Monday, December 24, 2018

Productivity Focus of Industrial Engineering - Leading IE and ISE Programs of USA

What is Industrial Engineering?

Industrial Engineering is System Efficiency Engineering and Human Effort Engineering. -Narayana Rao K.V.S.S.

Industrial Engineering can also be explained as Machine Effort Engineering and Human Effort Engineering.

Industrial Engineering makes machines and men more productive taking care of  their abilities and weaknesses and ensures sustainable operations for years.



Functions of Industrial Engineering - Video Presentation



Information compiled from the web pages of the university and ISE/IE departments during December 2018.

University of Michigan

Industrial & Operations Engineering -   BSE Programs

Manufacturing Engineering Specialization

Manufacturing engineering is concerned with determining how to manufacture engineered products with minimal capital investments and operating costs in facilities safe to both workers and the environment. Students study methods for evaluating production and inventory systems, facility layout, and material handling systems and are prepared to aid in the daily operation of a manufacturing facility while evaluating operations for the future.

Industrial & Operations Engineering -  MS/MSE Programs

Production, Distribution & Logistics (PDL) Option

Courses in this group focus on methods and techniques for optimal PDL, including simulation, inventory analysis, scheduling and manufacturing systems.

Lehigh University 

Industrial and Systems Engineering (ISE)

ISE is distinctive because its tools can be applied to any business in any setting, from production to services, in either the private or public sector. Industrial and systems engineers design, improve, and optimize processes, systems, or the products and services themselves. In today’s competitive marketplace where continuous improvement and cost containment are paramount to survival, this is an extremely critical role. That is why our graduates are so sought-after.

ISE graduates take a “systems” perspective – assessing all of the inputs and outputs, the people, money, machines, information, resources, and time – in order to do things better. Using mathematical models and methods, the industrial and systems engineer makes an impact through critical decision-making.

University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California

The Master of Science in Industrial and Systems Engineering is awarded in strict conformity with the general requirements of the Viterbi School of Engineering. This program enhances the technical capabilities of the industrial engineer.

According to the Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers, they devise how to do things better by engineering processes and systems that improve quality and productivity.

Purdue University - Main Campus West Lafayette, Indiana

Industrial engineers design, analyze, and manage complex human-integrated systems such as manufacturing systems, supply chain networks, and service systems. These systems typically consist of a combination of people, information, material, and equipment. In such systems industrial engineers determine how to optimize the system for maximum efficiency, effectiveness, throughput, safety, or some other objective of interest to the stakeholders of the system.

The complexity of these organizations and the emphasis on increased effectiveness, efficiency, and productivity have led to a growing need for industrial engineering analysis and design, resulting in an increased demand for industrial engineering graduates.

Northeastern University Boston, Massachusetts

"Industrial Engineering (IE) applies mathematics to different aspects of business processes to improve efficiency and productivity. IE uses technology to manage all kinds of resources, including human beings, effectively. IE has global impact by designing and analyzing complex systems that integrate technical, economic, and social factors for all types of organizations."

Clemson University Clemson, South Carolina

Industrial Engineering (IE) considers an array of issues all dealing with efficiency and quality of systems.

IEs serve as engineering specialists who evaluate how to make systems more cost-effective.

An important question they would ask is, “What is the most efficient way to arrange the distribution facility?”

Texas A&M University - College Station College Station, Texas

What do Industrial Engineers do?
Industrial engineering is often described as being where “engineering meets people”.  Like other engineers, industrial engineers solve difficult problems using science and mathematics. However, they are uniquely educated in dealing with the human factor, the people issues that arise when human beings work in complicated technical systems. This “engineering for human factors” is an essential part of creating smooth, competitive operations that keep people safe while enabling productivity and promoting well-being.

Pennsylvania State University - Main Campus University Park, Pennsylvania


Industrial Engineering is rooted in the sciences of engineering, the study of systems, and the management of people. Industrial engineers are big-picture problem solvers who optimize complex engineering systems and processes. They bring together people, machinery, materials, information, energy, and financial resources to improve efficiency, performance, quality, and safety while reducing cost and waste. According to the Institute of Industrial & Systems Engineers, Industrial Engineers "work to eliminate waste of time, money, materials, energy, and other commodities."

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Troy, New York

ISE is interdisciplinary: it encompasses engineering, management, human factor.

ISE involves the application of mathematical, computational, statistical, and information science methods to model, analyze, and solve complex decision problems in engineering, business,  and social systems. ISE employs methods of mathematical programming, queuing theory, computational optimization, decision analysis, applied statistics, database systems, soft computing, and discrete event simulation for solving problems related to the design, planning, and operation of complex systems where intelligent coordination is necessary to achieve optimal performance. It is distinctive from management and economics in the use of an engineering approach to design and analyze enterprise processes to optimize performance. It is distinct from computer science in its focus on the design of data and knowledge systems as the organizational nerve center where operations and enterprise systems are integrated.

Binghamton University Vestal, New York

We're all about people, equipment and materials — and how they work in industry and life.

We study complex systems in industry and manufacturing settings, healthcare environments and society.

We make systems, things and people work smarter and better.

North Carolina State University at Raleigh Raleigh, North Carolina

"Industrial and systems engineers improve quality and productivity while at the same time cutting waste like time, materials, money, and energy."

University of Wisconsin - Madison, Wisconsin

Becoming an industrial engineer (IE) places one in an exciting field of engineering that focuses on productivity improvement worldwide.

An IE deals with people as well as things.

An IE looks at the "big picture" of what makes society perform best—the right combination of human resources, natural resources, and human-made structures and equipment. An IE bridges the gap between management and operations, dealing with and motivating people as well as determining what tools should be used and how they should be used. Industrial engineering is concerned with performance measures and standards, research of new products and product applications, ways to improve use of scarce resources, and many other problem-solving adventures.

University of Washington - Seattle Campus Seattle, Washington

Faster, easier, more efficient; that’s what being an IE is all about.

They improve processes by making them more efficient, better, and safer. IEs are the only engineering professionals trained specifically to be productivity and quality improvement specialists.

Kettering University Flint, Michigan

Industrial Engineering
Virtually every organization: banks, the military, theme parks, airlines, restaurants, retail companies, manufacturers, software companies, even hospitals, need industrial engineers to find new ways to improve quality, save money, and increase productivity.

With their background, IEs can even design healthcare services efficiently to deliver high quality treatments in patient- and provider-friendly environments. All of this while keeping costs under control.

University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign

“Industrial” does not mean just manufacturing—it encompasses telecommunications, computing, service industries, and human relations as well.

Industrial engineers have the technical training and understanding of people to make improvements in efficiency and quality in any setting.

Industrial Engineers eliminate waste of time, money, materials, energy, and other commodities; strain on workers and the environment; and save companies money.

Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering
School of Engineering

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering was formed in 1947, at a time when the nation was expanding its manufacturing output and businesses found that increasing efficiency reduced industrial costs.

In both teaching and research, the ISE coursework addresses such issues as:

  • Designing and implementing new technology to reduce manufacturing costs and increase productivity.
  • Predictive modeling and optimization of machining operations.

University at Buffalo 

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering

What is Industrial and Systems Engineering?

Industrial engineers determine the most effective ways to use the basic factors of production—people, machines, materials, information, and energy—to make a product or provide a service.

"...They are concerned primarily with increasing productivity through the management of people, methods of business organization, and technology. To maximize efficiency, industrial engineers study product requirements carefully and then design manufacturing and information systems to meet those requirements with the help of mathematical methods and models. They develop management control systems to aid in financial planning and cost analysis, and they design production planning and control systems to coordinate activities and ensure product quality.

Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester

Linking People, Technology, and Business
Industrial engineers have an important role in every organization, serving as a bridge between engineering and management to analyze and adapt processes or create new ones
Whether it’s a manufacturing procedure, a staffing model, or a redesign of physical space, industrial engineers identify the people, materials, technology, information, and energy required for a process to be efficient—and determine how these resources should interact to be effective.

University of Pittsburgh -  Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Industrial engineering is the only engineering discipline with close links to management.

IEs are primarily concerned with two closely related issues: productivity and quality. They address these two issues by looking at integrated systems of machines, human beings, information, computers, and other resources. A variety of skills and techniques are used to design and operate such systems in the most productive way possible, while continuously improving them and maintaining the highest levels of quality. IEs make significant contributions to their employers by making money for them while, at the same time, making the workplace better for fellow workers.

University of Miami Coral Gables, Florida

Industrial engineers optimally design, build and maintain production/operating systems to maximize effectiveness, efficiency, productivity and competitiveness.

Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama

Industrial and systems engineers design and improve processes to make work safer, faster, easier and more rewarding. Whether shortening a rollercoaster line, streamlining an operating room, distributing products worldwide or manufacturing superior automobiles, industrial and systems engineers face the challenge and common goal of saving money and increasing efficiency.

By using the right combinations of human and natural resources, fabricated structures, information technologies and manufactured equipment, industrial and systems engineers look at the big picture of
what makes organizations work best.

Iowa State University,   Ames, Iowa

Industrial engineers use principles of engineering and management to integrate systems that include people, materials, information, equipment and energy.

Industrial engineers help people get more out of life by improving their work environments, providing better service, and reducing their cost of living. We are working to improve the environment by conserving energy, reducing industrial waste, and recycling materials.

California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo,  San Luis Obispo, California

"According to the Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers, "Industrial engineers figure out how to do things better. They engineer processes and systems that improve quality and productivity. They work to eliminate waste of time, money, materials, energy and other commodities....Key objectives of industrial engineering are to improve the quality and productivity of creating and delivering goods and services and to act as the interface between technology and humans. Engineering ( theoretical knowledge,) methods and practical knowledge are used in formulating decision models for the optimum application of engineering and management principles."

University of Oklahoma Norman Campus,  Norman, Oklahoma

Industrial engineers, to improve, integrate, inform, and innovate.

Industrial engineers are improvement engineers. ISEs help organizations add value by eliminating waste, maximizing quality and productivity, and using resources effectively.

Industrial engineers are integration engineers. ISEs bring people, processes, and technologies together to solve complex problems in all types of organizations.

Industrial engineers are information engineers. ISEs use computer-based tools to collect data, organize and analyze information, and present solutions for decision-making.

Industrial engineers are innovation engineers. ISEs use a holistic approach, combining engineering expertise with a business perspective, to solve modern, often large-scale, problems.

New Jersey Institute of Technology,  Newark, New Jersey

If  you're always finding a better, more efficient, more sensible way to do things, you're already on the right track to become an industrial engineer.  The saying goes, "Engineers make things, industrial engineers make them better."

You'll look at all the factors--people, machines, materials, information and energy--that go into any kind of process, from surgery to a space walk to passengers going through airport security.  And you'll find better, more efficient ways to use those factors.  Because every business and every industry is always looking to improve and be more productive, you'll have a broad range of career options.

The University of Tennessee,  Knoxville, Tennessee

Who are Industrial and Systems Engineers?
While other types of engineers design things, industrial engineers (IEs) design the systems that enable those things to work effectively. IEs design, install, improve, and control large, complex systems that include the integration of people, materials, machines, and facilities with wide-ranging applications including:


Rochester Institute of Technology,  Rochester, New York

What can we do to simultaneously increase efficiency and quality?

As companies adopt management philosophies of continuous productivity and quality improvement to survive in the increasingly competitive world market, the need for industrial engineers is growing. Why? Industrial engineers are the only engineering professionals trained as productivity and quality improvement specialists.

Industrial engineers figure out how to do things better. They engineer processes and systems that improve quality and productivity. They work to eliminate waste of time, money, materials, energy, and other commodities. Most important of all, IEs save companies money.

University of Massachusetts,  Amherst, Massachusetts

IEs strive to make systems:

Efficient - whether in terms of cost or use of resources;

In the UMass IE program, you can complement your IE degree with management skills.

University of Illinois at Chicago,   Chicago, Illinois

What is Industrial Engineering?

Industrial Engineering is where engineering meets business. It is the perfect career for people who like to solve practical problems in a variety of working environments and develop systems to improve quality and productivity.

Industrial engineers focus on how to get the work done most efficiently, balancing many factors — such as time, number of workers needed, available technology, actions workers need to take, achieving the end product with no errors, workers' safety, environmental concerns, and cost.

To find ways to reduce waste and improve performance, industrial engineers first study product requirements carefully. Then they use mathematical methods and models to design manufacturing and information systems to meet those requirements most efficiently.

Arizona State University,  Tempe, Arizona

Industrial engineering combines knowledge from the physical, mathematical and social sciences to design efficient manufacturing and service systems that integrate people, equipment and information.

Milwaukee School of Engineering,  Milwaukee, Wisconsin

By focusing on critical processes and systems, industrial engineers are making these businesses more efficient, effective and productive. Industrial engineers are often seen as facilitators of change. Industrial engineering is primarily concerned with the design and continuous improvement of systems by effectively integrating people, processes and technology. Quality and productivity improvement are critical issues.

University of Houston,  Houston, Texas

Nature of the Work

Industrial engineers determine the most effective ways for an organization to use the basic factors of production - people, machines, materials, information, and energy - to make or process a product or produce a service. They are the bridge between management goals and operational performance. They are more concerned with increasing productivity through the management of people, methods of business organization, and technology than are engineers in other specialties, who generally work more with products or processes.

Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon

MIME Program Educational Objective (PEO)

PEO 1.)  Created value to organizations through the analysis, evaluation, and improvement of engineered systems and processes using appropriate industrial engineering methods and tools.

PEO 3.)  Innovated systems and processes, in response to organizational challenges, though the application of structured and unstructured industrial engineering methodologies, including engineering design and problem-solving.

University of Houston,  Houston, Texas

Industrial engineers determine the most effective ways for an organization to use the basic factors of production - people, machines, materials, information, and energy - to make or process a product or produce a service They are the bridge between management goals and operational performance. They are more concerned with increasing productivity through the management of people, methods of business organization, and technology than are engineers in other specialties, who generally work more with products or processes.

Bradley University, Peoria

Industrial and manufacturing engineers transfer conceptual design models into physical systems and products with superior quality, time efficiency and cost effectiveness.

The industrial engineering major gives you the skills needed to design, operate, manage and improve complex systems that involve people, materials, information, equipment and money. You gain the ability to analyze and optimize these systems to improve quality, productivity and safety of complex systems.

Your training gives you tools to improve performance of organizations by reducing their operational costs without losing the quality of products and services.

University of San Diego, San Diego, California

Industrial and systems engineers (ISyEs) figure out how to do things better. They engineer processes and systems that improve quality and productivity while eliminating waste of time, money, materials and costs.

USD's ISyE program courses are designed to help you to become a highly sought after engineer who is tremendously valuable to the bottom line for organizations.

University of Iowa,Iowa City

Industrial engineers improve the quality of our lives by making systems and processes better, faster, cheaper, and safer.

Industrial and systems engineers hold positions as advisers to management or may participate directly in management decisions.

Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas

They need to be able to choose the best methods to produce the highest quality goods and services at the lowest possible cost.

Production systems and the analysis and improvement of productivity are the heart and soul of industrial engineering.

Texas Tech University, Lubbock

We have research and projects focused on traditional industrial engineering ideas of improving process flow and performance - although in addition to industrial and manufacturing settings we are applying these concepts and techniques in many service settings including healthcare.

Oklahoma State University, Main Campus, Stillwater

As IEs, we focus on both the quality of what is made and how it is made, as well as the productivity of the processes used. By quality, we mean the degree of customer satisfaction obtained from our products. By productivity, we mean the efficiency of our processes and production system. Quality and productivity results, together, determine the health and vitality of our production system in a world economy.

University of Central Florida, Orlando

Industrial Engineers work to continuously improve the design of systems, processes, or products. They design systems that translate a specific product design into a physical reality in the most productive manner and with the highest possible quality. In doing so, the indus- trial engineer deals with decisions regarding the utilization of people, materials, machines, and automation (including robotics). Industrial engineers are also skilled in Engineering Economic Analysis and Information Management since they are generally considered to be the natural interface between the technical specialist and management.

University of Missouri – Columbia

What IE’s Do
They engineer processes and systems that reduce cost, improve quality, and increase productivity. IEs improve the world around you.

IEs are big-picture thinkers who can analyze systems of all different sizes. They focus on systems and how to make them more productive.

San Jose State University, San Jose

Industrial engineers are the only engineering professionals trained specifically to be productivity and quality improvement specialists.

Industrial engineers figure out how to do things better. They engineer processes and systems that improve quality and productivity. They work to eliminate waste of time, money, materials, energy, and other commodities.

The benefits of industrial engineering are widespread:

More efficient and more profitable business practices
Improved efficiency
Increased ability to do more with less
Making work safer, faster, easier, and more rewarding
Helping companies produce more products quickly
Reducing costs associated with new technologies


Industrial Engineering (IE) and Engineering Management (EM) are the perfect fields of study for students interested in both the technical aspects of engineering and the management of resources for making improvements in processes and products.

IEs use these models to make engineering decisions for improving system performance, quality, and cost.

The work of IEs involves design, manufacturing, quality, reliability, performance, human factors, environmental impact, cost, and management leading to optimal use of human, material, and information resources.

Louisiana state university

To survive and prosper in today's global markets, companies must constantly improve the quality of their products and services, the productivity of their organizations (how well they use their resources), and how quickly they can respond to changing customer needs/wants.  This is what Industrial Engineers do.

In designing systems, an Industrial Engineer integrates equipment, materials, energy, information, and people together to meet business objectives, while insuring product/service quality and reliability, the safety and satisfaction of customers  and employees, and the effective and productive use of resources.

Technically-savvy students interested in engineering but also working closely with business and people are often drawn to Industrial Engineering.  IE's are a natural bridge between the technical and business worlds of many organizations, and move readily into technical management roles later in their careers.

University of Rhode Island

Our students improve systems across all industries, including defense, aviation, manufacturing and health care. We ensure these systems operate at top efficiency and safety. We combine broad engineering skills with behavioral science to graduate students ready to tackle even the most complex system challenges.

West Virginia University

Nature of Program
Industrial engineering is the discipline of engineering concerned with the design, improvement, and installation of integrated systems of people, material, information, equipment, and energy to assure performance, reliability, maintainability, schedule adherence, and cost control.

Industrial engineers look at the “big picture” of an operation or system and bridge the gap between management and operations.

University of Arkansas

Industrial engineers are often called “big picture” engineers, because they look at systems as a whole and come up with ways to improve them. They help people accomplish tasks safely, quickly and cost effectively.

As an industrial engineer, you could design warehouses that store goods more efficiently, or you might use ergonomics to make workplaces safer for employees.

University of Arizona

Academics Geared to Maximizing Efficiency

Industrial engineering focuses on the design and implementation of integrated systems of people, materials, machines, energy and information.  After specifying systems objectives, industrial engineers combine technical knowledge and skill from the physical, engineering and social sciences to design evaluate and monitor system performance.  The industrial engineer is charged with the responsibility of ensuring high quality while simultaneously meeting cost and output goals.

This is accomplished through the optimal allocation of resources throughout the system.  Industrial engineers practice in both administrative and production segments of manufacturing and service organizations.  Industrial engineers are commonly employed in heavy industry (such as steel), medium industry (such as plastics and computers), light industry (such as electronic assembly), health care delivery, electronics, telecommunication, transportation, service, government.

University of Louisville

Industrial Engineers design large-scale integrated systems of people, equipment, energy, material, and information.  IEs can improve the productivity in a factory, shorten waiting times in hospital emergency rooms, arrange for "just in time" delivery of products, direct barge traffic on inland waterways;  and even help to make planes run on time.

The University of Texas at Arlington

Industrial engineers design systems that merge people, processes, technology, and information to provide services and/or manufacturing products efficiently, productively, and safely.

We are an enthusiastic community of students, faculty, staff, alumni, and industry partners dedicated to making industry and society more productive.

Saint Ambrose University


Industrial Engineering is concerned with designing, evaluating, and improving systems. At St. Ambrose, our emphasis is on how humans fit into those systems to ensure safe and productive work.

Mississippi State University

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering

ISE looks at the “big picture” of what makes organizations work best. Students in the Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering learn and research how to design, improve, and control systems of people, materials, information, equipment, energy, and capital to increase quality, safety, and profitability.

University of Alabama at Huntsville - The Industrial and Systems Engineering and Engineering Management Department

Graduates will be prepared to devise efficient integrated organizational or production systems through in-depth instruction incorporating analytical, computational, and experimental practices.

Ohio University

Do you want to create for good by improving productivity, product quality, and user experiences? Explore the undergraduate and graduate industrial and systems engineering programs we offer in the Russ College

Western Michigan University

Department of Industrial and Entrepreneurial Engineering and Engineering Management

Industrial and entrepreneurial engineers are engineers who are educated for the new economy, an economy where entrepreneurs with technical skills have tremendous opportunities and career options. They design, improve and implement systems that bring together people, materials and equipment to make businesses function in the most efficient way possible.

If you are interested in learning what it takes to turn creative new ideas into profit-making opportunities using a combination of engineering, economics and communication skills, and if you enjoy solving problems and improving the way people do things, Western Michigan University's industrial and entrepreneurial engineering program might be for you.

Wichita State University

Industrial, Systems, and Manufacturing Engineering Department

The Bachelor of Science in INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (BSIE) degree program curriculum has been developed to provide its graduates with a set of comprehensive engineering skills to solve problems in manufacturing and service industries, businesses, and institutions, with the objective of productivity improvement through better use of human resources, financial resources, natural resources and man-made structures and equipment.

Northern Illinois University

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering

Our curriculum aims to give you the tools to improve productivity, save money and effectively use resources in jobs across a variety of industries that include manufacturing, healthcare, entertainment, transportation and shipping services.

Industrial and systems engineers are constantly looking for better solutions to improve the process and production of goods and services. It requires both vision and action. You’ll sharpen your eye for efficiency and discover new innovative ways to improve productivity.

California State Polytechnic University – Pomona

Industrial Engineering
Is the profession concerned with designing and improving business
operations. They apply math, science,and technology to improve efficiency and quality in organizations, with special consideration for the human element.

B.S. IE Curriculum
The curriculum emphasis is based upon the application of basic knowledge of math, physical, and social sciences. The curriculum objectives are to improve the quality and productivity of creating and delivering goods and services and to act as the interface between technology and humans.

New Mexico State University - Main Campus

Department of Industrial Engineering

Industrial engineers learn to improve workplace productivity. Analyze Problems of Process Reengineering and Set-up Reduction

North Dakota State University

Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Industrial Engineering concentrates on  designing, installing, and improving procedures and systems for effective and efficient operation of enterprises in healthcare, financial, transportation, distribution and other types of service industries; governmental units and agencies.

University of Wisconsin – Platteville

Department of Industrial Engineering

Why Choose Industrial Engineering?
Industrial engineers help improve the productivity of all types of companies by designing tasks, systems, and products that improve efficiencies by being safer, offer a higher return on investment, and make better use of resources. You’ll envision the ‘big picture’ while gaining the skills needed to integrate components and successfully bring all the pieces together.

Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville

Department of Industrial Engineering

What do Industrial Engineers (IEs) do?
Engineering + Management: IEs design, produce, and deliver quality products (parts or services) to customers timely at affordable prices. This involves not only designing and producing valued-added products but also planning processes, systems, equipment and managing people and other resources efficiently and cost-effectively.

North Carolina A & T State University

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering

Industrial and systems engineering emerged as a profession to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of operations.

Louisiana Tech University

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering

The Institute of Industrial & Systems Engineers defines industrial engineering as a branch of engineering that deals with the optimization of complex processes, systems or organizations.

While some engineers design “things,” industrial engineers are often responsible for designing processes, or for analyzing and improving existing processes. Industrial engineers make things better in any industry—from automobile manufacturing and aerospace, to healthcare, forestry, finance, leisure, and education. An industrial engineer works to identify and eliminate waste and unnecessary costs, as well as to improve the safety of the worker.

Oakland University 

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering

The profession of Industrial and Systems Engineering is about choices.
Whether it’s distributing products worldwide, manufacturing superior automobiles, or streamlining the procedures in an operating room, all of these situations share the common goal of increasing efficiencies and saving companies money.

Updated on 25 December 2018
First published 16 December 2018


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  2. 66 institutes explanation of industrial engineering is included in the post to bring out the fact that productivity is the dominant focus area in IE. Quality is also mentioned. But productivity includes defect prevention. Productivity is also promoted with the idea that it should not lead to deterioration in quality.