For higher productivity, too many complex factors must be arranged, coordinated, and managed. Reliable productivity requires an awareness of its basic components, an understanding of its processes, and a well thought out strategy. Management personnel must have the skills and competence for managing productivity.
Twelve Causes of the Productivity Crisis in Organizations (1978)
1. Shocking wastes of resources result form our inability to measure, evaluate, and manage the productivity of a growing white-collar work force.
2. Spiraling inflation results from giving rewards and benefits without requiring the equivalent in productivity and accountability.
3. Delays and time lags result from diffused authority and inefficiency in complex, superorganizations.
4. Costs sour from organizational expansion that reduces growth.
5. Low motivation prevails among a rising number of affluent workers and new attitudes.
6. Late deliveries are caused by schedules that have been disrupted by scarce materials.
7. Unresolved human conflicts and difficulties in cooperation result in organizational ineffectiveness.
8. Management options and prerogatives for productivity are constrained by increasing legislative intrusions and antiquates laws.
9. Dissatisfying and boring work has resulted from specialized and restrictive work processes.
10, New opportunities and innovations are declining from impact of rapid technological change and high costs.
11. Time commitments are disrupted from the increasing demands of leisure time.
12. Practitioners become obsolete because of their inability to keep pace with accelerating information and knowledge.