Thursday, February 20, 2014

Toyota Motors - History of Productivity



1933:
Automobile Department is created within Toyoda Automatic Loom Works.
1935:
First Model A1 passenger car prototype is completed.
1937:
Toyota Motor Co., Ltd. is formed.
1950:
Toyota Motor Sales Co., Ltd. is established.


When the war ended in August 1945 most of Japan's industrial facilities had been wrecked, and the Toyoda (or Toyota as it became known after the war) production plants had suffered extensively. The company had 3,000 employees but no working facilities, and the economic situation in Japan was chaotic. But the Japanese tradition of dedication and perseverance proved to be Toyota's most powerful tool in the difficult task of reconstruction.


In 1950, in the end management and labor agreed to reduce the total workforce from 8,000 to 6,000 employees,

By 1950, the cumulative production of Toyota, after 13 years of operation, was 2685 automobiles, as compared to the 7000 vehicles Ford’s Rouge plant was putting out per day.


In 1903, Ford's 125 workers made 1,700 cars in three different models (13.6 cars per worker). In 1914, 13,000 workers at Ford made 260,720 cars (20.05 cars/worker). By comparison, in the rest of the industry, it took 66,350 workers to make 286,770 (4.322 cars per worker).
http://www.wiley.com/legacy/products/subject/business/forbes/ford.html





http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/toyota-motor-corporation-history/

Number of Employees in Toyota
For formatted table see the source:
http://www.toyota-global.com/company/history_of_toyota/75years/data/company_information/personnel/employee/index.html





_____________________________________

Year
Grand total
Number of employees
Toyota Motor Corporation/Toyota Motor Co., Ltd.
Toyota Motor Sales Co., Ltd.
Data period
Consolidated
Unconsolidated
Total
Male
Female
Total
Male
Female
1938
-
4,065
4,065
3,679
386
-
-
-
As of November 1938
1939
-
5,348
5,348
4,448
900
-
-
-
As of August 1939
1940
-
6,427
6,427
5,259
1,168
-
-
-
As of August 1940
1941
-
5,335
5,335
4,681
654
-
-
-
As of August 1941
1942
-
7,195
7,195
5,715
1,480
-
-
-
As of August 1942
1943
-
7,623
7,623
6,104
1,519
-
-
-
As of August 1943
1944
-
7,360
7,360
5,602
1,758
-
-
-
As of October 1944
1945
-
3,467
3,467
2,939
528
-
-
-
As of December 31 1945
1946
-
6,463
6,463
5,202
1,261
-
-
-
As of August 1946
1947
-
6,345
6,345
5,085
1,260
-
-
-
As of December 31 1947
1948
-
6,481
6,481
5,331
1,150
-
-
-
As of December 31 1948
1949
-
7,337
7,337
6,148
1,189
-
-
-
As of December 31 1949
1950
-
5,887
5,504
4,786
718
383
278
105
As of December 31 1950
1951
-
5,685
5,264
4,618
646
421
288
133
As of December 31 1951
1952
-
5,609
5,160
4,553
607
449
305
144
As of December 31 1952
1953
-
5,789
5,287
4,669
618
502
340
162
As of December 31 1953
1954
-
5,753
5,235
4,642
593
518
351
167
As of December 31 1954
1955
-
5,644
5,130
4,601
529
514
363
151
As of December 31 1955
1956
-
5,897
5,315
4,808
507
582
413
169
As of December 31 1956
1957
-
6,372
5,688
5,299
389
684
483
201
As of December 31 1957
1958
-
6,685
5,936
5,483
453
749
535
214
As of December 31 1958
1959
-
8,087
7,260
6,735
525
827
587
240
As of December 31 1959
1960
-
11,045
10,127
9,318
809
918
648
270
As of December 31 1960
1961
-
13,093
11,966
11,023
943
1,127
793
334
As of December 31 1961
1962
-
14,918
13,460
12,438
1,022
1,458
997
461
As of December 31 1962
1963
-
17,771
16,126
15,024
1,102
1,645
1,094
551
As of December 31 1963
1964
-
22,807
20,783
19,536
1,247
2,024
1,287
737
As of December 31 1964
1965
-
24,639
22,330
20,910
1,420
2,309
1,449
860
As of December 31 1965
1966
-
27,890
25,484
23,931
1,553
2,406
1,472
934
As of December 31 1966
1967
-
32,606
30,066
28,434
1,632
2,540
1,517
1,023
As of December 31 1967
1968
-
36,426
33,681
32,021
1,660
2,745
1,602
1,143
As of December 31 1968
1969
-
39,534
36,581
34,822
1,759
2,953
1,712
1,241
As of December 31 1969
1970
-
43,040
39,814
37,991
1,823
3,226
1,860
1,366
As of December 31 1970
1971
-
43,815
40,322
38,168
2,154
3,493
1,987
1,506
As of December 31 1971
1972
-
44,694
41,032
38,813
2,219
3,662
2,093
1,569
As of December 31 1972
1973
-
46,452
42,620
40,375
2,245
3,832
2,176
1,656
As of December 31 1973
1974
-
48,544
44,484
42,097
2,387
4,060
2,309
1,751
As of December 31 1974
1975
-
47,665
43,399
40,888
2,511
4,266
2,397
1,869
As of December 31 1975
1976
-
47,841
43,514
41,047
2,467
4,327
2,406
1,921
As of December 31 1976
1977
-
48,358
43,951
41,399
2,552
4,407
2,491
1,916
As of December 31 1977
1978
-
48,802
44,274
41,671
2,603
4,528
2,570
1,958
As of December 31 1978
1979
-
49,486
44,849
42,238
2,611
4,637
2,650
1,987
As of December 31 1979
1980
-
51,206
46,402
43,621
2,781
4,804
2,749
2,055
As of December 31 1980
1981
-
53,254
48,181
45,238
2,943
5,073
2,893
2,180
As of December 31 1981
1982
-
55,354
55,354
49,950
5,404
-
-
-
As of December 31 1982
1983
-
57,005
57,005
51,502
5,503
-
-
-
As of December 31 1983
1984
-
59,164
59,164
53,572
5,592
-
-
-
As of December 31 1984
1985
-
61,696
61,696
56,117
5,579
-
-
-
As of December 31 1985
1986
-
63,031
63,031
57,300
5,731
-
-
-
As of December 31 1986
1987
-
64,859
64,859
58,553
6,306
-
-
-
As of June 30 1987
1988
86,082
65,926
65,926
59,581
6,345
-
-
-
As of June 30 1988
1989
91,790
67,814
67,814
61,379
6,435
-
-
-
As of June 30 1989
1990
96,849
70,841
70,841
64,105
6,736
-
-
-
As of June 30 1990
1991
102,423
72,900
72,900
65,596
7,304
-
-
-
As of June 30 1991
1992
108,167
75,266
75,266
67,376
7,890
-
-
-
As of June 30 1992
1993
109,279
73,046
73,046
65,230
7,816
-
-
-
As of June 30 1993
1994
110,534
71,573
71,573
63,819
7,754
-
-
-
As of March 31 1994
1995
142,645
69,748
69,748
62,594
7,154
-
-
-
As of March 31 1995
1996
146,855
68,641
68,641
61,895
6,746
-
-
-
As of March 31 1996
1997
150,736
70,524
70,524
64,318
6,206
-
-
-
As of March 31 1997
1998
159,035
69,753
69,753
63,932
5,821
-
-
-
As of March 31 1998
1999
183,879
67,912
-
-
-
-
-
-
As of March 31 1999
2000
210,709
65,290
-
-
-
-
-
-
As of March 31 2000
2001
215,648
66,005
-
-
-
-
-
-
As of March 31 2001
2002
246,702
66,820
-
-
-
-
-
-
As of March 31 2002
2003
264,096
65,551
-
-
-
-
-
-
As of March 31 2003
2004
264,410
65,346
-
-
-
-
-
-
As of March 31 2004
2005
265,753
64,237
-
-
-
-
-
-
As of March 31 2005
2006
285,977
65,798
-
-
-
-
-
-
As of March 31 2006
2007
299,394
67,650
-
-
-
-
-
-
As of March 31 2007
2008
316,121
69,478
-
-
-
-
-
-
As of March 31 2008
2009
320,808
71,116
-
-
-
-
-
-
As of March 31 2009
2010
320,590
71,567
-
-
-
-
-
-
As of March 31 2010
2011
317,716
69,125
-
-
-
-
-
-
As of March 31 2011
2012
325,905
69,148
-
-
-
-
-
-
As of March 31 2012


http://www.toyota-global.com/company/history_of_toyota/75years/data/automotive_business/production/production/overview/index.html
_____________________________________


1935-1960

Year
Passenger cars
Trucks & buses
All vehicles
Total (units)
Total (units)
Total (units)
Passenger car ratio (%)
1935
0
20
20
0.00
1936
100
1,042
1,142
8.80
1937
577
3,436
4,013
14.40
1938
539
4,076
4,615
11.70
1939
107
11,874
11,981
0.90
1940
268
14,519
14,787
1.80
1941
208
14,403
14,611
1.40
1942
41
16,261
16,302
0.30
1943
53
9,774
9,827
0.50
1944
19
12,701
12,720
0.10
1945
0
3,275
3,275
0.00
1946
0
5,821
5,821
0.00
1947
54
3,868
3,922
1.40
1948
21
6,682
6,703
0.30
1949
235
10,589
10,824
2.20
1950
463
11,243
11,706
4.00
1951
1,470
12,758
14,228
10.30
1952
1,857
12,249
14,106
13.20
1953
3,572
12,924
16,496
21.70
1954
4,235
18,478
22,713
18.60
1955
7,403
15,383
22,786
32.50
1956
12,001
34,416
46,417
25.90
1957
19,885
59,642
79,527
25.00
1958
21,224
57,632
78,856
26.90
1959
30,235
70,959
101,194
29.90
1960
42,118
112,652
154,770
27.20

_____________________________________



______________________________________


Year
Passenger cars
Trucks & buses
All vehicles
Total (units)
Total (units)
Total (units)
Passenger car ratio (%)
1961
73,830
137,107
210,937
35.00
1962
74,515
155,835
230,350
32.30
1963
128,843
189,652
318,495
40.50
1964
181,738
244,026
425,764
42.70
1965
236,151
241,492
477,643
49.40
1966
316,189
271,350
587,539
53.80
1967
476,807
355,323
832,130
57.30
1968
659,189
438,216
1,097,405
59.30
1969
964,088
507,123
1,471,211
65.50
1970
1,068,321
540,869
1,609,190
66.40
1971
1,400,186
554,847
1,955,033
71.60
1972
1,487,661
599,472
2,087,133
71.30
1973
1,631,940
676,158
2,308,098
70.70
1974
1,484,737
630,243
2,114,980
70.20
1975
1,714,836
621,217
2,336,053
73.40
1976
1,730,767
757,084
2,487,851
69.60
1977
1,884,260
836,498
2,720,758
69.30
1978
2,039,115
890,042
2,929,157
69.60
1979
2,111,302
884,923
2,996,225
70.50
1980
2,303,284
990,060
3,293,344
69.90
1981
2,248,171
972,247
3,220,418
69.80
1982
2,258,253
886,304
3,144,557
71.80
1983
2,380,753
891,582
3,272,335
72.80
1984
2,413,133
1,016,116
3,429,249
70.40
1985
2,569,284
1,096,338
3,665,622
70.10
1986
2,684,024
976,143
3,660,167
73.30
1987
2,708,069
930,210
3,638,279
74.40
1988
2,982,922
985,775
3,968,697
75.20
1989
3,055,101
920,801
3,975,902
76.80
1990
3,345,885
866,488
4,212,373
79.40


______________________________________

ear
Passenger cars
Trucks & buses
All vehicles
Total (units)
Total (units)
Total (units)
Passenger car ratio (%)
1991
3,180,054
905,027
4,085,081
77.80
1992
3,171,311
760,030
3,931,341
80.70
1993
2,882,698
679,052
3,561,750
80.90
1994
2,769,359
739,097
3,508,456
78.90
1995
2,557,174
614,103
3,171,277
80.60
1996
2,796,839
613,221
3,410,060
82.00
1997
2,910,107
591,939
3,502,046
83.10
1998
2,669,975
495,830
3,165,805
84.30
1999
2,698,503
419,723
3,118,226
86.50
2000
2,992,889
436,320
3,429,209
87.30
2001
2,938,820
415,604
3,354,424
87.60
2002
3,070,456
414,712
3,485,168
88.10
2003
3,082,045
437,973
3,520,018
87.60
2004
3,231,430
449,516
3,680,946
87.80
2005
3,374,526
415,056
3,789,582
89.00
2006
3,826,819
367,369
4,194,188
91.20
2007
3,849,353
376,784
4,226,137
91.10
2008
3,630,886
381,242
4,012,128
90.50
2009
2,543,715
248,559
2,792,274
91.10
2010
2,993,714
289,141
3,282,855
91.92
2011
2,473,546
286,482
2,760,028
89.62



_______________________________________


In 1955, General Motors produced 4,477,000 cars and trucks in U.S. factories with 555,000 employees, or eight cars for every worker. In 2009 GM sold 2,084,000 cars in the United States with 77,000 employees, or 27 cars per worker. Toyota produces almost 50 cars per employee and the new Hyundai plant in Beijing is aiming at a 100 cars per worker.

Daimler Benz

1906 to 1913 were further expansion years, with the creation of new capacity reducing the number of external suppliers. Increased mechanization took the annual productivity from 0.7 cars per worker, to 10
http://automobile.wikia.com/wiki/Daimler_Motoren_Gesellschaft




The latest data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics indicate that in 1980, about 20 million manufacturing employees in the United States produced about $800 billion worth of goods. Today, (2012) 12 million workers produce almost $2 trillion worth. This is good for the economy but not so good for employment.
http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Walkers_World_Looking_ahead_to_2013_999.html



Relations Between Safety and Productivity
Kazuaki Goto & Shingo Kato
*Assembly Dept., Tsutsumi Factory of Toyota Motor Co.*
1999

1. Outline of Tsutusmi Works
Established: 1970 (28-year operation as a passenger car factory) Capacity: 400,000 - 500,000 cars per year The Number of Employees: 5,600 employees in the factory, including 1,500 employees working for the assembly department. The factory has been functioning as a mother plant of Toyota Kentucky factory in the USA and Derby factory in England
http://www.jniosh.go.jp/icpro/jicosh-old/english/osh/jisha-nsc/toyota.html




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