 patented a new type of screw head that was specifically designed to allow assembly line autoworkers to more quickly and easily seat the screwdriver into the screw. By 1940, the Phillips head screw was the standard in the automotive industry. This screw saved many hours of labor and improved labor productivity. This is an example of labor productivity improvement due to technical invention.
Towards improving construction labor productivity and projects’ performance
Takashi GOSO, Atsushi OCHI and Shunji
KUSAYANAGI, 2010, Productivity Assessment and
Improvement by using Information Technology,
Journal of construction management research,
66(1):317-328. (Journal Articles)
Reasons for the Improvement of Labor Productivity in Tea
Plantations after Privatization with Special Reference to the
Estate Laborers in the Ratnapura District
A wage payment plan for the Gordon Pew Fisheries Company
Harry C. Rice Jr.