BY FRANK B. GILBRETH
Published in 1911 by D Van Nostrand Company, New York
THE phrase "Motion Study ' explains itself.
The aim of motion study is to find and perpetuate the scheme of perfection. There are three stages in this
1. Discovering and classifying the best practice.
2. Deducing the laws.
3. Applying the laws to standardize practice, either for the purpose of increasing output or decreasing hours of labor, or both.
Standardizing the trades is the world's most important work to-day, and motion study is the first factor in that work.
In presenting this material I have attempted to show the necessity for Motion Study and the savings that are possible by the application of its underlying principles.
DESCRIPTION AND GENERAL OUTLINE OF MOTION STUDY
NECESSITY FOR MOTION STUDY
(Visit Industrial Engineering in Civil Engineering for further developments)
As for the various ways in which this waste might be utilized, that is a question which would be answered differently by each group of people to whom it might be put.
PLACE OF MOTION STUDY IN SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT
Motion study as herein shown has a definite place in the evolution of scientific management not wholly appreciated by the casual reader.
Its value in cost reducing cannot be overestimated, and its usefulness in all three types of management Military, or driver; Interim, or transitory; and Ultimate, or functional is constant.
VAST FIELD FOR MOTION STUDY
At first glance the problem of motion study seems an easy one. After careful investigation it is apt to seem too difficult and too large to attack. There is this to be said to encourage the student, however:
1. Study of one trade will aid in finding the result for all trades.
2. Work once done need never be done again. The final results will be standards.
PRESENT STAGE OF MOTION STUDY
We stand at present in the first stage of motion study, i.e., the stage of discovering and classifying the best practice. This is the stage of analysis.
The following are the steps to be taken in the analysis:
1. Reduce present practice to writing.
2. Enumerate motions used.
3. Enumerate variables which affect each motion.
4. Reduce best practice to writing.
5. Enumerate motions used.
6. Enumerate variables which affect each motion.
Please Give Your Comments.
What is the relevance of Gilbreth's initial writing on Motion Study today?
What are new developments in this area?
What are new scientific discoveries related to human effort productivity?
What are new developments in human effort productivity engineering?
What are new development since human effort productivity management?
MOTION STUDY VARIABLES - Frank B. Gilbreth - Part 2
Human Effort Industrial Engineering - Introduction
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Updated 26 October 2019, 11 September 2019, 22 July 2018
30 September 2017, 19 August 2015