The job standardization implies what Taylor did with machine tools before he undertook study of operator's activities and movements.
H.B. Maynard and Stegemerten have authored a full book on operation analysis.
The First Step
The first step in the study of any process/job is to make a thorough analysis by resolving it into its component parts or elements. These component parts a process are called operations. The operations are divided into operation, inspection, transportation in process recording and analysis work. In operation process chart or outline process chart operation and inspection are shown. In flow process charts in addition to operation and inspection, transportation is also shown and delays in flow are shown as temporary delay and permanent storage.
After a process is captured in a operation process chart or flow process chart, each part or operation may then be considered separately, and the study of the process thus becomes a series of fairly simple problems.
Approach to Operation Analysis
The operation was thus improved to an extent where the time required was only approximately one-eleventh of that taken at first on the old day-work basis. An improvement of such great magnitude justifies the statement that the latest method is a very good method; but in view of the past history of the job, it would be unwise to say that the best method has been attained.
The Questioning Attitude.
Can a fixture be used? Are the position and height of the fixture correct? Is the fixture the best available? Is the fixture designed in accordance with the principles of motion economy? Would a fixture holding more than one piece be better than one holding a single piece? Can the same fixture be used for more than one operation? Can a clamp, a vise, or a fixture be substituted for the human hand for holding? Are semiautomatic tools such as ratchet or power-driven wrenches or screw drivers applicable?
Are raw materials properly placed? Are there racks for pans of material and containers for smaller parts? Can the parts be secured without searching and selecting? Are the most frequently used parts placed in the most convenient location? Are the handling methods and equipment satisfactory? Would a roller or a belt conveyor facilitate handling? Can the parts be placed aside by means of a chute?
The systematic job analysis will be discussed in this online book in sufficient detail to give a thorough understanding.
Making Suggestions for Improvement.
An example of a good presentation of a labor-saving idea is as follows :
In view of the savings that can be made, the suggestion is recommended for acceptance by you
Source: Maynard's Operation Analysis
Full Online Book - Method Study: Methods Efficiency Engineering - Knol Book
Next Article on the Topic - Scope and Limitations of Methods Efficiency Engineering
Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing
October 2006, Volume 17, Issue 5, pp 571-583
Evaluation of techniques for manufacturing process analysis
J. C. Hernandez-Matias, A. Vizan, A. Hidalgo, J. Rios
Updated 12 July 2019, 17 February 2019, 30 July 2017, 28 June 2015
First posted 16 Feb 2014