Thursday, March 8, 2012

Question Bank - Industrial Engineering Concepts - Introduction to Industrial Engineering


What is Industrial Engineering?


 Industrial engineering is an engineering management discipline with number of techniques based on different subjects. It uses concepts, principles and methods from diverse subjects such as mathematics, statistics, anatomy, physiology, psychology, sociology, ergonomics, operations research, and various engineering disciplines and subjects to make systems efficient and to make man power productive and comfortable. Industrial Engineering is Human Effort Engineering and Systems Efficiency Engineering.

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  1. Definition
  • Give the evolution of definition of industrial engineering from Going to Narayana Rao.
  • Industrial Engineering is concerned with resource use in manafacturing as well as service systems. Support the statement using the definition of IIE.
  • How do you distinguish IE from Management?
  • What are Effectivenes and Efficiency?
  • Efficiency is an important performance dimension of management. Industrial engineering focuses on this dimension. Explain how IE definitions emphasize of efficiency of systems.

2. Component Areas of IE: Human Effort engineering, System Efficiency Engineering and Systems Engineering

      
  • What is the IE tool kit?
  • Explain the concept of Human Effort Engineering.
  • Differentiate between functional engineering and system efficiency engineering.
  • Identify the role of IE department in design of systems.
  • How should an IE orient himself for a leadership role in systems design process? 

   3. Pioneering Efforts of Taylor, Gilbreth and Emerson
  
  • What are the ideas and thoughts of F.W. Taylor. How did he lay the foundation for industrial engineering?
  • What are the additional contributions of Frank Gilbreth to the development of industrial engineering?
  • What are the 12 principles of efficiency in organizations as advocated by Emerson and how IE uses those principles in improving efficiency of systems and organizations?
  • How motion study and time study complement each other in systems and methods improvement?
  • Give the list of therbligs.

   4. Human Effort Engineering: Motion Study, Task Analysis
  1.  Principles of Motion Economy  Motion Study - Operation Analysis - Questions    
  2.  http://www.archive.org/details/EasierWa1946 (Video clip)

  • Explain the principles of motion economy related to the use of human body.
  • Explain the principles of motion economy related to the work place.
  • Explain the principles of motion economy related to the design of tools and equipment.
  • What are the typical questions used in operation analysis with respect to material shape, equipment, tool, and other aspects of the operation and elements of operation?
  • Explain the difference between operation analysis and motion study?
  5. Time Study       
        
        Ch. 17.2:   Stopwatch Time Study.


  • What measurements are to be done in a stop watch time study? Discuss briefly how they are done?
  • What is measurement of difficulty in stop watch time study? How is it done?
  • What is measurement of performance or speed rating in time study? How is it done?
Effort Rating or performance rating
  6.  Ergonomics: The Applied Science for Human Effort Engineering
        Ch.  6.4:    Manufacturing Ergonomics.


  • Differentiate between IE and Ergonomics.
  • State some laws or principles of ergonomics and how do you use them in human effort design.
  • State and explain some laws or principles of ergonomics applicable to tools and equipment used by operators.
  7. Work Measurement, PMTS, MTM
           Ch.  5.1     Measurement of Work.


  • Explain MTM system of PMTS
  • Explain MOST system of PMTS
  • While MTM and MOST are popular systems, there are other PMTS. List them and briefly explain them.
        
  8.  System Efficiency Engineering: Method Study, Work Study, Methods Design
        Ch.  4.1: Methods Engineering and Workplace Design.


  • Explain the concept of methods efficiency engineering.
  • What is an operations process chart? How do you use it in a methods efficiency engineering project?
  • What are the typical questions used in evaluating the operations of a process or method?
 
  9. Value Engineering
        Ch. 13.3: Value Management
        Value Engineering - Examples, Cases and Benefits

        
First article by L.D. Miles in 1949  http://minds.wisconsin.edu/handle/1793/3948 download the file 35.5 pdf from this page.

  • What is value engineering and how is it different from other cost reduction techniques?
  • What are 13 value analysis techniques?
  • What is value engineering job plan and what techniques are prominently applied during those stages?
  • What is the special knowledge required for value engineering study and how do industrial engineers and IE departments accumulate, store and retrieve that knowedge?
  • What are the traits and qualifications required for value engineering? What should be the training required for VE competency? How various other subjects that IEs study help them in VE studies?
 
10.SQC and IE of Quality Management
        Ch. 13.6 The Role of Statistical Process Control in Improving Quality.

  • How statistical quality control improves the efficiency of inspection operations?
  • What are seven tools of quality control?
11.Operations Research and Quantitative Techniques
        Ch.  11.2: Principles and Applications of Operations Research.
        The Optimization of PCB manufacturing by improving the drilling process productivity by Mirca Ancau, Computers and Industrial Engineering, September 2008, pp. 279-294.
  • What is definition of Industrial Engineering according to IIE? What is the importantace mathematical methods in industrial engineering practice? Explain with examples.
  • How do IEs use mathematics to make product designs efficient? Explain with example.
  • OR is a subject developed by people with science background. Why IE discipline has embraced the subject and started providing OR service through IE department?
  • What is the role of data collection in OR studies and projects.
  • OR employs model of business situations. What is a model and what is its role in solving problems? 
12. Plant Layout
        Ch.  8.2: Facilities Layout and Design.

  • What is functional design in facilities design and what is efficiency of facilities design?
  • From an efficiency perspective what analyses will you carry out for facility design given to you by a facilities engineer?

13. Engineering Economics


  • Engineering economics demands profit sense from engineers. Explain.
  • What can be the special role of industrial engineering department in use of engineering economics by various engineering departments?
 
14. Developments in IE in Japan
  • What is difference in use of  IE in USA and Japan during 1901 to 1920? What are its effects in the two countries?
  • Shigeo Shingo's method improvement of die chaning lead to the development of JIT systems and phenomenal increase in productivity in manufacturing industry all over the world. Discuss the statement.
  • What is the methodology of setup time reduction projects?
  • What are the considerations to be used by designers of production equipment with respect with respect to setup times?

15. Systems Engineering: Systems Design and Industrial Engineering
  • Give the definitions of industrial engineering and systems engineering and bring out the overlapping activities and unique activities between the two. 
  • What are the important teams of systems engineering? What are their activities?
  • Gives the steps in systems engineering process. Where is the role for IE in system design process?
  • Differentiate between functional engineering and specialty engineering.
16. Systems Improvement
      Ch.2.3: Total Productivity Management.

  • Explain the objectives of total productivity management.
  • Describe the basic flow of TP management
  • What are the 16 steps in implementing total productivity project?
17. Systems Installation
18. Productivity, Safety, Comfort, and Operator Health  Management
       Ch.  6.10: Occupational Safety Management and Engineering. 
19. Organization of IE departments
20. Current Research in IE




The chapter numbers refer to chapters in Maynard's Handbook Edition 5.
Consult the appropriate articles and prepare answers for the questions. Some of you can post answers for these questions on knol also. That way there will be efficiency in learning effort. But give appropriate references to your answers.

Question Paper of 2010 Batch
Note: For 2011 batch there will be 7 questions and 5 have to be answered. Most of the questions will be have (a) and (b) parts.
PGDIE 40 – First Quarter End Examination
OP-03 Industrial Engineering Concepts
Date 13.9.2010                                                                                        Max. Marks: 60
Answer any TEN  questions
All questions carry equal marks
1. Efficiency is an important performance dimension of management. Industrial engineering focuses on this dimension. Explain how IE definitions emphasize efficiency of systems.
2. Explain the concept of Human Effort Engineering.
3. Explain the contribution of Taylor and Gilbreth to development of industrial engineering.
4. Explain the principles of motion economy related to the use of human body.
5. Explain the measurement of performance or speed rating in time study.
6. What is the role of ergonomics in IE’s work?   State some laws or principles of ergonomics and explain how do you use them in human effort design.
7. What is a PMTS?   Explain MTM system of PMTS
8. Explain the concept of methods efficiency engineering. What is the role questioning and discussion in methods improvement?
9. What are the 13 value analysis techniques? Explain any three of them briefly.
10. What is the IE toolkit? Identify the subjects that provide the foundation for these techniques.
11. What is definition of Industrial Engineering according to IIE? What is the importance of mathematical methods in industrial engineering practice? Explain with examples.
12.  Engineering economics demands profit sense from engineers. Explain. What can be the special role of IEs in the practice of this subject in companies?
13. Gives the steps in systems engineering process. Where is the role for IE in system design process? How does he contribute?
14. IEs have to participate in installation process of the methods and improvements suggested by them. What are the guidelines for IEs for successful installation of improved methods?


Question Paper of September 2011
http://nraoiekc.blogspot.in/2012/08/industrial-engineering-concepts.html

http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/question-bank-industrial-engineering/ 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 2802

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