Thursday, March 8, 2012

Safety Gloves

 
 
Introduction
 
Operators’ hands at work are extremely vulnerable to a wide range of hazards which include cuts, blows, chemical attack and temperature extremes. Safety gloves protect hands of operators from such hazards.

There is a growing insistence on the use of "job fitted" safety gloves that meet each of the users' specific requirements and manufacturers of safety gloves are able to meet this demand.



(Source for the picture: http://www.alphabetsigns.com/p/SS032611/  [3])



 
 

OSHA Standards on Hand Protection - 1910.138 


1910.138(a)

 General requirements. Employers shall select and require employees to use appropriate hand protection when employees' hands are exposed to hazards such as those from skin absorption of harmful substances; severe cuts or lacerations; severe abrasions; punctures; chemical burns; thermal burns; and harmful temperature extremes.  1910.138(b)

Selection. Employers shall base the selection of the appropriate hand protection on an evaluation of the performance characteristics of the hand protection relative to the task(s) to be performed, conditions present, duration of use, and the hazards and potential hazards identified.

 

 

European Standards for Gloves [1]

CE Logo Implies that the gloves comply with the basic requirements laid down by the EEC directive: Personal Protective Equipment.

Simple Design (Category 1)
For areas of 'minimal risk' where the effects of not wearing a glove are easily reversible or superficial. Such products are self certified.
Intermediate Design (Category 2)
For areas of specific risk i.e. mechanical risks. Such products will have been EC type tested against European test methods and certified by a notified body.
Complex Design (Category 3)
For areas/applications that can seriously or irreversibly harm the health. Such products, in addition to the CE type test, will also have to be either produced under an approved quality system OR be typed tested on an annual basis.

EN 388 Logo EN 388 - This standard applies to all kinds of protective gloves giving protection from mechanical risks, in respect of physical problems caused by abrasion, blade cut, puncture, or tearing. This standard also covers risk of electrostatic discharge.

EN 374 Logos EN 374 - This standard specifies the capability of gloves to protect the user against chemicals and/or micro-organisms.

EN 511 Logo EN 511 - This standard applies to gloves which protect the hands against convective and contact cold.

EN 407 Logo EN 407 - This standard specifies thermal performance for protective gloves against heat and/or fire.

EN 659 Logo EN 659 - This standard defines performance requirements for gloves designed to protect fire fighters against heat and flames.

Food Handling Logo If a glove is to be used for food handling, it is required to carry either the words 'for food use' or this symbol.

EN 388 Logo
Mechanical Hazards
EN 388
Performance
Level
a) Abrasion resistance
0-4
b) Blade-cut resistance
0-5
c) Tear resistance
0-4
d) Puncture resistance
0-4
 
EN 511 Logo
EN 511 : Cold
Performance
Level
a) Convective cold
0-4
b) Contact cold
0-4
c) Water proofness
0-1

 

EN 407 Logo
Thermal Hazards
EN 407
Performance
Level
a) Burning behaviour
0-4
b) Contact heat
0-4
c) Convective heat
0-4
d) Radiant heat
0-4
e) Small splashes of molten metal
0-4
f) Large splashes of molten metal
0-4
 
Types of Safety Gloves
 
General purpose
Latex (Natural rubber) gloves
Nitrile glove
Cut protection gloves
 
Chemical protection gloves
Material of glove,
PVA
PVC
Butyl Rubber
(some more to be included)
 
Types of Gloves - Bibliography
 
Safety Glove Manufacturers and  Suppliers 
India:
Vinit Gloves Manufacturing Pvt. Ltd. [2] is an 100% export oriented company. They are are manufacturers & exporters of Industrial Leather Gloves from Kolkata, India. the product range includes rigger gloves. driver gloves and welder gloves.

UK:
Greenham Safety Gloves, UK [1] offers a comprehensive range of safety gloves - in excess of 200 different types and styles from which to choose.

Fix8 Ltd [5] have a range of safety gloves and other safety equipment for most, if not all work needs. Fix8 also have a large number of many other construction and industrial supplies to offer as a large UK supplier of industrial products.


USA:
Superior Glove Ltd, USA [4] has been in business since 1910. It has  three manufacturing facilities and sells over 250, 000 pairs of gloves a day.

Safety Signs [3] have a list of safety signs and produce many other types of signs for all sorts of businesses and uses.

 
References:
1. Greenham Safety Gloves, http://safety-gloves.greenham.com/
2. Vinit Gloves Manufacturing Pvt. Ltd., http://www.vinitgloves.com/
 
 

Bibliography

1. Chemical Glove Selection for farm workers, http://www.elcosh.org/docs/d0100/d000155/d000155.html
 
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Social networking site for safety professionals
Original post
http://knol.google.com/k/ safety-gloves, Knol Number 1148

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